Publications by authors named "Anne Cattey-Javouhey"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Long-Term Survivors in Metastatic Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma: A Retrospective and Matched Pair Analysis.

Oncologist 2019 12 4;24(12):1543-1548. Epub 2019 Jun 4.

Department of Medical Oncology, Centre Leon Bérard, Lyon, France.

Background: Metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (mPDAC) is an aggressive malignancy with a median overall survival (OS) of between 8 and 11 months. However, a significant number of patients experience a longer survival, more than 18 months. The aim of this study was to describe the "long-term survivor" population and to evaluate clinical and pathological factors that might affect survival.

Materials And Methods: All patients with mPDAC diagnosed in the Centre Leon Bérard (Lyon, France) between January 2010 and June 2015 and who survived more than 18 months were identified. They were compared with a control cohort matched on age, sex, performance status, stage at diagnosis, primary tumor localization, treatment, and liver metastasis. Their clinical features, treatment modalities, and outcomes were analyzed.

Results: A total of 94 patients were included, 47 in each cohort. Both cohorts had identical characteristics as follows: women (51%), performance status ≤1 (95.7%), median age at diagnosis (60 years), and metastasis at diagnosis (83%). Median OS was 26.87 months (95% confidence interval [CI] 23-31.08) in the long-term survivor group (LS group) and 9.79 months (95% CI 5.75-11.86) in the control group (C group). Potential factors of long-term survival were explored with a logistic model (LS group vs. C group). Three factors were identified as significant prognostic factors in the univariate analysis: lymphopenia (odds ratio [OR] = 0.26), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR; OR = 0.31), and peritoneal carcinomatosis (OR = 0.40). NLR was the only remaining factor in our backward selection procedure.

Conclusion: A significant subset of patients with mPDAC can achieve long-term survival (≥18 months) in 2018. We identified low NLR as a significant prognostic factor associated with long-term survival in mPDAC.

Implications For Practice: Metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (mPDAC) is one of the most lethal types of cancer. A subset of patients with mPDAC can achieve long-term survival (≥18 months) with a modern chemotherapy regimen, such as FOLFIRINOX or gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel. We identified low neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) as a significant prognostic factor associated with long-term survival in mPDAC. Prognostic factors such as NLR might allow accurate selection of patients with mPDAC in order to consider individual therapeutic approaches. NLR should be used as a stratification factor in clinical trials.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1634/theoncologist.2018-0786DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6975934PMC
December 2019

Primary malignant melanoma of the esophagus, treated with immunotherapy: a case report.

Immunotherapy 2018 08;10(10):831-835

Department of Medical Oncology, Centre Leon Berard, Claude Bernard University, Lyon, France.

Primary malignant melanoma of the esophagus is rare, accounting for less than 0.1-0.2% of all esophageal malignancies. It is associated with a poor outcome due to late detection and high metastatic potential. Here, we report a case of esophageal cancer, which was initially diagnosed as an adenocarcinoma and finally was confirmed as a primary malignant melanoma. This 75-year-old Caucasian male had a history of dysphagia and recent lingering abdominal pain. First biopsy showed a poorly-differentiated adenocarcinoma. He was then treated with neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy. Biopsies were repeated because of an incomplete tumor response, evaluated by endoscopic and imaging studies. The final diagnosis was a malignant melanoma. The patient has been treated with immune-checkpoint inhibitor, nivolumab, an anti-PD1 antibody.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2217/imt-2018-0011DOI Listing
August 2018