Publications by authors named "Anastassia Rudneva"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Rituximab and reduced-intensity chemotherapy in children and adolescents with mature B-cell lymphoma: interim results for 231 patients enrolled in the second Russian-Belorussian multicentre study B-NHL-2010M.

Br J Haematol 2019 08 9;186(3):477-483. Epub 2019 May 9.

Dmitri Rogachev National Research Centre for Paediatric Haematology, Oncology and Immunology, Moscow, Russian Federation.

The value of adding rituximab to chemotherapy in children with aggressive B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL) is still insufficiently studied. We enrolled 231 patients [mean age 9 years old (range 2-17); male:female ratio 3·4:1] with Burkitt (BL, 179 patients, 76·7%), diffuse large B-cell (32 patients, 14%), primary mediastinal B-cell (14 patients, 6%), and other (6 patients, 2·6%) B-cell lymphomas in a prospective study of immuno-chemotherapy. Stages were I-II in 32% and III-IV in 68% of the patients. Four doses of 375 mg/m rituximab were added to the Berlin-Frankfurt-Munster-NHL-90-like chemotherapy, with methotrexate being reduced or omitted in the first 2 induction blocks. The complete remission rate was 100% in limited-stage and 91·4% in advanced-stage patients. Five advanced-stage patients (2·2%) died in induction and 1 patient with stage 2 B-NHL died in remission; 11 patients in the high-risk group progressed on therapy (3 non-BL are alive after salvage) and 5 relapsed. Sixteen patients (9·7%) with advanced stage disease proceeded to transplant. With a median follow-up of 46 months, 98·5 ± 1% of patients with limited disease and 88·1 ± 2% (88·1% in Risk Group 3; 82·6% in Risk Group 4) in advanced stages are alive. This study confirmed that combined immunochemotherapy for B-lymphomas is highly effective in children, despite reducing the intensity of the induction blocks.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
August 2019

TPMT genetic variations in populations of the Russian Federation.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2009 Feb;52(2):203-8

Federal Research Center for Pediatric Hematology, Oncology, and Immunology, Moscow, Russia.

Background: Polymorphisms that reduce the activity of thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) cause adverse reactions to conventional doses of thiopurines, routinely used for antileukemic and immunosuppressive treatment. There are more than 20 variant alleles of TPMT that cause decreased enzymatic activity. We studied the most common variant alleles of TPMT and their frequency distribution in a large cohort of multiracial residents in the Russian Federation and compared their frequencies in children with and without malignancy to determine whether TPMT gene abnormality is associated with hematologic malignancy.

Procedure: The TPMT biochip was used to detect 6 TPMT single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) corresponding to 7 TPMT-deficiency alleles (TPMT*2, TPMT*3A, TPMT*3B, TPMT*3C, TPMT*3D, TPMT*7, and TPMT*8). We analyzed allele frequencies in the whole cohort, the childhood cancer group, and the non-cancer group. We also characterized disease features and outcome according to the presence of TPMT SNPs in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).

Results: Fifty-five (5.5%) study participants overall had heterozygous TPMT genotypes (1 variant and 1 wild-type allele): TPMT*1/*3A (n = 45; 4.5%), TPMT*1/*3C (n = 8; 0.8%), and TPMT*1/*2 (n = 2; 0.2%). TPMT SNPs were more frequent in children with hematologic malignancy than in other participants (7.5% vs. 4.0%, P = 0.02). We found no significant association between TPMT SNPs and ALL treatment outcome (median follow-up, 31.3 months).

Conclusions: TPMT*3A is the most prevalent variant allele in the Russian Federation. The estimated frequency of variant alleles in the study cohort (5.5%) was similar to that observed in the White populations in the U.S. and Eastern Europe.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
February 2009