Publications by authors named "Andrzej Siniawski"

20 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Feasibility of intravascular lithotripsy for calcific coronary lesions: A multi-institutional experience.

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2021 May 29. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Cardiology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland.

Objective: We sought to determine the safety and performance of intravascular lithotripsy in the treatment of severe calcified atherosclerotic lesions.

Background: The modification of severe calcified atherosclerotic lesions with noncompliant or specialty balloons, as well as orbital or rotational atherectomy has limitations and may be ineffective, increasing the risk of periprocedural complications and worsening long-term results. Intravascular lithotripsy has recently been shown to be a safe and feasible alternative to the above methods.

Methods: All consecutive patients treated with Shockwave Medical Intravascular Lithotripsy (S-IVL) between May 2019 and June 2020 were included in current analysis. Device safety and efficacy were the critical endpoints of the study. The primary safety endpoint was 30-day major adverse cardiac events (MACE). In turn, device and clinical success were the primary performance endpoints.

Results: In total, 46 patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention were treated with S-IVL before stent deployment (65% male; age, 71 ± 7 years). Device success was achieved in 45 (97.8%) patients with reduction of diameter stenosis from 80% to 5.2% with an acute gain of 2.5 mm. Clinical success was demonstrated in 95.6% of cases. During the 30-day follow-up, one sudden death was recorded, regarded as probable subacute stent thrombosis. During 6-month follow up one target lesion and target vessel revascularizations occurred. The rate of MACE after 6 month was 6.2%.

Conclusions: S-IVL appears to be a safe and effective treatment modality in coronary calcium modification to optimize stent expansion. In selected cases this device obviates the need for more complex lesion preparation strategies such as atherectomy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccd.29792DOI Listing
May 2021

The impact of right coronary artery support on the outcomes of patients with unprotected left main disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

Kardiol Pol 2021 Apr 26. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Background: Many operators are discouraged from performing left main (LM) percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in the absence of right coronary artery (RCA) support due to the increased procedure risk.

Aims: We aimed to assess the absent functional RCA impact on prognostic implications in patients undergoing unprotected LM PCI.

Methods: 613 patients underwent LM PCI in our department between 2015 and 2019. Consecutive 385 patients with unprotected LM and at least 1-year follow-up were included in the study. The study group consisted of 272 patients with unprotected left main coronary artery disease (ULMCAD) with dominant RCA without any significant lesions (Group 1) and 113 ULMCAD patients and with lack of RCA support (Group 2).

Results: In Group 2, 32.7% patients had a significant RCA stenosis, 48.7% chronic total occlusion (CTO) of RCA and 18.6% recessive RCA. Patients in Group 2 were older and had higher prevalence of COPD. SYNTAX Score (median (IQR) 26.0 (20.0-33.0) vs. 19.0 (13.0-25.5); P < 0.001) was higher and left ventricular ejection fraction was lower (median (IQR) 50.0 (40.0-60.0) vs. 55.0 (45.0-60.0); P = 0.01) in this group. All periprocedural complications did not differ among the groups. Long-term all-cause mortality at a median follow-up of 1149 days did not differ significantly (23% vs. 20%; P = 0.37). The long-term mortality in CTO-RCA group was also not significantly different.

Conclusions: Patients with ULMCAD who have undergone LM PCI with absent RCA support, compared with patients with ULMCAD with RCA support, differed neither in the frequency of periprocedural complications nor in long-term all-cause mortality.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.33963/KP.15972DOI Listing
April 2021

Platelet function in patients undergoing surgical and transcatheter aortic valve replacement: a comparative study.

Kardiol Pol 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Background: Intervention-induced platelet hypercoagulability may pose a risk of serious adverse events for patients.

Aims: The aim of this study was to assess whether surgical (SAVR) and transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) differ in periprocedural platelet activity.

