Publications by authors named "Angeles G Borrego"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Keys to discern the Phoenician, Punic and Roman mining in a typical coastal environment through the multivariate study of trace element distribution.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Oct 26;790:147986. Epub 2021 May 26.

University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Peter Johan Str. 82, 1190 Viena, Austria. Electronic address:

Trace element concentrations in the Cartagena Bay coastal record reveal a contribution of natural processes. However, the influence of anthropogenic factors predominates in the last three millennia, particularly aerosol deposition linked to mining and industrial activities in the area. The coastal record of Cartagena can be considered a preserved environment, suitable to search for regional human activity fingerprinting, specifically that related to the deposition of heavy metals such as Pb and Cu. A multivariate statistical analysis was carried out to clarify the geochemical behaviour of trace and major elements. Our study design represents a novel approach to assign natural contributions, such as eolian and riverine input, to coastal deposits, and organic matter preservation under anoxic environments. Therefore, synergies obtained by the simultaneous study of multivariate statistics and enrichment factors allow robust conclusions about palaeoenvironmental evolution and human activities. Anthropogenic influence suggested that Pb mining and metallurgy began during the Chalcolithic period, with considerable inputs of Pb and Cu to atmospheric pollution during Phoenician, Punic and Roman times.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.147986DOI Listing
October 2021

A multivariate examination of the timing and accumulation of potentially toxic elements at Las Conchas bog (NW Spain).

Environ Pollut 2019 Nov 12;254(Pt B):113048. Epub 2019 Aug 12.

Biomolecular Stratigraphy Laboratory, E.T.S.I. Minas y Energía, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, 28003, Spain.

The inorganic content of the well-preserved 3.2-m record of Las Conchas bog (NW Spain), covering 8000 cal yr BP., was analysed. To study natural vs. human contributions, we applied an innovative approach, namely the sequential study of multivariate statistics (factor analysis followed by clustering of the factor score matrix) and enrichment factors (EFs). The increasing weight of potentially toxic elements (PTEs) such as the geochemical association of Zn, Pb and Cd (EFs higher than 10, 20 and 40 in the last two centuries) was revealed, and corroborated by the contrast between the contents of anthropogenic Pb and total Rare Earth Elements (a suitable proxy for natural geogenic supplies). Furthermore, elements such as Hg, Tl and As also showed enrichment in the most recent samples of the study core. Some of them are commonly associated with global atmospheric transport; however, in this case, their increasing contents could also be explained by nearby industrial and mining activities. In summary, severe pollution was observed in the uppermost part of the record, thereby pointing to an important environmental concern. Given that local and regional sources of PTEs, such as mining and heavy industry, especially Zn smelting, were probably the main historical causes of this contamination and that some of these industries are still active, we consider that our findings deserve further attention.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2019.113048DOI Listing
November 2019

Criticality in failure under compression: Acoustic emission study of coal and charcoal with different microstructures.

Phys Rev E 2019 Mar;99(3-1):033001

Departament de Física de la Matèria Condensada, Facultat de Física, Universitat de Barcelona, Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.

A systematic study of acoustic emission avalanches in coal and charcoal samples under slow uniaxial compression is presented. The samples exhibit a range of organic composition in terms of chemical elements as well as different degrees of heterogeneity in the microstructure. The experimental analysis focuses on the energies E of the individual acoustic emission events as well as on the time correlations between successive events. The studied samples can be classified into three groups. The more homogeneous samples (group I) with pores in the micro and nanoscales, with signatures of hardening effects in the stress-strain curves, exhibit the cleanest critical power-law behavior for the energy distributions g(E)dE∼E^{-ε}dE with a critical exponent ε=1.4. The more heterogeneous samples with voids, macropores, and granular microstructures (group III), show signatures of weakening effects and a larger effective exponent close to the value ε=1.66, but in some cases truncated by exponential damping factors. The rest of the samples (group II) exhibit a mixed crossover behavior still compatible with an effective exponent ε=1.4 but clearly truncated by exponential factors. These results suggest the existence of two possible universality classes in the failure of porous materials under compression: one for homogeneous samples and another for highly heterogeneous samples. Concerning time correlations between avalanches, all samples exhibit very similar waiting time distributions although some differences for the Omori aftershock distributions cannot be discarded.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.99.033001DOI Listing
March 2019
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