Publications by authors named "Andrea Kormann-Klement"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Pharyngeal carriage rates of Neisseria meningitidis in health care professionals at a tertiary university pediatric hospital.

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2020 Sep 24;39(9):1703-1709. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Division of Neonatology, Pediatric Intensive Care Medicine and Neuropediatrics, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Pharyngeal carriage is the reservoir for Neisseria meningitidis in the population and the first step in disease transmission. Especially in young infants and adolescents, N. meningitidis can cause serious invasive infection with high fatality rates and high rates of long-term sequelae among survivors. The aim of this study was to determine N. meningitidis colonization rates in asymptomatic health care professionals at a tertiary university pediatric hospital and to identify risk factors for carriage. This cross-sectional meningococcal carriage survey was conducted between April and October 2018 at the Medical University of Vienna. Individuals working as nurses, pediatricians, or medical students were enrolled. Oropharyngeal swabs were directly plated onto selective agar plates and conventional culture was used for bacterial identification. Meningococcal isolates were further characterized using whole-genome sequencing. A total of 437 oropharyngeal specimens were collected. Overall, meningococcal carriage prevalence was 1.14% (5/437), with 0.7% (3/437) for capsular genotype B, and 0.5% (2/437) for capsular genotype W. Mean age of carriers was significantly lower than of non-carriers (24.2 vs. 35.8; pā€‰=ā€‰0.004). The highest carriage rate of 4.4% (4/91) was found in the age group 18-25. Carriage was negatively associated with age and timespan working in pediatrics. This is the first study evaluating the prevalence of Neisseria meningitidis carriage in health care professionals working in Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. Carriage was in general lower than expected for all age groups, implicating a low risk of meningococcal transmission via this population.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10096-020-03894-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7427699PMC
September 2020

Epidemiology of invasive meningococcal disease in Austria 2010.

Wien Klin Wochenschr 2011 Oct 26;123 Suppl 1:10-4. Epub 2011 Sep 26.

Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety, National Reference Centre for Meningococci, Graz, Austria.

Introduction: Neisseria meningitidis is a leading cause of meningitis and sepsis worldwide. Thus, monitoring the epidemiology of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) is an important public health measure. The National Reference Centre for Meningococci at the Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety is operating the laboratory-based surveillance database.

Methods: IMD isolates from all over Austria are collected at the National Reference Centre for Meningococci, where the microorganism is characterised by serological and molecular methods, as well as by antimicrobial susceptibility testing. These laboratory-based surveillance data from 1995 to 2010 were analysed by time, place and person. Long-term and seasonal trends were analysed by log-linear regression, yielding an annual average percentage change (AAPC), and by cyclic regression models, applying either a simple linear or a negative binomial regression, including one sine and one cosine term.

Results: Over the past 16 years, IMD incidence ranged between 0.73 and 1.41/100,000 persons, with a decreasing trend in Serogroup B IMD incidence (AAPC: -2.1%; p = 0.0396) and an increasing trend in Serogroup C IMD incidence (AAPC: +4.3%; p = 0.043). In 2010, 80 cases of IMD were recorded, corresponding to an incidence of 0.95/100,000 population. Ten deaths were registered, which results in a case-fatality of 12.5% and a mortality incidence of 0.12/100,000 population. The predominant serogroup in Austria was serogroup B, followed by serogroups C, Y and W-135.

Discussion: Although the incidence of IMD in 2010 is below the average incidence rate over the last 15 years, serogroup C IMD in Austria is increasing. Within the previous 10 years two provinces initiated vaccination campaigns for a monovalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine, following the increasing trend of Sg C IMD incidence. An ongoing study on the impact of these vaccination campaigns on the IMD burden will yield further scientific evidence for supporting the introduction of this vaccine into the publicly funded childhood immunisation program.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00508-011-0058-0DOI Listing
October 2011

Evaluation of an automated sample preparation protocol for quantitative detection of hepatitis C virus RNA.

J Clin Microbiol 2002 Apr;40(4):1447-50

Molecular Diagnostics Laboratory, Institute of Hygiene, Karl-Franzens-University Graz, A-8010 Graz.

The COBAS AMPLIPREP instrument for automated sample preparation has recently been introduced. In this study, the COBAS AMPLIPREP/COBAS AMPLICOR HCV MONITOR test, which includes this new molecular device, was evaluated and compared to the COBAS AMPLICOR HCV MONITOR test, which includes a manual extraction protocol. Interassay and intra-assay variation, precision, and linearity were determined, and a total of 130 clinical specimens were investigated. For determination of interassay variation, coefficients of variation were found to be between 9 and 59% for the COBAS AMPLIPREP/COBAS AMPLICOR HCV MONITOR test and between 13 and 69% for the COBAS AMPLICOR HCV MONITOR test. For determination of intra-assay variation, coefficients of variation were found to be between 7 and 13% for the COBAS AMPLIPREP/COBAS AMPLICOR HCV MONITOR test and between 8 and 16% for the COBAS AMPLICOR HCV MONITOR test. When precision of the COBAS AMPLIPREP/COBAS AMPLICOR HCV MONITOR test was tested, all results were found to be within +/-0.5 log of the expected results. Determination of linearity resulted in a quasilinear curve over 3 logs. When clinical samples were tested with the COBAS AMPLIPREP/COBAS AMPLICOR HCV MONITOR test and compared with the COBAS AMPLICOR HCV MONITOR test, all results were found within +/-0.5 log. In conclusion, the assay, which included the new molecular device, proved to be suitable for the routine molecular laboratory. It was found to be laborsaving and easy to handle.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC140388PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JCM.40.4.1447-1450.2002DOI Listing
April 2002
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