Publications by authors named "Annalisa Foschi"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Prevalence of vertebral fractures, vascular calcifications, and mortality in warfarin treated hemodialysis patients.

Curr Vasc Pharmacol 2015 ;13(2):248-58

CNR, Institute of Neuroscience - Padova, Italy.

Warfarin inhibits vitamin-K dependent proteins involved in bone mineralization and the prevention of vascular calcification (bone Gla protein BGP, matrix Gla protein MGP). In this multicenter, cross-sectional study with 3-year follow-up, data from 387 patients on hemodialysis for ≥1 year at 18 dialysis units were analyzed. Patients on warfarin treatment for > 1 year (11.9% of the population) were compared with the remaining cohort for vertebral fractures, vascular calcifications and mortality. Vertebral fractures and vascular calcifications were sought in L-L vertebral X-rays (D5 to L4). Compared with controls, warfarin-treated male patients had more vertebral fractures (77.8 vs. 57.7%, p<0.04), but not females (42.1% vs. 48.4%, p=0.6); total BGP was significantly reduced (82.35 vs. 202 µg/L, p<0.0001), with lower levels in treated men (69.5 vs. women 117.0 µg/L, p=0.03). In multivariate logistic regression analyses, the use of warfarin was associated with increased odds of aortic (OR 2.58, p<0.001) and iliac calcifications (OR 2.86, p<0.001); identified confounders were age, atrial fibrillation, angina, PPI use and total BGP. Seventy-seven patients died during a 2.7±0.5 year follow-up. In univariate Cox regression analysis, patients on warfarin had a higher risk of all-cause mortality (HR 2.42, 95% CI 1.42-4.16, p=0.001) when compared with those untreated and data adjustment for confounders attenuated but confirmed the significant warfarin-mortality link (HR: 1.97, 95% CI: 1.02-3.84, P=0.046). In hemodialysis patients, additional studies are warranted to verify the risk/benefit ratio of warfarin, which appears to be associated with significant morbidity and increased mortality.
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February 2016

Echo-color-Doppler balance in dialysis patient.

Arch Ital Urol Androl 2010 Dec;82(4):280-3

Unità Operativa di Nefrologia e Dialisi, Ospedale Civile di Voghera, Pavia, Italy.

Ultrasonography is a non-invasive,well-controlled, quickly and easily available diagnostic procedure for the patient, is repeatable and not using ionizing radiation. For all these features plays an important role in the clinical management of patients undergoing dialysis. A census of the National Renal Ultrasound Study Group from Italian Society of Nephrology revealed that the 73.04% of Italian Departments of Nephrology and Dialysis are equipped with the ultrasound scanning and this one is commonly used in normal working routine. The main fields of application of this methodology in dialysis patient are: vascular pathology (damages due to systemic atherosclerosis, study and monitoring of arteriovenous fistula), muscle-tendon pathology (caused by hyperparathyroidism and amyloidosis), hyperparathyroidism (parathyroid assessment) and neoplastic disease.
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December 2010

Agalsidase therapy in patients with Fabry disease on renal replacement therapy: a nationwide study in Italy.

Nephrol Dial Transplant 2008 May 5;23(5):1628-35. Epub 2007 Dec 5.

Department of Nephrology and Dialysis, Infermi Hospital, via Settembrini 2, 47900 Rimini, Italy.

Background: In Fabry disease, end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and severe neurologic and cardiac complications represent the leading causes of late morbidity and mortality. A comprehensive Italian nationwide survey study was conducted to explore changes in cardiac status and renal allograft function in Fabry patients on renal replacement therapy (RRT) and enzyme replacement therapy (ERT).

Methods: This study was designed as a cross-sectional survey study with prospective follow-up. Of the 34 patients identified via searches in registries, 31 males and 2 females who received RRT and ERT (agalsidase beta in 30 patients, agalsidase alpha in 3) were included. Left ventricular mass index (LVMI), interventricular septal thickness at end diastole (IVSD), left ventricular posterior wall thickness (LVPWT) and renal allograft function were assessed at ERT baseline and subsequently at yearly intervals.

Results: The patients in the dialysis and transplant groups had been started on dialysis at age 42.0 and 37.1 years (mean), respectively, and patients in the transplant group received their renal allograft at age 39.8 years (mean). The mean age at the start of ERT was similar, 44.1 and 44.6 years, respectively. The mean RRT follow-up was 61.1 and 110.6 months for dialysis and transplant patients, respectively, whereas the ERT duration was 45.1 and 48.4 months, respectively. Cardiac parameters increased in dialysis patients. In transplant patients, mean LVMI seemed to plateau during agalsidase therapy at a lower level as compared to baseline. Decline in renal allograft function was relatively mild (-1.92 ml/min/year). Agalsidase therapy was well tolerated. Serious ERT-unrelated events occurred more often in the dialysis group.

Conclusions: Kidney transplantation should be the standard of care for Fabry patients progressing towards ESRD. Transplanted Fabry patients on ERT may do better than patients remaining on maintenance dialysis. Larger, controlled studies in Fabry patients with ESRD will have to demonstrate if ERT is able to change the trajectory of cardiac disease and can preserve graft renal function.
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May 2008

Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) modulates matrix turnover in human glomeruli.

Kidney Int 2005 Jun;67(6):2143-50

Unit of Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation, IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy.

Background: The imbalance between synthesis and degradation of mesangial matrix causes glomerulosclerosis and leads to renal failure. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) has been shown to reduce the progression in murine models of chronic renal failure. The present study evaluated the effect of HGF on the extracellular matrix turnover and on c-met receptor in human glomeruli.

Methods: Human glomeruli microdissected from donor kidney biopsies before transplantation were incubated with culture media containing HGF (50 ng/mL). After 24 and 48 hours, the expression of c-met, (alpha2) IV collagen, transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), metalloprotease (MMP) 2 and 9 and of the inhibitor of MMP-2, tissue inhibitors of metalloprotease-1 (TIMP-1), was evaluated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). beta-actin was used as housekeeping gene. The production of collagen type IV and TGF-beta was evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blotting and the activity of MMP by zymography.

Results: (alpha2) IV collagen, TGF-beta, and TIMP-1 mRNA levels were markedly decreased in glomeruli treated with HGF at 24 and 48 hours. The expression of c-met was up-regulated by HGF treatment. HGF reduced the production of collagen type IV and TGF-beta. MMP-2 but not MMP-9 mRNA level was increased in HGF-treated glomeruli, although the gelatinolytic activity of the supernatant was not changed. By light microscopic examination kidney biopsies neither showed glomerular hypercellularity nor mesangial expansion.

Conclusion: HGF reduced expression and synthesis of TGF-beta and collagen type IV and increased MMP-2 mRNA level in normal human glomeruli. These results suggest an antifibrotic effect of HGF on glomerular cells and may explain its beneficial role in glomerulosclerosis.
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June 2005