Publications by authors named "Antoine Thiery-Vuillemin"

65 Publications

In Reply: Randomized Studies Are Needed to Improve Knowledge of Nutritional Interventions for Advanced Cancer Patients.

Oncologist 2021 Mar 1;26(3):e519-e520. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Inserm CIC 1431, CHU Besançon, France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/onco.13672DOI Listing
March 2021

Real-world evidence of cabozantinib in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma: Results from the CABOREAL Early Access Program.

Eur J Cancer 2021 Jan 27;142:102-111. Epub 2020 Nov 27.

Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Saint-André, Bordeaux, France.

Background: Real-world data on cabozantinib in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) is limited. This study (CABOREAL) reports treatment patterns and outcomes for patients treated with cabozantinib through the French Early Access Program.

Patients And Methods: This multicentre (n = 26), observational, retrospective study enrolled patients with mRCC who had received ≥1 dose of cabozantinib. Overall survival (OS) was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method; subgroups were compared using the log-rank test. A multiple Cox regression model assessed predictive factors of OS after cabozantinib initiation.

Results: Four hundred and ten recruited patients started treatment between September 2016 and February 2018: the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status ≥2, 39.3%; poor International Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Database Consortium (IMDC) risk, 31.7%; 0-1, 2 and ≥3 previous treatment lines, 25.3%, 33.4% and 41.2%, respectively; bone metastases, 55.9%; brain metastases, 16.8%. Median (min-max) follow-up was 14.4 (0-30) months. Overall, 57.0% of patients had a dose reduction, 15.6% an alternative dose schedule. The median average daily dose was 40.0 mg. Median (quartile [Q]1-Q3) treatment duration was 7.6 (0.1-29.1) months, median OS was 14.4 months, and the 12-month OS rate was 56.5% (95% confidence interval: 51.5-61.2). Most patients (54.4%) received subsequent treatment. Predictive factors associated with longer OS were body mass index ≥25 kg/m (p = 0.0021), prior nephrectomy (p = 0.0109), favourable or intermediate IMDC risk (p < 0.0001) and cabozantinib initiation at 60 mg/day (p = 0.0486).

Conclusions: In the largest real-world study to date, cabozantinib was effective in unselected, heavily pretreated patients with mRCC. Initiation at 60 mg/day was associated with improved outcomes. CLINICALTRIALS.

Gov Identifier: NCT03744585.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2020.09.030DOI Listing
January 2021

Survival with Olaparib in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer.

N Engl J Med 2020 12 20;383(24):2345-2357. Epub 2020 Sep 20.

From the Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago (M.H.); Vall d'Hebron Institute of Oncology and Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, Barcelona (J.M.), the Spanish National Cancer Research Center, Madrid (D.O.), and Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de Málaga, Málaga (D.O.) - all in Spain; Institut Gustave Roussy, University of Paris Saclay, Villejuif (K.F.), the Department of Medical Oncology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Besançon, Besançon (A.T.-V.), and the Department of Medical Oncology, Institut Bergonié, Bordeaux (G.R.) - all in France; Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal-Centre de Recherche du Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, Montreal (F.S.), and BC Cancer Agency, Vancouver (K.N.C.) - both in Canada; Carolina Urologic Research Center, Myrtle Beach, SC (N.S.); Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.S.); Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans (O.S.); Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah, Salt Lake City (N.A.); John Wayne Cancer Institute, Santa Monica, CA (P.T.); Istanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey (M.O.); AstraZeneca, Global Medicines Development, Oncology, Gaithersburg, MD (J.K.); Merck, Kenilworth, NJ (J.B.); and Global Medicines Development, Oncology (C.G.), Precision Medicine and Biosamples, R&D Oncology (C.C.), and Translational Medicine (C.A.A.), AstraZeneca, Cambridge, and the Institute of Cancer Research and Royal Marsden, London (J.B.) - both in the United Kingdom.

Background: We previously reported that olaparib led to significantly longer imaging-based progression-free survival than the physician's choice of enzalutamide or abiraterone among men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who had qualifying alterations in homologous recombination repair genes and whose disease had progressed during previous treatment with a next-generation hormonal agent. The results of the final analysis of overall survival have not yet been reported.

Methods: In an open-label, phase 3 trial, we randomly assigned patients in a 2:1 ratio to receive olaparib (256 patients) or the physician's choice of enzalutamide or abiraterone plus prednisone as the control therapy (131 patients). Cohort A included 245 patients with at least one alteration in , , or , and cohort B included 142 patients with at least one alteration in any of the other 12 prespecified genes. Crossover to olaparib was allowed after imaging-based disease progression for patients who met certain criteria. Overall survival in cohort A, a key secondary end point, was analyzed with the use of an alpha-controlled, stratified log-rank test at a data maturity of approximately 60%. The primary and other key secondary end points were reported previously.

Results: The median duration of overall survival in cohort A was 19.1 months with olaparib and 14.7 months with control therapy (hazard ratio for death, 0.69; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.50 to 0.97; P = 0.02). In cohort B, the median duration of overall survival was 14.1 months with olaparib and 11.5 months with control therapy. In the overall population (cohorts A and B), the corresponding durations were 17.3 months and 14.0 months. Overall, 86 of 131 patients (66%) in the control group crossed over to receive olaparib (56 of 83 patients [67%] in cohort A). A sensitivity analysis that adjusted for crossover to olaparib showed hazard ratios for death of 0.42 (95% CI, 0.19 to 0.91) in cohort A, 0.83 (95% CI, 0.11 to 5.98) in cohort B, and 0.55 (95% CI, 0.29 to 1.06) in the overall population.

