Publications by authors named "Angelika Beneke"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Mononuclear phagocytes orchestrate prolyl hydroxylase inhibition-mediated renoprotection in chronic tubulointerstitial nephritis.

Kidney Int 2019 08 5;96(2):378-396. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Internal Medicine 4-Nephrology and Hypertension, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) and University Hospital Erlangen, Erlangen, Germany. Electronic address:

Prolyl hydroxylase domain enzyme inhibitors (PHDIs) stabilize hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs), and are protective in models of acute ischemic and inflammatory kidney disease. Whether PHDIs also confer protection in chronic inflammatory kidney disease models remains unknown. Here we investigated long-term effects of PHDI treatment in adenine-induced nephropathy as a model for chronic tubulointerstitial nephritis. After three weeks, renal dysfunction and tubulointerstitial damage, including proximal and distal tubular injury, tubular dilation and renal crystal deposition were significantly attenuated in PHDI-treated (the isoquinoline derivative ICA and Roxadustat) compared to vehicle-treated mice with adenine-induced nephropathy. Crystal-induced renal fibrosis was only partially diminished by treatment with ICA. Renoprotective effects of ICA treatment could not be attributed to changes in adenine metabolism or urinary excretion of the metabolite 2,8-dihydroxyadenine. ICA treatment reduced inflammatory infiltrates of F4/80+ mononuclear phagocytes in the kidneys and supported a regulatory, anti-inflammatory immune response. Furthermore, interstitial deposition of complement C1q was decreased in ICA-treated mice fed an adenine-enriched diet. Tubular cell-specific HIF-1α and myeloid cell-specific HIF-1α and HIF-2α expression were not required for the renoprotective effects of ICA. In contrast, depletion of mononuclear phagocytes with clodronate largely abolished the nephroprotective effects of PHD inhibition. Thus, our findings indicate novel and potent systemic anti-inflammatory properties of PHDIs that confer preservation of kidney function and structure in chronic tubulointerstitial inflammation and might counteract kidney disease progression.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.kint.2019.02.016DOI Listing
August 2019

Loss of PHD3 in myeloid cells dampens the inflammatory response and fibrosis after hind-limb ischemia.

Cell Death Dis 2017 08 10;8(8):e2976. Epub 2017 Aug 10.

Institute of Cardiovascular Physiology, University Medical Center, Göttingen, Germany.

Macrophages are essential for the inflammatory response after an ischemic insult and thereby influence tissue recovery. For the oxygen sensing prolyl-4-hydroxylase domain enzyme (PHD) 2 a clear impact on the macrophage-mediated arteriogenic response after hind-limb ischemia has been demonstrated previously, which involves fine tuning a M2-like macrophage population. To analyze the role of PHD3 in macrophages, we performed hind-limb ischemia (ligation and excision of the femoral artery) in myeloid-specific PHD3 knockout mice (PHD3) and analyzed the inflammatory cell invasion, reperfusion recovery and fibrosis in the ischemic muscle post-surgery. In contrast to PHD2, reperfusion recovery and angiogenesis was unaltered in PHD3 compared to WT mice. Macrophages from PHD3 mice showed, however, a dampened inflammatory reaction in the affected skeletal muscle tissues compared to WT controls. This was associated with a decrease in fibrosis and an anti-inflammatory phenotype of the PHD3 macrophages, as well as decreased expression of Cyp2s1 and increased PGE2-secretion, which could be mimicked by PHD3 bone marrow-derived macrophages in serum starvation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/cddis.2017.375DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5596563PMC
August 2017

PHD2 Is a Regulator for Glycolytic Reprogramming in Macrophages.

Mol Cell Biol 2017 01 19;37(1). Epub 2016 Dec 19.

