Publications by authors named "Anna Kurpinska"

9 Publications

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In Vivo Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Based Detection of Heterogeneous Endothelial Response in Thoracic and Abdominal Aorta to Short-Term High-Fat Diet Ascribed to Differences in Perivascular Adipose Tissue in Mice.

J Am Heart Assoc 2020 11 19;9(21):e016929. Epub 2020 Oct 19.

Jagiellonian Centre for Experimental Therapeutics (JCET) Jagiellonian University Krakow Poland.

Background Long-term feeding with a high-fat diet (HFD) induces endothelial dysfunction in mice, but early HFD-induced effects on endothelium have not been well characterized. Methods and Results Using an magnetic resonance imaging-based methodology that allows characterization of endothelial function in vivo, we demonstrated that short-term (2 weeks) feeding with a HFD to mice or to mice resulted in the impairment of acetylcholine-induced response in the abdominal aorta (AA), whereas, in the thoracic aorta (TA), the acetylcholine-induced response was largely preserved. Similarly, HFD resulted in arterial stiffness in the AA, but not in the TA. The difference in HFD-induced response was ascribed to distinct characteristics of perivascular adipose tissue in the TA and AA, related to brown- and white-like adipose tissue, respectively, as assessed by histology, immunohistochemistry, and Raman spectroscopy. In contrast, short-term HFD-induced endothelial dysfunction could not be linked to systemic insulin resistance, changes in plasma concentration of nitrite, or concentration of biomarkers of glycocalyx disruption (syndecan-1 and endocan), endothelial inflammation (soluble form of vascular cell adhesion molecule 1, soluble form of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 and soluble form of E-selectin), endothelial permeability (soluble form of fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 and angiopoietin 2), and hemostasis (tissue plasminogen activator and plasminogen activator inhibitor 1). Conclusions Short-term feeding with a HFD induces endothelial dysfunction in the AA but not in the TA, which could be ascribed to a differential response of perivascular adipose tissue to a HFD in the AA versus TA. Importantly, early endothelial dysfunction in the AA is not linked to elevation of classical systemic biomarkers of endothelial dysfunction.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.120.016929DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7763398PMC
November 2020

Protein Disulphide Isomerase A1 Is Involved in the Regulation of Breast Cancer Cell Adhesion and Transmigration via Lung Microvascular Endothelial Cells.

Cancers (Basel) 2020 Oct 2;12(10). Epub 2020 Oct 2.

Jagiellonian Centre for Experimental Therapeutics (JCET), Jagiellonian University, 30-348 Krakow, Poland.

Cancer cell cross-talk with the host endothelium plays a crucial role in metastasis, but the underlying mechanisms are still not fully understood. We studied the involvement of protein disulphide isomerase A1 (PDIA1) in human breast cancer cell (MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231) adhesion and transendothelial migration. For comparison, the role of PDIA1 in proliferation, migration, cell cycle and apoptosis was also assessed. Pharmacological inhibitor, bepristat 2a and PDIA1 silencing were used to inhibit PDIA1. Inhibition of PDIA1 by bepristat 2a markedly decreased the adhesion of breast cancer cells to collagen type I, fibronectin and human lung microvascular endothelial cells. Transendothelial migration of breast cancer cells across the endothelial monolayer was also inhibited by bepristat 2a, an effect not associated with changes in ICAM-1 expression or changes in cellular bioenergetics. The silencing of PDIA1 produced less pronounced anti-adhesive effects. However, inhibiting extracellular free thiols by non-penetrating blocker p-chloromercuribenzene sulphonate substantially inhibited adhesion. Using a proteomic approach, we identified that β1 and α2 integrins were the most abundant among all integrins in breast cancer cells as well as in lung microvascular endothelial cells, suggesting that integrins could represent a target for PDIA1. In conclusion, extracellular PDIA1 plays a major role in regulating the adhesion of cancer cells and their transendothelial migration, in addition to regulating cell cycle and caspase 3/7 activation by intracellular PDIA1. PDIA1-dependent regulation of cancer-endothelial cell interactions involves disulphide exchange and most likely integrin activation but is not mediated by the regulation of ICAM-1 expression or changes in cellular bioenergetics in breast cancer or endothelial cells.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/cancers12102850DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7601413PMC
October 2020

Antiplatelet Effect of Carbon Monoxide Is Mediated by NAD and ATP Depletion.

Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 2020 10 13;40(10):2376-2390. Epub 2020 Aug 13.

Jagiellonian Centre for Experimental Therapeutics (JCET), Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland.

Objectives: Carbon monoxide (CO) produced by haem oxygenases or released by CO-releasing molecules (CORM) affords antiplatelet effects, but the mechanism involved has not been defined. Here, we tested the hypothesis that CO-induced inhibition of human platelet aggregation is mediated by modulation of platelet bioenergetics. Approach and Results: To analyze the effects of CORM-A1 on human platelet aggregation and bioenergetics, a light transmission aggregometry, Seahorse XFe technique and liquid chromatography tandem-mass spectrometry-based metabolomics were used. CORM-A1-induced inhibition of platelet aggregation was accompanied by the inhibition of mitochondrial respiration and glycolysis. Interestingly, specific inhibitors of these processes applied individually, in contrast to combined treatment, did not inhibit platelet aggregation considerably. A CORM-A1-induced delay of tricarboxylic acid cycle was associated with oxidized nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) depletion, compatible with the inhibition of oxidative phosphorylation. CORM-A1 provoked an increase in concentrations of proximal (before GAPDH [glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase]), but not distal glycolysis metabolites, suggesting that CO delayed glycolysis at the level of NAD-dependent GAPDH; however, GAPDH activity was directly not inhibited. In the presence of exogenous pyruvate, CORM-A1-induced inhibition of platelet aggregation and glycolysis were lost, but were restored by the inhibition of lactate dehydrogenase, involved in cytosolic NAD regeneration, pointing out to the key role of NAD depletion in the inhibition of platelet bioenergetics by CORM-A1.

Conclusions: The antiplatelet effect of CO is mediated by inhibition of mitochondrial respiration-attributed to the inhibition of cytochrome c oxidase, and inhibition of glycolysis-ascribed to cytosolic NAD depletion.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/ATVBAHA.120.314284DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7505148PMC
October 2020

Degradation of Glycocalyx and Multiple Manifestations of Endothelial Dysfunction Coincide in the Early Phase of Endothelial Dysfunction Before Atherosclerotic Plaque Development in Apolipoprotein E/Low-Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Deficient Mice.

J Am Heart Assoc 2019 03;8(6):e011171

1 Jagiellonian University Jagiellonian Centre for Experimental Therapeutics Krakow Poland.

Background The impairment of endothelium-dependent vasodilation, increased endothelial permeability, and glycocalyx degradation are all important pathophysiological components of endothelial dysfunction. However, it is still not clear whether in atherosclerosis, glycocalyx injury precedes other features of endothelial dysfunction or these events coincide. Methods and Results Herein, we demonstrate that in 4- to 8-week-old apolipoprotein E/low-density lipoprotein receptor-deficient mice, at the stage before development of atherosclerotic plaques, impaired acetylcholine-induced vasodilation, reduced NO production in aorta, and increased endothelial permeability were all observed; however, flow-mediated dilation in the femoral artery was fully preserved. In 4-week-old mice, glycocalyx coverage was reduced and endothelial stiffness was increased, whereas glycocalyx length was significantly decreased at 8 weeks of age. Early changes in endothelial function were also featured by increased plasma concentration of biomarkers of glycocalyx disruption (endocan), biomarkers of endothelial inflammation (soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule 1), increased vascular permeability (angiopoietin 2), and alterations in hemostasis (tissue plasminogen activator and plasminogen activator inhibitor 1). In 28-week-old mice, at the stage of advanced atherosclerotic plaque development, impaired NO production and nearly all other features of endothelial dysfunction were changed to a similar extent, compared with the preatherosclerotic plaque phase. The exceptions were the occurrence of acetylcholine-induced vasoconstriction in the aorta and brachiocephalic artery, impaired flow-mediated vasodilation in the femoral artery, and further reduction of glycocalyx length and coverage with a concomitant further increase in endothelial permeability. Conclusions In conclusion, even at the early stage before the development of atherosclerotic plaques, endothelial dysfunction is a complex multifactorial response that has not been previously appreciated.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.118.011171DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6475045PMC
March 2019