Conclusions: Among men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who had tumors with at least one alteration in , , or and whose disease had progressed during previous treatment with a next-generation hormonal agent, those who were initially assigned to receive olaparib had a significantly longer duration of overall survival than those who were assigned to receive enzalutamide or abiraterone plus prednisone as the control therapy, despite substantial crossover from control therapy to olaparib. (Funded by AstraZeneca and Merck Sharp and Dohme; PROfound ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02987543.).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa2022485DOI Listing
December 2020

Investigating the impact of open label design on patient-reported outcome results in prostate cancer randomized controlled trials.

Cancer Med 2020 Oct 26;9(20):7363-7374. Epub 2020 Aug 26.

Methodological and Quality of Life Unit in Oncology, University Hospital of Besançon, Besançon, France.

Background: While open-label randomized controlled trials (RCT) are common in oncology, some concerns have been expressed with regard to Patient-Reported Outcomes (PRO)-based claims stemming from these studies. We aimed to investigate the impact of open-label design in the context of prostate cancer (PCa) RCTs with PRO data.

Methods: Randomized controlled trials of PCa with a PRO endpoint published between 2004 and 2018 were considered. RCTs were systematically evaluated on the basis of previously defined criteria, including international PRO reporting quality standards and the Cochrane Collaboration's tool for assessing Risk of Bias. The rate of concordance was estimated and compared between traditional clinical outcomes (eg, survival or tumor response) and PRO in open and blinded RCTs.

Results: We identified 110 RCTs published between 2004 and 2018, of which 62% (n = 68) were open-label. The general characteristics of PCa RCTs were not different according to their design (open-label vs blinded). The proportion of PCa RCTs with high-quality PRO reporting was not different between open-label RCTs and blinded RCTs (41.2% vs 38.1%; P = .75). No statistically significant difference was found between PRO results and concordance with traditional clinical outcomes according to the study design.

Conclusion: Our findings suggest that there is no evidence of significant bias for PROs due to the absence of blinding in the context of PCa RCTs. Further analyses should be conducted in other cancer disease sites.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cam4.3335DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7571808PMC
October 2020

Economic evaluations of cancer immunotherapy: a systematic review and quality evaluation.

Cancer Immunol Immunother 2020 Oct 16;69(10):1947-1958. Epub 2020 Jul 16.

Department of Pharmacy, University Hospital of Besançon, 3 Boulevard Alexandre Fleming, 25030, Besancon Cedex, France.

Objectives: Scientific advances in the last decade have highlighted the use of immunotherapy, especially immune checkpoint inhibitors, to be an effective strategy in cancer therapy. However, these immunotherapeutic agents are expensive, and their use must take into account economic criteria. Thus, the objective of the present study was to systematically identify and review published EE related to the use of ipilimumab, nivolumab or pembrolizumab in melanoma, lung cancer, head and neck cancer or renal cell carcinoma, and to assess their quality.

Methods: The systematic literature research was conducted on Medline via PubMed and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials to identify economic evaluations published before July 2018. The quality of each selected economic evaluation was assessed by two independent reviewers using the Drummond checklist.

Results: Our systematic review was based on 32 economic evaluations using different methodological approaches, different perspectives and different time horizons. Three-quarters of the economic evaluations are full (n = 24) with a Drummond score ≥ 7, synonymous of "high quality". Among them, 66% reported a strategy that was cost-effective. The most assessed immunotherapeutic agent was nivolumab. In patients with renal cell carcinoma or head and neck cancer, it was less likely to be cost-effective than in patients with melanoma or lung cancer.

Conclusions: Whether or not these findings will be confirmed remains to be seen when market approval to cover more indications is extended and new effective immunotherapeutic agents become available.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00262-020-02646-0DOI Listing
October 2020

Are immune checkpoint inhibitors a valid option for papillary renal cell carcinoma? A multicentre retrospective study.

Eur J Cancer 2020 09 9;136:76-83. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Medical Oncology, Gustave Roussy, Université Paris-Saclay, Villejuif, France. Electronic address:

Background: Papillary renal cell carcinoma (pRCC) is the most common non-clear cell RCC (nccRCC). Pivotal studies evaluating immune checkpoint inhibitors mostly excluded nccRCC. The aim of this retrospective and multicentre study was to evaluate the activity of programmed death-1 (PD-1)/ programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors specifically in metastatic pRCC.

Methods: The primary end-point was time to treatment failure (TTF). Secondary endpoints included objective response rate (ORR), overall survival (OS) and treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs).

