Publications by authors named "Ann-Carolin Longardt"

9 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Digestive enzyme replacement relieves growth failure in preterm infants with poor exocrine pancreatic function: a retrospective case series.

Eur J Pediatr 2021 Sep 10;180(9):2951-2958. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Neonatology, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

In orally fed preterm infants, poor weight gain may be linked to low fecal pancreatic elastase-1 (FPE-1) activity, indicative of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency. The objective of this study was the retrospective assessment of the effect of exogenous digestive enzyme replacement by gavage in preterm infants with growth failure and low FPE-1 (<200 μg/g). We analyzed weight gain relative to baseline and caloric intake during 14-day periods before and after institution of digestive enzyme replacement containing 6000 U lipase and 240 U protease kg d. Among 46 of 132 preterm infants < 1250g birth weight surviving to at least 14 days in whom FPE-1 was determined, 38 infants had low FPE-1 (< 200 μg/g), and 33 infants received exogenous digestive enzyme replacement. Average daily weight gain significantly increased from 14.4 [range 2.6-22.4] g kg d to 17.4 [8.4-29.0] g kg d (P = 0.001), as did weight gain per kcal, from 0.08 [0.02-0.13] g kcal d to 0.11 [0.05-0.18] g kcal d.Conclusion: In preterm infants with signs and symptoms of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, exogenous digestive enzyme replacement is associated with improved growth. What is Known: • Very preterm infants on full enteral nutrition may display growth failure linked to transient poor exocrine pancreatic function. • Porcine pancreatic enzymes covered with an acid-resistant coating are too large to pass the internal diameter of most gavage tubes used in very preterm infants. What is New: • Administration of a liquid formulation of acid-resistant microbial digestive enzymes in preterm infants with growth failure and low fecal pancreatic elastase-1 values was associated with improved weight gain. • Response to exogenous digestive enzyme replacement was associated with the prior extent of growth failure.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00431-021-04069-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8346403PMC
September 2021

[SARS-CoV-2 and Perinatal Aspects].

Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol 2020 08 24;224(4):181-186. Epub 2020 Aug 24.

Klinik für Gynäkologie und Geburtshilfe, Universitätsklinikum Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Kiel, Kiel.

The novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 has developed into a pandemic, yet still has many unknowns. The modalities of transmission, different symptoms and manifestations as well as concomitant circumstances of the disease are insufficiently characterized. Especially patient groups in special situations like pregnant women and newborns have to be considered separately. The current knowledge about pregnancy, labor and the first days of life is characterized by particular uncertainty due to the scarce data available. However, there is currently no evidence of significant unfavorable maternal and perinatal outcome. Many pregnant women with SARS-CoV-2 infection remain asymptomatic. The possibility of vertical transmission to the child cannot be excluded with certainty. However, indications of vertical transmission were detected only in individual cases. Newborn infections are also rather rare, unspecific and usually mild, with respiratory symptoms dominating. In this article, the data available to date are examined in order to provide better information, advice and treatment for pregnant women and newborns with SARS-CoV-2 and to provide suggestions for future research.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-1192-7437DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7516365PMC
August 2020

Screening for Third-Generation Cephalosporin-Resistant Bacteria Reduces the Incidence on Late-Onset Sepsis and Antibiotic use in Neonates.

Klin Padiatr 2020 Jul 14;232(4):203-209. Epub 2020 Apr 14.

Neonatology, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin.

Background: The extensive use of antibiotics is reflected by an increasing prevalence of infections with multidrug-resistant bacteria, including third-generation cephalosporin-resistant bacteria (3GCRB). For neonatal intensive care units screening and enhanced barrier precautions are recommended to control the spread of multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria, while evidence for efficacy of barrier precautions remains scarce in a non-outbreak setting.

Objective: To determine the impact of a screening program for maternal 3GCRB colonization and the effects of contact precautions and cohort nursing, concerning the risk of neonatal late-onset sepsis (LOS) and antibiotic use rates (AURs).

Study Design: In a retrospective matched-pair cohort study, data of neonates exposed to maternal 3GCRB colonization were compared with findings in non-exposed neonates.

Results: Of 3,144 neonates admitted, 184 neonates born to 3GCRB-positive mothers were eligible. Among them, 37 (20%) became 3GCRB positive during hospital stay. 3GCRB-exposed infants had a lower rate of LOS (6.5 vs. 14.1%, p=0.03) and lower AURs in that time period compared to controls (mean 0.009 vs. 0.025, p=0.006). When started within the first 72h after birth, days of therapy with meropenem were significantly lower in non-exposed vs. 3GCRB-exposed infants (mean 0.13 vs. 0.42; p=0.002). No invasive infections with 3GCRB occurred.

Conclusions: Neonates of 3GCRB-positive mothers do not have an increased a priori risk for invasive 3GCRB infection and may benefit from enhanced contact precautions measures.