Methods: The total number of 24 patients with a mean age (SD) of 71 (13) years who underwent SAVR (n=12) or TAVR (n=12) were recruited for the study. The following parameters were evaluated at four time-points: (i) platelet indices: total platelet count (PLT), platelet distribution width (PDW) and mean platelet volume (MPV), (ii) MPV/PLT ratio, (iii) platelet level of lipid peroxidation: malondialdehyde (MDA) content and MDA/PLT ratio. Eventually, percentage variations of PLT, PDW and MPV in relation to the baseline values were determined.

Results: MPV/PLT ratio increased significantly after procedures in both groups (P = 0.01 in TAVI and P = 0.01 in SAVR). MDA concentrations were significantly higher when assessed directly post-procedure (P = 0.04) as well as 24h later (P = 0.01) in the SAVR and TAVI groups. The indirect parameter of platelet activity indexed for platelet counts (MDA/PLT) was comparable between both groups before and 48 hours after procedures, but was significantly higher in SAVR patients, particularly after 24h after interventions (P = 0.04; medians TAVR vs. SAVR, respectively).

Conclusion: Standard surgical aortic valve replacement is associated with a more pronounced platelet reaction to intervention-induced injury, as compared to the transcatheter-based procedure. The importance of these laboratory findings requires further investigation focused on early and late clinical outcomes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.33963/KP.15964DOI Listing
April 2021

Successful intravascular lithotripsy for covered stent underexpansion due to severely calcified plaque.

Kardiol Pol 2020 03 30;78(3):247-248. Epub 2019 Dec 30.

1st Department of Cardiology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland

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http://dx.doi.org/10.33963/KP.15119DOI Listing
March 2020

Optimal Timing of P2Y12 Inhibitor Loading in Patients Undergoing PCI: A Meta-Analysis.

Thromb Haemost 2019 Jun 27;119(6):1000-1020. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

1st Department of Cardiology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.

Background And Aim:  The timing of P2Y12 inhibitor loading in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a matter of debate. The aim of our study was to compare the efficacy and safety of oral P2Y12 inhibitors: clopidogrel, ticagrelor and prasugrel administered at two different time points in relation to PCI: early (> 2 hours pre-PCI) versus late (< 2 hours pre-PCI or post-PCI).

Methods:  This is a systematic review and meta-analysis. Randomized controlled trials and non-randomized studies were included. Outcomes evaluated were combined major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs), myocardial infarction (MI), target vessel revascularization, death and bleeding complications. Summary estimates of the relative risks with therapy were calculated.

Results:  Twenty-three studies met the selection criteria and included 60,907 patients. Early P2Y12 inhibitor loading was associated with a 22% relative risk reduction (RRR) of MACE (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.68-0.89;  < 0.001). Early clopidogrel loading was associated with a 25% RRR of MACE (95% CI = 0.65-0.85;  < 0.001), a 30% RRR of MI (95% CI = 0.6-0.82;  < 0.0001) and 25% RRR of death (95% CI = 0.64-0.87;  = 0.0002), without an impact on major bleedings. In ST-elevation myocardial infarction as well as non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS), early clopidogrel loading resulted in 35 and 22% RRR in 30 days MACE ( < 0.001), respectively, with no impact in elective PCI. Whereas early loading with prasugrel and ticagrelor did not improve ischaemic outcomes, prasugrel administered early increased bleeding risks in NSTE-ACS.

Conclusion:  Early clopidogrel loading is associated with a better efficacy and similar safety, whereas timing of ticagrelor or prasugrel loading had no effects on ischaemic events.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1683421DOI Listing
June 2019

The Usefulness of Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Cardiovascular System in the Diagnostic Work-Up of Patients With Turner Syndrome.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2018 16;9:609. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Unit, First Department of Cardiology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.