Results: From 02/2016 to 01/2019, 57 patients with pRCC were included. Histology included 16 (28%) type 1 pRCC, 34 (60%) type 2 pRCC and 7 (12%) unclassified pRCC. Treatment with immune checkpoint inhibitors was used in the first-line setting in 4 patients (7%), in the second-line setting in 32 patients (56%) and in the third-line setting or more in 21 patients (37%). With a median follow-up of 12 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 9.9-21.0), the median TTF was 3.1 months (95% CI: 2.7-5.0). Among the 55 patients evaluable for ORR, best response was complete response/partial response in 6 patients (11%), stable disease in 18 patients (33%) and progressive disease in 31 patients (56%). The median OS was 14.6 months (95% CI: 9.0- not reached). TRAEs of grade III-IV were noted in 6 patients (10%) leading to treatment discontinuation, and no grade V TRAEs were observed.

Conclusion: PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors exhibit limited activity as monotherapy in this pRCC population, which remains an unmet need. Our findings underline the need for further prospective clinical trials evaluating immune checkpoint inhibitor combinations in patients with pRCC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2020.02.019DOI Listing
September 2020

Activity and tolerability of maintenance avelumab immunotherapy after first line polychemotherapy including platinum in patients with locally advanced or metastatic squamous cell penile carcinoma: PULSE.

Bull Cancer 2020 Jun;107(5S):eS16-eS21

Oncologie médicale, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Besançon, 25030 Besançon cedex, France; / Medical Oncology, University Hospital, Besançon, France; INSERM, UMR1098, Besançon, France.

Background Metastatic Squamous cell Penile Carcinoma (mSCPC) is an orphan disease with a virally induced oncogenesis. PD-L1 expression rate is around 60% with a strong correlation between PD-L1 in the primary tumour and metastases. The first line systemic treatment relies on platinum-based chemotherapies with a median progression free survival and overall survival around 7.5 and 16 months, respectively. Immunotherapies targeting PD-1/PD-L1 axis are effective in other squamous cell or HPV related cancers. Methods PULSE is a prospective multicenter open label single arm phase II study. Thirty-two patients will be enrolled after a radiological assessment showing a non-progressive disease after 3 to 6 cycles of a first line platinum-based polychemotherapy. Patients will receive Avelumab injections 10mg/ kg every two weeks until progression or unacceptable toxicity. The primary endpoint will be the progression free survival (PFS) according to RECIST v1.1 criteria. Secondary endpoints will include PFS according to iRECIST criteria, overall survival, quality of life, safety. Ancillary explorations will include assessing blood and tissue biomarkers for association with clinical benefit. Discussion After the first line, the prognosis remains poor with no consensus on a second line systemic treatment in locally advanced or mSCPC. PULSE trial is the first study that assess an anti PD-L1 immunotherapy in maintenance among patients with locally advanced or mSCPC. NCT NUMBER : NCT03774901.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0007-4551(20)30282-4DOI Listing
June 2020

[Updates in onco-urology: academic research is a key factor].

Bull Cancer 2020 Jun;107(5S):S2-S4

Medical Oncology, CHU Jean-Minjoz, boulevard Fleming, F-25030 Besançon, Cedex, France; INSERM, UMR1098, F-25020 Besançon, Cedex, France; Université de Franche-Comté, UMR1098, SFR IBCT, F-25020 Besançon, France. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0007-4551(20)30271-XDOI Listing
June 2020

[Systemic treatment of locally advanced or metastatic penile cancer].

Bull Cancer 2020 Jun;107(5S):S17-S23

CHU de Besançon, oncologie, 25030 Besançon cedex, France; CHU de Besançon, oncologie, 25030 Besançon cedex, France; Inserm, UMR1098, 25020 Besançon cedex, France.

Penile cancers are rare, the vast majority is represented by squamous cell carcinoma, with HPV virus being found in 30 to 40% of cases. At a locally advanced or metastatic stage, first-line treatment relies on platinum and taxane based polychemotherapy. The prognosis for advanced or metastatic penile cancer remains poor, with overall survival ranging from 13.9 to 17.1 months. After the first line, guidelines recommend various chemotherapy treatments or targeted anti-EGFR therapies whose results as well as the level of evidence are limited. A better understanding of the oncogenic pathways involved in penile cancer and a frequent expression of PD-L1 are the rationale for the elaboration of new strategies. This review article presents the data, guidelines and ongoing studies in locally advanced or metastatic penile cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0007-4551(20)30274-5DOI Listing
June 2020

Targeted and immune therapies among patients with metastatic renal carcinoma undergoing hemodialysis: A systemic review.

Semin Oncol 2020 Apr - Jun;47(2-3):103-116. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Medical Oncology, CHRU Jean Minjoz, Besançon cedex, France; Université de Franche-Comté, Besançon cedex, France; INSERM, Besançon cedex France.

Background: Patients with severe renal impairment or undergoing hemodialysis are usually excluded from clinical trials. Available data regarding safety and activity of systemic therapies (ST) in hemodialyzed patients are scarce.

Methods: Clinical data were searched through PubMed database until April 2020 according to PRISMA criteria. Efficacy, safety and pharmacokinetic (PK) assessment of ST were reported.

Results: Among 270 references, 56 reports were evaluated in full text: 41 were included for efficacy and 42 for safety analysis (sunitinib n = 68, bevacizumab n = 6, everolimus n = 28, temsirolimus n = 17, sorafenib n = 55, axitinib n = 13, pazopanib n = 13, nivolumab n = 18, cabozantinib n = 0, lenvatinib n = 0, and ipilimumab n = 0). Twelve of the reports included PK assessment among dialyzed patients. Hemodialysis did not seem to modify the expected efficacy and safety of each compound among patients undergoing hemodialysis. PK assessments were not modified in comparison with a population not undergoing dialysis.

