Publications by authors named "Anna Zielichowska"

2 Publications

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Applications of calcium electroporation to effective apoptosis induction in fibrosarcoma cells and stimulation of normal muscle cells.

Bioelectrochemistry 2016 Jun 27;109:70-8. Epub 2016 Jan 27.

Department of Medical Biochemistry, Wroclaw Medical University, Chalubinskiego 10 St., 50-368 Wroclaw, Poland. Electronic address:

The electroporation (EP) supports various types of anticancer therapies by the selective transport of cytostatics. Increase in intracellular calcium level by EP may be a new approach to fibrosarcoma treatment. Calcium is one of the most important factors of cell proliferation, differentiation and cell death (apoptosis or necrosis). Calcium level balanced by electroporation can cause different effects on normal and pathological cells. The efficiency and safety of electroporation combined with Ca(2+) ions were examined in our study. The two muscle cell lines were used: normal rat skeletal muscle cells - L6 and cancer muscle cells - Wehi-164 (fibrosarcoma). Two CaCl2 concentrations were tested: 0.5 mM and 5 mM combined with EP parameters: 1000 V/cm, 1200 V/cm, and 1500 V/cm. The results show that EP supported by Ca(2+) is cytotoxic for Wehi-164 cells and simultaneously safe for normal muscle cells. The main type of cell death - apoptosis - was confirmed by Tunnel and Annexin V/PI assay. Additionally, sPLA2 pro-tumorigenic influence was proved by immunocytochemistry. Moreover, EP with 0.5 mM of Ca(2+) slightly stimulates the normal muscle cells - L6 to increase proliferation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bioelechem.2016.01.005DOI Listing
June 2016

The photodynamic effect of far-red range phthalocyanines (AlPc and Pc green) supported by electropermeabilization in human gastric adenocarcinoma cells of sensitive and resistant type.

Biomed Pharmacother 2015 Feb 24;69:145-52. Epub 2014 Nov 24.

Institute of Pathology, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin, Germany.

Introduction: Electroporation (EP) is commonly applied for effective drug transport thorough cell membranes based on the application of electromagnetic field. When applied with cytostatics, it is called electrochemotherapy (ECT) - a quite new method of cancer treatment. A high-voltage pulse causes the formation of temporary pores in the cell membrane which create an additional way for the intracellular drug transport. In the current work, EP was effectively merged with the already known photodynamic therapy (PDT) to selective photosensitizers' delivery to diseased tissue. The application of electroporation can reduce the dose of applied drug.

Research Objective: The aim of research was to evaluate the effectiveness of photodynamic reaction using two near infrared cyanines (AlPc and Pc green) combined with electroporation in two human gastric adenocarcinoma cell lines.

Materials And Methods: Two human cell lines - EPG85-257P (parental) and EPG85-257RDB (resistant to daunorubicin) - of gastric cancer were used. The effect of two photosensitizers (aluminum 1,8,15,22-tetrakis(-phenylthio)-29H,31H-phthalocyanine chloride and Phthalocyanine green) was investigated. The efficiency of EP parameters was assessed by propidium iodide uptake. The viability assay was applied to analyse EP, PDT and EP-PDT effect. Cyanine localization was determined by confocal microscopy. Immunocytochemical evaluation of manganese superoxide dismutase and glutathione S-transferase-pi was determined after applied therapies.

Results: PDT in combination with EP affected the viability of EPG85-257P and EPG85-257RDB cells negatively while both cyanine were used. The most evident changes were observed in the following concentrations: 15, 10 and 5μM. The optimal field strength for enhanced EP-PDT was 800 and 1200V/cm. AlPc distributed selectively in the lysosomes of parental cell line.

Conclusions: PDT, enhanced by EP, caused decreased viability when compared to the application of PDT alone. Both phthalocyanines found to be more effective after electroporation. Due to the low concentration of light-sensitive compounds and safety of electroporation itself, a treatment plan can be an alternative therapeutic modality against gastric adenocarcinomas.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2014.11.017DOI Listing
February 2015