Cardiovascular defects occur in 50% of patients with Turner syndrome (TS). The aim of the study was to estimate the usefulness of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) and magnetic resonance angiography (angio-MR) as diagnostics in children and adolescents with TS. Forty-one females with TS, aged 13.9 ± 2.2 years, were studied. CMR was performed in 39 patients and angio-MR in 36. Echocardiography was performed in all patients. The most frequent anomalies diagnosed on CMR and angio-MR were as follows: elongation of the ascending aorta (AA) and aortic arch, present in 16 patients (45.7%), a bicuspid aortic valve (BAV), present in 16 patients (41.0%), and partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (PAPVR), present in six patients (17.1%). Aortic dilatation (-score > 2) was mostly seen at the sinotubular junction (STJ) (15 patients; 42.8%), the AA (15 patients; 42.8%), the thoracoabdominal aorta at the level of a diaphragm (15 patients; 42.8%), and the transverse segment (14 patients; 40.0%). An aortic size index (ASI) above 2.0 cm/m was present in six patients (17.1%) and above 2.5 cm/m in three patients (8.6%). The left ventricular end-diastolic volume (EDV), end-systolic volume (ESV), and stroke volume (SV) were diminished (-score < -2) in 10 (25.6%), 9 (23.1%), and 8 patients (20.5%), respectively. A webbed neck was correlated with the presence of vascular anomalies ( = 0.006). The age and body mass index (BMI) were correlated with the diameter of the aorta. Patients with BAV had a greater aortic diameter at the ascending aorta (AA) segment ( = 0.026) than other patients. ASI was correlated with aortic diameter and descending aortic diameter (AD/DD) ratio ( = 0.002; = 0.49). There was a significant correlation between the right ventricular ( = 0.002, = 0.46) and aortic diameters at the STJ segment ( = 0.0047, = 0.48), as measured by echocardiography and CMR. Magnetic resonance can identify cardiovascular anomalies, dilatation of the aorta, pericardial fluid, and functional impairment of the ventricles not detected by echocardiography. BMI, age, BAV, and elongation of the AA influence aortic dilatation. The ASI and AD/DD ratio are important markers of aortic dilatation. The performed diagnostics did not indicate a negative influence of GH treatment on the cardiovascular system.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2018.00609DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6232706PMC
October 2018

Difficult diagnosis of heart failure in rheumatoid arthritis: six-year follow-up of constrictive pericarditis.

Kardiol Pol 2018 ;76(3):675

Ist Cardiology Department, University Hospital of Lord's Transfiguration Partner of Poznań University of Medical Sciences, Dluga 1/2, 61-848 Poznan, Poland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/KP.2018.0066DOI Listing
November 2018

Right heart catheterization procedures in patients with suspicion of pulmonary hypertension - experiences of a tertiary center.

Postepy Kardiol Interwencyjnej 2017 29;13(4):295-301. Epub 2017 Nov 29.

Department of Cardiology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.

Introduction: Right heart catheterization (RHC) is an invasive procedure providing direct and accurate measurements of hemodynamics of the cardiovascular system. Acute pulmonary vasoreactivity testing (APVT) following basal RHC in some patients is an established tool evaluating the reversibility of hypertension in the pulmonary vasculature.

Aim: We sought to assess the most common indications, vascular approaches and complications during RHC in a single high-volume center.

Material And Methods: A total of 534 RHC procedures in 348 patients (64% male) were performed. The prospective registry was carried out for 28 months. Collected data included indications for RHC, vascular approaches, hemodynamic and clinical data, complications and response of pulmonary vessels in APVT.

Results: In 401 (75%) procedures pulmonary hypertension (mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) ≥ 25 mm Hg) was confirmed. Left heart failure was the most common indication (55.8%), mainly ischemic (26%) or dilated cardiomyopathy (19.9%). Other indications included a suspicion of arterial (21.7%), or chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (14.6%). The right internal jugular vein approach was used in 89.1% of procedures. Acute pulmonary vasoreactivity testing was performed in 143 patients, and it was positive in 67 (46.9%) cases. Complications occurred in 21 (3.9%) procedures and included pulmonary edema (0.2%), pneumothorax (0.2%) and puncture of the artery followed by the insertion of a vascular sheath (0.4%), atrial arrhythmia (0.2%), superior vena cava dissection (0.2%), incidental artery puncture (1.1%) and local hematoma (2.2%).