Conclusion: Targeted and Immune therapies seem to be effective and can be used among patients undergoing hemodialysis. Due to frailty and comorbidities associated to chronic hemodialysis enhanced vigilance for these therapies within this specific population is recommended. Dedicated prospective clinical trials would definitely help to obtain data with a higher level of evidence.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.seminoncol.2020.05.001DOI Listing
January 2021

Olaparib for Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer.

N Engl J Med 2020 05 28;382(22):2091-2102. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

From the Institute of Cancer Research and Royal Marsden Hospital, London (J. de Bono), and AstraZeneca, Translational Medicine, Cambridge (C.A.A.) - all in the United Kingdom; Vall d'Hebron Institute of Oncology and Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, Barcelona (J.M.), the Spanish National Cancer Research Center, Madrid (D.O.), and Hospitales Universitarios Virgen de la Victoria y Regional de Málaga, Malaga (D.O.) - all in Spain; Institut Gustave Roussy, University of Paris Sud, Villejuif (K.F.), and the Department of Medical Oncology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Besançon, Besançon (A.T.-V.) - all in France; Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal-Centre de Recherche du Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, Montreal (F.S.), and BC Cancer Agency, Vancouver (K.N.C.) - all in Canada; Carolina Urologic Research Center, Myrtle Beach, SC (N.S.); Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.S.); Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans (O.S.); Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah Comprehensive Cancer Center, Salt Lake City (N.A.); John Wayne Cancer Institute, Santa Monica, CA (P.T.); Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands (N.M.); AstraZeneca, Global Medicines Development, Oncology, Gaithersburg, MD (C.G., J.K., W.W.); Merck, Kenilworth, NJ (J. Burgents); AstraZeneca, Precision Medicine, Oncology Research and Development, Gaithersburg, MD (A.K.); and the Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago (M.H.).

Background: Multiple loss-of-function alterations in genes that are involved in DNA repair, including homologous recombination repair, are associated with response to poly(adenosine diphosphate-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibition in patients with prostate and other cancers.

Methods: We conducted a randomized, open-label, phase 3 trial evaluating the PARP inhibitor olaparib in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who had disease progression while receiving a new hormonal agent (e.g., enzalutamide or abiraterone). All the men had a qualifying alteration in prespecified genes with a direct or indirect role in homologous recombination repair. Cohort A (245 patients) had at least one alteration in , , or ; cohort B (142 patients) had alterations in any of 12 other prespecified genes, prospectively and centrally determined from tumor tissue. Patients were randomly assigned (in a 2:1 ratio) to receive olaparib or the physician's choice of enzalutamide or abiraterone (control). The primary end point was imaging-based progression-free survival in cohort A according to blinded independent central review.

Results: In cohort A, imaging-based progression-free survival was significantly longer in the olaparib group than in the control group (median, 7.4 months vs. 3.6 months; hazard ratio for progression or death, 0.34; 95% confidence interval, 0.25 to 0.47; P<0.001); a significant benefit was also observed with respect to the confirmed objective response rate and the time to pain progression. The median overall survival in cohort A was 18.5 months in the olaparib group and 15.1 months in the control group; 81% of the patients in the control group who had progression crossed over to receive olaparib. A significant benefit for olaparib was also seen for imaging-based progression-free survival in the overall population (cohorts A and B). Anemia and nausea were the main toxic effects in patients who received olaparib.

Conclusions: In men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who had disease progression while receiving enzalutamide or abiraterone and who had alterations in genes with a role in homologous recombination repair, olaparib was associated with longer progression-free survival and better measures of response and patient-reported end points than either enzalutamide or abiraterone. (Funded by AstraZeneca and Merck Sharp & Dohme; PROfound ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02987543.).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1911440DOI Listing
May 2020

Impact on Health-Related Quality of Life of Parenteral Nutrition for Patients with Advanced Cancer Cachexia: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Oncologist 2020 05 25;25(5):e843-e851. Epub 2020 Mar 25.

INSERM Centre d'Investigation Clinique (CIC) 1431, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire (CHU) Besançon, France.

Background: Malnutrition worsens health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and the prognosis of patients with advanced cancer. This study aimed to assess the clinical benefits of parenteral nutrition (PN) over oral feeding (OF) for patients with advanced cancer cachexia and without intestinal impairment.

Material And Methods: In this prospective multicentric randomized controlled study, patients with advanced cancer and malnutrition were randomly assigned to optimized nutritional care with or without supplemental PN. Zelen's method was used for randomization to facilitate inclusions. Nutritional and performance status and HRQoL using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QLQ-C15-PAL questionnaire were evaluated at baseline and monthly until death. Primary endpoint was HRQoL deterioration-free survival (DFS) defined as a definitive deterioration of ≥10 points compared with baseline, or death.

