Publications by authors named "Anna De Ponti"

9 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Discovery of NMS-E973 as novel, selective and potent inhibitor of heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90).

Bioorg Med Chem 2013 Nov 19;21(22):7047-63. Epub 2013 Sep 19.

Nerviano Medical Sciences S.r.l., Oncology, Viale Pasteur 10, 20014 Nerviano, MI, Italy. Electronic address:

Novel small molecule inhibitors of heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) were discovered with the help of a fragment based drug discovery approach (FBDD) and subsequent optimization with a combination of structure guided design, parallel synthesis and application of medicinal chemistry principles. These efforts led to the identification of compound 18 (NMS-E973), which displayed significant efficacy in a human ovarian A2780 xenograft tumor model, with a mechanism of action confirmed in vivo by typical modulation of known Hsp90 client proteins, and with a favorable pharmacokinetic and safety profile.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmc.2013.09.018DOI Listing
November 2013

NMS-E973, a novel synthetic inhibitor of Hsp90 with activity against multiple models of drug resistance to targeted agents, including intracranial metastases.

Clin Cancer Res 2013 Jul 14;19(13):3520-32. Epub 2013 May 14.

Department of Biotechnology, Nerviano Medical Sciences Srl, Nerviano (MI), Italy.

Purpose: Recent developments of second generation Hsp90 inhibitors suggested a potential for development of this class of molecules also in tumors that have become resistant to molecular targeted agents. Disease progression is often due to brain metastases, sometimes related to insufficient drug concentrations within the brain. Our objective was to identify and characterize a novel inhibitor of Hsp90 able to cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB).

Experimental Design: Here is described a detailed biochemical and crystallographic characterization of NMS-E973. Mechanism-based anticancer activity was described in cell models, including models of resistance to kinase inhibitors. Pharmacokinetics properties were followed in plasma, tumor, liver, and brain. In vivo activity and pharmacodynamics, as well as the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic relationships, were evaluated in xenografts, including an intracranially implanted melanoma model.

Results: NMS-E973, representative of a novel isoxazole-derived class of Hsp90 inhibitors, binds Hsp90α with subnanomolar affinity and high selectivity towards kinases, as well as other ATPases. It possesses potent antiproliferative activity against tumor cell lines and a favorable pharmacokinetic profile, with selective retention in tumor tissue and ability to cross the BBB. NMS-E973 induces tumor shrinkage in different human tumor xenografts, and is highly active in models of resistance to kinase inhibitors. Moreover, consistent with its brain penetration, NMS-E973 is active also in an intracranially implanted melanoma model.

Conclusions: Overall, the efficacy profile of NMS-E973 suggests a potential for development in different clinical settings, including tumors that have become resistant to molecular targeted agents, particularly in cases of tumors which reside beyond the BBB.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-12-3512DOI Listing
July 2013

NMS-P937, an orally available, specific small-molecule polo-like kinase 1 inhibitor with antitumor activity in solid and hematologic malignancies.

Mol Cancer Ther 2012 Apr 7;11(4):1006-16. Epub 2012 Feb 7.

Nerviano Medical Sciences Srl, Nerviano, Milan, Italy.

Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) is a serine/threonine protein kinase considered to be the master player of cell-cycle regulation during mitosis. It is indeed involved in centrosome maturation, bipolar spindle formation, chromosome separation, and cytokinesis. PLK1 is overexpressed in a variety of human tumors and its overexpression often correlates with poor prognosis. Although five different PLKs are described in humans, depletion or inhibition of kinase activity of PLK1 is sufficient to induce cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis in cancer cell lines and in xenograft tumor models. NMS-P937 is a novel, orally available PLK1-specific inhibitor. The compound shows high potency in proliferation assays having low nanomolar activity on a large number of cell lines, both from solid and hematologic tumors. NMS-P937 potently causes a mitotic cell-cycle arrest followed by apoptosis in cancer cell lines and inhibits xenograft tumor growth with clear PLK1-related mechanism of action at well-tolerated doses in mice after oral administration. In addition, NMS-P937 shows potential for combination in clinical settings with approved cytotoxic drugs, causing tumor regression in HT29 human colon adenocarcinoma xenografts upon combination with irinotecan and prolonged survival of animals in a disseminated model of acute myelogenous leukemia in combination with cytarabine. NMS-P937, with its favorable pharmacologic parameters, good oral bioavailability in rodent and nonrodent species, and proven antitumor activity in different preclinical models using a variety of dosing regimens, potentially provides a high degree of flexibility in dosing schedules and warrants investigation in clinical settings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-11-0765DOI Listing
April 2012

[Effectiveness of a nurse-led educational intervention for patients admitted for acute coronary syndrome].