Conclusions: The most frequent indication for RHC was left heart failure, and the most common approach was the right internal jugular vein. RHC is safe procedure with a low rate of major complications.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/aic.2017.71610DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5770859PMC
November 2017

Successful surgical treatment of a subtotal descending aortic occlusion.

Cardiovasc J Afr 2017 Apr 23;28(2):e1-e3. Epub 2017 Apr 23.

Department of Cardiac Surgery and Transplantology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.

We present the case of a 33-year-old man with middle aortic syndrome. The final diagnosis was established with magnetic resonance imaging. He underwent a successful aorto-aortic bypass. Two-year follow-up imaging showed the new graft was patent, with no abnormalities at the anastomosis sites. At the last follow-up examination he was asymptomatic with no neurological dysfunction.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5830/CVJA-2016-012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5488048PMC
April 2017

Percutaneous coronary intervention for chronic total occlusion of the coronary artery with the implantation of bioresorbable everolimus-eluting scaffolds. Poznan CTO-Absorb Pilot Registry.

EuroIntervention 2016 Jun;12(2):e144-51

1st Department of Cardiology, University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.

Aims: Data concerning the use of bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) for chronic total occlusion (CTO) lesions are limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate the early and midterm clinical outcomes of CTO stenting with BVS.

Methods And Results: Forty consecutive patients (male 78%, mean age 59.9±8.3 years, diabetics 30%) with CTO treated with BVS were enrolled. Patients with a reference vessel diameter >4 mm, metallic stents, excessive calcium and tortuosity were excluded. Mean J-CTO score was 1.6. A total of 63 BVS were implanted with an average number of 1.6 per patient, and an average scaffold length of 42.4±21.5 mm. Procedural success was achieved in all patients with no device-related complications. At follow-up (median time 556 days), there were no deaths, one patient experienced subacute and late scaffold thrombosis (ST), and another one developed symptomatic in-scaffold focal restenosis treated with repeat PCI. At control angiography, performed at a median time of 329 days in 27 patients (68%), no more restenosis or vessel reocclusion was found.

Conclusions: CTO stenting with BVS is feasible with good acute performance, and good early and midterm clinical outcomes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4244/EIJV12I2A27DOI Listing
June 2016

Significance of antiplatelet therapy in emergency myocardial infarction treatment.

Postepy Kardiol Interwencyjnej 2014 23;10(1):32-9. Epub 2014 Mar 23.

1 Department of Cardiology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.

Antiplatelet drugs play a crucial role in the treatment of patients with myocardial infarction, particularly in association with percutaneous coronary intervention. Their main advantage is the reduction of adverse ischemic incidents and the major disadvantage is the increase in the frequency of hemorrhages. Thus, the choice of appropriate drug depends on the right risk assessment of the development of these complications in individual patients. The aim of this article is to provide an update of antiplatelet therapy in emergency myocardial infarction treatment. Currently, the most important role in the process of platelet inhibition is played by ADP P2Y12 blockers: clopidogrel, prasugrel and ticagrelor. Clopidogrel and prasugrel belong to thienopyridines, and ticagrelor, a drug of irreversible action, is an analogue of adenosine triphosphate. By 2011 clopidogrel, alongside aspirin, had the highest recommendations of world cardiology associations for acute coronary syndrome treatment. The position on clopidogrel was changed following the publication of European Society of Cardiology guidelines for STEMI in 2012 which advocate the administration of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and ADP receptor blocker (in combination with ASA). It needs to be stressed that prasugrel and ticagrelor received class IB recommendation, while clopidogrel received only IC. However, the most recent studies aimed at introducing a new generation of antiplatelet drugs of high efficacy in prevention of ischemic incidents and of reversible action: cangrelor and elinogrel, which raise hopes for better prognosis for myocardial infarction patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/pwki.2014.41466DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4007296PMC
June 2014

Comparison of diffusion-weighted with T2-weighted imaging for detection of edema in acute myocardial infarction.