Proteomic characterization of early lung response to breast cancer metastasis in mice.

Exp Mol Pathol 2019 04 11;107:129-140. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Jagiellonian University, Jagiellonian Centre for Experimental Therapeutics (JCET), Bobrzynskiego 14, 30-348 Krakow, Poland; Jagiellonian University Medical College, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Toxicology, Medyczna 9, 30-688 Krakow, Poland. Electronic address:

Introduction: The tumor-promoting rearrangement of the lungs facilitates the process of cancer cell survival in a foreign microenvironment and enables their protection against immune defense. The study aimed to define the fingerprint of the early rearrangement of the lungs via the proteomic profiling of the lung tissue in the experimental model of tumor metastasis in a murine 4T1 mammary adenocarcinoma.

Materials And Methods: The studies were performed on 7-8-week-old BALB/c female mice. Viable 4T1 cancer cells were orthotopically inoculated into the right mammary fat pad. The experiment was performed in the early phase of the tumor metastasis one and two weeks after cancer cell inoculation. The comparative analysis of protein profiles was carried out with the aid of the two-dimensional difference in gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE). Proteins, of which expression differed significantly, were identified using nano-liquid chromatography coupled to a high-resolution mass spectrometry (nanoLC/hybrid ion trap- Orbitrap XL Discovery).

Results: Palpable primary tumors were noted in the 2 week after cancer cell inoculation. The investigated period preceded the formation of numerous macrometastases in the lungs, however the metastasis-promoting changes were visible very early. Primary tumor-induced inflammation developed in the lungs as early as after the 1 week and progressed during the 2 week, accompanied by increased concentration of 2-OH-E, an oxidative stress marker, and imbalance in nitric oxide metabolites, pointing to endothelium dysfunction. The early proteomic changes in the lungs in the 1 week after 4T1 cell inoculation resulted in the reorganization of lung tissue structure [actin, cytoplasmic 1 (Actb), tubulin beta chain (Tubb5), lamin-B1 (Lmnb1), serine protease inhibitor A3K (Serpina3k)] and activation of defense mechanisms [selenium-binding protein 1 (Selenbp1), endoplasmin (Hsp90b1), stress 70 protein, mitochondrial (Hspa9), heat shock protein HSP 90-beta (Hsp90ab1)], but also modifications in metabolic pathways [glucose-6-phosphate 1-dehydrogenase X (G6pdx), ATP synthase subunit beta, mitochondrial (Atp5b), L-lactate dehydrogenase B chain (Ldhb)]. Further development of the solid tumor after the 2 week following cancer cell inoculation, secretion of prolific tumor-derived factors as well as the presence of the increasing number of circulating cancer cells and extravasation processes further impose reorganization of the lung tissue [Actb, vimentin (Vim), clathrin light chain A (Clta)], altering additional metabolic pathways [annexin A5 (Anxa5), Rho GDP-dissociation inhibitor 2 (Arhgdib), complement 1 Q subcomponent-binding protein, mitochondrial (C1qbp), 14-3-3 protein zeta/delta (Ywhaz), peroxiredoxin-6 (Prdx6), chitinase-like protein 4 (Chi3l4), reticulocalbin-1 (Rcn1), EF-hand domain-containing protein D2 (Efhd2), calumenin (Calu)]. Interestingly, many of differentially expressed proteins were involved in calcium homeostasis (Rcn1, Efhd2, Calu, Actb, Vim, Lmnb1, Clta, Tubb5, Serpina3k, Hsp90b1, Hsp90ab1, Hspa9. G6pdx, Atp5b, Anxa5, Arhgdib, Ywhaz).