Assist Inferm Ric 2011 Jan-Mar;30(1):16-23

U.O.C. di Cardiologia/UTIC, Ospedale di Desio, MB.

Objective: To assess the effectiveness of a nurse-led class with phone follow-up, to help patients achieve lifestyle changes after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS).

Methods: Each patient < or = 75 years, admitted to a intensive cardiac care unit (ICCU) for ACS from September 2003 to December 2004, who attended the education class (case) was matched with two patients paired for age, sex and admission time, admitted for ACS to ICCUs in the other hospitals in the same area (controls). One year later the two groups were blindly interviewed on the phone, using a structured questionnaire about their lifestyles.

Results: One-hundred-nineteen cases and 238 controls were phoned and 84% cases and 61% controls completed the interview. Cases reported a more correct lifestyle: they ate > or = 4 portions/day of fruit or vegetables (55% vs. 36%, p = 0.003) and > or = 2 portions/week of fish (48% vs. 32%, p = 0.010), reported > or = 30 min/day of physical activity (67% vs. 59%, p = 0.262) and stopped smoking (82% vs. 71% of previous smokers, p = 0.264).

Conclusion: An educational intervention led by cardiology nurses, with a group meeting and personal phone follow-up, improved lifestyle habits one year after an ACS.
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June 2011

Phosphorylation of TCTP as a marker for polo-like kinase-1 activity in vivo.

Anticancer Res 2010 Dec;30(12):4973-85

BU Oncology, Nerviano Medical Sciences srl, 20014 Nerviano, Italy.

Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) is the master regulator of mitosis and a target for anticancer therapy. To develop a marker of PLK1 activity in cells and tumour tissues, this study focused on translational controlled tumour protein (TCTP) and identified serine 46 as a site phosphorylated by PLK1 in vitro. Using an antibody raised against phospho-TCTP-Ser46, it was demonstrated that phosphorylation at this site correlates with PLK1 level and kinase activity in cells. Moreover, PLK1 depletion by siRNA or inactivation by specific inhibitors caused a correspondent decrease in phospho-TCTP-Ser46 signal validating this site as a direct marker of PLK1. Using this marker, the study characterized PLK1 inhibitors in cells by setting up a high-content assay and finally immunohistochemical assay suitable for following inhibitor activity in preclinical tumour models and possibly in clinical studies was developed.
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December 2010

Identification of 4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[4,3-h]quinazoline derivatives as a new class of orally and selective Polo-like kinase 1 inhibitors.

J Med Chem 2010 May;53(9):3532-51

Nerviano Medical Sciences Srl, Oncology, Viale Pasteur 10, 20014 Nerviano, (Mi), Italy.

Polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) is a fundamental regulator of mitotic progression whose overexpression is often associated with oncogenesis and therefore is recognized as an attractive therapeutic target in the treatment of proliferative diseases. Here we discuss the structure-activity relationship of the 4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[4,3-h]quinazoline class of compounds that emerged from a high throughput screening (HTS) campaign as potent inhibitors of Plk1 kinase. Furthermore, we describe the discovery of 49, 8-{[2-methoxy-5-(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)phenyl]amino}-1-methyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[4,3-h]quinazoline-3-carboxamide, as a highly potent and specific ATP mimetic inhibitor of Plk1 (IC(50) = 0.007 microM) as well as its crystal structure in complex with the methylated Plk1(36-345) construct. Compound 49 was active in cell proliferation against different tumor cell lines with IC(50) values in the submicromolar range and active in vivo in the HCT116 xenograft model where it showed 82% tumor growth inhibition after repeated oral administration.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jm901713nDOI Listing
May 2010

[How to increase patient knowledge of their coronary heart disease: impact of an educational meeting led by nurses].

G Ital Cardiol (Rome) 2009 Apr;10(4):249-55

U.O.C di Cardiologia-UTIC, Ospedale di Desio, Azienda Ospedaliera di Desio e Vimercate, Desio, Milano.