Results: Among the 148 randomized patients, 48 patients were in the experimental arm with PN, 63 patients were in the control arm with OF only, and 37 patients were not included because of early withdrawal or refused consent. In an intent to treat analysis, there was no difference in HRQoL DFS between the PN arm or OF arm for the three targeted dimensions: global health (hazard ratio [HR], 1.31; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.88-1.94; p = .18), physical functioning (HR, 1.58; 95% CI, 1.06-2.35; p = .024), and fatigue (HR, 1.19; 95% CI, 0.80-1.77; p = .40); there was a negative trend for overall survival among patients in the PN arm. In as treated analysis, serious adverse events (mainly infectious) were more frequent in the PN arm than in the OF arm (p = .01).

Conclusion: PN improved neither HRQoL nor survival and induced more serious adverse events than OF among patients with advanced cancer and malnutrition. Clinical trial identification number. NCT02151214 IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: This clinical trial showed that parenteral nutrition improved neither quality of life nor survival and generated more serious adverse events than oral feeding only among patients with advanced cancer cachexia and no intestinal impairment. Parenteral nutrition should not be prescribed for patients with advanced cancer, cachexia, and no intestinal failure when life expectancy is shorter than 3 months. Further studies are needed to assess the useful period with a potential benefit of artificial nutrition for patients with advanced cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1634/theoncologist.2019-0856DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7216468PMC
May 2020

[2019 international oncology news: A compendium].

Bull Cancer 2020 Feb 10;107(2):148-156. Epub 2020 Feb 10.

Centre hospitalier universitaire Giscard d'Estaing, service thérapie cellulaire et hématologie clinique, 58, rue Montalembert, 63000 Clermont Ferrand, France.

Over the past years, planet oncology has kept changing and moving forward. Recent results of important clinical trials are challenging our daily practices. With modesty, the Editorial Board of BulletinduCancer has selected some clinical trials they consider as "must-know about" even if they go beyond our medical fields.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bulcan.2020.01.010DOI Listing
February 2020

Clinical progression is associated with poor prognosis whatever the treatment line in metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer: The CATS international database.

Eur J Cancer 2020 01 29;125:153-163. Epub 2019 Nov 29.

European Georges Pompidou Hospital, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Aim Of The Study: Our goal was to evaluate the impact of progression type (prostate-specific antigen [PSA] only, radiological or clinical) at initiation of first-, second- and third life-extending therapy (LET) on treatment outcomes in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients, by performing a post-hoc analysis using data from the CATS international registry.

Methods: The 669 consecutive mCRPC patients of the CATS registry were classified according to their type of progression at initiation of each LET: PSA only (PSA-p), radiological (±PSA) (Radio-p); or clinical (±PSA, ±radiological) progression (Clin-p). Overall survival (OS), the primary endpoint, was calculated from initiation of the first-, second- and third-LET to death for each sequence.

Results: Median OS was shorter in the Clin-p group compared with the PSA-p group (14-month difference in first line; around 7-month difference in second- and third line). Shorter progression-free survival (PFS) was also observed in Clin-p patients, whatever the treatment is. Clinical progression seemed to be associated with a shorter duration of therapy with androgen receptor-targeted therapy (ART) compared with taxanes.

Conclusions: Clinical progression at initiation of a LET is associated with poor outcomes including shorter PFS and OS as well as clinical and biological features of aggressive disease. Stratifying patients in clinical trials according to disease progression type may prevent selection bias and data heterogeneity. In daily practice, first signs of clinical progression may prompt physicians to consider starting a new LET, independently of PSA levels.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2019.10.030DOI Listing
January 2020

Metronomic cyclophosphamide induces regulatory T cells depletion and PSA-specific T cells reactivation in patients with biochemical recurrent prostate cancer.

Int J Cancer 2020 Aug 11;147(4):1199-1205. Epub 2019 Dec 11.

Université de Bourgogne Franche-Comté, INSERM, EFS BFC, UMR1098, Interactions Hôte-Greffon-Tumeur/Ingénierie Cellulaire et Génique, Besançon, France.

Biochemical recurrence (BCR) occurs in up to 40% of prostate cancer patients after prostatectomy. In our study, we performed an immune monitoring study in 20 prostate cancer patients with BCR previously treated with metronomic cyclophosphamide (mCTX). We observed a decrease of regulatory T cells (Tregs) from 2 months and this was more pronounced after 6 months of mCTX treatment. This drop of Tregs was associated with increased level of activated HLADR CD45R0 T cells in peripheral blood. Furthermore, a reactivation of Th1 polarized anti-PSA T-cell response was detected in BCR patients treated with mCTX. However, dendritic cell subsets counts and activation were not influenced by the treatment. In the clinical setting, we found that PSA level control was observed in 82% (9/11) of patients with a significant diminution of Tregs after mCTX compared to 33% (3/9) in patients without Tregs decrease. In addition, 30% (6/20) of patients previously treated with mCTX remained free for androgen deprivation therapy. In conclusion, Tregs diminution and immune activation associated with PSA level control occurred after mCTX in prostate cancer patients with BCR.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijc.32803DOI Listing
August 2020

Impact of Abiraterone Acetate plus Prednisone or Enzalutamide on Patient-reported Outcomes in Patients with Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer: Final 12-mo Analysis from the Observational AQUARiUS Study.

Eur Urol 2020 03 5;77(3):380-387. Epub 2019 Oct 5.

Academic Uro-Oncology Unit, The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, Sutton, Surrey, UK.

