Publications by authors named "Anke Heuser"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Nonproliferative and proliferative lesions of the rat and mouse female reproductive system.

J Toxicol Pathol 2014 ;27(3-4 Suppl):1S-107S

National Institute of Health Sciences, Tokyo, Japan.

The INHAND (International Harmonization of Nomenclature and Diagnostic Criteria for Lesions in Rats and Mice) Project (www.toxpath.org/inhand.asp) is a joint initiative of the Societies of Toxicological Pathology from Europe (ESTP), Great Britain (BSTP), Japan (JSTP) and North America (STP) to develop an internationally accepted nomenclature for proliferative and nonproliferative lesions in laboratory animals. The purpose of this publication is to provide a standardized nomenclature for classifying microscopic lesions observed in the female reproductive tract of laboratory rats and mice, with color photomicrographs illustrating examples of some lesions. The standardized nomenclature presented in this document is also available electronically on the internet (http://www.goreni.org/). Sources of material included histopathology databases from government, academia, and industrial laboratories throughout the world. Content includes spontaneous and aging lesions as well as lesions induced by exposure to test materials. There is also a section on normal cyclical changes observed in the ovary, uterus, cervix and vagina to compare normal physiological changes with pathological lesions. A widely accepted and utilized international harmonization of nomenclature for female reproductive tract lesions in laboratory animals will decrease confusion among regulatory and scientific research organizations in different countries and provide a common language to increase and enrich international exchanges of information among toxicologists and pathologists.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1293/tox.27.1SDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4253081PMC
December 2014

Selective inhibition of PDE4 in Wistar rats can lead to dilatation in testis, efferent ducts, and epididymis and subsequent formation of sperm granulomas.

Toxicol Pathol 2013 29;41(4):615-27. Epub 2012 Nov 29.

Institute for Pharmacology and Preclinical Drug Safety (IPAS), Nycomed GmbH (Nycomed: A Takeda Company), Barsbüttel, Germany.

Testicular tubular dilatation and degeneration and epididymal sperm granulomas were frequently seen in 4-week toxicity studies using different phosphodiesterase-4 (PDE4) inhibitors in Wistar rats, including the prototypic PDE4 inhibitor BYK169171. To investigate the pathogenesis of testicular and epididymal lesions, a time course study with BYK169171 was conducted with sequential necropsies after 7, 14, 21, and 28 days of treatment. After 7 days, a dilatation of efferent ducts and of the initial segment of the epididymis and a subacute interstitial inflammation were seen followed by a diffuse dilatation of seminiferous tubules in the testis. Dilatation and inflammation were most pronounced after 14 days. Single animals also exhibited vascular necrosis in the inflamed interstitium. Although dilatation decreased later in the study, the incidence and severity of tubular degeneration increased from 14 days onward. Sperm granulomas developed in efferent ducts and in the caput and cauda of the epididymis after 14 days. Our results demonstrate a clear time course of PDE4 inhibition-induced lesions, with dilatation preceding sperm granuloma formation. We conclude that the most likely mechanism of toxicity is a disturbance of fluid homeostasis in efferent and epididymal ducts resulting in abnormal luminal fluid and sperm contents, epithelial damage at specific sites of the excurrent duct system, sperm leakage, and granuloma formation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0192623312463783DOI Listing
October 2013

Local tolerance of intraarticular administration of lornoxicam into the rabbit knee joint.

Rheumatol Int 2012 Sep 26;32(9):2661-7. Epub 2011 Jul 26.

Nycomed GmbH, Institute of Pharmacology and Preclinical Drug Safety, Haidkrugsweg 1, 22885 Barsbuettel, Germany.

