Publications by authors named "Andrew Lotfallah"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Seronegative granulomatosis with polyangiitis presenting as an acute skull base osteomyelitis with multiple cranial neuropathies.

J Surg Case Rep 2021 Oct 20;2021(10):rjab476. Epub 2021 Oct 20.

Otolaryngology, New Cross Hospital, Wolverhampton, UK.

Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA, formerly Wegener's) is a rare form of vasculitis, commonly affecting the upper and lower respiratory tract with simultaneous glomerulonephritis. Ear, nose and throat (ENT) manifestations account for the majority of presentations. The presence of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody is a recognized hallmark of GPA, but clinicians should remain cautious of false negative results. We describe a rare case of GPA presenting with concurrent middle ear disease and multiple lower cranial nerve palsies. Clinical judgment was affected by repeated negative autoimmune screens, and a definitive diagnosis was only achieved following renal biopsy. Reported cases of GPA presenting with mastoiditis or cranial nerve involvement are typically seropositive, with seronegative GPA following a less aggressive process. This case highlights the importance of clinical suspicion in the face of treatment resistant ENT pathology, and the need for early histopathological analysis. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial in limiting disease progression.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
October 2021

Surgical Versus Conservative Management of Acute Appendicitis During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Single-Centre Retrospective Study.

Cureus 2021 Mar 24;13(3):e14095. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

General Surgery, New Cross Hospital, Wolverhampton, GBR.

Introduction The COVID-19 pandemic provoked a change to normal surgical practice in the United Kingdom and led to an increase in acute appendicitis (AA) patients being treated conservatively with antibiotics. We aim to analyse the management of patients presenting with AA to our institution during the first wave of the pandemic, comparing surgically and conservatively managed patients. Method All patients presenting to our centre with AA between March and July 2020 were included. Six-month follow-up data were collected retrospectively using electronic records. Patients were categorised into surgically and conservatively managed groups. The primary outcome was the complication rate (post-operative complications vs failure of antibiotic treatment) and the secondary outcomes were length of hospital stay and Alvarado score. ResultsĀ  Fifty-seven patients (n=57) were admitted with AA, 45.6% (n=26) managed conservatively compared to 54.4% (n=31) treated surgically. Higher complication rates were observed amongst the conservatively managed group, although not found to be statistically significant (16% vs 35%; p=0.131). There was no significant difference in length of hospital stay observed between the two groups (surgical: median, 2; interquartile range, 2-3 vs conservative: median, 3; interquartile range, 2-4). White cell count (WCC) and Alvarado score were higher on admission in the surgical group with statistical significance (p=0.012 and p=0.028, respectively). Conclusions COVID-19 has led to a significant cohort of conservatively managed AA patients in the United Kingdom. We propose a stratification pathway based on clinical severity, Alvarado score and imaging to facilitate safe selection for conservative management of AA, in order to reduce failure of treatment rates in this patient group. Further UK-based studies will add to the evidence-based surrounding safe management of AA with conservative treatment.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
March 2021