Publications by authors named "Anna Carolina Toledo da Cunha Pereira"

9 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Eugenia piauhiensis Vellaff. essential oil and γ-elemene its major constituent exhibit antileishmanial activity, promoting cell membrane damage and in vitro immunomodulation.

Chem Biol Interact 2021 Apr 10;339:109429. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Laboratório de Doenças Infecciosas, Campus Ministro Reis Velloso, Universidade Federal do Delta do Parnaíba, 64202-020, Parnaíba, PI, Brazil. Electronic address:

Leishmaniasis is considered as one of the most Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) in the world, caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania. Treatment of leishmaniasis by chemotherapy remains a challenge because of limited efficacy, toxic side effects, and drug resistance. The search for new therapeutic agents from natural sources has been a constant for the treatment of diseases such as leishmaniasis. The objective of this study was to evaluate the biological activity of Eugenia piauhiensis Vellaff. essential oil (EpEO) and its major constituent γ-elemene on promastigote and amastigote forms of Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis, its cytotoxicity, and possible mechanisms of action. EpEO was more active (IC 6.43 ± 0.18 μg/mL) against promastigotes than γ-elemene [9.82 ± 0.15 μg/mL (48.05 ± 0.73 μM)] and the reference drug miltefosine [IC 17.25 ± 0.26 μg/mL (42.32 ± 0.64 μM)]. EpEO and γ-elemene exhibited low cytotoxicity against J774.A1 macrophages, with CC 225.8 ± 3.57 μg/mL and 213.21 ± 3.3 μg/mL (1043 ± 16.15 μM), respectively. Additionally, EpEO and γ-elemene present direct activity against the parasite, decreasing plasma membrane integrity. EpEO and γ-elemene also proved to be even more active against intracellular amastigotes of the parasite [IC 4.59 ± 0.07 μg/mL and 8.06 ± 0.12 μg/mL (39.44 ± 0.59 μM)], respectively), presenting indirect effects through macrophage activity modulation. Anti-amastigote activity was associated with increased TNF-α, IL-12, NO, and ROS levels. In conclusion, our results suggest EpEO and γ-elemene as promising candidates for new drug development against leishmaniasis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cbi.2021.109429DOI Listing
April 2021

What is the association between the IL6-174 G > C (rs1800795) polymorphism and the risk of dengue? Evidence from a meta-analysis.

Infect Genet Evol 2021 Mar 2;91:104778. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Laboratory of Biology of Microorganisms, Universidade Federal do Delta do Parnaíba, Campus Ministro Reis Velloso, Parnaíba, Piauí, Brazil; Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências Biomédicas da Universidade Federal do Delta do Parnaíba, Laboratório de Biologia de Microrganismos - BIOMIC, Av. São Sebastião, 2819, Bairro Reis Velloso, CEP 64202-020, Parnaíba - PI, Brasil. Electronic address:

The association of polymorphisms in genes responsible for immunological mediators with dengue allows the identification of certain genetic alterations that increase or decrease the development risk of the disease. A few number of studies that correlate the interleukin 6-174 G > C (IL6-174 G > C) polymorphism (rs1800795) with dengue. However, there is an inconsistency on the polymorphism influence on the disease which motivated this meta-analysis. So, this study aimed to evaluate the rs1800795 polymorphism with protection or susceptibility for development of dengue. A search of the literature was performed for studies published before 05 September 2020 in various databases. Calculations of Odds Ratio (OR) with 95% of Confidence Intervals (CI) and heterogeneity (I) were assessed and publication bias was done by Begg' and Egger's test. The value of P < 0.05 was considered as significant. As results, five case-control studies were identified and included in the results. The analysis showed that the heterozygous genotype has a protective role against dengue without warning signs (DWOS) (OR = 0.57, p = 0.001), as well as the polymorphic C allele (OR = 0.77, p = 0.04). When unifying the data from the included studies, the GG genotype was more prevalent among individuals with dengue with warning signs (DWWS) when compared to the control group (p = 0.0221). GC genotype was more prevalent in the control group than in the DWWS group (p = 0.0119). Therefore, in our study we observed that the GC genotype and the C allele have a protective role against DWOS. Since this polymorphism is associated with low IL-6 expression, thus it is expected that there will be a decreased pro-inflammatory response. However, more studies regarding this thematic are necessary to have a consensus about this polymorphism and dengue.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2021.104778DOI Listing
March 2021

Polymorphisms in the interleukin genes and chronic periodontitis: A field synopsis and revaluation by Bayesian approaches.