Background: Most patients discharged after an acute coronary event or a coronary revascularization do not have adequate knowledge of the nature of their disease and of the importance of a correct lifestyle. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of an educational intervention led by nurses for patients admitted to hospital for coronary heart disease (CHD).

Methods: Since May 2003, regular health education meetings for inpatients with CHD and their relatives have been held by the nurses of the Cardiology Division of the Desio hospital. The topics covered are the nature of CHD, its risk factors and the prevention of recurrences. Before and after the meeting, a questionnaire is administered to explore patients' level of knowledge.

Results: From May 2003 to September 2004, 201 patients attended the meetings (151 men and 50 women, aged from 37 to 89 years). The majority (n=152, 76%) were admitted for an acute coronary syndrome. Attendance at the meeting significantly increased the patients' understanding of atherosclerosis (from 44 to 85%, p < 0.0001), coronary vessel function (from 56 to 92%, p < 0.0001) and the causes of cardiac necrosis or ischemia (from 58 to 88%, p < 0.0001). Their awareness of the importance of correct lifestyles increased, especially the number of patients willing to increase fruit and vegetable consumption (from 56 to 77%, p < 0.0001) or to increase physical activity (from 51 to 69%, p < 0.0001) to avoid a recurrence.

Conclusions: A health education meeting organized by nurses for patients admitted for CHD improves their knowledge of their illness and awareness of the benefits of correct lifestyles to prevent worsening of their disease.
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April 2009

[An health education program for patients admitted to CCU for an acute coronary event].

Assist Inferm Ric 2006 Jul-Sep;25(3):170-5

Divisione di Cardiologia, Presidio Ospedaliero di Desio, AO Ospedale Civile di Vimercate, Milano.

Unlabelled: In spite of the broad recognition of the importance of health education, time for structured one-to -one initiatives of health education during the hospital stay is limited. The organization of an health education meeting for patients admitted to CCU for an acute coronary event is described.

Methods: The planning and implementation of the initiative lasted two years and involved 7 nurses and one doctor. The organization required efforts related to the event itself (preparation of training aids, identification or contents and methods for delivery) but also organizative changes. Dietitians in fact had to be involved because the healthy diet recommended was different from the hospital diet. The assessment of the effectiveness of the health education was also planned: administration of a questionnaire to explore lifestyles and knowledge of the illness before and after the meeting; phone interviews after 3, 6 and 12 months from the meeting.

Results: Since may 2003, in the first 3 years 74 meetings have been organised, involving 507 patients and 329 relatives. Each meeting lasts 2 hours and contents delivered encompass the coronary event, risk factors and their modification, healthy lifestyles. Initial preliminary results on the impact of the meeting on lifestyle changes are promising. Initiatives are ongoing to include this activity among officially recognised nursing activities.
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November 2006

[Knowledge and lifestyles of patients: a survey on patients admitted with acute coronary syndrome in the CCU of an Italian hospital].

Assist Inferm Ric 2006 Jul-Sep;25(3):163-9

Divisione di Cardiologia, Presidio Ospedaliero di Desio, AO Ospedale Civile di Vimercate Milano.

Aim And Methods: The lifestyles before hospital admission, knowledge on their illness and lifestyles after the acute coronary event were analysed with questionnaires, in three different samples of patients: a. all the patients admitted for acute coronary event from may 2003 to may 2005 to explore lifestyles before acute coronary event (416 patients) b. all the patients admitted from may 2003 to april 2004 (before the start of health information meetings organised by nurses), to explore the knowledge of the illness and its causes (132 patients) c. a sample of 83 patients followed in day hospital, to explore the lifestyles after the acute coronary event.

Results: Lifestyles before the event. Most patients have incorrect lifestyles: 50% eat cheese every day and never exercise for at least 30 minutes everyday. Even after the acute coronary event, some incorrect lifestyles are still present. Seventy-five percent of patients have incorrect or insufficient knowledge on illness and risk factors at discharge and only 50% is willing to increase the amount of fruit and vegetables in their diet.

Conclusions: Although confirmed by other studies, these results are worrying and call for the systematic adoption of secondary prevention strategies with effective interventions aimed at increasing knowledge and modifying lifestyles.
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November 2006