Publications by authors named "Aneesa Thavakkal"

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Influence of collar height of definitive restoration and type of luting cement on the amount of residual cement in implant restorations: A clinical study.

J Prosthet Dent 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Senior Resident, Department of Prosthodontics, Government Dental College, Kozhikode, Kerala, India.

Statement Of Problem: Residual cement in the peri-implant sulcus may cause peri-implant mucositis, which can lead to peri-implantitis. Clinical studies comparing the role of the collar height of the definitive restoration and the type of cement used for luting the prosthesis in the amount of residual cement are lacking.

Purpose: The purpose of this clinical study was to determine the volume of residual cement left undetected in the peri-implant sulcus by an implant prosthesis with 3 different collar heights and 3 luting cements.

Material And Methods: Participants with single implants in the premolar region were divided into 3 groups of 10 according to the distance from the peri-implant soft tissue crest to the implant platform: group low collar (sulcus depth <2 mm), group medium collar (2-4 mm), and group high collar (>4 mm). A metal-ceramic crown with an occlusal opening was fabricated on a straight titanium abutment, which facilitated removal of the crown along with the abutment after cementation. The implant luting cements used were composite resin cement (RelyX U200), Type I glass ionomer cement (GC Gold Label 1), and zinc oxide noneugenol interim luting cement (RelyX Temp NE). The modified crown was cemented with 1 cement each during the impression, bisque evaluation, and definitive crown cementation appointments. The crown was retrieved, and the residual cement collected during each appointment. The measurements obtained were statistically analyzed with general linear model analysis followed by post hoc testing using the Bonferroni test (α=.05).

Results: Mean volume of the residual excess cement (mm) formed in group low collar was 0.33 ±0.17, 0.26 ±0.17, and 0.08 ±0.08 for subgroups Resin, GIC, and ZNE, respectively. In group medium collar, it was 1.18 ±0.31, 1.08 ±0.3, and 0.61 ±0.32; and in group high collar, it was 2.33 ±0.31, 2.1 ±0.74, and 1.31 ±0.56 for the same subgroup, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference in the formation of REC between the collar height groups (P<.001). Among the luting cements, zinc oxide noneugenol cement produced significantly lower residual cement compared with the other 2 cements, and there was no statistically significant difference between the glass ionomer and resin cements (P>.05).

Conclusions: The collar height of the definitive restoration and the type of luting cement play significant roles in the formation of residual cement in fixed implant-supported restorations.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prosdent.2021.03.032DOI Listing
June 2021
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