Publications by authors named "Ana Maria Dascalu"

20 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Clinical and therapeutic features of acute cholecystitis in diabetic patients.

Exp Ther Med 2021 Jul 13;22(1):758. Epub 2021 May 13.

4th Surgery Department, Emergency University Hospital Bucharest, 050098 Bucharest, Romania.

The present study aimed to compare the clinical, paraclinical, intraoperative findings, and postoperative complications in acute cholecystitis in diabetic patients vs. non-diabetic patients. A 2-year retrospective study was performed on the patients who underwent emergency cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis between 2017 and 2019 at the 4th Department of Surgery, Emergency University Hospital Bucharest. The diabetic subgroup numbered 46 eligible patients and the non-diabetic one 287 patients. Demographics, the severity of the clinical forms, biological variables (including white cell count, urea, creatinine, coagulation and liver function tests) comorbidity status, surgical approach, postoperative complications, and hospital stay were analyzed. Statistical analyses were performed to assess comparative results between the aforementioned data (SPSS V 13.0). The CCI and ASA risk classes were increased in the diabetic group, with 34.78% of patients having 3 or more associated comorbidities. No statistically significant associations were demonstrated between diabetes and the severity of the cholecystitis and risk for conversion. Postoperatively both minor complications such as surgical site infections and major cardiovascular events were more common in the diabetic subgroup (P=0.0254), well associated with the preoperative status and baseline cardiovascular comorbidities. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a safe procedure for diabetic patients, which can provide the best outcomes, by decreasing the risks of surgical wounds. Attentive perioperative care and good glycemic control must be provided to minimize the risk of complications.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/etm.2021.10190DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8135114PMC
July 2021

Acute surgical abdomen during the COVID-19 pandemic: Clinical and therapeutic challenges.

Exp Ther Med 2021 May 22;21(5):519. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Third Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, 'Lucian Blaga' University Sibiu, 550169 Sibiu, Romania.

The present study investigated the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the clinical presentation and therapeutic management of acute surgical abdomen. A retrospective study of emergency hospitalizations with a diagnosis of acute surgical abdomen between April and July 2020 vs. a similar period in 2019 was performed. The observation sheets and the operating protocols were analyzed. Between April and July 2020, 50 cases of acute surgical abdomen were hospitalized and treated, compared to 43 cases in the same period last year. The main types of pathology in both groups included: Occlusions (60%, respectively 44.2% in 2019) and peritonitis (32%, respectively 41.8% in 2019). There was an increased rate of patients with colorectal cancers neglected therapeutically or uninvestigated, who presented during the pandemic period with emergencies for complications such as occlusion or tumor perforation (32 vs. 6.97%, P=0.0039). One case, with gastric perforation, was COVID-positive, with no pulmonary symptoms at admission. The number of postoperative infectious complications was lower during the pandemic (2 vs. 13.95%, P=0.0461). As the COVID-19 pandemic appears to be still far from ending, we should learn to adapt our surgical protocols to the new evidence. Oncological patients are a vulnerable group, who were neglected in the first months of the pandemic. SARS-Cov-2 infection may be a cause of abdominal pain and should be taken into account in different diagnoses of acute abdomen in surgical wards. Correct wearing of adequate personal protective equipment (PPE) and respecting strict rules of asepsis and antisepsis are required for preventing in-hospital transmission of infection.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/etm.2021.9950DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8014977PMC
May 2021

Safety of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy for Acute Cholecystitis in the Elderly: A Multivariate Analysis of Risk Factors for Intra and Postoperative Complications.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 Mar 2;57(3). Epub 2021 Mar 2.

3rd Department Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, "Lucian Blaga" University Sibiu, 550169 Sibiu, Romania.