Cytokine 2021 Feb 19;138:155361. Epub 2020 Nov 19.

Laboratory of Biology of Microorganisms, Federal University of the Parnaiba Delta (UFDPar), Parnaiba, Piaui, Brazil.

Periodontitis is a high prevalent disease into the clinical dentistry. Genetic variations in interleukins (IL) genes were associated with chronic periodontitis (CP) and were focus of several meta-analyses. This study aimed to assess the noteworthiness in the meta-analyses by means of a Bayesian approach to determinate possible false report associations. A systematic search was performed for meta-analyses with associations between gene polymorphisms in interleukins and CP. The calculations for the False-Positive Rate Probability (FPRP) and the Bayesian False Discovery Probability (BFDP) were performed to assess the noteworthiness with a statistical power of 1.2 and 1.5 of Odds Ratio at a prior probability of 10 and 10. As results, eight meta-analyses approaching the IL1A/rs1800587, IL1B/rs1143634, IL1RN/rs2234663, IL4/rs2243250, IL6/rs1800795/rs1800796, IL17A/rs2275913 and IL18/rs1946518/rs187238 polymorphisms have been identified. Twenty-two from 270 calculations (8.15%) were noteworthy. Herein, we have identified the IL1A and IL1B polymorphisms as noteworthy biomarkers for CP susceptibility.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cyto.2020.155361DOI Listing
February 2021

Association of single nucleotide polymorphisms in TNF-α (-308G/A and -238G/A) to dengue: Case-control and meta-analysis study.

Cytokine 2020 10 27;134:155183. Epub 2020 Jul 27.

Laboratório de Biologia de Microrganismos, Universidade Federal do Delta do Parnaíba, Parnaíba, Piauí, Brazil. Electronic address:

Dengue is an acute viral disease whose clinical condition is related to the interaction of factors related to the Dengue virus (DENV), environment and the host, with the immunity of the human host contributing a substantial role in the pathogenesis of DENV infection. Studies have demonstrated that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the promoter regions of cytokine genes such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) affect transcription and/or expression; and therefore, may influence the pathogenesis of infectious diseases, such as dengue. Consequently, the objective of this study was to assess through a case-control study whether there was an association between the presence of SNPs -308G/A and -238G/A in the TNF-α gene and 158 patients with dengue and 123 controls. No association was found between the SNPs and the dengue cases in the study population. We then performed a meta-analysis, retrieving data from case-control studies in the literature for the same polymorphisms. For SNP-308G/A, the GG genotype was associated with dengue fever (DF) risk (OR = 1.24, 1.00-1.53; p = 0.05; I = 0%), while the GA genotype (OR = 0.75, 0.60-0.93; p = 0.01; I = 0%) and allele A (OR = 0.75, 0.60-0.93; p = 0.01; I = 0%) were associated with protection. The genotype GG population in the Asian continent (OR = 1.81 [1.06, 3.09], p = 0.03, I = 0%) and American (OR = 1.29 [1.00, 1.65], p = 0.05, I = 0%) was also associated with protection in the comparison between the cases versus the control group. In each comparison, the dominant model AA + GA (p < 0.00001) conferred protection. For SNP-238G/A the GA genotype was associated with risk for dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF; OR = 2.17, 1.28-3.67; p = 0.004; I = 0%)), and the dominant AA + GA model (p < 0.00001) was associated with protection in each comparison. In summary, our results did not associate SNPs in the TNF-α gene to dengue in the Brazilian northeast population. However, combined literature data suggested the effect of the GG and GA genotypes of the SNP-308G/A on risk and protection, respectively, in Asian and American populations.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cyto.2020.155183DOI Listing
October 2020

Circulation of Chikungunya virus East-Central-South Africa genotype during an outbreak in 2016-17 in Piaui State, Northeast Brazil.

Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 2019 10;61:e57. Epub 2019 Oct 10.

Universidade Federal do Piauí, Campus Ministro Reis Velloso, Parnaíba, Piauí, Brazil.

Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an arbovirus that emerged in the Americas in 2013. Infection with CHIKV is symptomatic in most of the cases and patients can develop chronic arthralgia that lasts from months to years in over 40% of the cases. The East-Central-South Africa (ECSA) genotype was introduced in Brazil in 2014, in Bahia State. Here we report the circulation of the CHIKV ECSA genotype in Piaui State, Northeast Brazil, during the years 2016-2017. The phylogenetic analysis revealed a single introduction of this lineage probably in 2015 and its maintenance at least until 2017. This analysis has also demonstrated the proximity of this genotype with isolates from neighboring States, and its partial nucleotide sequence of the viral E1 gene revealed a synapomorphy synonyms. This finding highlights the spread of the ECSA genotype in Brazil and supports its circulation in the Brazilian Northeast.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1678-9946201961057DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6792355PMC
October 2019

Serum albumin nanoparticles vaccine provides protection against a lethal Pseudomonas aeruginosa challenge.

Vaccine 2018 10 15;36(43):6408-6415. Epub 2018 Sep 15.

Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Federal University of Alfenas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Electronic address:

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen that causes severe infections in immunocompromised individuals and in patients with cystic fibrosis. A range of vaccines to prevent infections caused by P. aeruginosa has already been tested, yet no vaccine against this pathogen is currently available. The goal of this study was to evaluate the potential of bovine serum albumin nanoparticles (BSA-NPs) associated with total P. aeruginosa ATCC 27853 antigens in inducing protection against the infection with virulent P. aeruginosa PA14 strain in murine model of nasal infection. Swiss mice were immunized with BSA-NPs associated with total P. aeruginosa antigens (NPPa) or empty NPs (NPe). As positive and negative control, groups of animals were immunized with total antigens of P. aeruginosa ATCC 27853 and phosphate buffered saline, respectively. Immunized mice were infected via nasal route using P. aeruginosa PA14 strain. The survival after 48 h was evaluated and the lungs from animals were processed for quantification of bacterial load, cytokine expression and histopathological analysis. After infection with P. aeruginosa PA14, animals immunized with NPPa had the highest survival rate, the lowest bacterial lung load, a controlled production of cytokines and few histopathological changes. These results indicate that NPPa immunization protected mice from infection, contributing for the elimination of the bacteria from the lungs, which consequently reflected the survival of the animals. Therefore, this vaccine was able to induce a functional response in an animal model of lethal infection and thereby is a promising platform for P. aeruginosa vaccines.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2018.08.070DOI Listing
October 2018

High prevalence of dengue antibodies and the arginine variant of the FcγRIIa polymorphism in asymptomatic individuals in a population of Minas Gerais State, Southeast Brazil.

Immunogenetics 2018 06 21;70(6):355-362. Epub 2017 Nov 21.

Laboratório de Vacinas, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas, Universidade Federal de Alfenas, Rua Gabriel Monteiro, 700 Centro, Alfenas, Minas Gerais, 37130-000, Brazil.

Dengue is the most prevalent arthropod-borne viral illness in humans worldwide. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes involved in the immune response, such as dendritic cell-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3-grabbing non-integrin (DC-SIGN), IgG Fc receptor II-A (FcγRIIa), vitamin D receptor (VDR), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), were previously reported to be associated with susceptibility to dengue disease in different human populations. Therefore, due to the relevant association of host immune and genetic status with disease susceptibility/severity of dengue, this work aims to verify the frequency of anti-dengue virus antibodies and some dengue-associated risk SNPs in a population in Minas Gerais State, Southeast Brazil. A total of 1560 individuals were genotyped for polymorphisms in DC-SIGN (rs4804803), FcγRIIa (rs1801274), VDR (rs7975232), and TNF-α (rs1800629). The presence of anti-dengue antibodies (IgM and/or IgG) in these samples was also assayed. Anti-dengue antibodies were detected at an overall frequency of 16.86%, indicating a virus infection in asymptomatic individuals. The genotypic frequencies of all SNPs studied did not differ between the asymptomatic and control groups. Regarding the allelic frequencies of the four SNPs analyzed, a higher frequency was detected of the G allele of FcγRIIa/rs1801274 in the asymptomatic individuals when compared to that in the control group (p = 0.03). Therefore, the results showed a high prevalence of asymptomatic individuals in Minas Gerais State, with a potential association between the presence of the G allele of FcγRIIa/rs1801274 and protection against symptomatic disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00251-017-1046-yDOI Listing
June 2018