Background: Few studies have examined patient-reported outcomes (PROs) with abiraterone acetate plus prednisone (abiraterone) versus enzalutamide in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC).

Objective: To determine the impact of abiraterone and enzalutamide on PROs.

Design, Setting, And Participants: AQUARiUS (NCT02813408) was a prospective, 12-mo, observational study in patients with mCRPC from Denmark, France, and the UK.

Intervention: Abiraterone or enzalutamide treatment according to routine practise.

Outcome Measurements And Statistical Analysis: PROs were collected over 12 mo using Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Cognitive Function (FACT-Cog), Brief Fatigue Inventory-Short Form (BFI-SF), Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form, and European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer-Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ-C30) at baseline and routine visits. Outcomes included mean change in PROs, patients with clinically meaningful worsening (CMW) in PROs, and safety. Data were analysed using repeated measures linear and logistic models adjusted for baseline characteristics.

Results And Limitations: Abiraterone-treated (N = 105) and enzalutamide-treated (N = 106) patients were included. Key PRO items (cognitive impairments and fatigue) were significantly (p < 0.05) in favour of abiraterone versus enzalutamide during the study. "Perceived cognitive impairment" and "comments from others" (FACT-Cog); "fatigue right now", "usual level of fatigue", and "worst level of fatigue" (BFI-SF); and "cognitive functioning" and "fatigue" (QLQ-C30) were significantly in favour of abiraterone over enzalutamide for three or more consecutive periods up to month 12. From study initiation, significantly fewer patients receiving abiraterone experienced one or more CMW episode in cognition and fatigue. Fatigue and asthenia (adverse events) were lower with abiraterone than with enzalutamide (5% vs 15% and 10% vs 11%, respectively). There were no treatment-related deaths. Limitations included lack of randomisation.

Conclusions: In a real-world setting, this 12-mo analysis suggests an advantage of abiraterone acetate plus prednisone over enzalutamide on fatigue and cognitive function; this finding occurred early after treatment initiation. This difference should be considered when choosing treatment.

Patient Summary: This study looked at the effect of two treatments (abiraterone acetate plus prednisone and enzalutamide) for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer on patient quality of life over 12 mo. Using established questionnaires, patients reported that they experienced less fatigue and cognitive impairments (including memory loss and reduced thinking abilities) with abiraterone acetate plus prednisone than with enzalutamide.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eururo.2019.09.019DOI Listing
March 2020

[Relapse surveillance of patients with testicular germ cell tumor].

Bull Cancer 2019 Oct 5;106(10):903-914. Epub 2019 Sep 5.

CHU de Besançon, oncologie, 25030 Besançon cedex, France; Inserm, UMR1098, 25020 Besançon cedex, France; Université de Franche-Comté, UMR1098, SFR IBCT, 25020 Besançon, France.

Germ-cell tumors are the most common solid tumors in young men. The follow-up of these patients is very important in their management. In stage I testicular cancer, surveillance is the standard for low-risk disease. In addition to the early detection of relapse, follow-up should be directed towards prevention, detection and treatment of late toxicity, and secondary malignancies. Follow up consists in physical examination, laboratory analysis and radiological imaging. Recently, guidelines recommend risk-adapted surveillance strategy, with a reduction of CT scans numbers, due to the recognition of the risk of ionizing radiation exposure. However, efforts to maintain adequate compliance with follow up are required.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bulcan.2019.06.006DOI Listing
October 2019

[Side effects of chemotherapy for testicular cancers and post-cancer follow-up].

Bull Cancer 2019 Sep 4;106(9):805-811. Epub 2019 Jun 4.

UNICANCER, Centre François Baclesse, Clinical Research Department and Medical Department, avenue général Harris, 14076 Caen, France.

Testicular cancers are the most frequent and the most curable cancers in young men. Treatments of these cancers represent a great success with cure rate over to 95 %. However, chemotherapy side effects may occur during or after several years post-treatment. This review aimed to highlight complications and physical and psychological side effects occurring mainly after chemotherapy treatment for testicular cancer, and to propose a personalized post-cancer plan specific for patients treated for testicular cancer. Treatments of these cancers can cause short-term complications (asthenia, nausea, vomiting, alopecia..). These side effects disappear within a few months after the end of the treatments. Late complications may occur several years post-treatment. Cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome and secondary neoplasia represent the most severe late effects among patients treated for testicular cancer. Given the increased incidence of these chemotherapy-induced side effects, it is indispensable to establish a specific follow up which must include a particular vigilance on the risk of occurrence of second cancer, a follow-up of the cardio-vascular risk factors, pulmonary and auditory follow-up, and early detection of psychosocial disorders.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bulcan.2019.04.004DOI Listing
September 2019

Sequencing of Taxanes and New Androgen-targeted Therapies in Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer: Results of the International Multicentre Retrospective CATS Database.

Eur Urol Oncol 2018 12 8;1(6):467-475. Epub 2018 Jun 8.

European Georges Pompidou Hospital, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Background: The optimal sequence of life-extending therapies in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) is unknown.

Objective: To evaluate outcomes among mCRPC patients treated with docetaxel (DOC), cabazitaxel (CABA), and a novel androgen receptor-targeted agent (ART; abiraterone acetate or enzalutamide) according to three different sequences.