J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 2013 Oct 7;15:90. Epub 2013 Oct 7.

Magnetic Resonance Unit, I'st Department of Cardiology, University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.

Background: Recent studies, performed with the use of a commercially available diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) sequence, showed that they are sensitive to the increase of water content in the myocardium and may be used as an alternative to the standard T2-weighted sequences. The aim of this study was to compare two methods of myocardial edema imaging: DWI and T2-TIRM.

Methods: The study included 91 acute and post STEMI patients. We applied a qualitative and quantitative image analysis. The qualitative analysis consisted of evaluation of the quality of blood suppression, presence of artifacts and occurrence of high signal (edema) areas. On the basis of edema detection in AMI and control (post STEMI) group, the sensitivity and specificity of TIRM and DWI were determined. Two contrast to noise ratios (CNR) were calculated: CNR1--the contrast between edema and healthy myocardium and CNR2--the contrast between edema and intraventricular blood pool. The area of edema was measured for both TIRM and DWI sequences and compared with the infarct size in LGE images.

Results: Edema occurred more frequently in the DWI sequence. A major difference was observed in the inferior wall, where an edema-high signal was observed in 46% in T2-TIRM, whereas in the DWI sequence in 85%. An analysis of the image quality parameters showed that the use of DWI sequence allows complete blood signal suppression in the left ventricular cavity and reduces the occurrence of motion artifacts. However, it is connected with a higher incidence of magnetic susceptibility artifacts and image distortion. An analysis of the CNRs showed that CNR1 in T2-TIRM sequence depends on the infarct location and has the lowest value for the inferior wall. The area of edema measured on DWI images was significantly larger than in T2-TIRM.

Conclusions: DWI is a new technique for edema detection in patients with acute myocardial infarction which may be recommended for the diagnosis of acute injuries, especially in patients with slow-flow artifacts in TIRM images.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-15-90DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3852828PMC
October 2013

Magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnostics of myocardial infarction.

Pol J Radiol 2011 Jul;76(3):53-7

Magnetic Resonance Laboratory, 1 Cardiology Clinic of Karol Marcinkowski University of Medical Sciences in Poznań, Poznań, Poland.

Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) has a growing application in the diagnostics of myocardial infarction (MI). It is a non-invasive method that can be used regardless of the shape of patient's body. A single study allows assessment of the morphology and function of the cardiac muscle. It visualizes many pathophysiologic changes such as edema, microvascular obstruction (MVO) or necrosis, and complications of MI, like myocardial hemorrhage (MH) or thrombus, which are very difficult to diagnose using other methods. An obvious advantage of CMR is the possibility to differentiate an acute MI from the chronic one and to identify the etiology of fibrosis. All the aforementioned features of CMR have made it a useful tool in planning the treatment and assessing the prognosis of patients after MI.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3389928PMC
July 2011

Leptin and inflammation in patients with chronic heart failure.

Kardiol Pol 2010 Nov;68(11):1243-7

1st Department of Cardiology, Medical University, Poznań, Poland.

Background: There is an increasing interest in the role of leptin in cardiovascular pathophysiology, including proinflammatory effects. Many studies have reported elevated leptin levels in non-cachectic patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), however, the role of leptin in CHF remains unclear.

Aim: To assess the relationship between leptin levels in patients with CHF and left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction in relation to ventilatory response to exercise and hsCRP levels.

Methods: The study group consisted of 41 patients (mean age 50.2 ± 9.3 years) with stable CHF and LV ejection fraction < 45% and eight healthy controls (mean age 43.6 ± 14.7 years). Sixteen (39%) patients had coronary artery disease. All subjects underwent anthropometric measurements (weight, height, and waist circumference), standard echocardiography, and maximal cardiopulmonary exercise treadmill test. Biochemical analysis included the assessment of leptin and hsCRP levels as well as white blood count (WBC) and erythrocyte sedimention rate.

