Publications by authors named "Anne-Françoise Miègeville"

13 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Orthopaedic-implant infections by Escherichia coli: molecular and phenotypic analysis of the causative strains.

J Infect 2012 Feb 15;64(2):169-75. Epub 2011 Nov 15.

Service de Bactériologie-Hygiène, CHU de Nantes, 9 quai Moncousu 44093 Nantes Cedex 1, France.

Objectives: Little is known about Escherichia coli Orthopaedic Implant Infections (OII) pathogenesis. Thus, we compared 30 clinical strains isolated in this context with 30 clinical strains of faecal origin, in order to identify phenotypic and genetic features related to E. coli OII.

Methods: Phylogenetic analysis and detection of 19 virulence genes were performed by PCR. Ability to form biofilm was studied using the crystal violet reference method and the innovative BioFilm Ring Test(®).

Results: Most of the OII isolates (56.7%) belonged to the virulence-associated phylogenetic group B2, but did not present a specific set of virulence factors. S fimbriae was the only adhesin significantly associated with OII isolates. Isolates varied greatly in their ability to form biofilm but OII isolates did not produce significantly more biofilm in vitro than isolates of faecal origin, whatever the method used.

Conclusions: Neither a specific pathogenic signature nor an increased ability to form biofilm in vitro was detected in E. coli strains isolated from OII. Nevertheless, genetic properties of these isolates could provide a clue to their origin. Hence, we found that virulence factors of uropathogenic strains and urological disorders were frequently detected among our OII cohort.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jinf.2011.11.010DOI Listing
February 2012

Comparison of ceftaroline fosamil, daptomycin and tigecycline in an experimental rabbit endocarditis model caused by methicillin-susceptible, methicillin-resistant and glycopeptide-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus.

J Antimicrob Chemother 2011 Apr 31;66(4):863-6. Epub 2011 Jan 31.

Université de Nantes, Nantes Atlantique Universités, Thérapeutiques Cliniques et Expérimentales des Infections, EA3826, F-44000 Nantes, France.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the in vivo activities of the new antistaphylococcal drugs ceftaroline fosamil, daptomycin and tigecycline at projected human therapeutic doses against methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA), methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) and glycopeptide-intermediate S. aureus (GISA) strains in a rabbit model of endocarditis.

Methods: The efficacy of therapeutic regimens in our model was evaluated following 4 days of treatment by determining colony counts of infected vegetations. Emergence of resistant variants during therapy was assessed.

Results: Using this model of infective endocarditis, ceftaroline fosamil and daptomycin demonstrated high bactericidal in vivo activity (reduction of >5 log(10) cfu/g of vegetation) after a 4 day treatment against MSSA, MRSA and GISA strains. Both drugs were more efficacious than tigecycline, which showed moderate activity but failed to exhibit a bactericidal effect. Ceftaroline was superior to daptomycin in terms of sterilization of the vegetations. Emergence of resistant variants during daptomycin therapy was observed in two animals (one in the MSSA group and one in the MRSA group) but was not observed in ceftaroline- or tigecycline-treated animals.

Conclusions: The novel β-lactam agent ceftaroline fosamil was the most active bactericidal drug in this model and is a promising therapeutic option for the treatment of severe S. aureus infections, including those caused by MRSA and GISA strains.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkr019DOI Listing
April 2011

Efficacy of doripenem in the treatment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa experimental pneumonia versus imipenem and meropenem.

J Antimicrob Chemother 2010 Nov 21;65(11):2423-7. Epub 2010 Sep 21.

Université de Nantes, Faculté de Médecine, UPRES EA 3826, 1 rue Gaston Veil, 44000 Nantes, France.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare doripenem with imipenem and meropenem in an experimental rabbit model of Pseudomonas aeruginosa pneumonia and then to compare different doripenem doses and methods of intravenous administration.

Methods: Using a rabbit experimental model of pneumonia, efficacy was assessed following 2 days of treatment by colony counts of different tissues (lung, spleen and blood culture).

Results: Mean pulmonary bacterial loads were 3.17 ± 0.53, 3.42 ± 0.61 and 2.75 ± 0.59 log(10) cfu/g for imipenem, doripenem (0.5 g three times daily) and meropenem, respectively, compared with 7.57 ± 0.99 cfu/g for control animals. At a higher dose (1 g three times daily), doripenem showed significantly better efficacy (2.70 ± 0.65 log(10) cfu/g) than the standard regimen of doripenem. Sterilization of spleen cultures was achieved with standard regimens of imipenem (1 g three times daily) and a higher dose of doripenem.

Conclusions: In this model of P. aeruginosa pneumonia, doripenem had an efficacy equivalent to that of meropenem and imipenem at a high dose of 1 g three times a day and lower efficacy at a standard dose (0.5 g three times daily) than the other two agents in terms of bacteria cultivated from spleens. Doripenem is a new drug that offers new therapeutic options, especially for difficult-to-treat infections such as pneumonia due to non-fermenting Gram-negative bacteria.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkq334DOI Listing
November 2010

Efficacy of the new cephalosporin ceftaroline in the treatment of experimental methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus acute osteomyelitis.

