Publications by authors named "Anne Freier"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Concentration-QT Modeling of the Novel DHFR Inhibitor P218 in Healthy Male Volunteers.

Br J Clin Pharmacol 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Medicines for Malaria Venture, Geneva, Switzerland.

Aim: Given the increasing emergence of drug resistance in Plasmodium, new antimalarials are urgently required. P218 is an aminopyridine that inhibits dihydrofolate reductase being developed as a malaria chemoprotective drug. Assessing the effect of new compounds on cardiac intervals is key during early drug development to determine their cardiac safety.

Methods: This double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel group study evaluated the effect of P218 on electrocardiographic parameters following oral administration of seven single-ascending doses up to 1000 mg in 56 healthy volunteers. Participants were randomized to treatment or placebo at a 3:1 ratio. P218 was administered in the fasted state with standardized lunch served four hours after dosing. 12-lead ECGs were recorded in triplicate at regular intervals on the test day, and at 48, 72, 120, 168, 192 and 240 hours thereafter. Blood samples for pharmacokinetic evaluations were collected at similar time points. Concentration-effect modeling was used to assess the effect of P218 and its metabolites on cardiac intervals.

Results: Concentration-effect analysis showed that P218 does not prolong the QTcF, J-Tpeak, or TpTe interval at all doses tested. No significant changes in QRS or PR intervals were observed. Two-sided 90% confidence intervals of subinterval effects of P218 and its metabolites were consistently below the regulatory concern threshold for all doses. Study sensitivity was confirmed by significant shortening of QTcF after a meal.

Conclusion: Oral administration of P218 up to 1000 mg does not prolong QTcF and does not significantly change QRS or PR intervals, suggesting low risk for drug-induced proarrhythmia.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bcp.14933DOI Listing
June 2021

Comparing the consistency of electrocardiogram interval measurements by resting ECG versus 12-lead Holter.

Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol 2021 May 4:e12851. Epub 2021 May 4.

Richmond Research Institute, St George's University of London, London, UK.

In clinical trials, traditionally only a limited number of 12-lead resting electrocardiograms (ECGs) can be recorded and, thus, long intervals may elapse between assessment timepoints and valuable information may be missed during times when patients' cardiac electrical activity is not being monitored. These limitations have led to the increasing use of Holter recorders which provide continuous data registrations while reducing the burden on patients and freeing up time for clinical trial staff to perform other tasks. However, there is a shortage of data comparing the two approaches. In this study, data from a randomized, double-blind, four-period, crossover thorough QT study in 40 healthy subjects were used to compare continuous 12-lead Holter recordings to standard 12-lead resting ECGs which were recorded in parallel. Heart rate and QT interval data were estimated by averaging three consecutive heartbeats. Values exceeding the sample average by more than 5% were tagged as outliers and excluded from the analysis. Visual comparisons of the ECG waveforms of the Holter signal showed a good correlation with resting ECGs at matching timepoints. Resting ECG data revealed sex differences that Holter data did not show. Specifically, women were found to have a longer QTcF of 20 ms, while men had a lower heart rate. We found that continuous recordings provided a more accurate reflection of changes in cardiac electrical activity over 24 hr. However, manual adjudication is still required to ensure the quality and accuracy of ECG data, and that only artifacts are removed thereby avoiding loss of true signals.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/anec.12851DOI Listing
May 2021

A Phase 1 Study to Investigate the Effects of Cortexolone 17α-Propionate, Also Known as Clascoterone, on the QT Interval Using the Meal Effect to Demonstrate ECG Assay Sensitivity.

Clin Pharmacol Drug Dev 2021 Jun 3;10(6):572-581. Epub 2021 May 3.

St George's, University of London, London, United Kingdom.

Cortexolone 17α-propionate, also known as clascoterone, is a potent androgen receptor inhibitor intended for the topical treatment of skin diseases associated with androgenic pathway alterations. In nonclinical studies, cortexolone 17α-propionate was found to have a weak inhibitory effect on human Ether-à-go-go-Related Gene (hERG) potassium channels, which are vital for normal electrical activity in the heart. When used in a cream formulation, little cortexolone 17α-propionate is absorbed. However, the solution formulation developed for the treatment of androgenetic alopecia leads to a measurable systemic concentration and accumulation of the antiandrogen. This phase 1 study assessed the effect of cortexolone 17α-propionate on the QTc interval using concentration-effect analysis and the effect of a meal on QTc to confirm assay sensitivity. Thirty-two volunteers were randomly assigned to receive the active drug or a matching vehicle as placebo. Participants were dosed twice daily on days 1 to 3 (225 mg applied topically as a 7.5% solution 12 hours apart) and once on day 4. Pharmacokinetic and electrocardiogram assessments were performed after supratherapeutic doses. Assay sensitivity was successfully confirmed by using the food effect on the QTc interval. The results of this concentration-QTc analysis demonstrate that cortexolone 17α-propionate and its metabolite/degradation product had no effect on the QTc interval in the concentration range tested.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cpdd.935DOI Listing
June 2021

Confirmation of the cardiac safety of nolasiban in a randomised cohort of healthy female volunteers.

