Publications by authors named "Anja Eberl"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

A nationwide real-world study on dynamic ustekinumab dosing and concomitant medication use among Crohn's disease patients in Finland.

Scand J Gastroenterol 2021 Jun 5;56(6):661-670. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Medical Affairs, Espoo, Finland.

Background: Real-world evidence to support optimal ustekinumab dosing for refractory Crohn's disease (CD) patients remains limited. Data from a retrospective nationwide chart review study was utilized to explore ustekinumab dosing dynamics and optimization, identify possible clinical predictors of dose intensification, and to evaluate ustekinumab trough concentrations (TCs) and concomitant medication use in Finland.

Methods: Information gathered from17 Finnish hospitals included clinical chart data from 155 adult CD patients who received intravenous ustekinumab induction during 2017-2018. Data on ustekinumab dosing and TCs, concomitant corticosteroid and immunosuppressant use, and antiustekinumab antibodies were analyzed in a two-year follow-up, subject to availability.

Results: Among 140 patients onustekinumab maintenance therapy, dose optimization was required in 55(39%) of the patients, and 41/47 dose-intensified patients (87%) persisted on ustekinumab. At baseline, dose-intensified patient group had significantly higher C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, and at week 16, significantly lower ustekinumab TCs than in patients without dose intensification. Irrespective of dose optimization, a statistically significant reduction in the use of corticosteroids was observed at both 16 weeks and one year, coupled with an increased proportion of patients on ustekinumab monotherapy. Antiustekinumab antibodies were undetectable in all 28 samples from 25 patients collected throughout the study period.

Conclusions: Nearly a third of all CD patients on ustekinumab maintenance therapy, with a history of treatment-refractory and long-standing disease, required dose intensification. These patients persisted on ustekinumab and had significant reduction of corticosteroid use. Increased baseline CRP was identified as the sole indicator of dose intensification.

Trial Registration: EUPAS30920.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00365521.2021.1906315DOI Listing
June 2021

Bacterial and Fungal Profiles as Markers of Infliximab Drug Response in Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

J Crohns Colitis 2021 Jun;15(6):1019-1031

Translational Immunology Research Program, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Background And Aims: Inflammatory bowel diseases [IBDs], Crohn's disease [CD] and ulcerative colitis [UC], are globally increasing chronic gastro-intestinal inflammatory disorders associated with altered gut microbiota. Infliximab [IFX], a tumour necrosis factor [TNF]-alpha blocker, is used to treat IBD patients successfully, though one-third of the patients do not respond to therapy. No reliable biomarkers are available for prediction of IFX response. Our aims were to investigate the faecal bacterial and fungal communities during IFX therapy and find predictors for IFX treatment response in IBD patients.

Methods: A total of 72 IBD patients [25 CD and 47 UC] started IFX therapy and were followed for 1 year or until IFX treatment was discontinued. An amplicon sequencing approach, targeting the bacterial 16S rRNA gene and fungal ITS 1 region separately, was used to determine the microbiota profiles in faecal samples collected before IFX therapy and 2, 6, and 12 weeks and 1 year after initiation of therapy. The response to IFX was evaluated by colonoscopy and clinically at 12 weeks after initiation.

Results: Both faecal bacterial and fungal profiles differed significantly between response groups before start of IFX treatment. Non-responders had lower abundances of short chain fatty acid producers, particularly of the class Clostridia, and higher abundances of pro-inflammatory bacteria and fungi, such as the genus Candida, compared with responders. This was further indicated by bacterial taxa predicting the response in both CD and UC patients [area under the curve >0.8].

Conclusions: Faecal bacterial and fungal microbiota composition could provide a predictive tool to estimate IFX response in IBD patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjaa252DOI Listing
June 2021

Objectively assessed disease activity and drug persistence during ustekinumab treatment in a nationwide real-world Crohn's disease cohort.

Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2020 12;32(12):1507-1513

Gastroenterology, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki.

Objective: Long-term evidence on ustekinumab treatment response and persistence in patients with Crohn's disease in a real-world setting is scarce. We performed a retrospective nationwide chart review study of long-term clinical outcomes in Crohn's disease patients treated with ustekinumab.

Methods: The study was conducted in 17 Finnish hospitals and included adult Crohn's disease patients who received an initial intravenous dose of ustekinumab during 2017-2018. Disease activity data were collected at baseline, 16 weeks, and 1 year from health records.

Results: The study included 155 patients. The disease was stricturing or penetrating in 69 and 59% had prior Crohn's disease-related surgeries, and 97% had a treatment history of at least one biologic agent. Of 93 patients with ≥1 year of follow-up, 77 (83%) were still on ustekinumab at 1 year. In patients with data available, from baseline to the 1-year follow-up the simple endoscopic score for Crohn's disease (SES-CD) decreased from 10 to 3 (P = 0.033), C-reactive protein from 7  to 5 mg/L, (P < 0.001) and faecal calprotectin from 776 to 305 μg/g (P < 0.001).

Conclusions: Ustekinumab treatment in patients with highly refractory Crohn's disease resulted in high long-term treatment persistence and significantly reduced disease activity, assessed with objective markers for intestinal inflammatory activity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MEG.0000000000001831DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7590962PMC
December 2020

Health-related quality of life and costs of switching originator infliximab to biosimilar one in treatment of inflammatory bowel disease.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Jan;99(2):e18723

University of Helsinki, Helsinki.

