Publications by authors named "Anita Leitner"

4 Publications

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Seasonal proteome changes of nasal mucus reflect perennial inflammatory response and reduced defence mechanisms and plasticity in allergic rhinitis.

J Proteomics 2016 Feb 28;133:153-160. Epub 2015 Dec 28.

Medical University of Graz, ENT-University Hospital, Graz, Austria.

Introduction: Nasal mucus and its proteins are a defence against allergens. We sought to investigate dynamic proteome changes in allergic rhinitis upon environmental allergen provocation.

Methods: Nasal mucus was collected in and out of pollen season from allergic rhinitis patients (N=10) and healthy controls (N=12). Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was performed. Proteins were identified by SwissProt database search and quantified from normalized areas under curve of precursor ion chromatograms. Gene enrichment analysis was performed with Cytoscape/BINGO software.

Results: In total 430 different proteins were detected in both groups, 203 (47.2%) were newly identified. In allergics CLU and IGKC were significantly more abundant in season (2.2 and 2.1-fold respectively). GSTP1 (0.5-fold), ELANE (0.4-fold), HIST1H2BK (0.3-fold), S100A8 (0.2-fold), S100A12 (0.2-fold) and ARHGDIB (0.1-fold) were significantly less abundant in season. In healthy controls UBC, TUBA1B, HBB and FABP5 were only present in season. Ig kappa chain V-I region DEE (5.3-fold), CLU (5.0-fold), TXN (4.3-fold), MSMB (3.2-fold) and Ig heavy chain V-III region BRO (2.7-fold) were significantly more abundant in season. MUC5B (0.5-fold), SLPI (0.2-fold) and S100P (0.2-fold) were significantly less abundant in season.

Conclusion: Contrary to their symptoms allergic rhinitis patients show perennial inflammatory response lacking adequate reaction to allergens in season.

Biological Significance: Many studies dealing with allergic rhinitis are focused on the nasal epithelium. This is the first study to analyse the nasal mucus as primary defence barrier on a proteomic level in and out of pollen season and contrary to the leading opinion shows that allergic patients show a perennial inflammatory response with reduced reaction to allergens whereas healthy controls react on proteome basis towards enhanced defence in season despite lacking allergic sensitization.
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February 2016

Apolipoproteins have a potential role in nasal mucus of allergic rhinitis patients: a proteomic study.

Laryngoscope 2015 Mar 1;125(3):E91-6. Epub 2014 Nov 1.

ENT, University Hospital (p.v.t., a.l., d.l-l.); the Institute of Pathology (r.b-g., b.d., s.s.); the Center of Medical Research, Mass Spectrometry Core Facility (s.s.), Medical University of Graz; The Austrian Center of Industrial Biotechnology (r.b-g., b.d., s.s.); and the The Omics Center Graz, BioTechMed (r.b-g., b.d., s.s.), Graz, Austria.

Objectives/hypothesis: Nasal mucus is a defense barrier against aeroallergens. We recently found apolipoproteins to be elevated in the nasal mucus of allergic rhinitis patients. Apolipoproteins are involved in lipid metabolism, have immunomodulatory properties, and may represent interesting novel biomarkers. This study aims to validate our findings and analyze whether the increased abundance of apolipoproteins in nasal mucus is a local or systemic phenomenon in allergic rhinitis.

Study Design: Prospective controlled trial.

Methods: Nasal mucus of allergic rhinitis patients (n = 10) and healthy controls (n = 12) was collected, tryptically digested, and analyzed by LC-MS/MS. Areas under the curve (AUCs) of the total peptides identified and matched to apolipoproteins were used to compare relative protein abundances of the same protein between groups.