Sci Rep 2021 Mar 18;11(1):6404. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

ObsEva SA, Geneva, Switzerland.

Nolasiban is an orally active oxytocin receptor antagonist being developed to increase the efficiency of assisted reproductive technologies. This study evaluated the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and cardiac safety of nolasiban in 45 healthy women of child-bearing age. Nolasiban was administered in a fasted state with a standardised lunch served 4.5 h post-dose. Concentration-effect modelling was used to assess the effect of two dosages of nolasiban (900 mg and 1800 mg) on QTc following single-dose administration. We found no significant change in QTc at all tested dosages. Two-sided 90% confidence intervals of geometric mean C for estimated QTc effects of nolasiban were below the threshold of regulatory concern. The sensitivity of the assay to detect small changes in QTc was confirmed by a significant shortening of QTc between 2 and 4 h after consumption of a meal, which served to validate the model. Independent of the nolasiban assessment, this study also explored the effects of sex hormones on ECG parameters, especially QT subintervals. We found a significant relationship between JTpc and oestradiol. Heart rate was negatively correlated with progesterone. This study confirms the cardiovascular safety of nolasiban and describes relationships of sex hormones and ECG parameters.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-85650-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7973531PMC
March 2021

Lipid profiling of mouse intestinal organoids for studying APC mutations.

Biosci Rep 2021 Mar;41(3)

Division of Digestive Diseases, Department of Metabolism, Digestion and Reproduction, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, U.K.

Inactivating mutations including both germline and somatic mutations in the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene drives most familial and sporadic colorectal cancers. Understanding the metabolic implications of this mutation will aid to establish its wider impact on cellular behaviour and potentially inform clinical decisions. However, to date, alterations in lipid metabolism induced by APC mutations remain unclear. Intestinal organoids have gained widespread popularity in studying colorectal cancer and chemotherapies, because their 3D structure more accurately mimics an in vivo environment. Here, we aimed to investigate intra-cellular lipid disturbances induced by APC gene mutations in intestinal organoids using a reversed-phase ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (RP-UHPLC-MS)-based lipid profiling method. Lipids of the organoids grown from either wild-type (WT) or mice with APC mutations (Lgr5-EGFP-IRES-CreERT2Apcfl/fl) were extracted and analysed using RP-UHPLC-MS. Levels of phospholipids (e.g. PC(16:0/16:0), PC(18:1/20:0), PC(38:0), PC(18:1/22:1)), ceramides (e.g. Cer(d18:0/22:0), Cer(d42:0), Cer(d18:1/24:1)) and hexosylceramides (e.g. HexCer(d18:1/16:0), HexCer(d18:1/22:0)) were higher in Apcfl/fl organoids, whereas levels of sphingomyelins (e.g. SM(d18:1/14:0), SM(d18:1/16:0)) were lower compared with WT. These observations indicate that cellular metabolism of sphingomyelin was up-regulated, resulting in the cellular accumulation of ceramides and production of HexCer due to the absence of Apcfl/fl in the organoids. Our observations demonstrated lipid profiling of organoids and provided an enhanced insight into the effects of the APC mutations on lipid metabolism, making for a valuable addition to screening options of the organoid lipidome.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1042/BSR20202915DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7969701PMC
March 2021

Safety, Tolerability, and Dose Proportionality of a Novel Transdermal Fentanyl Matrix Patch and Bioequivalence With a Matrix Fentanyl Patch: Two Phase 1 Single-Center Open-Label, Randomized Crossover Studies in Healthy Japanese Volunteers.

Clin Pharmacol Drug Dev 2021 Mar 3;10(3):260-271. Epub 2020 Aug 3.

Richmond Pharmacology Ltd., St George's University London, London, UK.

Two open-label, single-dose, randomized crossover studies were conducted in healthy Japanesemen to (1) assess dose proportionality of 5 doses (1.38, 2.75, 5.5, 8.25, and 11.0 mg) of Lafenta, a novel matrix-type transdermal fentanyl patch with a rate-controlling membrane; and (2) compare patch bioequivalence (11.0 mg) with a commercially available reference patch (Durotep MT Patch [16.8 mg]). Pharmacokinetics, adhesion performance, residual fentanyl, and safety parameters were assessed. Increases in mean AUC and C after application of the test patch were dose proportional. The test patch (11.0 mg) was bioequivalent to the 16.8-mg reference patch in terms of mean AUC , AUC , and C . Residual fentanyl levels 72 hours postapplication were lower in the test than in the reference patch. Differences in adhesion performance between the test and the reference patch did not affect delivery efficacy and reliability of the novel matrix patch. Safety findings were in line with previous experiences with fentanyl. Both studies showed low variation in fentanyl exposure and delivery via the test patch. The test patch provided equivalent fentanyl exposure at a lower dose than the reference patch formulation with lower variability and the potential to lower medicinal waste.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cpdd.846DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7984375PMC
March 2021