Effectiveness, efficacy and safety of biosimilar infliximab (CT-P13) in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients has been shown in previous studies. Limited data exist on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of switching originator to biosimilar infliximab (IFX) in IBD patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate impact of switching originator to biosimilar IFX on HRQoL, disease activity, and health care costs in IBD maintenance treatment.In this single-center prospective observational study, all IBD patients receiving maintenance IFX therapy were switched to biosimilar IFX. HRQoL was measured using the generic 15D health-related quality of life instrument (15D) utility measurement and the disease-specific Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ). Crohn Disease Activity Index (CDAI) or Partial Mayo Score (pMayo), and fecal calprotectin (FC) served for evaluation of disease activity. Data were collected at time of switching and 3 and 12 months after switching. Patients' characteristics, clinical background information and costs were collected from patient records and the hospital's electronic database.Fifty-four patients were included in the analysis. No statistically significant changes were observed in 15D, CDAI, pMayo, and FC during 1-year follow-up. IBDQ scores were higher (P = .018) in Crohn disease 3 months after switching than at time of switching. Costs of biosimilar IFX were one-third of costs of originator one. Total costs related to secondary health care (excluding costs of IFX), were similar before and after the onset of biosimilar IFX.HRQoL and disease activity were after switching from originator to biosimilar IFX comparable, but the costs of biosimilar IFX were only one-third of those of the originator one.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000018723DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6959900PMC
January 2020

Ustekinumab for Crohn's disease: a nationwide real-life cohort study from Finland (FINUSTE).

Scand J Gastroenterol 2019 Jun 11;54(6):718-725. Epub 2019 Jun 11.

Gastroenterology, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital , Helsinki , Finland.

Ustekinumab (UST), a human anti-IL12/23p40 monoclonal antibody, has been approved for treatment of Crohn's Disease (CD) since the end of 2016. This nationwide noninterventional, retrospective chart review explored real-life data in patients receiving UST to provide guidance in UST treatment in the era of increasing prevalence of CD. The study assessed UST treatment patterns such as dosing frequency, concomitant medication and persistence in 48 CD patients commencing UST therapy in 12 Finnish hospitals during 2017. Clinical remission and response rates were explored using a modified Harvey-Bradshaw index (mHBI) and endoscopic response via the simple endoscopic score for Crohn's disease (SES-CD) as proportions of patients at week 16 and at the end of follow-up. Forty patients (83%) continued UST-treatment at the end of follow-up. At week 16, clinical response and endoscopic healing was observed, where data were available; mHBI decreased from 9 to 3 ( = .0001) and SES-CD from 12 to 3 ( = .009). Clinical benefit was achieved by 83% (19/23) at week 16 and by 76% (16/21) at the end of follow-up. The proportion of patients using corticosteroids decreased from 48% to 25% at week 16 and to 13% at the end of the follow-up. UST showed to be effective and persistent, inducing short-term clinical benefit and endoscopic response in this real-life nationwide study of CD patients. Significant corticosteroid tapering in patients with highly treatment refractory and long-standing CD was observed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00365521.2019.1624817DOI Listing
June 2019

Switching maintenance infliximab therapy to biosimilar infliximab in inflammatory bowel disease patients.

Scand J Gastroenterol 2017 Dec 24;52(12):1348-1353. Epub 2017 Aug 24.

a Department of Gastroenterology , Helsinki University Hospital, University of Helsinki , Helsinki , Finland.

Background: Clinical use of biosimilar infliximab (CT-P13) in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) is based on extrapolation of indication from clinical studies performed in rheumatological diseases. Only few data exist of behaviour of infliximab trough levels (TLs) and anti-drug antibodies (ADAs) during switching.

Aim: The objective of this study was to evaluate changes in TLs, ADA formation and disease activity after switching from originator infliximab to biosimilar one.

Methods: All our IBD patients receiving maintenance infliximab therapy were switched to biosimilar infliximab. TLs and ADAs were measured before the last originator infusion and before the third biosimilar infusion. Laboratory values, disease activity indices (partial Mayo score and Harvey-Bradshaw index) and demographic data were collected from patient records.

Results: A total of 62 patients were included in the final analysis (32 Crohn's disease, 30 ulcerative colitis (UC) or IBD-unclassified). No significant changes in median TLs before (5.5 mg/l) and after switching (5.5 mg/l, p = .05) occurred in the entire study group or in the Crohn's disease (CD) subgroup (5.75 and 6.5 mg/l, p = .68). However, in the subgroup of ulcerative colitis, the change in median TL was significantly different (from 5.2 to 4.25 mg/l, p = .019). Two patients developed ADAs after switching. No changes in disease activity were detected during switching and no safety concerns occurred.

Conclusions: Switching from originator to biosimilar infliximab resulted in statistically significant differences in infliximab TLs in patients with UC but not in patients with Crohn's disease. The clinical significance for this difference is doubtful and in neither group changes in disease activity occurred.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00365521.2017.1369561DOI Listing
December 2017
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