Publications by authors named "André Britto"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Born to move: a review on the impact of physical exercise on brain health and the evidence from human controlled trials.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2021 06;79(6):536-550

Universidade Tiradentes, Departamento de Medicina, Laboratório de Biociências da Cinética Humana, Aracaju SE, Brazil.

Background: Physical exercise has been found to impact neurophysiological and structural aspects of the human brain. However, most research has used animal models, which yields much confusion regarding the real effects of exercise on the human brain, as well as the underlying mechanisms.

Objective: To present an update on the impact of physical exercise on brain health; and to review and analyze the evidence exclusively from human randomized controlled studies from the last six years.

Methods: A search of the literature search was conducted using the MEDLINE (via PubMed), EMBASE, Web of Science and PsycINFO databases for all randomized controlled trials published between January 2014 and January 2020.

Results: Twenty-four human controlled trials that observed the relationship between exercise and structural or neurochemical changes were reviewed.

Conclusions: Even though this review found that physical exercise improves brain plasticity in humans, particularly through changes in brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), functional connectivity, basal ganglia and the hippocampus, many unanswered questions remain. Given the recent advances on this subject and its therapeutic potential for the general population, it is hoped that this review and future research correlating molecular, psychological and image data may help elucidate the mechanisms through which physical exercise improves brain health.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0004-282X-ANP-2020-0166DOI Listing
June 2021

Malathion insecticide resistance in Aedes aegypti: laboratory conditions and in situ experimental approach through adult entomological surveillance.

Trop Med Int Health 2020 10 6;25(10):1271-1282. Epub 2020 Sep 6.

Latin-American Institute of Life Sciences and Nature, Federal University of Latin American Integration, Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil.

Objective: In Brazil, the most common method of controlling outbreaks of arbovirus is by the use of chemical sprays, which kill the insect vector, Aedes aegypti. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the resistance of Ae. aegypti to the insecticide, malathion, in situ. The location of this study was the municipality of Foz do Iguaçu, in the state of Paraná, Brazil.

Methods: Ultra-low-volume (ULV) fogging equipment was used, by vehicle, to apply the insecticide in situ, and mosquito populations after treatment were compared with those of control areas. The resistance of strains collected from the municipality was compared to the Rockefeller strain under laboratory conditions.

Results: We found 220 adult female specimens and 7423 eggs of Ae. aegypti in the areas subjected to UBV treatment, whereas 245 adult females and 10 557 eggs were found in the control areas. The UBV treatment area showed no significant difference compared to the control area, for all the indices. Mortality of the Rockefeller colony varied more quickly when there were slight variations in malathion concentration than the Foz do Iguaçu population.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tmi.13474DOI Listing
October 2020

Effects of water- and land-based exercises on quality of life and physical aspects in women with fibromyalgia: A randomized clinical trial.

Musculoskeletal Care 2020 12 23;18(4):459-466. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Health Science Graduate Program, Federal University of Maranhão, São Luís, Brazil.

Introduction: Fibromyalgia (FM) is consistently associated with fatigue, sleep disturbances, morning stiffness, and anxiety and depression, affecting physical capacities and skills and thereby reducing quality of life. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of water-based and land-based therapies as an adjuvant treatment for women with FM in relation to quality of life and physical aspects.

Methods: FM women were randomized into a water-based exercise group (WG) and land-based exercise group (LG). The interventions were conducted for 8 weeks, three times a week, and each therapy session had a 60-min duration. Evaluations were performed before and after intervention using the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire, the Visual Analogue Scale, the number of tender points (TPs), and the Wells bench sit and reach test score.

Results: Both interventions produced significantly positive clinical effects in most aspects evaluated. However, only WG obtained significant improvements for the variables functional capacity, number of TPs, and flexibility.

Conclusions: The findings suggest that water-based exercise is effective as an adjuvant FM treatment, including FM-related physical and psychological health aspects.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/msc.1481DOI Listing
December 2020

Molecular Detection of Dengue Virus in Mosquitoes as an Early Indicator to Aid in the Prevention of Human Infection in Endemic Areas.

Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 2020 01 7;20(1):54-59. Epub 2019 Nov 7.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, Federal University of Paraná, Paraná, Brazil.

Human cases of dengue virus based on the National Dengue Control Plan were compared with the molecular detection of the dengue virus in trapped mosquitoes, verifying the prediction and efficacy potentials of vector control between the two methodologies in a city with three endemic frontiers. Molecular detection of dengue virus in trapped mosquitoes was significantly higher than in human cases ( = 0.0435). Thus, molecular detection could be used as an early indicator to help prevent more human cases of dengue.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/vbz.2018.2411DOI Listing
January 2020

Tick-borne pathogens in carthorses from Foz do Iguaçu City, Paraná State, southern Brazil: A tri-border area of Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina.

Vet Parasitol 2019 Sep 18;273:71-79. Epub 2019 Aug 18.

Departamento de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Federal do Paraná - UFPR, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil; Global One Health initiative (GOHi), The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA. Electronic address:

Tick-borne diseases (TBD) constitute an important group of illness affecting animals and humans worldwide. In Brazil, carthorses are frequently exposed to ticks and tick-borne pathogens, leading to impairment of horse performance and imposing restrictions by the international veterinary authorities for the importation of horses. Accordingly, this study has aimed to i) determine the prevalence of the TBD agents Theileria equi, Babesia caballi, Ehrlichia spp., and hemotropic mycoplasmas in carthorses, ii) identify the tick species parasitizing the animals, and iii) determine factors associated with exposure/infection in Foz do Iguaçu City, Parana state, southern Brazil. A total of 103 carthorses were screened for anti-T. equi and anti-Ehrlichia spp. antibodies by indirect fluorescent antibody assays (IFA). Samples were also tested by PCR assays targeting the 18S rRNA gene of T. equi and B. caballi, and 16S rRNA gene of hemoplasmas. Additionally, PCR assays targeting the 16S rRNA, disulfide bond formation protein (dsb) and tandem repeat proteins 36 (trp36) genes of Ehrlichia spp. were also performed. Antibodies to T. equi and Ehrlichia spp. were detected in 43/103 (41.75%; 95% CI: 32.10-51.88%) and 5/103 (4.85%; 95% CI: 1.59-10.97%) horses by IFA, respectively. DNA of T. equi and B. caballi were found in 25/103 (24.27%; 95% CI: 16.36-33.71%) and 10/103 (9.71%; 95% CI: 4.75-17.13%) carthorses, respectively, and all tested negative for Ehrlichia spp. and hemoplasmas. All sequences showed ≥99% identity with multiple T. equi and B. caballi 18S rRNA gene sequences deposited in GenBank. Overall, 191 Dermacentor nitens ticks were collected from 25/103 (24.27%) animals. Carthorses older than 5 years were more likely to be positive for T. equi (p < 0.05). In conclusion, equine piroplasmosis agents are highly prevalent in carthorses from Foz do Iguaçu City. The low prevalence of Ehrlichia spp. found may be due to the absence of Amblyomma ticks infesting animals, which should be further investigated.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2019.08.008DOI Listing
September 2019

Building Infestation Index for Aedes aegypti and occurrence of dengue fever in the municipality of Foz do Iguaçu, Paraná, Brazil, from 2001 to 2016.

Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2018 Jan-Feb;51(1):71-76

Programa de Doutorado em Ciências Animais com ênfase em produtos Bioativos da Universidade Paranaense, Umuarama, PR, Brasil.

Introduction: the Building Infestation Index (BII) uses the Rapid Assay of the Larval Index for Aedes aegypti (LIRAa) to express the relationship between positive and surveyed properties. We evaluated LIRAa and the relationship between the BII and climate variables for dengue cases in Foz do Iguaçu municipality, Paraná.

Methods: Spearman's correlations for mean precipitation, mean temperature, BII, and dengue cases (time lag).

Results: positive correlations between BII and cases, and mean temperature and cases at two months. Weak correlation between precipitation and cases at three months.

Conclusions: LIRAa and climate variables correlate with dengue cases.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0228-2017DOI Listing
April 2018
-->