This study investigates the impact of age upon the safety and outcomes of laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed for acute cholecystitis, by a multivariate approach. A 2-year retrospective study was performed on 333 patients admitted for acute cholecystitis who underwent emergency cholecystectomy. The patients included in the study group were divided into four age subgroups: A ≤49 years; B: 50-64 years; C: 65-79 years; D ≥80 years. Surgery after 72 h from onset ( = 0.007), severe forms, and higher American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status Classification and Charlson comorbidity index scores ( < 0.001) are well correlated with older age. Both cardiovascular and surgical related complications were significantly higher in patients over 50 years ( = 0.045), which also proved to be a turning point for increasing the rate of conversion and open surgery. However, the comparative incidence did not differ significantly between patients aged from 50-64 years, 65-79 years and over 80 years (6.03%, 9.09% and 5.8%, respectively). Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) was the most frequently used surgical approach in the treatment of acute cholecystitis in all age groups, with better outcomes than open cholecystectomy in terms of decreased overall and postoperative hospital stay, reduced surgery related complications, and the incidence of acute cardiovascular events in the early postoperative period ( < 0.001). The degree of systemic inflammation was the main factor that influenced the adverse outcome of LC in the elderly. Among comorbidities, diabetes was associated with increased surgical and systemic postoperative morbidity, while stroke and chronic renal insufficiency were correlated with a high risk of cardiovascular complications. With adequate perioperative care, the elderly has much to gain from the benefits of a minimally invasive approach, which allows a decreased rate of postoperative complications and a reduced hospital stay.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/medicina57030230DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8002041PMC
March 2021

Association between vascular comorbidity and glaucoma progression: A four-year observational study.

Exp Ther Med 2021 Mar 26;21(3):283. Epub 2021 Jan 26.

Faculty of Medicine, 'Carol Davila' University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 020021 Bucharest, Romania.

Glaucoma, one of the significant causes of blindness worldwide, is a chronic optic neuropathy, characterized by progressive loss of retinal ganglion cells and specific perimetric defects. This study aimed to assess the association between the risk of glaucoma progression and different systemic vascular abnormalities. A 4-year prospective study was carried out on 204 patients diagnosed with open-angle glaucoma. Associated systemic vascular pathology was documented in 102 cases. Progression was encountered in 57 (55.9%) patients with vascular comorbidities and only in 10 (9.8%) patients with no associated vascular diseases (OR 13.81, P<0.01). The vascular risk factors associated with glaucoma progression in the study group were diastolic hypotension (OR 5.444, P=0.027), ischemic cardiac disease (OR 5.826; P<0.01), peripheral vasospasm (OR 3.108, P=0.042) and arterial hypertension (OR 2.593, P=0.05). Diabetes was not significantly correlated with progression in the study group, but only patients without diabetic retinopathy were included. This study highlights that systemic comorbidities associated with endothelial lesions, atherosclerosis and hypoperfusion can lead to damage to the retinal nerve fiber layer and the underlying conjunctive tissue.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/etm.2021.9714DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7851678PMC
March 2021

Diabetic Retinopathy in Patients With Diabetic Foot Ulcer: A Systematic Review.

Int J Low Extrem Wounds 2021 Jun 22;20(2):98-103. Epub 2020 Dec 22.

University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Carol Davila" Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania.

This review discusses the evidence on diabetic retinopathy (DR) in patients with diabetic foot ulceration (DFU). A systematic literature review was performed on PubMed, Medline, Springer Nature, and Scopus, following the PRISMA guidelines, using the following terms, individually or in combination: "diabetic foot ulcer" OR "diabetic foot syndrome" OR "DFU" and "diabetic retinopathy." The initial search yielded 648 articles published between 1975 and 2020. After applying exclusion and inclusion criteria, a total of 9 articles were analyzed, assessing the correlations between DR and DFU. In all cases, DR and especially proliferative diabetic retinopathy were significantly higher in the presence of DFU, though the frequency of DR showed large variability (22.5% to 95.6%). There was a significant correlation between advanced stages of DFU and increased frequency of DR and proliferative diabetic retinopathy. On the other hand, there is a risk of accelerated progression of DR in nonhealing DFUs, possibly related to chronic inflammation and associated infection. Hence, patients with DFUs should be monitored by an ophthalmologist, and those with DR should be promptly referred to a specialized diabetic foot clinic.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1534734620982237DOI Listing
June 2021

Indocyanine Green-Enhanced Colorectal Surgery-between Being Superfluous and Being a Game-Changer.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2020 Sep 24;10(10). Epub 2020 Sep 24.