Hintergrund: Der zunehmende Einsatz von Antibiotika führt zu einem Anstieg von Infektionen mit multiresistenten Erregern wie z. B. Drittgeneration Cephalosporin-resistenten Bakterien (3GCRB). Empfehlungen zu Screening- und Kohortierungsmaßnahmen auf neonatologischen Intensivstationen zielen auf die Prävention von horizontaler Transmission und invasiven Infektionen ab. Für Nicht-Ausbruchssituationen ist die Evidenz für Hygienemaßnahmen und Screeningprogrammen unzureichend. ZIEL: Evaluation eines Screening für mütterliche 3GCRB-Besiedlung mit nachfolgender Isolation bzw. Kohortenpflege des Neugeborenen (NG) unter Bezug auf das Risiko einer Late-Onset-Sepsis (LOS) und die Anzahl der Antibiotika-Tage (AUR).

Studiendesign: In einer retrospektiven Fall-Kontroll-Kohortenstudie wurden Daten von NG mit maternaler 3GCRB-Besiedelung im Vergleich zu einer Kontrollgruppe mit unauffälligem Screening analysiert.

Ergebnisse: In einer Kohorte von 3144 NG fanden sich 184 NG von 3GCRB-besiedelten Müttern. Bei 37 (20%) wurde im Verlauf eine Besiedelung mit 3GCRB nachgewiesen. In der Gruppe der 3GCRB-exponierten NG kam es seltener zu einer LOS (6,5 vs. 14,1%, p=0,03). Zwischen dem 4. Lebenstag und der Entlassung hatten 3GCRB-exponierte NG eine niedrigere AUR (Mittelwert 0,009 vs. 0,025, p=0,006) als die Kontrollgruppe. Die Behandlungstage mit Meropenem (Start in den ersten 3 Lebenstagen), war in der Kontrollgruppe signifikant geringer als in der 3GCRB-exponierten Gruppe (Mittelwert 0,13 vs. 0,43 Tage; p=0,002). In beiden Gruppen trat keine invasive Infektion mit 3GCRB auf.

Schlussfolgerung: Neugeborene, deren Mütter 3GCRB besiedelt sind, haben kein erhöhtes a priori Risiko für eine invasive Infektion mit 3GCRB Erregern und profitieren wahrscheinlich von erweiterten Kohortierungs- und Isolationsmaßnahmen.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-1128-0524DOI Listing
July 2020

Milk Curd Obstruction in Human Milk-Fed Preterm Infants.

Neonatology 2019 15;115(3):211-216. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Neonatology, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Milk curd obstruction as a cause of intestinal obstruction has been known since 1959, but has nearly disappeared. However, in recent years it has experienced a revival in small premature infants.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics of milk curd obstruction (lactobezoar) in preterm infants.

Methods: Data of preterm infants with milk curd obstruction cared for at a large tertiary neonatal intensive care unit between 2012 and 2016 were retrieved from the electronic registry and paper records.

Results: A total of 10 infants (2 girls, 8 boys) were identified: the median birth weight was 595 g (range 270-922), gestational age was 24.4 weeks (23.4-27.0), weight-for-gestational age percentile was 16 (0-62), and age at diagnosis was 28 days (16-64). Five infants (50%) were small for gestational age. All neonates had received fortified human milk (added protein 2.0 g/100 mL, range 0-2.8; added calcium 2,400 µmol/100 mL, range 0-6 844; added phosphate 2,400 µmol/100 mL, range 0-5,178). Seven neonates underwent surgery, and 2 infants died. Hyperechoic masses in extended bowel loops, visualised by abdominal ultrasound, and pale/acholic faeces were hallmarks of milk curd obstruction.

Conclusions: In this study, milk curd obstruction occurred exclusively in infants with a birth weight < 1,000 g (2.2%) and < 28 weeks' gestational age (2.4%). Male and small for gestational age infants appeared to be at increased risk. Paying attention to the colour of the faeces of infants at risk might help to diagnose milk curd obstruction at an early stage.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494625DOI Listing
December 2019

Familial Gordon syndrome associated with a PIEZO2 mutation.

Am J Med Genet A 2017 Jan 7;173(1):254-259. Epub 2016 Oct 7.

Institut für Medizinische Genetik und Humangenetik, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Gordon syndrome or distal arthrogryposis type 3 is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by contractures of upper and lower limbs. It is distinguishable from other forms of distal arthrogryposis by cleft palate and short stature. Recently, Gordon syndrome has been associated to heterozygous mutations in the piezo-type mechanosensitive ion channel component 2 gene (PIEZO2). Different mutations of this gene also cause distal arthrogryposis type 5 and Marden-Walker syndrome. Dysfunction of this ion channel provides pleiotropic effects on joints, ocular muscles, and bone development. Here, we present a family with three affected individuals exhibiting multiple contractures (metacarpo-phalangeal and interphalangeal joints as well as elbow, shoulder, knee, and ankle joints), clubfeet, short stature, bifid uvula/cleft palate, and a distinct facial phenotype including ptosis. In addition, mild intellectual disability and delay in psychomotor development are obvious. The multigenerational phenotypic spectrum of Gordon syndrome is present in the 37-year-old father, his 4-year-old son and a male neonate showing typical signs of arthrogryposis in the prenatal ultrasound examination already seen at 13 week of gestation. In all affected family members, we identified the PIEZO2 mutation c.8057G>A (p.Arg2686His) by Sanger sequencing. Our analysis indicated that mild delay in psychomotor development and intellectual disability could be part of the phenotypic spectrum of Gordon syndrome. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.a.37997DOI Listing
January 2017

Effect of vitamin A supplementation on the urinary retinol excretion in very low birth weight infants.

