Publications by authors named "Andrew Wenhua Ju"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Pineal Region Glioblastoma, a Case Report and Literature Review.

Front Oncol 2017 12;7:123. Epub 2017 Jun 12.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Brody School of Medicine, Greenville, NC, United States.

Introduction: Pineal region glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a rare disease entity with a generally poor prognosis. We present a case of a patient with an unresectable pineal region GBM treated with chemoradiation with favorable outcome.

Case Background: A 65-year-old patient who was presented with visual symptoms was found to have a pineal region tumor on imaging. A stereotactic biopsy showed a World Health Organization Grade IV GBM, -6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter methylated, isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 and 2 wild type. The patient was treated with radiotherapy with concurrent temozolomide, followed by adjuvant temozolomide. Disease progression occurred at 58 weeks post-biopsy, which prompted the initiation of bevacizumab. The patient was alive and functioning well as of his last follow up, 166 weeks from the initial biopsy.

Discussion: On our review of the literature, 24 cases of pineal region GBM have been reported. The median reported survival for these previously reported cases was 6 months (range, 2-24 months). This patient has the longest overall survival reported to date for a patient with this diagnosis. This is the first patient in the literature with pineal region GBM who has been reported to have MGMT promoter methylation.

Concluding Remarks: Although pineal region GBM is a rare disease entity with a generally poor prognosis, long-term survival is achievable for select patients. MGMT promoter methylation may potentially have prognostic value. Favorable control of recurrent disease with the use of bevacizumab is possible.
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June 2017

Yttrium-90 Radioembolization in Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma Who have Previously Received Sorafenib.

Front Oncol 2013 30;3:323. Epub 2013 Dec 30.

Department of Interventional Radiology at Georgetown University Hospital , Washington, DC , USA.

Purpose: Yttrium-90 radioembolization (RE) is a locoregional therapy option for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Sorafenib is a multikinase inhibitor used in HCC that can potentially affect the efficacy of RE by altering tumor vascularity or suppressing post-irradiation angiogenesis. The safety and efficacy of sorafenib followed by RE has not been previously reported.

Materials And Methods: Patients with HCC who received RE after sorafenib were included in this retrospective review. Overall survival, toxicity, and maximal radiographic response and necrosis criteria were examined.

Results: Ten patients (15 RE administrations) fit the inclusion criteria. All were Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage C. Median follow-up was 16.5 weeks. Median overall survival and radiographic progression-free survival were 30 and 28 weeks, respectively. Significant differences in overall survival were seen based on Child-Pugh class (p = 0.002) and radiographic response (p = 0.009). Three patients had partial response, six had stable disease, and one had progressive disease. Grade 1 or 2 acute fatigue, anorexia, and abdominal pain were common. Three patients had Grade 3 ascites in the setting of disease progression. Two patients had Grade 3 biochemical toxicity. One patient was sufficiently downstaged following RE and sorafenib to receive a partial hepatectomy.

Conclusion: Yttrium-90 RE in patients with HCC who have received sorafenib demonstrate acceptable toxicity and rates of radiographic response. However, the overall survival is lower than that reported in the literature on RE alone or sorafenib alone. This may be due in part to more patients in this study having advanced disease compared to these other study populations. Larger prospective studies are needed to determine whether the combination of RE and sorafenib is superior to either therapy alone.
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January 2014