Results: Leptin levels, including body mass index (BMI)-adjusted leptin levels, were significantly higher in the CHF patients than in the controls (9.2 ± 7.5 vs 2.9 ± 1.25 ng/mL; p = 0.005). We found significantly higher WBC, neutrophil count, lymphocyte percentage and BNP levels in the CHF group vs controls. There were significant correlations in the CHF group between leptin levels and BMI (r = 0.55; p < 0.05), waist circumference (r = 0.49; p < 0.05), leukocyte count (r = 0.41; p < 0.05), hsCRP levels (r = 0.34; p < 0.05), and peak VO₂ (r = -0.34; p < 0.05). Multivariate step forward regression analysis showed that peak VO₂ was significantly related with leptin levels. After adding VE/VCO₂ slope to the multivariate regression analysis model, only VE/VCO₂ slope was independently associated with leptin levels.

Conclusions: There is a significant relationship between serum leptin levels and peak VO₂, VE/VCO₂ slope and levels of inflammatory markers in patients with CHF.
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November 2010

Oxygen uptake efficiency slope correlates with brain natriuretic peptide in patients with heart failure.

Cardiol J 2010 ;17(4):362-6

1st Department of Cardiology, University School of Medical Sciences, Długa 1/2, Poznań, Poland.

Background: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing is a well-established tool for clinical and prognostic assessment of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Recently, a new parameter of this examination--oxygen uptake efficiency slope (OUES)--has been described and proposed as a new prognostic factor in patients with CHF. Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is an established prognostic factor in CHF. The purpose of the study was to assess OUES in patients with CHF in relation to other cardiopulmonary parameters and BNP levels.

Methods: The study group consisted of 42 patients with CHF and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 45% (mean age 50.2 +/- 9.3 years, mean ejection fraction 26.1 +/- 8.1% and NYHA functional class - 2.5 +/- 0.8) and eight healthy controls (age 43.6 +/- 14.7 years). Coronary artery disease was diagnosed in 16 patients (38%). All underwent maximal cardiopulmonary exercise treadmill test. BNP level was measured using Abbott AxSYM Immunoassay system.

Results: There were significant (p < 0.001) differences between the patients and controls in BNP levels (350 +/- 520 vs 14 +/- 19 pg/mL), OUES (1.7 +/- 0.4 vs 2.7 +/- 0.5), peak VO(2) (17.1 +/- +/- 5.1 vs 36.9 +/- 4.9 mL/kg/min), O(2) pulse (10.9 +/- 3.3 vs 15.9 +/- 2.7) and VE/VCO(2) slope (35.7 +/- 7.8 vs 25.7 +/- 2.7). In patients, OUES was significantly (p < 0.001) correlated with LVEF (r = 0.54), BNP levels (r = -0.49), peak VO(2) (r = 0.80), VO(2) AT (r = 0.65) and VE/VCO(2) slope (r = -0.59). BNP was independently related to OUES in multivariate regression analysis.

Conclusions: Oxygen uptake efficiency slope is significantly reduced in patients with CHF and correlates with peak VO(2) and other parameters of cardiopulmonary exercise treadmill test. It is not related to age. BNP is an independent marker of OUES in patients with CHF.
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November 2010

[The risk of mitral pathology in marphanoid female basketball players].

Pol Merkur Lekarski 2006 Mar;20(117):299-301

Akademia Medyczna w Poznaniu, I Klinika Kardiologii i Katedra Kardiologii.

Unlabelled: Recently much research has been done focusing on the problem of athlete's heart as a physiological phenomenon as well as a cause of morbidity or even mortality. The question rises whether pathology discovered in some athletes was primary or developed after professional excessive training program.