The local tolerability of lornoxicam (Xefo) after single and repeated intraarticular administration was assessed in the rabbit and compared to established standard therapies (hyaluronic acid--Synvisc and the glucocorticoid triamcinolone--Triam), and the results are discussed in the context of the literature. Two local tolerance studies were performed using five male rabbits per group. Lornoxicam and competitor products were administered into the right knee joint in a volume of 500 μL. The contralateral left knee joint of the same animal was used as the control and was injected with water for injection. Three out of five animals were killed 72 h after the last administration, whereas the remaining two animals were subjected to a 2- or 6-week recovery period in the first and the second study, respectively. Findings revealed adaptive changes related to the mechanical irritation of the injection and to adaptive responses of the synoviocytes, but no signs of toxicity to bone or chondrotoxicity. Toxicokinetic analysis showed a fast and almost complete absorption of lornoxicam from the joints into the systemic circulation. As a conclusion, repeated intraarticular administration of lornoxicam was well tolerated in rabbits.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00296-011-2012-xDOI Listing
September 2012

Mesenteritis precedes vasculitis in the rat mesentery after subacute administration of a phosphodiesterase type 4 inhibitor.

Toxicol Lett 2006 May 24;163(1):54-64. Epub 2005 Oct 24.

Altana Pharma AG, Department of Pathology and Toxicology, 22047 Hamburg, Germany.

Inhibitors of phosphodiesterase type 4 (PDE4) are currently exploited as potent drugs for pulmonary diseases. Some PDE4 inhibitors induce necrotizing panarteritis in the mesentery of rats, comparable to spontaneous polyarteritis nodosa in rats and vascular alterations that are induced by various vasoactive compounds, such as fenoldopam and inhibitors of PDE3. The mechanism of toxicity is unknown. In order to investigate the development of arteritis in the splanchnic vasculature of rats, a time-course study was performed with high doses of a compound (BYK169171), specifically inhibiting PDE4. Rats were treated orally for 1-28 days, and alterations in the mesentery were evaluated by histology, morphometry, and immunohistology. As early as 3 days after the onset of treatment, a mesenteritis was found, characterized by macrophage infiltration, fibroblast proliferation, neovascularization, and loss of adipocytes. Incidence and severity of the mesenteritis were low during the first 2 weeks of treatment, but increased with duration of treatment, finally affecting 2/3 of all animals. A segmental necrotizing panarteritis was detected in some rats treated for 21 or 28 days, but always followed a mesenteritis, whereas many animals with mesenteric inflammation did not have vascular lesions. We postulate that PDE4 inhibitors do not cause a primary vasculitis/arteritis in rats, but induce a non-purulent inflammation as the predominant initial toxic effect in the mesentery. This renders their toxic effect distinct from that of PDE3 inhibitors.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.toxlet.2005.09.037DOI Listing
May 2006

Revised guides for organ sampling and trimming in rats and mice--Part 3. A joint publication of the RITA and NACAD groups.

Exp Toxicol Pathol 2004 Jul;55(6):433-49

Department of Information Technology and Databases, Fraunhofer Institute of Toxicology and Experimental Medicine, Hannover, Germany.

This is the third part of a series of three articles on trimming instructions of rat and mouse protocol organs and tissues in regulatory type toxicity studies, covering the urinary, nervous, musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, and lymphoreticular systems. The article is based on the experience of the European RITA and American NACAD working groups and is an extended revision of trimming guides published in 1995 (BAHNEMANN et al.). The optimum localization for tissue preparation, the sample size, the direction of sectioning and the number of sections to be prepared is described organ by organ. These descriptions are illustrated for each organ by a schematic drawing and/or a macro-photograph showing the plane of section as well as a low magnification of the H&E stained slide demonstrating the optimum "end-product". The objectives of this work, as addressed in detail in the first part (Ruehl-Fehlert et al. 2003), are to standardize tissue sampling and trimming for comparison of historical data obtained from different studies and different laboratories, ensure the presence of all relevant target sites for histopathological evaluation and provide technical advice for preparatory techniques during necropsy, fixation and trimming (Crissman et al. 2004).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1078/0940-2993-00350DOI Listing
July 2004
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