Publications by authors named "Angela Romero"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

PULSE-HF: A simple clinical and geriatric score to predict systolic dysfunction in the elderly without heart failure.

Curr Probl Cardiol 2021 Nov 21:101066. Epub 2021 Nov 21.

Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Alemán, Buenos Aires, Argentina; Geriatric Unit, Hospital Alemán, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Objective: To develop a clinical score to determine preclinical predictors of systolic dysfunction in an outpatient elderly population without a diagnosis of heart failure (HF).

Patients And Methods: PULSE-HF is a cross-sectional study in elderly at-risk (coronary artery disease, diabetes or hypertension) outpatients without a diagnosis of HF. Clinical and geriatric variables were analyzed; independent predictive factors in the logistic regression analysis were included for the score calculation.

Results: Of the 722 subjects enrolled, 47 (6.5%) had a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 50% and 15 (2.1%) a LVEF < 40%. Mean age was 76.5 years (5.18) and 445 (61.6%) were female. Multiple logistic regression analysis identified abnormal Q waves (odds ratio [OR]: 4.36; p=0.003), cardiomegaly (OR: 3.32; p < 0.001), right bundle branch block (OR: 2.84; p=0.011), cognitive dysfunction (OR: 2.14; p=0.027) and NT-proBNP (OR 5.43; p < 0.001) as independent predictors of LVEF < 50%. Two prediction scores were built, without and with NT-proBNP inclusion; the area under ROC curves were 0.70 and 0.76, respectively. As the score increased, the sensitivity decreases but increases specificity and accuracy (97.17% and 91.64% respectively in ≥ 6 points). NT-proBNP was associated with an increment in the performance (accuracy of 93.18% for score ≥ 10).

Conclusion: A simple score using clinical information might be useful to predicting asymptomatic systolic dysfunction in the elderly.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
November 2021

Physiological Assessment of Water Stress in Potato Using Spectral Information.

Front Plant Sci 2017 20;8:1608. Epub 2017 Sep 20.

Centro de Investigación Tibaitatá, Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (CORPOICA)Mosquera, Colombia.

Water stress in potato ( L.) causes considerable losses in yield, and therefore, potato is often considered to be a drought sensitive crop. Identification of water deficit tolerant potato genotypes is an adaptation strategy to mitigate the climatic changes that are occurring in the Cundiboyacense region in Colombia. Previous studies have evaluated potato plants under water stress conditions using physiological analyses. However, these methodologies require considerable amounts of time and plant material to perform these measurements. This study evaluated and compared the physiological and spectral traits between two genotypes, Diacol Capiro and Perla Negra under two drought levels (10 and 15 days without irrigation from flowering). Reflectance information was used to calculate indexes which were associated with the physiological behavior in plants. The results showed that spectral information was correlated (ρ < 0.0001) with physiological variables such as foliar area (FA), total water content (HOt), relative growth rate of potato tubers (RGTtub), leaf area ratio (LAR), and foliar area index (AFI). In general, there was a higher concentration of chlorophyll under drought treatments. In addition, Perla Negra under water deficit treatments did not show significant differences in its physiological variables. Therefore, it could be considered a drought tolerant genotype because its physiological performance was not affected under water stress conditions. However, yield was affected in both genotypes after being subject to 15 days of drought. The results suggested that reflectance indexes are a useful and affordable approach for potato phenotyping to select parent and segregant populations in breeding programs.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
September 2017

Effects of troglitazone on intracellular cholesterol distribution and cholesterol-dependent cell functions in MA-10 Leydig tumor cells.

Biochem Pharmacol 2003 Jul;66(2):307-13

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Louisville School of Medicine, 800 Zorn Avenue, Louisville, KY 40206, USA.

Troglitazone treatment of MA-10 Leydig tumor cells resulted in cellular cholesteryl esters decreasing and cell free cholesterol increasing. This was not an effect unique to this chemical entity; rosiglitazone and pioglitazone caused these changes also. The excess free cholesterol was recovered largely in the cholesterol oxidase susceptible, plasma membrane cholesterol pool. This effect of troglitazone probably is not mediated by activation of peroxisome proliferator activated receptors since it immediately reversed with washing and did not occur at all in cells treated with the peroxisome proliferator activated receptor agonist, 15-deoxy Delta 12,14 prostaglandin J-2. Plasma membrane cholesterol esterification was inhibited by troglitazone in a dose-dependent manner. Plasma membrane cholesterol esterification was inhibited half-maximally by 14 microM troglitazone and by more than 90% by 40 microM troglitazone. This effect was not unique for MA-10 cells. Similar results were found using fibroblasts. Troglitazone was not simply inhibiting internalization of plasma membrane cholesterol. Dibutyryl-cAMP stimulation of troglitazone-treated cells resulted in more progesterone synthesis than in stimulated control cells; moreover, radioactive plasma membrane cholesterol was readily converted into progesterone in troglitazone-treated cells. Studies of LDL uptake in troglitazone-treated cells indicated that intracellular membranes were cholesterol replete. Troglitazone inhibited plasma membrane cholesterol esterification with kinetics similar to 58-035, a known inhibitor of the acyl coenzyme A: cholesterol acyltranserase (ACAT) enzyme. It is not likely an ACAT inhibitor since troglitazone did not block incorporation of exogenous free fatty acids into cholesteryl esters. Thus, it appears that troglitazone prevented presentation of free fatty acid to the ACAT enzyme.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
July 2003