Dr. Anant Kumar, MPhil, PhD - Xavier Institute of Social Service - Associate Professor

Dr. Anant Kumar

MPhil, PhD

Xavier Institute of Social Service

Associate Professor

Ranchi, Jharkhand | India

Main Specialties: Epidemiology, Public Health

ORCID logohttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6875-0225


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Dr. Anant Kumar, MPhil, PhD - Xavier Institute of Social Service - Associate Professor

Dr. Anant Kumar

MPhil, PhD

Introduction

Dr. Anant Kumar is a Fulbright Scholar and an Associate Professor at Xavier Institute of Social Service (XISS), Ranchi, Jharkhand, India. He is also an Adjunct Associate Professor in the Public Health Leadership Programme at the Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. Dr. Kumar obtained his doctoral degree in Social Medicine and Community Health from Centre of Social Medicine and Community Heath at Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi and his Bachelor and Master degree in Psychology from the University of Allahabad.

He is associated with various organizations and professional groups and has been published in several national and international journals. He is also on the panel of reviewers for various national and international Journals. Dr Kumar is a Member of the Board of Directors of the Canadian Coalition for Global Health Research. He has been the recipient of Fulbright-Nehru Academic and Professional Excellence fellowship. He was also awarded a Guest Fellow position at Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla.

Specialties: Public health, women’s health, mental health, population and reproductive health, HIV/AIDS, international health, public health policy and leadership.

Primary Affiliation: Xavier Institute of Social Service - Ranchi, Jharkhand , India

Specialties:


View Dr. Anant Kumar’s Resume / CV

Education

Mar 2007
Jawaharlal Nehru University
PhD
Social Medicine and Community Health
Jan 1999 - Nov 2001
Jawaharlal Nehru University
MPhil
Social Medicine and Community Health
Jan 1993 - Mar 1999
University of Allahabad
MA
Psychology
May 1997
University of Allahabad
BA
Pysychology, Modern History and Political Science

Experience

Jul 2015 - Jul 2015
Xavier Institute of Social Service
Associate Professor
Department of Rural Management
Jan 2009 - Jan 2009
Xavier Institute of Social Service
Assistant Professor
Department of Rural Management
Jul 2008 - Jun 2008
Xavier Institute of Social Service
Senior Lecturer
Department of Rural Management
Oct 2006 - Oct 2006
Xavier Institute of Social Service
Lecturer
Department of Rural Management

Publications

40Publications

292Reads

194Profile Views

15PubMed Central Citations

Debate: COVID-19 and children in India.

Child Adolesc Ment Health 2020 Jun 29. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Central University of Tamil Nadu, Thiruvarur, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/camh.12398DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7361601PMC
June 2020
0.954 Impact Factor

Methods to overcome vaccine hesitancy.

Lancet 2019 03;393(10177):1203-1204

Global Institute of Public Health, Ananthapuri Hospitals and Research Centre, Thiruvananthapuram 695024, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(19)30218-1DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads
45.217 Impact Factor

Social determinants of environmental health: A case of sanitation in rural Jharkhand.

Sci Total Environ 2018 Dec 27;643:762-774. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Xavier Institute of Social Service, Purulia Road, Ranchi, Jharkhand 834001, India. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.06.239DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads
4.100 Impact Factor

Income and Saving Habits among Rickshaw Pullers in Ranchi

Jharkhand Journal of Development and Management Studies

Income and its proper financial management is one of the major challenges for the Rickshaw Pullers. This study intends to explore and understand the income and saving habits among the Rickshaw Pullers in Ranchi city of Jharkhand state in India with special reference to challenges towards accessibility, affordability, and linkages with financial institutions and services rendered by them. The data was collected on one thousand Rickshaw Pullers from forty rickshaw garages in Ranchi city of Jharkhand. The findings of the study show that Rickshaw Pullers do not save money regularly because they lack access to financial services and institutions due to various reasons such as mistrust, ignorance, illiteracy and lack of documents such as identity proof.The study suggests that Rickshaw Pullers being a part of poor, marginalized and excluded population group should be linked to banking and other financial institutions, so that they can be brought into the mainstream with proper access and delivery of financial services. It is believed that saving habits and linkages with financial institutions will provide them financial security for themselves and their family members.

http://xiss.ac.in/JJDMS/Vol15/Issue1/pdf/Income%20and%20Saving%20Habits%20among%20Rickshaw%20Pullers%20in%20Ranchi.pdf

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March 2017
20 Reads

Complementing Gender Analysis Methods.

Authors:
Anant Kumar

J Evid Inf Soc Work 2016 5;13(1):99-110. Epub 2015 May 5.

a Department of Rural Management, Xavier Institute of Social Service , Ranchi , Jharkhand, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15433714.2014.997097DOI Listing
February 2017
180 Reads

Health and Social Security Needs of Rickshaw Pullers in Ranchi.

Soc Work Public Health 2016 07 6;31(4):246-54. Epub 2016 Apr 6.

c Maitri India , Delhi and Ranchi , India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19371918.2015.1125323DOI Listing
July 2016
13 Reads

Brucellosis: need of public health intervention in rural India.