J Antimicrob Chemother 2010 Aug 8;65(8):1749-52. Epub 2010 Jun 8.

Université de Nantes, Faculté de Médecine, Thérapeutiques Cliniques et Expérimentales des Infections, EA3826, F-44000 Nantes, France.

Objectives: To evaluate the activity of a new cephalosporin, ceftaroline, in comparison with other antistaphylococcal drugs (linezolid and vancomycin) at projected human therapeutic doses against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and glycopeptide-intermediate S. aureus (GISA) strains.

Methods: Using a rabbit experimental model of acute osteomyelitis, efficacy was assessed following 4 days of treatment by colony counts of infected bone tissues (joint fluid, femoral bone marrow and bone).

Results: Although vancomycin remains the standard treatment for MRSA osteomyelitis, it was ineffective against the MRSA strain and poorly active against GISA infections in this model. Ceftaroline and linezolid demonstrated significant activity in bone marrow and bone, and were significantly better than vancomycin treatment. However, ceftaroline was the only drug to exhibit significant activity against MRSA in infected joint fluid.

Conclusions: The present study supports ceftaroline as a promising therapeutic option for the treatment of severe MRSA infections, including osteomyelitis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkq193DOI Listing
August 2010

In vivo activity of a novel anti-methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus cephalosporin, ceftaroline, against vancomycin-susceptible and -resistant Enterococcus faecalis strains in a rabbit endocarditis model: a comparative study with linezolid and vancomycin.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2009 Dec 14;53(12):5300-2. Epub 2009 Sep 14.

Université de Nantes, Nantes Atlantique Universités, Thérapeutiques Cliniques et Expérimentales des Infections, UFR Médecine, Nantes, France.

We assessed the in vitro and in vivo efficacy of the novel parenteral broad-spectrum cephalosporin ceftaroline against Enterococcus faecalis in time-kill experiments and in a rabbit endocarditis model with simulated human dosing. Ceftaroline was more active than either vancomycin or linezolid against vancomycin-sensitive and -resistant isolates of E. faecalis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AAC.00984-09DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2786336PMC
December 2009

Inactivation of Staphylococcus aureus in calcium phosphate biomaterials via isostatic compression.

J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 2009 Oct;91(1):348-53

Université de Nantes, Faculté de Pharmacie, Laboratoire de Pharmacie Galénique, Nantes, F-44042, France.

High hydrostatic pressure is currently used as a sterilization technique in agroalimentary field. This study explores the potential use of high pressure for bacterial inactivation of bone substitute calcium phosphate materials. Staphylococcus aureus strain incorporated in calcium phosphate powder was subjected to isostatic compression. Several parameters of compression were tested: application of pressure, time of plateau, number of compressions, and waiting time between two compressions. The results showed that the efficacy of compression increased with applied pressure and that time of plateau did not play an important role. The number of compressions influenced the efficiency of the technique and it was necessary to allow ample time between two compressions for bacteria to sufficiently multiply. The most effective protocol for preventing the growth of S. aureus in calcium phosphate involved two compressions of 5 minutes each at 140 MPa spaced at a 24-hour interval.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jbm.b.31408DOI Listing
October 2009

Intermittent active motion versus immobilization in the treatment of Staphylococcus aureus-induced arthritis in a rabbit model.

J Child Orthop 2008 Dec 30;2(6):491-5. Epub 2008 Sep 30.

Laboratoire d'Antibiologie Clinique et Expérimentale UPRES EA 3826, Faculté de Médecine, Université de Nantes, Nantes, France,

Purpose: This study has evaluated the effects of immobilization versus intermittent active motion on cartilage and on antibiotic efficacy in a rabbit septic arthritis model.

Methods: Rabbits were infected and assigned to one of four groups: group 1, no treatment without immobilization (allowing intermittent active motion); group 2, cast; group 3, oxacillin without immobilization; group 4, oxacillin and cast. Animals were sacrificed 21 days later. Bacterial counts and lateral radiograms were performed. A radiological score was calculated.

Results: Immobilization had no effect on oxacillin efficacy and a deleterious effect on the radiological score.

Conclusion: Intermittent active motion has allowed a better cartilage healing during the treatment of septic arthritis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11832-008-0128-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2656873PMC
December 2008

Efficacy of ciprofloxacin in an experimental model of Escherichia coli chorioamnionitis in rabbits.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2009 Apr 21;53(4):1624-7. Epub 2009 Jan 21.

Département de Périnatologie, Hôpital Mère Enfant CHU Nantes, Nantes CEDEX 1, France.