Institute for Cardiovascular Physiology, Georg August University Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany

The prolyl-4-hydroxylase domain (PHD) enzymes are regarded as the molecular oxygen sensors. There is an interplay between oxygen availability and cellular metabolism, which in turn has significant effects on the functionality of innate immune cells, such as macrophages. However, if and how PHD enzymes affect macrophage metabolism are enigmatic. We hypothesized that macrophage metabolism and function can be controlled via manipulation of PHD2. We characterized the metabolic phenotypes of PHD2-deficient RAW cells and primary PHD2 knockout bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDM). Both showed typical features of anaerobic glycolysis, which were paralleled by increased pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 1 (PDK1) protein levels and a decreased pyruvate dehydrogenase enzyme activity. Metabolic alterations were associated with an impaired cellular functionality. Inhibition of PDK1 or knockout of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) reversed the metabolic phenotype and impaired the functionality of the PHD2-deficient RAW cells and BMDM. Taking these results together, we identified a critical role of PHD2 for a reversible glycolytic reprogramming in macrophages with a direct impact on their function. We suggest that PHD2 serves as an adjustable switch to control macrophage behavior.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/MCB.00236-16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5192080PMC
January 2017

Ferritin-Mediated Iron Sequestration Stabilizes Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-1α upon LPS Activation in the Presence of Ample Oxygen.

Cell Rep 2015 Dec 25;13(10):2048-55. Epub 2015 Nov 25.

Mikrobiologisches Institut - Klinische Mikrobiologie, Immunologie und Hygiene, Universitätsklinikum Erlangen and Friedrich-Alexander Universität (FAU) Erlangen-Nürnberg, 91054 Erlangen, Germany; Institute of Clinical Microbiology and Hygiene, University Hospital of Regensburg and University of Regensburg, 93053 Regensburg, Germany. Electronic address:

Both hypoxic and inflammatory conditions activate transcription factors such as hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α and nuclear factor (NF)-κB, which play a crucial role in adaptive responses to these challenges. In dendritic cells (DC), lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced HIF1α accumulation requires NF-κB signaling and promotes inflammatory DC function. The mechanisms that drive LPS-induced HIF1α accumulation under normoxia are unclear. Here, we demonstrate that LPS inhibits prolyl hydroxylase domain enzyme (PHD) activity and thereby blocks HIF1α degradation. Of note, LPS-induced PHD inhibition was neither due to cosubstrate depletion (oxygen or α-ketoglutarate) nor due to increased levels of reactive oxygen species, fumarate, and succinate. Instead, LPS inhibited PHD activity through NF-κB-mediated induction of the iron storage protein ferritin and subsequent decrease of intracellular available iron, a critical cofactor of PHD. Thus, hypoxia and LPS both induce HIF1α accumulation via PHD inhibition but deploy distinct molecular mechanisms (lack of cosubstrate oxygen versus deprivation of co-factor iron).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2015.11.005DOI Listing
December 2015

Prolyl-4-hydroxylase domain 3 (PHD3) is a critical terminator for cell survival of macrophages under stress conditions.

J Leukoc Biol 2014 Sep 13;96(3):365-75. Epub 2014 Mar 13.

Institute of Cardiovascular Physiology, University Medical Center, Georg August University Göttingen, Germany; and

On a molecular level, cells sense changes in oxygen availability through the PHDs, which regulate the protein stability of the α-subunit of the transcription factor HIF. Especially, PHD3 has been additionally associated with apoptotic cell death. We hypothesized that PHD3 plays a role in cell-fate decisions in macrophages. Therefore, myeloid-specific PHD3(-/-) mice were created and analyzed. PHD3(-/-) BMDM showed no altered HIF-1α or HIF-2α stabilization or increased HIF target gene expression in normoxia or hypoxia. Macrophage M1 and M2 polarization was unchanged likewise. Compared with macrophages from WT littermates, PHD3(-/-) BMDM exhibited a significant reduction in TUNEL-positive cells after serum withdrawal or treatment with stauro and SNAP. Under the same conditions, PHD3(-/-) BMDM also showed less Annexin V staining, which is representative for membrane disruption, and indicated a reduced early apoptosis. In an unbiased transcriptome screen, we found that Angptl2 expression was reduced in PHD3(-/-) BMDM under stress conditions. Addition of rAngptl2 rescued the antiapoptotic phenotype, demonstrating that it is involved in the PHD3-mediated response toward apoptotic stimuli in macrophages.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1189/jlb.2HI1013-533RDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5395934PMC
September 2014