Authors:
A Kumar

Prilozi 2010 ;31(1):219-31

Xavier Institute of Social Service, Ranchi, India.

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June 2016
7 Reads
4 Citations

The 'Spittoon Syndrome': How Effective Will Be the Anti-spitting Initiatives in India?

Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 51, Issue No. 26-27, 25 June, 2016

Economic and Political Weekly

The unsanitary and uncivilised act of spitting is a culture-specific syndrome. New strategies need to be designed to tackle this problem.

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June 2016
20 Reads

Where is ‘Public’ in the Public Health Discourse?

Kumar A, Nayar KR, Bhat LD. Where is “Public” in the Public Health Discourse? Journal of Health Systems. 2016 Jun 7;2(1):19–23.

Journal of Health Systems

The origin of modern public health as an academic discipline goes back to the 19th century. However, a concern towards the health of masses has always existed in all societies. The principles of public health in earlier times were guided more by the notions of the commons, wellbeing, and local knowledge. In recent times, our understanding and practice of public health is guided more by technological advances and the market forces. In such a situation, the present public health prescriptions fail to understand the importance of local knowledge systems and practices. As a consequence, people’s dependence is increasing on technologies which are accessible to a limited group of people who can afford and controlled only by the few multi-national companies and trans-nationals. Despite our commitment to decentralization, democracy, communitisation and people’s participation, public health policy planning is guided by top down approach and privatization agenda. In this context, the paper is an attempt to bring people into the public health discourse and redefine it from a people’s perspective.

http://jhs.healthequity.co.in/2016/06/where-is-public-in-the-public-health-discourse/#

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June 2016
17 Reads

The Hookah Epidemic: Emerging Public Health Threat in the Kurdish Region of Iraq

Jaff D, Kumar A. The Hookah Epidemic: Emerging Public Health Threat in the Kurdish Region of Iraq. Journal of Health Systems. 2016 May 26;2(1):16–8.

Journal of Health Systems

Tobacco use and smoking is among the top five causes of mortality and morbidity in Kurdistan region of Iraq. The Kurdish Association for Fighting Smoking reports that 54 percent of the Kurdish population smokes. Although smoking is not new in Kurdistan, hookah smoking has emerged as a new fashion among both young men and young women. The commentary is an attempt to understand and highlight this emerging concern and public health epidemic which needs immediate attention from the public health officials. A review of the global hookah smoking trend suggests that hookah use may ‘represent the second global tobacco epidemic since the cigarette’.

http://jhs.healthequity.co.in/2016/05/the-hookah-epidemic-emerging-public-health-threat-in-the-kurdish-region-of-iraq/

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May 2016
11 Reads

Cleft Lip Surgical Intervention in Resource Constraint Settings: A Case Report

Kumar, A. and Kalliainen, L. (2016) Cleft Lip Surgical Intervention in Resource Constraint Settings: A Case Report. Health, 8, 472-478. doi: 10.4236/health.2016.85050.

Health

Cleft lip and palate is a very common condition which is globally undertreated. This case report shows how cleft lip surgery can transform patient’s lives, self-perception, and their self-esteem through a visionary and adaptive leadership of a few social workers and medical doctors in resource constrained settings. The case report also shows that when treated, the benefits to the patient and their family are lifelong and disproportionately large compared to the degree of effort and cost of doing the reconstruction; and puts forth the case for educating physicians to maximize their societal benefit through work in resource-constrained settings.

http://www.scirp.org/Journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=64730

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March 2016
13 Reads

Operations research in HIV/AIDS.

Authors:
Anant Kumar

J Evid Based Soc Work 2013 ;10(4):353-7

Department of Rural Management, Xavier Institute of Social Service, Ranchi, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15433714.2012.664044DOI Listing
April 2014
8 Reads

Training needs assessment of service providers: targeted intervention for HIV/AIDS in Jharkhand, India.

J Evid Based Soc Work 2013 ;10(4):365-72

Department of Rural Management, Xavier Institute of Social Service, Ranchi, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15433714.2012.664053DOI Listing
April 2014
4 Reads

HIV/AIDS program in Jharkhand: a critical review.

Soc Work Public Health 2012 ;27(4):361-78

Department of Rural Management, Xavier Institute of Social Service, Ranchi, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19371918.2012.655056DOI Listing
August 2012
8 Reads

AIDS orphans and vulnerable children in India: problems, prospects, and concerns.

Authors:
Anant Kumar

Soc Work Public Health 2012 ;27(3):205-12

Department of Rural Management, Xavier Institute of Social Service, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19371918.2010.525136DOI Listing
July 2012
5 Reads
3 Citations

Challenges and Opportunities in HIV/AIDS Counselling: A Case of Jharkhand

Vol. 22, Issue 2, 2012, Routledge

Journal of Human Behaviour in the Social Environment

The study highlights the challenges and opportunities in HIV/AIDS counseling. The major challenges are recruiting the right individuals and their capacity building and retention. The finding shows that most of the counselors are not befitting in terms of qualification and experience besides motivation, remuneration, and other issues. The study suggests that to ensure the effective counseling to reverse the epidemic, it is important to focus on such issues through appropriate policy interventions.