Pregnant rabbits were treated with ciprofloxacin alone or with gentamicin in a model of Escherichia coli chorioamnionitis, and the results were compared with those for untreated rabbits. The survival rate increased and the bacteremia decreased significantly in treated fetuses in comparison to controls (P = 0.003). Nevertheless, rapid selection of resistant mutants is a major limit to ciprofloxacin applications.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AAC.00186-08DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2663122PMC
April 2009

In vivo efficacy of ceftaroline (PPI-0903), a new broad-spectrum cephalosporin, compared with linezolid and vancomycin against methicillin-resistant and vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus in a rabbit endocarditis model.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2007 Sep 25;51(9):3397-400. Epub 2007 Jun 25.

Université de Nantes, Nantes Atlantique Universités, Thérapeutiques Cliniques et Expérimentales des Infections, EA3826, UFR Médecine, Nantes, France.

Using the rabbit endocarditis model, we compared the activity of a new broad-spectrum cephalosporin, ceftaroline, with those of linezolid and vancomycin against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. After a 4-day treatment, ceftaroline exhibited superior bactericidal in vivo activity against resistant S. aureus strains and appeared to be the most effective drug against a heterogeneous glycopeptide-intermediate S. aureus strain.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AAC.01242-06DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2043200PMC
September 2007

In vitro and in vivo assessment of linezolid combined with ertapenem: a highly synergistic combination against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2006 Jul;50(7):2547-9

Laboratoire d'Antibiologie (UPRES EA 3826), UER de Médecine, 44035 Nantes, Cedex 01, France.

Linezolid in combination with ertapenem showed in vitro synergy against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains. We confirmed this interaction in vivo by using a rabbit endocarditis experimental model and simulation of the human pharmacokinetics in animals for both antibiotics. Linezolid plus ertapenem exhibited highly synergistic activity in vivo after 4 days of treatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AAC.01501-05DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1489782PMC
July 2006

In vitro and in vivo synergistic activities of linezolid combined with subinhibitory concentrations of imipenem against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2005 Jan;49(1):45-51

Laboratoire d'Antibiologie, UER de Médecine, 1 rue Gaston Veil, 44035 Nantes, Cedex 01, France.

Indifference or moderate antagonism of linezolid combined with other antibiotics in vitro and in vivo have mainly been reported in the literature. We have assessed the in vitro activities of linezolid, alone or in combination with imipenem, against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains using the dynamic checkerboard and time-kill curve methods. Linezolid and low concentrations of imipenem had a synergistic effect, leading us to evaluate the in vivo antibacterial activity of the combination using the rabbit endocarditis experimental model. Two MRSA strains were used for in vivo experiments: one was a heterogeneous glycopeptide-intermediate clinical S. aureus strain isolated from blood cultures, and the other was the S. aureus COL reference strain. Animals infected with one of two MRSA strains were randomly assigned to one of the following treatments: no treatment (controls), linezolid (simulating a dose in humans of 10 mg/kg of body weight every 12 h), a constant intravenous infusion of imipenem (which allowed the steady-state concentration of about 1/32 the MIC of imipenem for each strain to be reached in serum), or the combination of both treatments. Linezolid and imipenem as monotherapies exhibited no bactericidal activity against either strain. The combination of linezolid plus imipenem showed in vivo bactericidal activity that corresponded to a decrease of at least 4.5 log CFU/g of vegetation compared to the counts for the controls. In conclusion, the combination exhibited synergistic and bactericidal activities against two MRSA strains after 5 days of treatment. The combination of linezolid plus imipenem appears to be promising for the treatment of severe MRSA infections and merits further investigations to explore the mechanism underlying the synergy between the two drugs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AAC.49.1.45-51.2005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC538916PMC
January 2005

In vitro activity of linezolid alone and in combination with gentamicin, vancomycin or rifampicin against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus by time-kill curve methods.

J Antimicrob Chemother 2003 Apr 13;51(4):857-64. Epub 2003 Mar 13.

Laboratoire d'Antibiologie (UPRES EA-1156), UER de Médecine, 1 rue Gaston Veil, 44035 Nantes Cedex 01, France.

The in vitro activity of the oxazolidinone linezolid was studied alone and in combination with three antibiotics acting on different cellular targets. Oxazolidinones are bacterial protein synthesis inhibitors that act at a very early stage by preventing the formation of the initiation complex. Combinations of linezolid with gentamicin, vancomycin or rifampicin were evaluated against four methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains, using killing curves in conjunction with scanning electron microscopy. Time-kill curves were performed over 24 h using an inoculum of 5 x 10(6)- 1 x 10(7) cfu/mL. Linezolid was studied at concentrations of 1 x, 4 x and 8 x MIC, with partner drugs at 8 x MIC. Addition of linezolid resulted in a decrease of antibacterial activity for gentamicin and vancomycin, and linezolid was antagonistic to the early bactericidal activity of gentamicin. Linezolid, in combination with rifampicin, showed an additive interaction for susceptible strains and inhibited rifampicin-resistant variants. Linezolid plus rifampicin appeared to be the most active combination against methicillin-resistant S. aureus strains in time-kill experiments.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkg160DOI Listing
April 2003