Conclusion: The analysis enabled revealing the importance of calcium signaling during the early phase of metastasis development, early cytoskeleton and extracellular matrix reorganization, activation of defense mechanisms and metabolic adaptations. It seems that the tissue response is an interplay between pro- and anti-metastatic mechanisms accompanied by inflammation, oxidative stress and dysfunction of the barrier endothelial cells.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yexmp.2019.02.001DOI Listing
April 2019

Early and late endothelial response in breast cancer metastasis in mice: simultaneous quantification of endothelial biomarkers using a mass spectrometry-based method.

Dis Model Mech 2019 03 1;12(3). Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Jagiellonian University, Jagiellonian Centre for Experimental Therapeutics, Bobrzynskiego 14, 30-348 Krakow, Poland

The endothelium plays an important role in cancer metastasis, but the mechanisms involved are still not clear. In the present work, we characterised the changes in endothelial function at early and late stages of breast cancer progression in an orthotopic model of murine mammary carcinoma (4T1 cells). Endothelial function was analysed based on simultaneous microflow liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry using multiple reaction monitoring (microLC/MS-MRM) quantification of 12 endothelium-related biomarkers, including those reflecting glycocalyx disruption - syndecan-1 (SDC-1), endocan (ESM-1); endothelial inflammation - vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), E-selectin (E-sel); endothelial permeability - fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (FLT-1), angiopoietin 2 (Angpt-2); and haemostasis - von Willebrand factor (vWF), tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA), plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1), as well as those that are pathophysiologically linked to endothelial function - adrenomedullin (ADM) and adiponectin (ADN). The early phase of metastasis in mouse plasma was associated with glycocalyx disruption (increased SDC-1 and ESM-1), endothelial inflammation [increased soluble VCAM-1 (sVCAM-1)] and increased vascular permeability (Angpt-2). During the late phase of metastasis, additional alterations in haemostasis (increased PAI-1 and vWF), as well as a rise in ADM and substantial fall in ADN concentration, were observed. In conclusion, in a murine model of breast cancer metastasis, we identified glycocalyx disruption, endothelial inflammation and increased endothelial permeability as important events in early metastasis, while the late phase of metastasis was additionally characterised by alterations in haemostasis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1242/dmm.036269DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6451429PMC
March 2019

Quantitative measurement of selected protein biomarkers of endothelial dysfunction in plasma by micro-liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry based on stable isotope dilution method.

Talanta 2019 Mar 23;194:1005-1016. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Jagiellonian University, Jagiellonian Centre for Experimental Therapeutics, Bobrzynskiego 14, 30-348 Krakow, Poland; Jagiellonian University Medical College, Faculty of Pharmacy, Chair and Department of Toxicology, Medyczna 9, 30-688 Krakow, Poland. Electronic address:

The aim of this study was to develop and validate the novel microLC/MS-MRM method for the simultaneous quantification of six proteins: angiopoietin 2 (Angpt-2), soluble form of fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFLT-1), plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1), tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA), endocan (ESM-1), soluble form of E-selectin (sE-sel), and one peptide: adrenomedullin (ADM) in mouse plasma. Two approaches were compared: a stable isotope dilution (SID) method- used as a reference and a modified SID (mSID) procedure. In SID strategy the calibration curves were used, whereas in mSID the ratio between the chromatogram peak area of endogenous tryptic peptides at unknown concentration to chromatogram peak area of exogenous, stable isotope-labelled internal standards (SISs) added to the sample at known concentration was calculated. The microLC/MS-MRM method in the SID approach was linear from 0.250 pmol/mL to 250 pmol/mL for Angpt-2; 5 pmol/mL to 5000 pmol/mL for sFLT-1; 2.5 pmol/mL to 5000 pmol/mL for PAI-1; 0.375 pmol/mL to 250 pmol/mL for t-PA; 0.375 pmol/mL to 187.5 pmol/mL for ESM-1; 2.5 pmol/mL to 5000 pmol/mL for sE-sel and 0.375 pmol/mL to 250 pmol/mL for ADM. LPS-induced changes in plasma assessed based on SID and mSID approaches gave comparable quantitative results and featured LPS-induced dysregulation of endothelial permeability (Angpt-2, sFLT-1), glycocalyx injury (SDC-1) accompanied by a pro-thrombotic response (PAI-1). In addition, we applied microLC/MS-MRM method with mSID strategy to analyze human plasma samples from patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and demonstrated usefulness of the method to characterize endothelial function in humans. In conclusion, the microLC/MS-MRM method with mSID strategy applied for simultaneous quantification of protein biomarkers of endothelial function in plasma represents a novel targeted proteomic platform for the comprehensive evaluation of endothelial function in mice and humans.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2018.10.067DOI Listing
March 2019

Development, validation and application of a micro-liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry based method for simultaneous quantification of selected protein biomarkers of endothelial dysfunction in murine plasma.

J Pharm Biomed Anal 2018 Feb 10;149:465-474. Epub 2017 Nov 10.

Jagiellonian University, Jagiellonian Centre for Experimental Therapeutics, Bobrzynskiego 14, 30-348, Krakow, Poland; Jagiellonian University Medical College, Faculty of Pharmacy, Chair and Department of Toxicology, Medyczna 9, 30-688, Krakow, Poland. Electronic address:

The objective of this study was to develop and validate the method based on micro-liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (microLC/MS-MRM) for simultaneous determination of adiponectin (ADN), von Willebrand factor (vWF), soluble form of vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (sVCAM-1), soluble form of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM-1) and syndecan-1 (SDC-1) in mouse plasma. The calibration range was established from 2.5pmol/mL to 5000pmol/mL for ADN; 5pmol/mL to 5000pmol/mL for vWF; 0.375pmol/mL to 250pmol/mL for sVCAM-1 and sICAM-1; and 0.25pmol/mL to 250pmol/mL for SDC-1. The method was applied to measure the plasma concentration of selected proteins in mice fed high-fat diet (HFD), and revealed the pro-thrombotic status by increased concentration of vWF (1.31±0.17 nmol/mL (Control) vs 1.98±0.09 nmol/mL (HFD), p <0.05) and the dysregulation of adipose tissue metabolism by decreased concentration of ADN (0.62±0.08 nmol/mL (Control) vs 0.37±0.06 nmol/mL (HFD), p <0.05). In conclusion, the microLC/MS-MRM-based method allows for reliable measurements of selected protein biomarkers of endothelial dysfunction in mouse plasma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2017.11.023DOI Listing
February 2018

Age-related changes of selected blood biochemical indicators in dairy calves during their first week of life.

Folia Biol (Krakow) 2011 ;59(1-2):25-30

Department of Animal Physiology and Cytobiology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Animal Husbandry, The West Pomeranian University of Technology, Dr Judyma 6, 71-466 Szczecin, Poland.

The aim of this study was to determine the influence of age and ingested food (colostrum and mature milk) on the concentrations of selected blood biochemical components connected with nitrogen and mineral metabolism in dairy calves during their first week of life. The experiment was carried out on 13 Polish Black and White breed dairy calves. The animals were fed colostrum within the first 3 days of postnatal life and thereafter the mature milk of their dams until the end ofthe experiment (7 days). The obtained results showed that intensive catabolic and anabolic changes in nitrogen occur in the first week of life. These changes were particularly intense during the first 24-48 hours of life and may reflect dynamic tissue remodelling. The results of this experiment also show that healthy calves efficiently regulate water and electrolyte homeostasis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3409/fb59_1-2.25-30DOI Listing
June 2011