Design, Setting, And Participants: Data from 669 consecutive mCRPC patients were retrospectively collected between November 2012 and October 2016.

Outcome Measurements And Statistical Analysis: The primary endpoint was the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response (decrease ≥50% from baseline) to each therapy. Secondary endpoints included best clinical benefit, time to PSA progression, radiological progression-free survival (rPFS), overall survival (OS), and toxicity.

Results And Limitations: A total of 158 patients received DOC→CABA→ART (group 1), 456 received DOC→ART→CABA (group 2), and 55 received ART→DOC→CABA (group 3). At baseline, PSA progression only and Gleason <8 were more common in group 3. PSA response on DOC was lower in group 3 than in other groups (p=0.02) and PSA response on CABA was higher in the second than in the third line (p=0.001). In Group 3, rPFS on ART (6.6 mo) and DOC (9.2 mo) was also shorter than in the other groups. OS calculated from the first life-extending therapy reached 34.8, 35.8, and 28.9 mo in groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively (p=0.007). Toxicity was comparable between the arms. The main limitations of the trial are its retrospective design and the low number of patients in group 3.

Conclusions: In this retrospective trial, sequencing of DOC, CABA, and one ART, was associated with median OS of up to 35.8 mo. CABA seemed to retain its activity regardless of treatment sequence. DOC activity after ART appeared to be reduced, but the data are insufficient to conclude that cross-resistance occurs.

Patient Summary: The order of drugs administered to patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer could impact their efficacy, with cabazitaxel appearing to retain its activity whatever the therapeutic sequence.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.euo.2018.05.009DOI Listing
December 2018

[Sexual dysfunctions of patients treated with orchidectmoy, chemotherapy and retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy, need for systematic andrological care?]

Bull Cancer 2019 Oct 22;106(10):915-922. Epub 2019 May 22.

Centre hospitalier universitaire, Hôtel-Dieu, service d'urologie, 44000 Nantes, France.

Goal: Long-term evaluation of the incidence of sexual dysfunction from patients who were treated by orchidectomy, chemotherapy, and retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy for testicular cancer.

Methods: In 2018, patients who were treated in two academic hospitals by orchiectomy, chemotherapy, and retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy, and were in complete remission, were included. The patients included in this study filled the survey, which covered aspects of their sexuality (the Male Sexual Health Questionnaire) and answered additional questions, which evaluated psychological impact and modification of their sexuality since the management of their cancer.

Results: Twenty patients have been included, 70% of the patients treated for non-seminomatous germ cell tumor. Mean age was 36.4years±12.1 and the average duration of follow-up was 59months±34. Sexual dysfunction was found in 50% of the patients. Only 10% of the patients could preserve satisfying sexual activity during their treatment. Since the end of their treatment, 16%, 21% and 37% of patients respectively declared high libido loss, lower tumescent erections and persistence of anejaculation. In the end, nearly 70% of these patients wished a dedicated consultation with an urologist with subspecialty in andrology, in order to obtain further information during their care course.

Discussion: These patients have shown multicomponent sexual dysfunction. They could benefit from a new healthcare pathway implying early involvement of andrologist network.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bulcan.2019.03.020DOI Listing
October 2019

Health-related quality of life assessment for patients with advanced or metastatic renal cell carcinoma treated with a tyrosine kinase inhibitor using electronic patient-reported outcomes in daily clinical practice (QUANARIE trial): study protocol.

Health Qual Life Outcomes 2019 Feb 4;17(1):25. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Medical Oncology, University Hospital of Besançon, Boulevard Fleming, F-25000, Besançon, France.

Background: Two main therapies, pazopanib and sunitinib, are used in the first-line setting for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). These two tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) are equally effective in terms of survival; however, they frequently induce adverse events. In this setting, Health-Related Quality of life (HRQoL) is a key element in the choice between these two treatments and the evaluation of treatment effectiveness. It could be of interest to evaluate HRQoL in daily clinical practice to aid adequate therapy choice and management. Currently, the development of information and communication technology may allow HRQoL monitoring in routine practice. The objective of the QUANARIE study is to evaluate the use of HRQoL assessment in daily clinical practice for patients with mRCC treated with TKI using electronic patient-reported outcomes (e-PRO). The present article describes the key elements of the study protocol.

Methods: The QUANARIE study is an interventional, prospective, multicentre trial. Patients diagnosed with mRCC initiating sunitinib or pazopanib treatment will be invited to complete the EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire, nine additional questions from the EORTC items library, and the EuroQoL EQ-5D, prior to each visit with the physician. Questionnaires will be completed by patients using tablets and/or computer terminals via the e-PRO software. The physician will have real-time access to a visual summary of the HRQoL evaluation. The primary objective is to assess the proportion of patients having good compliance with Routine Electronic Monitoring of HRQoL (REMOQOL) during the first 12 months. Physicians' satisfaction with REMOQOL will be assessed as a secondary objective. We hypothesise that 80% of patients having good compliance with REMOQOL would be meaningful. A sample size of 56 patients would be needed.

Discussion: The results of this study will show whether REMOQOL is feasible on a large scale and whether patients are receptive to this new practice. This study will also determine how real-time multidimensional evaluation of patient perception can help physicians in their daily practice and how they used it in conjunction with other clinical information to manage patient care.

Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov; Identifier: NCT03062410 ; First Posted: February 23, 2017; Last Update Posted: August 9, 2017.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12955-019-1085-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360763PMC
February 2019

[Some important breakthroughs in oncology and hematology in 2018: A selection by the editorial board of Bulletin du Cancer].

Bull Cancer 2019 Jan 3;106(1):12-23. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

AP-HP, hôpitaux universitaires Paris Centre, hôpital Cochin, unité d'oncologie thoracique, service de pneumologie, 75014 Paris, France; Paris Descartes Université, centre de recherche des Cordeliers, équipe « cancer, immune control and escape », Inserm UMRS1138, 75006 Paris, France.

The editorial board of Bulletin du Cancer presents some hot topics published or presented in major oncology meetings in 2018. This selection is related to pediatric oncology and to solid and hemato-malignancies in adults, with immunotherapy approaches (checkpoints or CAR-T) as one of the major breakthroughs. Putative impacts on daily practices are discussed, in order to detail what will really change our practice.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bulcan.2018.12.005DOI Listing
January 2019

Cancer du rein : tendances et perspectives.

Bull Cancer 2018 Dec;105 Suppl 3:S219-S220

Département de radiothérapie, institut de cancérologie Lucien-Neuwirth 108 bis, avenue Albert-Raimond, BP 60008, 42270 Saint-Priest-en-Jarez, cedex, France. Electronic address:

New Trends And Perspectives In Renal Cell Cancer: Š.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0007-4551(18)30375-8DOI Listing
December 2018

Economic Burden of Metastatic Clear-Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma for French Patients Treated With Targeted Therapies.

Clin Genitourin Cancer 2019 Feb 7;17(1):e227-e234. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Department of Pharmacy, University Hospital, Besançon, France; INSERM, EFS BFC, UMR1098, Interactions hôte-greffon-tumeur, Ingénierie Cellulaire et Génique, University Bourgogne Franche-Comté, Besançon, France. Electronic address:

Background: Targeted therapies have transformed the treatment of metastatic clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (mccRCC). Despite the importance of mccRCC, studies on its economic burden in daily practice are sparse. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate cost of illness for 224 patients with mccRCC included in the cohort published by Thiery-Vuillemin et al (Factors influencing overall survival for patients with metastatic clear-cell renal cell-carcinoma in daily practice. Clin Genitourin Cancer 2018; 16:e297-305), and then to determine the explanatory factors of cost of illness.

Patients And Methods: The study was performed from the French Public Healthcare System perspective with lifetime horizon. Only direct medical costs were included. Multiple linear regression was used to search for explanatory factors of cost of illness. The robustness of results was assessed.

Results: The mean cost of illness was estimated at €71,185 ± 52,683. Outpatient/inpatient treatment and hospitalization represented 76.0% and 19.7% of this cost, respectively. After adjustment, 5 explanatory factors were identified: time of disease control for the metastatic first-line treatment ≥6 months, number of lines of treatment >2, nephrectomy at metastatic stage, lack of metastases at presentation, and age at metastatic diagnosis younger than 65 years. Individually, they increased cost of illness by 128%, 95%, 53%, 53%, and 23%, respectively.

Conclusion: Although it is difficult to transpose our economic evaluation results to those obtained in other countries, it should be noted that our findings were consistent with them and robust. To our knowledge, our study was the first to accurately identify explanatory factors of cost of illness. Identifying them could enable us to predict the budgetary effect on a regional level of managing patients who began their first-line treatment with a targeted therapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clgc.2018.10.016DOI Listing
February 2019

[Cytoreduction nephrectomy: No future?]

Bull Cancer 2018 Nov 15;105(11):981-984. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

CHU de Besançon, oncologie, boulevard Fleming, 25030 Besançon cedex, France; Inserm, UMR1098, 25020 Besançon cedex, France; Université de Franche-Comté, UMR1098, SFR IBCT, 25020 Besançon, France. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bulcan.2018.08.009DOI Listing
November 2018

[DNA damage repair: An emerging strategy in metastatic prostate cancer].

Bull Cancer 2018 Oct 29;105(10):944-954. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

CHU de Besançon, oncologie, 25030 Besançon cedex, France; Inserm, UMR1098, 25020 Besançon cedex, France; Université de Franche-Comté, UMR1098, SFR IBCT, 25020 Besançon, France. Electronic address:

Genetic instability is one part of the oncogenic process. Gene mutations involved in DNA repair mechanisms can promote this genetic instability and participate in oncogenesis and metastatic progression. In prostate cancer, DNA repair abnormalities mainly correspond to somatic or constitutional mutations of the BRCA2 and ATM genes. Therapeutic management of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) is currently based on new hormonal therapies (abiraterone, enzalutamide) and taxane-type chemotherapy (docetaxel or cabazitaxel). Preliminary data tend to indicate a specific activity of agents causing DNA breaks (platinum salts) and PARP inhibitors in patients with these DNA repair abnormalities. The frequency of DNA repair gene mutations in patients with prostate cancer (around 20%) and the antitumor response of PARP inhibitors make it a possible short-term therapeutic strategy with several registering clinical trials ongoing.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bulcan.2018.05.017DOI Listing
October 2018