Publications by authors named "Angela Roots"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Isohemagglutinin titering performed on an automated solid-phase and hemagglutinin-based analyzer is comparable to results obtained by manual gel testing.

Transfusion 2020 03 20;60(3):628-636. Epub 2020 Jan 20.

Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.

Background: Isohemagglutinins (anti-A and anti-B) mediate hemolytic transfusion reactions, antibody-mediated rejection of solid-organ transplants, and delayed engraftment after stem cell transplant. However, quantification of isohemagglutinins is often labor intensive and operator dependent, limiting availability and interfacility comparisons. We evaluated an automated, solid-phase and agglutination-based antibody titer platform versus manual gel testing.

Study Design And Methods: Plasma samples were obtained from 54 randomly selected patients. Titers were determined by our laboratory's standard assay (manual dilution followed by manual gel testing) and were compared to results obtained on a fully automated blood bank analyzer (Galileo NEO, Immucor). The analyzer determined immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies using solid-phase and immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibodies by direct hemagglutination.

Results: Isohemagglutinin titers obtained by manual gel versus the automated assay generally (>80%) agreed within one doubling dilution, and always (100%) agreed within two dilutions. Among O samples, the gel titer and the highest titer obtained with the automated assay (either IgG or IgM) were similar in paired, nonparametric analysis (p = 0.06 for anti-A; p = 0.13 for anti-B). Gel titers from group A and group B patients were slightly higher than the highest titer obtained using the automated assay (p = 0.04 for group A; p = 0.009 for group B), although these differences were within the accepted error of measurement.

Conclusion: Manual and automated methodologies yielded similar isohemagglutinin titers. Separate quantification of IgM and IgG isohemagglutinins via automated titration may yield additional insight into hemolysis, graft survival after ABO-incompatible transplantation, and red blood cell engraftment after ABO-incompatible stem cell transplant.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
March 2020

Simulation training for geriatric medicine.

Clin Teach 2014 Aug;11(5):387-92

Department of Ageing & Health, St Thomas' Hospital, London, UK.

Background: Geriatric medicine encompasses a diverse nature of medical, social and ethical challenges, and requires a multidimensional, interdisciplinary approach. Recent reports have highlighted failings in the care of the elderly, and it is therefore vital that specialist trainees in geriatric medicine are afforded opportunities to develop their skills in managing this complex patient population. Simulation has been widely adopted as a teaching tool in medicine; however, its use in geriatric medicine to date has involved primarily role-play or discrete clinical skills training. This article outlines the development of a bespoke, multimodal, simulation course for specialist trainees in geriatric medicine.

Methods: A 1-day multimodal and interprofessional simulation course was created specifically for specialist trainees in geriatric medicine, using six curriculum-mapped scenarios in which the patient perspective was central to the teaching objectives. Various simulation techniques were used, including high-fidelity human patient manikins, patient actors, with integrated clinical skills using part-task trainers, and role-play exercises. Debriefs by trained faculty members were completed after each scenario.

Results: Twenty-six candidates attended four similar courses in 2012. Quantitative analysis of pre- and post-course questionnaires revealed an improvement of self-reported confidence in managing geriatric scenarios (Z = 4.1; p < 0.001), and thematic analysis of candidate feedback was supportive of simulation as a useful teaching tool, with reported benefits for both technical and non-technical skills.

Discussion: Simulation is an exciting and novel method of delivering teaching for specialist trainees in geriatric medicine. This teaching modality could be integrated into the training curriculum for geriatric medicine, to allow a wider application.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
August 2014

Simulation training for hyperacute stroke unit nurses.

Br J Nurs 2011 Nov 24-Dec 7;20(21):1352-6

Stroke Unit, Department of Ageing & Health, St Thomas' Hospital, London, UK.

National clinical guidelines have emphasized the need to identify acute stroke as a clinical priority for early assessment and treatment of patients on hyperacute stroke units. Nurses working on hyperacute stroke units require stroke specialist training and development of competencies in dealing with neurological emergencies and working in multidisciplinary teams. Educational theory suggests that experiential learning with colleagues in real-life settings may provide transferable results to the workplace with improved performance. Simulation training has been shown to deliver situational training without compromising patient safety and has been shown to improve both technical and non-technical skills (McGaghie et al, 2010). This article describes the role that simulation training may play for nurses working on hyperacute stroke units explaining the modalities available and the educational potential. The article also outlines the development of a pilot course involving directly relevant clinical scenarios for hyperacute stroke unit patient care and assesses the benefits of simulation training for hyperacute stroke unit nurses, in terms of clinical performance and non-clinical abilities including leadership and communication.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
February 2012