Publications by authors named "Angela Swanson"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

An Acute Care Sepsis Response System Targeting Improved Antibiotic Administration.

Hosp Pediatr 2021 09;11(9):944-955

Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Colorado, Aurora, Colorado.

Background And Objectives: Pediatric sepsis quality improvement in emergency departments has been well described and associated with improved survival. Acute care (non-ICU inpatient) units differ in important ways, and optimal approaches to improving sepsis processes and outcomes in this setting are not yet known. Our objective was to increase the proportion of acute care sepsis cases in our health system with initial antibiotic order-to-administration time ≤60 minutes by 20% from a baseline of 43% to 52% by December 2020.

Methods: Employing the Model for Improvement with broad stakeholder engagement, we developed and implemented interventions aimed at effective intervention for sepsis cases on acute care units. We analyzed process and outcome metrics over time using statistical process control charts. We used descriptive statistics to explore differences in antibiotic order-to-administration time and inform ongoing improvement.

Results: We cared for 187 patients with sepsis over the course of our initiative. The proportion within our goal antibiotic order-to-administration time rose from 43% to 64% with evidence of special cause variation after our interventions. Of all patients, 66% experienced ICU transfer and 4% died.

Conclusions: We successfully decreased antibiotic order-to-administration time. We also introduced a novel model for sepsis response systems that integrates interventions designed for the complexities of acute care settings. We demonstrated impactful local improvements in the acute care setting where quality improvement reports and success have previously been limited.
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September 2021

A Strategy for the Renovation of a Clinical Pathways Program.

Pediatr Qual Saf 2019 May-Jun;4(3):e178. Epub 2019 Jun 13.

Clinical Effectiveness/Hospital Medicine, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus/Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, Colorado, USA.

Introduction: Clinical pathways (CPs) translate best available evidence to the local care context and intend to inform clinical decision-making, optimize care, and decrease variation. This article describes a CPs program improvement process at a free-standing academic children's hospital. Aims: (1) improve the pathway development process; (2) identify and address gaps; (3) strengthen measurement; (4) increase efficiency in cycle time to build a pathway; (5) increase multidisciplinary participation; (6) integrate into the electronic health record ; and (7) and increase pathway utilization.

Methods: We renovated the CP program using a structured, improvement process. A series of internal stakeholder and external colleague interviews informed the process. To improve the program, we developed and implemented different interventions.

Results: The streamlined process reduced the overall time for completion from a median of 15 to 5 months (measured from the date of first meeting with the clinical improvement team to approval), a 70% increase in efficiency. Between 1994 and 2015, the hospital had 33 CPs. There was a 78% increase in the total number of pathways after the renovation with 26 additional pathways.

Conclusions: Renovation of the CP program led to early success through an improved development process, alleviation of programmatic gaps, inclusion of measures within each pathway, increased timely completion, multidisciplinary involvement, integration into the electronic health record, and improved utilization. Initial results are encouraging, and the lessons learned should be helpful to other programs. Further program development is ongoing, focusing on continued improvements in implementation and overall program measures.
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June 2019

Interventions to Reduce Over-Utilized Tests and Treatments in Bronchiolitis.

Pediatrics 2018 06 11;141(6). Epub 2018 May 11.

Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, Colorado.

Objectives: The American Academy of Pediatrics published bronchiolitis clinical practice guidelines in 2014 recommending against the routine use of bronchodilators, chest radiographs, or respiratory viral testing in children with a clinical diagnosis of bronchiolitis. Our aim in this project was to align care with the American Academy of Pediatrics clinical practice guidelines by decreasing the overuse of these interventions.

Methods: This study included patients who were admitted to a non-ICU setting with a primary or secondary diagnosis of bronchiolitis. The team used a multidisciplinary kickoff event to understand the problem and develop interventions, including sharing provider-specific data and asking providers to sign a pledge to reduce use. We used a novel, real-time data dashboard to collect and analyze data.

Results: Special cause variation on control charts indicated improvement for all outcomes for inpatients during the intervention season. Pre- and postanalyses in which we compared baseline to intervention values for all admitted patients and patients who were discharged from the emergency department or urgent care revealed a significant reduction in the ordering of chest radiographs (from 22.7% to 13.6%; ≤ .001), respiratory viral testing (from 12.5% to 9.8%; = .001), and bronchodilators (from 17.5% to 10.3%; = .001) without changes in balancing measures (eg, hospital readmission within 7 days [1.7% (preanalysis) and 1.0% (postanalysis); = .21]) for bronchiolitis.

Conclusions: This multidisciplinary improvement initiative resulted in a significant reduction in use for bronchiolitis care at our institution. Our approach, which included a novel, real-time data dashboard and interventions such as individual providers pledging to reduce use, may have the potential to reduce overuse in other settings and diseases.
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June 2018