IVth Surgery Department, Emergency University Hospital Bucharest, 050098 Bucharest, Romania.

Nowadays, surgical innovations incorporate new technological conquests and must be validated by evidence-based medicine. The use of augmented reality-assisted indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence has generated a myriad of intraoperative applications such as demonstration of key anatomical landmarks, sentinel lymph nodes, and real-time assessment of local blood flow. This paper presents a systematic review of the clinical evidence regarding the applications of ICG near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence in colorectal surgery. After we removed duplicate publications and screened for eligibility, a total of 36 articles were evaluated: 23 on perfusion assessment, 10 on lymph node mapping, and 3 on intraoperative identification of ureters. Lack of homogenous studies, low statistical power, and confounding evidence were found to be common amongst publications supporting the use of ICG in colorectal surgery, raising concerns over this seductive technique's cost efficiency and redundancy. The compiled data showed that ICG NIR fluorescence may be a game-changer in particular situations, as proven for low colorectal anastomosis or lateral pelvic lymph node dissection, but it remains controversial for routine use and sentinel lymph node assessment. Further randomized studies are needed to confirm these conclusions. Future research directions include tumor-targeted fluorescence imaging and digital software for quantitative evaluation of fluorescence.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics10100742DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7600504PMC
September 2020

Laparoscopic Surgery in COVID-19 Era-Safety and Ethical Issues.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2020 Sep 4;10(9). Epub 2020 Sep 4.

IVth Department of Surgery, Emergency University Hospital Bucharest, 050098 Bucharest, Romania.

(1) Background: The paper aims to review the available evidence regarding the health risk of the aerosolization induced by laparoscopy induced and impact of the COVID-19 pandemic upon minimally invasive surgery. (2) Materials and methods: A systematic review of the literature was performed on PubMed, Medline and Scopus until 10 July. (3) Results: Chemicals, carcinogens and biologically active materials, such as bacteria and viruses, have been isolated in surgical smoke. However, the only evidence of viral transmission through surgical smoke to medical staff is post-laser ablation of HPV-positive genital warts. The reports of SARS-CoV-2 infected patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery revealed the presence of the virus, when tested, in digestive wall and stools in 50% of cases but not in bile or peritoneal fluid. All surgeries did not result in contamination of the personnel, when protective measures were applied, including personal protective equipment (PPE) and filtration of the pneumoperitoneum. There are no comparative studies between classical and laparoscopic surgery. (4) Conclusions: Previously published data showed there is a possible infectious and toxic risk related to surgical smoke but not particularly proven for SARS-CoV-2. Implementing standardized filtration systems for smoke evacuation during laparoscopy, although increases costs, is necessary to increase the safety and it will probably remain a routine also in the future.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics10090673DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7555582PMC
September 2020

Fulminant bilateral acute retinal necrosis after chickenpox - a case report.

Rom J Ophthalmol 2016 Jul-Sep;60(3):184-187

"Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest.

We present the case of a 34-year-old male, admitted for progressive bilateral loss of vision after a recent episode of chickenpox. Ophthalmological exam revealed bilateral acute retinal necrosis. As the patient was following a drug detoxification program, he was tested for HIV, HVB, HVC, and results highly positive. Immediate intravenous therapy with high doses of acyclovir and methylprednisolone was initiated, but the evolution was extremely severe resulting in necrotic retinal detachment. Surgery was performed in right eye, but no improvement of visual acuity was observed.