Results: In a total of 389 identified proteins in nasal mucus, apolipoproteins A-I, A-II, A-IV, and B 100 were detected. Apolipoprotein A-I (mean normalized AUC 1.49% [SEM = 0.5] vs. 0.42% [SEM = 0.2]) and A-II (mean normalized AUC 0.47% [SEM = 0.2] vs. 0.05% [SEM = 0.02]) were significantly more abundant in allergic rhinitis patients than controls (3.6-fold and 9.4-fold, respectively). Apolipoprotein A-IV (mean normalized AUC = 0.01%) and B-100 (mean normalized AUC = 0.02%) were each detected in only one allergic rhinitis patient out of 10. Myeloperoxidase was detected with a mean normalized AUC of 0.06% (SEM = 0.03) in allergic rhinitis patients and 0.18% (SEM = 0.08) in healthy controls without reaching significance.

Conclusion: This study confirms the significantly higher abundance of apolipoproteins A-I and AII in allergic rhinitis mucus. Their release seems to be triggered by local mechanisms as an antiinflammatory response to allergens.
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March 2015

Germline variants in the SEMA4A gene predispose to familial colorectal cancer type X.

Nat Commun 2014 Oct 13;5:5191. Epub 2014 Oct 13.

Division of Hematology, Department of Internal Medicine, Medical University of Graz, A-8036 Graz, Austria.

Familial colorectal cancer type X (FCCTX) is characterized by clinical features of hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer with a yet undefined genetic background. Here we identify the SEMA4A p.Val78Met germline mutation in an Austrian kindred with FCCTX, using an integrative genomics strategy. Compared with wild-type protein, SEMA4A(V78M) demonstrates significantly increased MAPK/Erk and PI3K/Akt signalling as well as cell cycle progression of SEMA4A-deficient HCT-116 colorectal cancer cells. In a cohort of 53 patients with FCCTX, we depict two further SEMA4A mutations, p.Gly484Ala and p.Ser326Phe and the single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) p.Pro682Ser. This SNP is highly associated with the FCCTX phenotype exhibiting increased risk for colorectal cancer (OR 6.79, 95% CI 2.63 to 17.52). Our study shows previously unidentified germline variants in SEMA4A predisposing to FCCTX, which has implications for surveillance strategies of patients and their families.
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October 2014

Nasal mucus proteomic changes reflect altered immune responses and epithelial permeability in patients with allergic rhinitis.

J Allergy Clin Immunol 2014 Mar 28;133(3):741-50. Epub 2013 Nov 28.

ENT-University Hospital, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria.

Background: Nasal mucus is the first-line defense barrier against (aero-) allergens. However, its proteome and function have not been clearly investigated.

Objective: The role of nasal mucus in the pathophysiology of allergic rhinitis was investigated by analyzing its proteome in patients with allergic rhinitis (n = 29) and healthy control subjects (n = 29).

Methods: Nasal mucus was collected with a suction device, tryptically digested, and analyzed by using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Proteins were identified by searching the SwissProt database and annotated by collecting gene ontology data from databases and existing literature. Gene enrichment analysis was performed by using Cytoscape/BINGO software tools. Proteins were quantified with spectral counting, and selected proteins were confirmed by means of Western blotting.

Results: In total, 267 proteins were identified, with 20 (7.5%) found exclusively in patients with allergic rhinitis and 25 (9.5%) found exclusively in healthy control subjects. Five proteins were found to be significantly upregulated in patients with allergic rhinitis (apolipoprotein A-2 [APOA2], 9.7-fold; α2-macroglobulin [A2M], 4.5-fold; apolipoprotein A-1 [APOA1], 3.2-fold; α1-antitrypsin [SERPINA1], 2.5-fold; and complement C3 [C3], 2.3-fold) and 5 were found to be downregulated (antileukoproteinase [SLPI], 0.6-fold; WAP 4-disulfide core domain protein [WFDC2], 0.5-fold; haptoglobin [HP], 0.7-fold; IgJ chain [IGJ], 0.7-fold; and Ig hc V-III region BRO, 0.8-fold) compared with levels seen in healthy control subjects.

Conclusion: The allergic rhinitis mucus proteome shows an enhanced immune response in which apolipoproteins might play an important role. Furthermore, an imbalance between cysteine proteases and antiproteases could be seen, which negatively affects epithelial integrity on exposure to pollen protease activity. This reflects the important role of mucus as the first-line defense barrier against allergens.
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March 2014