Publications by authors named "Anni Mandel"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Ameliorating effect of nitrate on nitrite inhibition for denitrifying P-accumulating organisms.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Nov 20;797:149133. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Institute of Chemistry, University of Tartu, 14a Ravila St., 50411 Tartu, Estonia.

Lowered air supply and organic carbon need are the key factors to reduce wastewater treatment costs and thereby, avoid eutrophication. Denitrifying PO- removal (DPR) process using nitrate instead of oxygen for PO uptake was started up in the sequencing batch reactor (SBR) at a nitrate dosing rate of 20-25 mg N L d. Operation with a real municipal wastewater supplied with CHCOONa, KHPO and KNO succeeded in the cultivation of biomass containing denitrifying polyphosphate accumulating organisms (DPAOs). The durations of SBR process anaerobic/anoxic/oxic cycles were 1.5 h, 3.5 h and 1 h, respectively. SBR operation resulted in a maximum PO-P uptake of 17 mg PO-P g MLSS. The highest TN and PO removal efficiencies were observed during the first half of reactor operation at 77 (±10) % and 71 (±5) %, respectively. An average COD removal rate of 172 (±98) mg g MLSS and a high average removal efficiency of 89 (±4) % were achieved. Nitrite effect with/without nitrate as DPR electron acceptor was investigated in batch-scale to show possibilities to use high nitrite and nitrate contents simultaneously as electron acceptors for the anoxic phosphate uptake. Nitrate attenuation against nitrite toxicity can be economically justified in full-scale treatment applications in which wastewater has a high nitrogen content. Nitrate attenuated nitrite toxicity (caused by nitrite content at 5-100 mg NO-N L) when using supplemental additions of nitrate (at concentrations of 45-200 mg NO-N L) in batch tests. Illumina sequencing emphasized that during biomass adaption microbial community changed by lowered aerobic cycle length and by lowered nitrate dosing towards representation of key DPAO/PAO- organisms, such as Candidatus Accumulibacter, Xanthomonadaceae, Comomonadaceae, Saprospiraceae and Rhodocyclaceae. This study showed that DPAO biomass adaption to nitrate maintained an efficient COD, nitrogen and phosphorus removal and the biomass can be applied for treatment of wastewater containing high nitrite and nitrate content.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.149133DOI Listing
November 2021

Step-wise temperature decreasing cultivates a biofilm with high nitrogen removal rates at 9°C in short-term anammox biofilm tests.

Environ Technol 2016 Aug 16;37(15):1933-46. Epub 2016 Feb 16.

a Institute of Chemistry, University of Tartu , Ravila Str 14a, 50414 , Tartu , Estonia.

The anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) and nitritation-anammox (deammonification) processes are widely used for N-rich wastewater treatment. When deammonification applications move towards low temperature applications (mainstream wastewater has low temperature), temperature effect has to be studied. In current research, in a deammonification moving bed biofilm reactor a maximum total nitrogen removal rate (TNRR) of 1.5 g N m(-2 )d(-1) (0.6 kg N m(-3 )d(-1)) was achieved. Temperature was gradually lowered by 0.5°C per week, and a similar TNRR was sustained at 15°C during biofilm cultivation. Statistical analysis confirmed that a temperature decrease from 20°C down to 15° did not cause instabilities. Instead, TNRR rose and treatment efficiency remained stable at lower temperatures as well. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction analyses showed an increase in Candidatus Brocadia quantities from 5 × 10(3) to 1 × 10(7) anammox gene copies g(-1) total suspended solids (TSS) despite temperature lowered to 15°C. Fluctuations in TNRR were rather related to changes in influent [Formula: see text] concentration. To study the short-term effect of temperature on the TNRR, a series of batch-scale experiments were performed which showed sufficient TNRRs even at 9-15°C (1.24-3.43 mg N g(-1 )TSS h(-1), respectively) with anammox temperature constants (Q10) ranging 1.3-1.6. Experiments showed that a biofilm adapted to 15°C can perform N-removal most sufficiently at temperatures down to 9°C as compared with biofilm adapted to higher temperature. After biomass was adapted to 15°C, the decrease in TNRR in batch tests at 9°C was lower (15-20%) than that for biomass adapted to 17-18°C.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593330.2015.1135995DOI Listing
August 2016

Nitric oxide for anammox recovery in a nitrite-inhibited deammonification system.

Environ Technol 2015 27;36(19):2477-87. Epub 2015 Apr 27.

a Institute of Chemistry, University of Tartu , 14a Ravila St., 50411 Tartu , Estonia.

The anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) process is widely used for N-rich wastewater treatment. In the current research the deammonification reactor in a reverse order (first anammox, then the nitrifying biofilm cultivation) was started up with a high maximum N removal rate (1.4 g N m(-2) d(-1)) in a moving bed biofilm reactor. Cultivated biofilm total nitrogen removal rates were accelerated the most by anammox intermediate - nitric oxide (optimum 58 mg NO-N L(-1)) addition. Furthermore, NO was added in order to eliminate inhibition caused by nitrite concentrations (>50 mg [Formula: see text]) increasing [Formula: see text] (2/1, respectively) along with a higher ratio of [Formula: see text] (0.6/1, respectively) than stoichiometrical for this optimal NO amount added during batch tests. Planctomycetales clone P4 sequences, which was the closest (98% and 99% similarity, respectively) relative to Candidatus Brocadia fulgida sequences quantities increase to 1 × 10(6) anammox gene copies g(-1) total suspended solids to till day 650 were determined by quantitative polymerase chain reaction.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593330.2015.1034791DOI Listing
September 2016

Start-up of low-temperature anammox in UASB from mesophilic yeast factory anaerobic tank inoculum.

Environ Technol 2015 Jan-Feb;36(1-4):214-25. Epub 2014 Aug 20.

a Institute of Chemistry, University of Tartu , 14a Ravila Rd., Tartu 50411 , Estonia.

Robust start-up of the anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) process from non-anammox-specific seeding material was achieved by using an inoculation with sludge-treating industrial [Formula: see text]-, organics- and N-rich yeast factory wastewater. N-rich reject water was treated at 20°C, which is significantly lower than optimum treatment temperature. Increasing the frequency of biomass fluidization (from 1-2 times per day to 4-5 times per day) through feeding the reactor with higher flow rate resulted in an improved total nitrogen removal rate (from 100 to 500 g m(-3)d(-1)) and increased anammox bacteria activity. As a result of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests, uncultured planctomycetes clone 07260064(4)-2-M13-_A01 (GenBank: JX852965) was identified from the biomass taken from the reactor. The presence of anammox bacteria after cultivation in the reactor was confirmed by quantitative PCR (qPCR); an increase in quantity up to ∼2×10(6) copies g VSS(-1) during operation could be seen in qPCR. Statistical modelling of chemical parameters revealed the roles of several optimized parameters needed for a stable process.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593330.2014.941946DOI Listing
September 2015
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