Conclusions: The fulminant evolution of bilateral acute retinal necrosis and the lack of response to maximal intravenous therapy were clinical elements indicating coexistent immunosuppressive disease. Very severe acute retinal necrosis may occur in immunosuppressed patients, leading to blindness.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5720133PMC
May 2018

"Off-label" use of intravitreal bevacizumab in non-ischemic macular edema secondary to retinal vein obstructions.

Rom J Ophthalmol 2016 Apr-Jun;60(2):90-95

"Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania Department of Ophthalmology, University Emergency Hospital Bucharest, Romania.

Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of intravitreal Bevacizumab in treatment of non-ischemic macular edema secondary to retinal vein obstruction (RVO).

Materials And Methods: A 2-year-retrospective study was performed on 26 patients hospitalized for non-ischemic macular edema secondary to RVO. All the patients underwent a complete ophthalmologic exam, with best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) testing, fundus photography, fluorescein angiography (FA) and macular thickness measurement by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Reevaluation was performed monthly for VA, OCT, and ophthalmoscopy and, at every 3 months, by FA. A standard protocol of 0.05 ml intravitreal Bevacizumab injection was applied. Further administrations were performed according to clinical evolution.

Results: The medium follow-up period was of 9,7 months (6-20 months). There were no significant complications following the procedure. The number of intravitreal Bevacizumab injections varied from 2-5/ patient. All the patients experienced an improvement in VA and a significant regression of macular edema. The smallest number of intravitreal Bevacizumab injections and the best visual prognosis were observed in cases with branch retinal vein obstruction (BRVO) and early presentation (p<0.05).

Conclusions: As a pathogenic therapy, intravitreal Bevacizumab is a safe, repeatable procedure and it may be considered an effective and lasting treatment for non-ischemic macular edema secondary to RVO. Intravitreal Bevacizumab should be included in the therapeutic protocol of RVO, both for early and delayed presentations. RVO = retinal vein obstruction, BRVO = branch retinal vein obstruction, CRVO = central retinal branch obstruction, BCVA = best corrected visual acuity, FA = fluorescein angiography, OCT = optical coherence tomography.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5711371PMC
April 2018

ASSESSMENT OF CLINICAL AND IMAGISTIC STRUCTURAL PROGRESSION IN GLAUCOMA.

Rom J Ophthalmol 2015 Jul-Sep;59(3):129-32

Glaucoma is a progressive optic neuropathy, characterized by loss of retinal ganglion cells and retinal nerve fiber layer as well as visual field loss. Therefore, in glaucoma, the correlation between structure and function is important, since it can be useful for tracking glaucomatous changes and for following the progression of the disease.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5712955PMC
April 2016

FIGHTING MULTIPLE DRUG RESISTANCE: EFFECTS OF UV-ACTIVATED CHLORPROMAZINE ON RABBIT'S EYE PSEUDOTUMOURS.

Rom J Ophthalmol 2015 Jan-Mar;59(1):43-7

Introduction: Multiple drug resistance requires a flexible approach to find medicines able to overcome it. One method could be the exposure of existing medicines to UV laser beams to generate active photoproducts against bacteria and/or malignant tumors.

Methods: The interaction of Chlorpromazine (CPZ) (irradiated with 266 nm pulsed laser beams) was studied at concentrations of 10 mg/ml and 20 mg/ ml in ultrapure water, with pseudotumors of rabbits eyes.

Results: The use of CPZ water solution exposed to 266 nm in the treatment of pseudotumor tissues produced on rabbit eyes showed that treatment results depend on initial (before irradiation) CPZ concentration and exposure time. At this stage, one could not specify which out of the generated photoproducts, individual or as a group, was/were efficient in pseudotumor cure but overall effects were observable. Application of CPZ irradiated solutions on rabbit eyes pseudotumors seemed to produce a faster recovery of tissues with respect to control, untreated eyes.

Conclusions: Histologic findings in the treated tissues showed a good anti-inflammatory response. The results obtained open perspectives to fight MDR and/or development of pseudotumoral processes with substances that were not initially made for this purpose (non-antibiotics, for instance).
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5729818PMC
August 2016

[Different significance in normal subjects and in glaucoma patients tested with Optopol PTS-910, in the galucoma program].

