Publications by authors named "Andrea Finn"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Genotyping Informatics and Quality Control for 100,000 Subjects in the Genetic Epidemiology Research on Adult Health and Aging (GERA) Cohort.

Genetics 2015 Aug 19;200(4):1051-60. Epub 2015 Jun 19.

Kaiser Permanente Northern California Division of Research, Oakland, California 94612.

The Kaiser Permanente (KP) Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (RPGEH), in collaboration with the University of California-San Francisco, undertook genome-wide genotyping of >100,000 subjects that constitute the Genetic Epidemiology Research on Adult Health and Aging (GERA) cohort. The project, which generated >70 billion genotypes, represents the first large-scale use of the Affymetrix Axiom Genotyping Solution. Because genotyping took place over a short 14-month period, creating a near-real-time analysis pipeline for experimental assay quality control and final optimized analyses was critical. Because of the multi-ethnic nature of the cohort, four different ethnic-specific arrays were employed to enhance genome-wide coverage. All assays were performed on DNA extracted from saliva samples. To improve sample call rates and significantly increase genotype concordance, we partitioned the cohort into disjoint packages of plates with similar assay contexts. Using strict QC criteria, the overall genotyping success rate was 103,067 of 109,837 samples assayed (93.8%), with a range of 92.1-95.4% for the four different arrays. Similarly, the SNP genotyping success rate ranged from 98.1 to 99.4% across the four arrays, the variation depending mostly on how many SNPs were included as single copy vs. double copy on a particular array. The high quality and large scale of genotype data created on this cohort, in conjunction with comprehensive longitudinal data from the KP electronic health records of participants, will enable a broad range of highly powered genome-wide association studies on a diversity of traits and conditions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1534/genetics.115.178905DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4574249PMC
August 2015

MicroRNA polymorphisms and risk of colorectal cancer.

Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2015 Jan 23;24(1):65-72. Epub 2014 Oct 23.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California. USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California.

Background: miRNAs act as post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression. Genetic variation in miRNA-encoding sequences or their corresponding binding sites may affect the fidelity of the miRNA-mRNA interaction and subsequently alter the risk of cancer development.

Methods: This study expanded the search for miRNA-related polymorphisms contributing to the etiology of colorectal cancer across the genome using a novel platform, the Axiom miRNA Target Site Genotyping Array (237,858 markers). After quality control, the study included 596 cases and 429 controls from the Molecular Epidemiology of Colorectal Cancer study, a population-based case-control study of colorectal cancer in northern Israel. The association between each marker and colorectal cancer status was examined assuming a log-additive genetic model using logistic regression adjusted for sex, age, and two principal components.

Results: Twenty-three markers had P values less than 5.0E-04, and the most statistically significant association involved rs2985 (chr6:34845648; intronic of UHRF1BP1; OR = 0.66; P = 3.7E-05). Furthermore, this study replicated a previously published risk locus, rs1051690, in the 3'-untranslated region of the insulin receptor gene INSR (OR = 1.38; P = 0.03), with strong evidence of differences in INSR gene expression by genotype.

Conclusions: This study is the first to examine associations between genetic variation in miRNA target sites and colorectal cancer using a genome-wide approach. Functional studies to identify allele-specific effects on miRNA binding are needed to confirm the regulatory capacity of genetic variation to influence risk of colorectal cancer.

Impact: This study demonstrates the potential for an miRNA-targeted genome-wide association study to identify candidate susceptibility loci and prioritize them for functional characterization.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-14-0219DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4867219PMC
January 2015

Design and coverage of high throughput genotyping arrays optimized for individuals of East Asian, African American, and Latino race/ethnicity using imputation and a novel hybrid SNP selection algorithm.

Genomics 2011 Dec 28;98(6):422-30. Epub 2011 Aug 28.

Institute for Human Genetics, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143-0794, USA.

Four custom Axiom genotyping arrays were designed for a genome-wide association (GWA) study of 100,000 participants from the Kaiser Permanente Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health. The array optimized for individuals of European race/ethnicity was previously described. Here we detail the development of three additional microarrays optimized for individuals of East Asian, African American, and Latino race/ethnicity. For these arrays, we decreased redundancy of high-performing SNPs to increase SNP capacity. The East Asian array was designed using greedy pairwise SNP selection. However, removing SNPs from the target set based on imputation coverage is more efficient than pairwise tagging. Therefore, we developed a novel hybrid SNP selection method for the African American and Latino arrays utilizing rounds of greedy pairwise SNP selection, followed by removal from the target set of SNPs covered by imputation. The arrays provide excellent genome-wide coverage and are valuable additions for large-scale GWA studies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ygeno.2011.08.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3502750PMC
December 2011

Next generation genome-wide association tool: design and coverage of a high-throughput European-optimized SNP array.

Genomics 2011 Aug 30;98(2):79-89. Epub 2011 Apr 30.

Institute for Human Genetics, University of California, San Francisco 94143-0794, CA, USA.

The success of genome-wide association studies has paralleled the development of efficient genotyping technologies. We describe the development of a next-generation microarray based on the new highly-efficient Affymetrix Axiom genotyping technology that we are using to genotype individuals of European ancestry from the Kaiser Permanente Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (RPGEH). The array contains 674,517 SNPs, and provides excellent genome-wide as well as gene-based and candidate-SNP coverage. Coverage was calculated using an approach based on imputation and cross validation. Preliminary results for the first 80,301 saliva-derived DNA samples from the RPGEH demonstrate very high quality genotypes, with sample success rates above 94% and over 98% of successful samples having SNP call rates exceeding 98%. At steady state, we have produced 462 million genotypes per week for each Axiom system. The new array provides a valuable addition to the repertoire of tools for large scale genome-wide association studies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ygeno.2011.04.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3146553PMC
August 2011
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