Publications by authors named "Anna Devi Reichardt"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Non-canonical NF-κB signaling activation and regulation: principles and perspectives.

Immunol Rev 2011 Nov;244(1):44-54

Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Molecular Genetics, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.

Nuclear-factor κB (NF-κB) transcription factors are activated by a wide variety of stimuli in diverse cell types and control key aspects of immune function and development. Receptor-mediated activation of NF-κB appears to occur through two distinct signaling pathways termed as the canonical and non-canonical NF-κB pathways. Although much work has demonstrated the physiological importance of non-canonical NF-κB signaling to immunity and its involvement in diverse pathologies, such as cancers and autoimmune disease, the architecture and regulation of the pathway is only beginning to be understood. The non-canonical pathway appears to be activated by a select set of receptors within the tumor necrosis factor superfamily, and we discuss the molecular mechanisms that connect ligation of these receptors to pathway activation. It has become increasingly clear that the key regulatory step of the pathway involves modulation of the post-translational degradation of NF-κB-inducing kinase (NIK), the central activating kinase of non-canonical NF-κB signaling. How NIK post-translational stability is controlled before and after receptor ligation is an important aspect of understanding non-canonical NF-κB signaling. Furthermore, how release of NF-κB dimers downstream of the pathway's activation is actually connected to its identified physiological and pathological roles is a key remaining question in the field.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-065X.2011.01059.xDOI Listing
November 2011

Chlorination: a general route toward electron transport in organic semiconductors.

J Am Chem Soc 2009 Mar;131(10):3733-40

Department of Chemistry, Stanford University,Stanford, California 94305, USA.

We show that adding chlorine atoms to conjugated cores is a general, effective route toward the design of n-type air-stable organic semiconductors. We find this to be true for acenes, phthalocyanines, and perylene tetracarboxylic diimide (PDI)-based molecules. This general finding opens new avenues in the design and synthesis of organic semiconductors. We compared a series of fluoro- and chloro-functionalized acenes, phthalocyanines, and PDI-based molecules. The acenes synthesized showed high and balanced ambipolar transport in the top-contact organic field effect transistor (OFET) geometry. The electron-withdrawing halogen groups lowered the LUMO and the charge injection barrier for electrons, such that electron and hole transport occurred simultaneously. If the chlorine added does not distort the planarity of the conjugated core, we found that the chloro-functionalized molecules tend to have a slightly smaller HOMO-LUMO gap and a lower LUMO level than the fluoro-containing molecules, both from calculations and cyclic voltammetry measurements in solution. This is most likely due to the fact that Cl contains empty 3d orbitals that can accept pi-electrons from the conjugated core, while F does not have energetically accessible empty orbitals for such delocalization.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja809045sDOI Listing
March 2009