Oftalmologia 2013 ;57(1):33-9

Universitatea de Medicină şi Farmacie Carol Davila Bucureşti.

Purpose: to quantify the inter-test variability (dB) for the Optopol PTS automated perimeter, Glaucoma Fast threshold program.

Materials And Method: A prospective study was performed on 166 glaucomatous patients and a control group of 30 normal subjects, tested by complete ophthalmological exam and automated perimetry (Optopol PTS-910). The visual field was tested weekly for 4 consecutive weeks. The visual field defects were classified according to the Aulhorn-Karmeyer descriptive scale.

Results: For the control group, the medium inter-test variability was of 1.57 +/- 0.24 dB, lower next to fixation and increasing towards the 50 degree isopter. The medium inter-test variability increases along with the perimetric stage :1.57 +/- 0.66 dB for pre-perimetric glaucoma, 2.13 + 1.04 dB for non-specific defects group, 3.23 + 1.01 dB for the stage 1, 3.52 + 2.61 dB, for the stage 2, 3.65 + 1.19dB for the stage 3 and 5.82 +/- 1.67dB for the stage 4. For the cases of preperimetric glaucoma and non-specific defects, a similar profile of variability to the normal subjects can be observed. For the stages 2-4, the profile of the areas with maxim inter-test variability moves towards the relative scotoma and the surrounding area.

Conclusions: A better description of the inter-test variability and the evolution of this intricate parameter of the retinal light sensitivity is useful for the differential diagnostic between the real change and the "background noise" in early detection of the functional progression in glaucoma.
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January 2014

[Structure-function correlation in early diagnosis of glaucoma progression].

Oftalmologia 2011 ;55(4):111-6

Universitatea de Medicină şi Farmacie "Carol Davila" Bucureşti.

Purpose: The study investigates the correlations between structure and function in early detection of glaucoma progression.

Materials And Method: A prospective study was carried on 204 patients diagnosed with POAG and a follow-up period of 4 years. All the patients underwent complex ophthalmological examination, C/D ratio, Disk Damage Likelyhood Scale (DDLS), automated perimetry and Heidelberg retina tomography

Results: The relations between structure and function were investigated for all patients, but also according to clinical stage of glaucomatous damage. Structural progression was more frequently associated with perimetric progression for patients with moderate advanced glaucoma. For patients with preperimetric glaucoma and early glaucoma, the progression was present more often for structural test (19,04% and 29,3%), while perimetric progression was less frequent objectivated and weak correlated with structural progression (16,66%). For the 15 cases diagosed with both structural and functional progression, the locations of the structural lesion and functional defect were better correlated in cases involving the poles of the optic disc.

Conclusions: Structure-function relation depends on clinical stage of glaucoma and the location of the glaucomatous defects. In early stages, structural investigations can detect progression before perimetry, while in advanced stages, the functional tests are more useful for early detection of progression.
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July 2012

Evidence-based pathophysiology of glaucoma.

Maedica (Bucur) 2010 Jul;5(3):207-13

"Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3177542PMC
July 2010

[Primary antiphospholipid syndrome].

Oftalmologia 2008 ;52(1):13-7

Spitalul Universitar De Urgenta Bucuresti, Clinica Oftalmologie.

Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a disorder characterised by recurrent arterial or venous thrombosis and/or pregnancy losses, in the presence of persistently elevated levels of anticardiolipin antibodies and/or evidence of circulating lupus anticoagulant (these abnormalities are detected by blood tests). Primary APS occurs when there is no evidence of associated diseases. APS in the presence of an underlying disease, usually systemic lupus erythematosus, is called secondary APS.
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December 2008

[Diagnostic criteria in acute neuromyelitis].

Oftalmologia 2007 ;51(4):116-20

Clinica de Neurologie a Spitalului Universitar de Urgenţă Elias Bucureşti.