Eur J Pediatr 2016 Mar 16;175(3):365-72. Epub 2015 Oct 16.

Department of Physiology and Pathophysiology, Institute of Nutritional Science, University of Potsdam, Arthur-Scheunert-Allee 114-116, 14558, Nuthetal, Germany.

Unlabelled: Despite high-dose vitamin A supplementation of very low birth weight infants (VLBW, <1500 g), their vitamin A status does not improve substantially. Unknown is the impact of urinary retinol excretion on the serum retinol concentration in these infants. Therefore, the effect of high-dose vitamin A supplementation on the urinary vitamin A excretion in VLBW infants was investigated. Sixty-three VLBW infants were treated with vitamin A (5000 IU intramuscular, 3 times/week for 4 weeks); 38 untreated infants were classified as control group. On days 3 and 28 of life, retinol, retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4), glomerular filtration rate, proteinuria, and Tamm-Horsfall protein were quantified in urine. On day 3 of life, substantial retinol and RBP4 losses were found in both groups, which significantly decreased until day 28. Notwithstanding, the retinol excretion was higher (P < 0.01) under vitamin A supplementation as compared to infants of the control group. On day 28 of life, the urinary retinol concentrations were predictive for serum retinol concentrations in the vitamin A treated (P < 0.01), but not in the control group (P = 0.570).

Conclusion: High urinary retinol excretion may limit the vitamin A supplementation efficacy in VLBW infants. Advanced age and thus postnatal kidney maturation seems to be an important contributor in the prevention of urinary retinol losses.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00431-015-2647-9DOI Listing
March 2016

Fetal intracardiac rhabdomyoma in beckwith-wiedemann syndrome.

J Clin Ultrasound 2014 Nov-Dec;42(9):569-73. Epub 2014 Apr 18.

Department of Neonatology, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Fetal cardiac tumors are a rare finding in prenatal ultrasonography. Most of them are rhabdomyoma, which are thought to be pathognomonic for tuberous sclerosis complex. We present an infant with prenatally diagnosed cardiac rhabdomyoma (CR), who was found to suffer from Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS). This congenital overgrowth syndrome is characterized by macrosomia, macroglossia, omphalocele, hypoglycemia, and hemihypertrophy. BWS patients have an increased risk for formation of benign and malignant tumors, typically intra-abdominally located, but, to the best of our knowledge, fetal CRs have not been reported before. BWS must be added to the list of differential diagnoses and to the prenatal counseling of the parents in cases of prenatal detection of CR.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcu.22164DOI Listing
June 2015

The relative dose response test based on retinol-binding protein 4 is not suitable to assess vitamin A status in very low birth weight infants.

Neonatology 2014 18;105(2):155-60. Epub 2013 Dec 18.

Department of Physiology and Pathophysiology, University of Potsdam, Nuthetal, Germany.

Background: The relative dose response (RDR) test, which quantifies the increase in serum retinol after vitamin A administration, is a qualitative measure of liver vitamin A stores. Particularly in preterm infants, the feasibility of the RDR test involving blood is critically dependent on small sample volumes.

Objectives: This study aimed to assess whether the RDR calculated with retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) might be a substitute for the classical retinol-based RDR test for assessing vitamin A status in very preterm infants.

Methods: This study included preterm infants with a birth weight below 1,500 g (n = 63, median birth weight 985 g, median gestational age 27.4 weeks) who were treated with 5,000 IU retinyl palmitate intramuscularly 3 times a week for 4 weeks. On day 3 (first vitamin A injection) and day 28 of life (last vitamin A injection), the RDR was calculated and compared using serum retinol and RBP4 concentrations.

Results: The concentrations of retinol (p < 0.001) and RBP4 (p < 0.01) increased significantly from day 3 to day 28. On day 3, the median (IQR) retinol-RDR was 27% (8.4-42.5) and the median RBP4-RDR was 8.4% (-3.4 to 27.9), compared to 7.5% (-10.6 to 20.8) and -0.61% (-19.7 to 15.3) on day 28. The results for retinol-RDR and RBP4-RDR revealed no significant correlation. The agreement between retinol-RDR and RBP4-RDR was poor (day 3: Cohen's κ = 0.12; day 28: Cohen's κ = 0.18).

Conclusion: The RDR test based on circulating RBP4 is unlikely to reflect the hepatic vitamin A status in preterm infants.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000356773DOI Listing
October 2014
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