The Aim: We studied a group of young female athletes (basketball players) to test the hypothesis that marfanoid habitus, favorable in this sport, could bear predisposition for pathology of the heart.

Material And Methods: We studied 38 young female athletes, mean age 15 (+/- 1.8) years, participants of special education program for talented sportsmen from all over Poland. Athletes were included on the basis of outstanding results and participating at least one year in professional basketball. Complete echocardiographic examination was performed according to protocol which included M-mode, 2D and color Doppler. Systolic and diastolic morphologic and functional parameters were assessed and compared to normal values related to the age.

Results: Stature of studied athletes exceeded the 95 percentile. There were no significant differences in morphological parameters of the heart. Mitral incompetence (at least II grade) was a common finding in this group (37%). In the group exhibiting marphanoid habitus, mitral incompetence was present in all except one case (89%).

Conclusions: Tall stature being favorable in basketball promotes athletes with marphanoid habitus which have higher risk of mitral incompetence.
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March 2006

Evaluation of exercise capacity with cardiopulmonary exercise testing and type B natriuretic peptide concentrations in adult patients with patent atrial septal defect.

Cardiology 2006 21;106(3):154-60. Epub 2006 Apr 21.

1st Department of Cardiology, University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.

Unlabelled: Adults with patent atrial septal defect (ASD) usually find their exercise capacity satisfactory, and therefore hesitate to accept proposed surgical treatment of the heart disease. The aim of our study was to evaluate both the exercise capacity, using the cardio-pulmonary stress test, and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels in asymptomatic adults with ASD. Thirty-six patients with patent secundum type ASD (aged mean 44.7 +/- 8.2 years) were studied. The control group consisted of 25 healthy subjects at the mean age of 45.6 +/- 6.1 years. Echocardiography and CPST were performed and BNP levels measured in all subjects. Oxygen uptake (VO2 max) was lower in ASD patients than in controls (22.1 +/- 5.6 vs. 30.0 +/- 6.8 ml/kg/min, p = 0.00001); the VE/VO2 slope was elevated in ASD patients compared with healthy subjects (31.3 +/- 6.6 vs. 26.9 +/- 3.3, p = 0.001), and exceeded 34 in 5 patients. VO2 max showed a negative correlation with the pulmonary to systemic flow ratio Qp:Qs (r = -0.46, p = 0.004), and a positive correlation was found between the VE/VO2 slope and Qp:Qs (r = 0.32, p = 0.05). BNP levels were higher in the ASD group than in the controls (60.6 +/- 49.9 vs. 32.6 +/- 24.5 pg/ml, p = 0.02). BNP correlated positively with RV diameter and Qp:Qs (r = 0.38 and 0.39 respectively, p = 0.03) and negatively with maximum VO2 (r = -0.5, p = 0.004) and VO2% (r = -0.32, p = 0.07).

Conclusions: Although most adult patients with ASD perceive their exercise capacity as satisfactory, objective assessment reveals that in fact it is significantly decreased. BNP levels are increased comparing to healthy individuals. Decreased exercise capacity and increased BNP levels seem to result from right ventricular volume overload.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000092770DOI Listing
December 2006

Adults with Ebstein's anomaly--Cardiopulmonary exercise testing and BNP levels exercise capacity and BNP in adults with Ebstein's anomaly.

Int J Cardiol 2006 Jul 19;111(1):92-7. Epub 2005 Oct 19.

1st Department of Cardiology, University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.

Introduction: Ebstein's anomaly is defined as the significant apical displacement of the part of the tricuspid valve causing significant tricuspid regurgitation and reduction of the functional right ventricle. The aim of the study was to evaluate exercise capacity with cardiopulmonary stress testing and to determine plasma BNP levels in adults with Ebstein's anomaly, and to establish their relation with echocardiogaphic grading of the lesion severity.