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February 2012
13 Reads

Cultural and social practices regarding menstruation among adolescent girls.

Soc Work Public Health 2011 ;26(6):594-604

Department of Rural Management, Xavier Institute of Social Service, Ranchi, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19371918.2010.525144DOI Listing
January 2012
61 Reads
8 Citations

Health inequity and women’s self-help groups in India: The role of caste and class

Authors:
Anant Kumar

Health Sociology Review, Vol. 16, Issue 2, August 2007, pp. 160-168, DOI: 10.5172/ hesr.2007.16.2.16

Health Sociology Review

With the United Nations Millenium Declaration of 2000, the establishment of Self-Help Groups (SHGs) has been identified as a significant strategy in addressing the alarming levels of poverty and marginalisation that have accompanied global development. SHGs are small, voluntary associations of people from the same socio-economic background that have been established for the purpose of solving shared social and economic problems through selfhelp and mutual help. Such grass-roots commonality, it has been assumed, will promote community empowerment and prevent economic marginalisation. Such an assumption is largely based on the global, neo-liberal agenda of seeing the withdrawal of the State from social provisioning. SHGs have been widely adopted in India, especially to eliminate the social exclusion of poor women and improve their access to health. This article reviews the scope and limitations of SHGs in improving women’s health, focusing on their implementation in the State of Bihar in India. It critically assesses the extent to which SHGs can be involved in attaining better health for women and children by exploring the crucial role of caste and class in access to health services. The article concludes that solutions such as SHGs, which emanate from international policy circles, fail to capture local structural contexts such as caste and class and, as a result, develop instrumentalised approaches that are unlikely to produce equitable health services provision to poor and marginalised people.

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August 2007
13 Reads

Framework of Action in the 'Disability' Sector

Yojana, Volume 50, April 2006, pp. 44-46.

Yojana

Volunteering opens up avenues through which persons with disability can get an opportunity to learn marketable skills and develop meaningful social connections.

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April 2006
16 Reads

National Rural Health Mission and Mental Health

Authors:
Anant Kumar

Health Action, Vol. 18, No. 11, November 2005

Health Action

Recognising the important role of health in improving the quality of life of citizens, Government of India has launched the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM). While adopting a synergistic approach by relating health to determinants of good health, it suggests a plan of action to increase public expenditure on health, reducing regional imbalance in health infrastructure, pooling resources, integration of organisational structures, decentralisation and district management of health programmes and community participation as integral elements of the strategy. However, despite the comprehensive nature of the NRHM in terms of strategy and coverage, mental health did not get any mention in the whole mission document. The omission of mental health in the NRHM mission document becomes even more serious in the backdrop of the uneven performance of the National Mental Health Program (NMHP) since 1982. With various flaws and implementation constraints in the NMHP, there has been very little effort so far to improve mental health services at national, state or regional level and mental health did not find its appropriate place in the national and state health plans except for some southern states like Tamilnadu and Kerala. In this context, it is necessary to integrate NMHP and DMHP and include mental health in NRHM to achieve Health for All. No society and country has achieved health of its people ignoring mental health.

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November 2005
16 Reads

Health Analysis - Kerala and Bihar: A Comparison

Yojana, Volume 49, July 2005, pp. 9-13

Yojana

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July 2005
18 Reads

District Mental Health Programmme in India: A Case Study

Authors:
Anant Kumar

Journal of Health and Development, Vol.1, No. 1, January-March 2005

Journal of Health and Development

The paper examines the state of mental health services in India from a public health perspective, considering preventive and promotive aspects of mental health and recognising the socio-cultural factors in mental health services. The study also reviews the development of mental health services in India and to analyse the implementation of the District Mental Health Programme (DMHP) under the National Mental Health Programme (NMHP) in India.

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March 2005
20 Reads

Rights of the Disabled

Yojana

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December 2004
18 Reads

History of Mental Health Services in India

Authors:
Anant Kumar

Journal of Personality and Clinical Studies, Vol. 20, No. 1-2, March-September 2004

Journal of Personality and Clinical Studies

An attempt is made to understand and examine the development of mental health services in colonial period and historical development of mental health in India. The development during colonial period has significant importance in context of development of mental health services after independence and in that context it is important to understand the structure and development of mental hospitals in India and problems in existing mental health services and needs. The development during this period had major impact on the future of mental health in India in context to the programmes and its policy implications in India.

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September 2004
14 Reads

Mental Health

Yojana

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March 2002
18 Reads

Poverty and Adolescent Girl Health

Yojana

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September 2001
13 Reads

Mental Health in India: Issues and Concerns

Journal of Mental Health and Ageing

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16 Reads

Top co-authors

Joe Thomas
Joe Thomas

Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences

1
Sonal S Wadhwa
Sonal S Wadhwa

c Maitri India

1
Aprajita Mishra
Aprajita Mishra

c Maitri India

1
Rajesh Gopal
Rajesh Gopal

Rajas Dental College

1
Smita Dasgupta
Smita Dasgupta

c Maitri India

1
Josef Novotny
Josef Novotny

University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

1
Anoop T Nair
Anoop T Nair

Global Institute of Public Health

1