Antidiarrheal effects of water-soluble proteins from Plumeria pudica latex in mice.

Biomed Pharmacother 2018 Jan 11;97:1147-1154. Epub 2017 Nov 11.

Universidade Federal do Piauí, Campus Ministro Reis Velloso, Laboratório de Bioquímica e Biologia de Micro-organismos e Plantas (BIOMIC), CEP 64.202-020, Parnaíba, Piauí, Brazil. Electronic address:

The water-soluble protein fraction obtained from Plumeria pudica (LPPp) latex has previously been demonstrated to have anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effects. In the present study, LPPp was tested for activity against diarrhea induced by castor oil, prostaglandin E (PGE) or cholera toxin. Different doses of LPPp (10, 20 or 40mg/kg) significantly inhibited the percentage of diarrheal stools (31.18%, 42.97% and 59.70%, respectively) induced by castor oil. This event was followed by significant reduction of both intestinal fluid accumulation (31.42%; LPPp 40mg/kg) and intestinal transit (68.4%; LPPp 40mg/kg). The pretreatment of animals with LPPp (40mg/kg) prevented glutathione and malondialdehyde alterations induced by castor oil. The effects of LPPp against diarrhea induced by castor oil were lost when the fraction was submitted to protein denaturing treatment with heat. LPPp (40mg/kg) also inhibited the average volume of intestinal fluid induced by PGE (inhibition of 46.0%). Furthermore, LPPp (40mg/kg) prevented intestinal fluid secretion accumulation (37.7%) and chloride ion concentration (50.2%) induced by cholera toxin. In parallel, colorimetric assays demonstrated that proteinases, chitinases and proteinase inhibitors were found in LPPp. Our data suggest that the antidiarrheal effect of LPPp is due to its protein content and is probably associated with its anti-inflammatory properties.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2017.11.019DOI Listing
January 2018

The anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activity of albumins from Crotalaria retusa seeds.

Biomed Pharmacother 2017 Sep 4;93:536-542. Epub 2017 Jul 4.

Laboratório de Bioquímica e Biologia de Micro-organismos e Plantas (BIOMIC). Universidade Federal do Piauí, Campus Ministro Reis Velloso. Av. São Sebastião, 2819; CEP: 64202-020, Parnaíba, Piauí, Brazil. Electronic address:

Seeds of Crotalaria retusa L. are used in popular medicine because of their pharmacological properties. The albumin fraction obtained from its seeds contains lectin, a protein known to have analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. Thus, albumins extracted from C. retusa were investigated for their anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effects. The intraperitoneal administration of different doses of albumins (5, 10 or 20mg/kg) significantly inhibited the mice paw edema induced by carrageenan (maximum inhibition rate of 80.9% at four hours, 20mg/kg), and this event was followed by diminishing paw myeloperoxidase measurements. Albumins (20mg/kg) also inhibited neutrophil migration into the peritoneal cavity induced by carrageenan. However, no effect was observed in the dextran-induced paw edema and abdominal contortions induced by acetic acid. Moreover, albumins (20mg/kg) significantly reduced the second (inflammatory) phase of the licking time induced by formalin. The detection of heammaglutinating activity against human erythrocytes in albumins evidences the presence of lectin in seeds of C. retusa. Our data showed that seeds of C. retusa had anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive properties and such activities are probably due to the inhibitory effect on neutrophil migration of lectin present in albumins.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2017.06.078DOI Listing
September 2017