Publications by authors named "Angela C R Medeiros"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

American tegumentary leishmaniasis: mRNA expression for Th1 and Treg mediators are predominant in patients with recent active disease.

Immunobiology 2016 Feb 14;221(2):253-9. Epub 2015 Aug 14.

Laboratory of Immunogenetics, Immunology Department, Aggeu Magalhães Research Center, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (CPqAM/FIOCRUZ), Brazil. Electronic address:

Besides the Th1×Th2 paradigm, Treg and Th17 cytokines may play a role in the response to American tegumentary leishmaniasis. Considering the sensitivity and accuracy of qPCR and the lack of studies using this approach, we evaluated mRNA expression for IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-4, IL-10, IL-6, IL-17A, IL-22, TGF-β, Foxp3 and RORC in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from patients with active disease, after stimulation with L. (V.) braziliensis soluble or insoluble fractions. Our results show that the antigens promoted specific mRNA expression related to the immune response in patients with ATL, and the insoluble fraction seems to stimulate the immune response in a higher intensity. The pro-inflammatory response was also fueled by IFN-γ and TNF-α, probably due to the active disease. IL-4, in certain way, seems to regulate this response along with IL-10 that may be produced by Treg cells, which are supposedly present in the patients' samples due the evidenced expression of Foxp3, in the presence of AgIns. In contrast, down-regulated RORC suggests that the significant levels of IL-6 expressed in response to AgSol were not able to induce an expressive Th17 profile along with TGF-β, which might have predominantly contributed to the development of a regulatory profile in the active disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.imbio.2015.08.009DOI Listing
February 2016

Cellular immune response profile in patients with American tegumentary leishmaniasis prior and post chemotherapy treatment.

J Clin Lab Anal 2009 ;23(1):63-9

Departamento de Imunologia, Centro de Pesquisas Aggeu Magalhães-CPqAM/Fiocruz, Recife, PE, Brazil.

In this study, we have the objective of evaluating the lymphoproliferative response and determining interferon (IFN)-gamma and interleukin (IL)-10 cytokine production in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of patients with American tegumentary leishmaniasis prior and post 12 months of chemotherapy treatment with meglumine antimoniate compared with the PBMC of noninfected donors. Lymphoproliferation, such as cytokine production, was evaluated through in vitro stimulus with the soluble antigenic fraction from Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis promastigotes (1.25 microg/ml) and Concanavalin A (2.5 microg/ml). Patients showed a significant lymphoproliferative response prior and post treatment compared with the control group. Similar result, prior to chemotherapy treatment, was observed in IFN-gamma and IL-10 production when patients were compared with the control group. After chemotherapy treatment, PBMC lymphoproliferative response of the patients revealed an increase, whereas patients have shown a decrease in IFN-gamma levels and an increase in IL-10, although without statistical difference. These results may indicate that the patients produced a specific cellular response to the soluble antigenic fraction suggesting that besides Th1 and Th2 dichotomy, immunological regulation mechanisms with the participation of memory T cells and regulatory T cells could be present in the clinical evolution of these patients. This understanding will allow the study and identification of new L. (V.) braziliensis molecules potentially candidates to vaccines.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcla.20291DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6649044PMC
August 2009

Prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus introduced into intensive care units of a University Hospital.

Braz J Infect Dis 2005 Feb 6;9(1):56-63. Epub 2005 Jun 6.

Department of Dermatology and Microbiology, Oswaldo Cruz University Hospital, University of Pernambuco, Recife, PE, Brazil.

Staphylococcus aureus is one of the principal human pathogens that colonize healthy individuals in the community in general, and it is responsible for severe infections in hospitalized patients. Due to an increase in the prevalence of strains of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), combating these microorganisms has become increasingly difficult. A descriptive study was carried out on 231 patients in intensive care at the Oswaldo Cruz University Hospital (HUOC) in Recife, Brazil between January and April 2003 to determine the prevalence of S. aureus and MRSA and to evaluate risk factors for colonization by these bacteria when introduced into Intensive Care Units (ICUs). Body secretions were collected from the nostrils, axillary and perineal regions, and from broken skin lesions, of all patients during the first 48 hours following admission to the ICU. Samples were inoculated into blood agar and mannitol-salt-agar culture medium and identified by Gram staining, and by coagulase, DNAse and agglutination (Slidex Staph Test) tests. Growth in Mueller-Hinton agar with 4% sodium chloride and 6 mg/L oxacillin was used to identify MRSA. In addition, the latex agglutination test was performed to identify penicillin-binding protein, PBP 2A. The prevalence of S. aureus and MRSA was 87/231 (37.7%) and 30/231 (12.98%), respectively. There was no association between any risk factor studied (age, sex, origin of the patient--whether hospital or community, previous hospitalization, use of current or previous antibiotic therapy, corticotherapy and/or immunotherapy, reason for hospitalization and place of hospitalization) and the presence of S. aureus. However, a significant association was established between previous hospitalization and the presence of MRSA (RR:1.85; CI:1.00-3.41; p=0.041). The nostrils were the principal site of colonization by both S. aureus (80.4%) and MRSA (26.4%), followed by the perineal area, with rates of 27.6% and 12.6%, respectively. If only the nostrils had been investigated, the study would have failed to diagnose 17 patients (19.5%) as carriers of the pathogen into the ICU, thus contributing towards cross-dissemination.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1413-86702005000100010DOI Listing
February 2005
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