Publications by authors named "Andrew J Langdown"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Effect of low intensity pulsed ultrasound on healing of an ulna defect filled with a bone graft substitute.

J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 2008 Jul;86(1):74-81

Surgical and Orthopaedic Research Laboratories, University of New South Wales, Division of Surgery, Prince of Wales Hospital, Randwick, New South Wales, Australia.

A 1.5 cm unilateral rabbit ulna defect model was performed in 18 adult NZ white rabbits. The defects were filled with a beta-tricalcium phosphate bone graft substitute (JAX TCP). The surgical site in half the animals was treated daily with 20 min of low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS). Animals were sacrificed at 4 weeks (n = 3 per group) or 12 weeks (n = 6 per group) following surgery for radiographic and histologic endpoints. Radiography revealed some resorption of the JAX TCP by 12 weeks in the control and LIPUS treated groups. LIPUS treatment did not accelerate this resorption. Some new bone formation was noted in the control groups at the defect margins while little bone formed in the center of the defect at 4 and 12 weeks. In contrast, radiographs revealed more new bone at 4 and 12 weeks in the LIPUS treated animals throughout the section. Bone mineral density (DEXA) revealed a statistically significant difference at 4 weeks with LIPUS while no differences were found at 12 weeks. Histology of the LIPUS treated sections demonstrated new woven bone formation on and between the JAX TCP bone graft substitute particles across the defect. VEGF expression was increased with LIPUS treatment at 4 weeks and remained elevated at 12 weeks compared with controls. CBFA-1 expression levels were elevated with LIPUS treatment at both time points. LIPUS treatment increased bone formation in ulna defect healing with a beta-tricalcium phosphate bone graft substitute.
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July 2008

The influence of ambient theater temperature on cement setting time.

J Arthroplasty 2006 Apr;21(3):381-4

Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Portsmouth Hospitals NHS Trust, Cosham, Postmouth, UK.

We have prospectively recorded ambient operating theater temperature from 186 total knee arthroplasties and the time taken for the cement to set at implantation. The majority of cases used Antibiotic Simplex cement (n = 131), and the rest, Simplex with tobramycin (n = 55). Set time was defined as when a no. 15 scalpel could not indent the cement surface at either the femoral or tibial interface. There was a reasonable negative correlation between temperature and setting time (Antibiotic Simplex: Pearson correlation coefficient, R = -0.674; Simplex with tobramycin: R = -0.655). There was also a considerable variation of setting time at any given theater temperature. There is an inverse relationship between ambient theater temperature and the setting time for Simplex cement, and surgeons should be aware that the setting time can vary considerably. Their operative protocol should take this into account.
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April 2006

Oxford medial unicompartmental arthroplasty for focal spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee.

Acta Orthop 2005 Oct;76(5):688-92

The Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Windmill Road, Headington, Oxford, OX3 7LD, UK.

Background: Spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee (SONK) is a distinct clinical condition occurring in patients without any associated risk factors. There is controversy as to the best method of treatment, and the available literature would suggest that patients with SONK have a worse outcome than those with primary osteoarthrosis when arthroplasty is performed. We assessed the outcome of medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) using the Oxford prosthesis for end-stage focal spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee (SONK; Ahlbäck grades III and IV).

Patients And Methods: We assessed 29 knees (27 patients) with spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee using the Oxford Knee Score. 26 knees had osteonecrosis of the medial femoral condyle and 3 had osteonecrosis of the medial tibial plateau. All had been operated on using the Oxford Medial Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty (UKA). This group was compared to a similar group (28 knees, 26 patients) who had undergone the same arthroplasty, but because of primary osteoarthrosis. Patients were matched for age, sex and time since operation. The mean length of follow-up was 5 (1-13) years.

Results: There were no implant failures in either group, but there was 1 death (from unrelated causes) 9 months after arthroplasty in the group with osteonecrosis. The mean Oxford Knee Score in the group with osteonecrosis was 38, and it was 40 in the group with osteoarthrosis.

Interpretation: Use of the Oxford Medial UKA for spontaneous focal osteonecrosis of the knee is reliable in the short to medium term, and gives results similar to those obtained when it is used for patients with primary osteoarthrosis.
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October 2005