Publications by authors named "Anna Gersamia"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Validation of the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) in Russian people with epilepsy.

Epilepsy Behav 2021 10 6;123:108269. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Moscow Research and Clinical Center for Neuropsychiatry, Moscow, Russian Federation; Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russian Federation.

Objective: To assess the capacity of Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) to detect anxiety disorders in a Russian sample of patients with epilepsy and to validate this instrument for rapid screening of anxiety in these patients.

Methods: Study included 233 patients with epilepsy, both inpatients and outpatients. For all patients Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview was conducted as a gold standard for diagnosis of mental disorders. All patients also completed the questionnaires - the Russian version of GAD-7 and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) to assess convergent validity. Chi-square and Fisher's exact tests were used to compare categorical variables, and the Mann-Whitney test was used for the quantitative ones. Internal consistency was assessed using Cronbach's alpha, Cronbach's alpha at point deletion, and corrected point-to-point correlation. ROC analysis was used to evaluate the properties of the GAD-7 to determine anxiety disorders.

Results: Among 97 (41.6%) patients with epilepsy diagnosed with any anxiety disorders, 42 (18%) had panic disorder, 37 (15.9%) had agoraphobia, 17 (7.3%) had social anxiety disorder, and 64 (27.5%) had generalized anxiety disorder; 42 patients (18%) showed a combination of several anxiety disorders. The overall GAD-7 score was similar to other epilepsy studies, but higher cutoff scores characterize our sample. The scale performed well in detecting any anxiety disorder with the AUC of 0.866 and the optimal cutoff point > 8 points, and in detecting GAD with AUC = 0.922 and the optimal cutoff point > 9 points, showing overall acceptable sensitivity.

Conclusion: Russian version of the GAD-7 could be used as a screening tool for any anxiety disorders in PWE with the optimal cutoff score > 8 points.
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October 2021

Validation of the Russian version of neurological disorders depression inventory for epilepsy (NDDI-E).

Epilepsy Behav 2020 12 24;113:107549. Epub 2020 Nov 24.

Research and Clinical Center for Neuropsychiatry, Moscow, Russian Federation; Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russian Federation.

Objective: To translate and validate the English version of the Neurologic Depression Disorders Inventory in Epilepsy (NDDI-E) into the Russian language as an instrument for rapid detection of major depressive episodes (MDE) for patients with epilepsy (PWE) from Russian Federation.

Methods: One hundred and 75 consecutive PWE were included in the study. All patients were assessed with Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI 6.0.0), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Russian version of NDDI-E. Chi-square, Fisher's exact and Mann-Whitney tests were used to compare PWE with and without MDE. We analyzed internal structural validity, external validity, and receiver operator characteristics.

Results: None of the participants had any difficulties in understanding the questions of NDDI-E. The internal consistency of the inventory was satisfactory (Cronbach's ά = 0.856). Correlation between the NDDI-E and the HADS scores was moderate (r = 0.64, P < 0.001), indicating acceptable external validity. NDDI showed good capacity to detect MDE, with area under the curve of 0.919 (95% CI = 0.868-0.955; standard error: 0.019; P < 0.001). An optimal cut-off point with the highest Yuden's index (J = 0.699) was  > 12. At this point NDDI-E showed sensitivity of 88.16% (95% CI = 78.7%-94.4%), specificity of 81.82% (95% CI = 72.8%-88.9%), positive predictive value of 59.3% (95% CI = 48.8%-69.0%), negative predictive value of 95.8% (95% CI = 92.5%-97.7%).

Conclusion: Russian version of NDDI-E is an affordable and fast screening tool with a good combination of sensitivity and specificity.
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December 2020

Transcranial direct current stimulation of 20- and 30-minutes combined with sertraline for the treatment of depression.

Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 2018 03 9;82:31-38. Epub 2017 Dec 9.

Moscow Research and Clinical Center for Neuropsychiatry of the Healthcare Department of Moscow, Moscow, Russia.

Background: Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) can be an effective treatment for depression, however, the duration of the stimulation session, among other parameters, needs to be optimized.

Methods: 69 mild to moderately depressed patients (age 37.6±10.5years, 19 men) were randomized into three groups - 30-, 20-minute or sham tDCS. 10 daily sessions of anodal/sham tDCS of the left DLPFC (0.5mA; electrode 3,5×7cm) combined with 50mg/day of sertraline were performed. Mood, cognition and BDNF level were assessed before and after the treatment.

Results: A significant difference between groups was observed in the percent change of the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (F(2, 66)=10.1; p<0.001). Sham group (43.4%±18.1) had a smaller improvement compared to the 30-minute (63.8%±13.4; 95% CI: 11.23-29.44; p=0.00003) and 20-minute group (53.2%±15.3; 95% CI: 0.21-19.26; p=0.045). 30-minute group had significantly greater percent improvement than 20-minute group (95% CI: 1.74-19.46; p=0.02). Responders constituted 89%, 68%, and 50% and remitters - 70%, 27%, and 35% in the 30-, 20-minute and sham groups, respectively. A significant difference in the number of responders was observed between 30-minute vs. sham group (odds ratio=8; 95% CI, 2.59-24.69; p=0.001), in remission rate - between 30-minute vs. sham (odds ratio=4.40; 95% CI, 2.02-9.57; p=0.02) and vs. 20-minute (odds ratio=6.33; 95% CI, 2.85-14.10; p=0.003) groups. Two hypomania cases and one case of blood pressure elevation were detected in the 20-minute group. Among neuropsychological tests, only the change in Digit Span Backwards test showed a significant interaction between groups (TIME*GROUP; F(2, 65)=6,6, p=0.002); a greater improvement was observed in both active groups compared to sham (p<0.05). The change in BDNF level after the treatment did not show the significant difference between groups.

Conclusions: tDCS of 20- or 30-minutes combined with sertraline are efficient for the treatment of mild and moderate depression; the effect of 30min stimulation exceeds the one obtained from 20min.
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March 2018

Current standards of neuropsychological assessment in epilepsy surgery centers across Europe.

Epilepsia 2017 03 9;58(3):343-355. Epub 2017 Jan 9.

Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

We explored the current practice with respect to the neuropsychological assessment of surgical epilepsy patients in European epilepsy centers, with the aim of harmonizing and establishing common standards. Twenty-six epilepsy centers and members of "E-PILEPSY" (a European pilot network of reference centers in refractory epilepsy and epilepsy surgery), were asked to report the status of neuropsychological assessment in adults and children via two different surveys. There was a consensus among these centers regarding the role of neuropsychology in the presurgical workup. Strong agreement was found on indications (localization, epileptic dysfunctions, adverse drugs effects, and postoperative monitoring) and the domains to be evaluated (memory, attention, executive functions, language, visuospatial skills, intelligence, depression, anxiety, and quality of life). Although 186 different tests are in use throughout these European centers, a core group of tests reflecting a moderate level of agreement could be discerned. Variability exists with regard to indications, protocols, and paradigms for the assessment of hemispheric language dominance. For the tests in use, little published evidence of clinical validity in epilepsy was provided. Participants in the survey reported a need for improvement concerning the validity of the tests, tools for the assessment of everyday functioning and accelerated forgetting, national norms, and test co-normalization. Based on the present survey, we documented a consensus regarding the indications and principles of neuropsychological testing. Despite the variety of tests in use, the survey indicated that there may be a core set of tests chosen based on experience, as well as on published evidence. By combining these findings with the results of an ongoing systematic literature review, we aim for a battery that can be recommended for the use across epilepsy surgical centers in Europe.
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March 2017