Materials And Methods: Study group consisted of 21 patients (16 males, aged 40.3+/-11.5 years). The control group: 19 healthy individuals (13 males, aged mean 39.9+/-9.3 years). On echocardiography the grade of the lesion severity was calculated (EGE) and used to define the following four groups: I < 0.5, II: 0.5-0.9, III: 1.0-1.49, IV > 1.5. The forced vital capacity (FVC), first second forced expiratory volume (FEV1), peak oxygen uptake (peak VO2), and VE/VCO2 slope were assessed with cardiopulmonary stress test and plasma BNP levels measured with radioimmunometric assay.

Results: In the studied group VO2 was lower than in control (21.9+/-5.4 vs. 33.6+/-8.3 mL/kg/min [p = 0.00001]), VE/VCO2 slope was higher in Ebstein's group (40.1+/-8.1, p = 0.00001). BNP levels were higher in the Ebstein group then in controls (35.9+/-25.0 vs. 17.2+/-9.9 pg/mL [p = 0.0002]) and did not differ significantly between EGE groups. PeakVO2 of 24.5+/-3.9 in patients from II EGE group were higher than in patients from EGE groups: III (17.2+/-5.2 p = 0.007) and IV (22.9+/-4.7 p = 0.05).

Conclusions: Exercise capacity of adults with Ebstein's anomaly is significantly reduced and plasma BNP levels are higher compared to healthy individuals. Exercise capacity in patients with Ebstein's anomaly becomes gradually lower alongside the EGE severity; however, BNP levels do not correlate significantly with this parameter.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2005.07.019DOI Listing
July 2006

The BNP concentrations and exercise capacity assessment with cardiopulmonary stress test in patients after surgical repair of Fallot's tetralogy.

Int J Cardiol 2006 Jun 19;110(1):86-92. Epub 2005 Oct 19.

Ist Department of Cardiology of University of Medical Sciences in Poznan, Poland.

Adult patients after surgical repair of Fallot's tetralogy usually present with satisfactory exercise capacity years after the original procedure, though they never tolerate as high levels of exercise as their healthy counterparts. The aim of the study was to assess exercise capacity with cardiopulmonary stress test and BNP levels in adult survivors of surgical repair of Fallot's tetralogy. We studied 60 patients with no or only mild symptoms (including 29 males), at the mean age of 27.6+/-8.2 years at the time of follow-up screening, operated on at the age of 7.5+/-5.3 years. In 34 patients moderate to severe pulmonary regurgitation (PR+) was observed. Control group consisted of 28 healthy volunteers (13 males), aged 28.7+/-5.1 years. Peak oxygen uptake (VO2) in studied group was found to be significantly lower than in control group (24.7+/-5.5 vs. 36.6+/-7.6 ml/kg/min, p=0.00001), VE/VCO2 slope, the marker of respiratory effort, was higher in surgical treatment group as compared to the control group (36.5+/-6.3 vs. 29.7+/-4.7, p=0.004). In patients with PR+, peak VO2% was higher than in PR- individuals (69.6+/-11.8% vs. 58.5+/-12.1%, p=0.0005). The BNP concentration in the studied group (34.8+/-27.1 pg/ml) was higher than in healthy subjects (11.5+/-6.5 pg/ml, p=0.00001). Levels of BNP correlated inversely with peak VO2 (r=-0.286, p=0.03), FVC (r=-0.265 p=0.04) and positively with VE/VCO2 (r=0.361, p=0.005). Additionally the levels of BNP correlated positively with the age of patients at the time of surgical repair (r=0.250, p=0.04). We concluded that exercise capacity in adults after repair of Fallot's tetralogy, especially those PR+, was lower than in healthy volunteers. Concentrations of BNP in surgical treatment survivors were higher and correlated well with cardiopulmonary stress study parameters.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2005.07.025DOI Listing
June 2006

[Ventricular tachycardia resistant to pharmacological and ablation therapy--a case report].

Kardiol Pol 2004 Dec;61(12):619-23

I Klinika Kardiologii, Akademia Medyczna im. K. Marcinkowskiego, Poznań.

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December 2004