Neuromyelitis optica, also known as Devic disease, was identified in the 19th century, is one of the inflammatory idiopathic demyelinating diseases of the central nervous system, often mistaken for severe multiple sclerosis. In 1999 it had been proposed diagnostic criteria for neuromyelitis optica, but in 2006 these criteria were revised by Dean Wingerchuck. These criteria are 99% sensitive and 90% specific for differentiating neuromyelitis optica from multiple sclerosis that present with optic neuritis or a myelitis syndrome. In the following article we present clinical, spinal and cerebral MR imaging, serological and aspects of cerebrospinal fluid examination features of neuromyelitis optica and the revised criteria of neuromyelitis optica established in 2006. The recently identified serum antibody biomarker: neuromyelitis optica immunoglobulin G (NMO Ig G), which target aquaporin 4 water channel, distinguish neuromyelitis optica from multiple sclerosis, is one of the revised criteria of neuromyelitis optica.
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July 2008

[Macular hole--a rare complication of toxocariasis].

Oftalmologia 2007 ;51(2):93-5

UMF Carol Davila, Spitalul Universitar de Urgentă Bucureşti.

Macular hole is a condition that characterizes older patients, being rare in adolescent patients and exceptionally at children. The etiopathogenic mechanism of most macular holes in children and adolescent is idiopathic. The suggested etiopathogenic mechanism is vitreoretinal traction due to a toxocara granuloma for a 9 years old girl.
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November 2007

[Comparison of angiofluorography and Heidelberg II retinal tomography of the head of the optic nerve in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma].

Oftalmologia 2007 ;51(1):85-90

Spitalul Clinic Universitar de Urgentţă Bucureşti, Clinica de Oftalmologie Sector 5 Bucureşti.

Objective: This prospective study aims to evaluate how the vascular involvement of the optic disc, emphasised by angiofluorography (AFG), correlates with morphologic lesions observed by Heidelberg retinal tomography (HRT) II.

Method: AFG (Visucam Zeiss) and HRT II (with Moorfields regression and keratometry) have been performed on the study group -50 pts. with POAG- and in the control group -25 healthy subjects. Correlations have been calculated with Student (t) and Fisher tests. The value of p<0,05 was considered statistically significant.

Results And Conclusions: The number and size of hypo-fluorescent areas are significantly bigger in POAG pts. than in healthy subjects. They correlate with the involvement of retinal nerve fibers and C/D value. In POAG pts., areas of hypo-fluorescence are located mainly on the excavation's walls and the neuroretinal ring. Localization on the excavation's floor is not pathological, since it was also observed in the control group. The vascular involvement shown by angiofluorography significantly correlates with morphologic lesions observed by HRT II.
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August 2007

[Laparoscopic assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH). Overview on 25 case series].

Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi 2004 Jan-Mar;108(1):139-42

Universitatea de Medicină şi Farmacie Gr.T. Popa Iaşi, Facultatea de Medicină, Clinica I Chirurgicală.

The aim of the study is to evaluate the laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH) in terms of indications, uterine size, surgical procedures and their safety, intraoperative complications and blood loss, operative time, concomitant surgical procedures and postoperative period of complications. A total of 25 patients underwent LAVH between 1998 and 1993, in our surgical unit. The mean age of our patients was 44.2 years (range 36-66). The most common indication was fibromyoma. The mean size of the removed uterus was 11.5 cm. The mean weight was about 242 g. The mean estimated blood loss was 155 ml and the mean operative time 150 min. Intraoperative complications included one case of bladder injury due to thick adhesions. Postoperative complications included 2 cases of cystitis, and 3 cases of ileus. The hospital stay was 2 to 7 days.
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May 2005

[Minimal invasive treatment of the adnexal surgical pathology].

Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi 2003 Jan-Mar;107(1):148-52

Clinica I Chirurgicalá, Facultatea de Medicină, Universitatea de Medicină şi Farmacie, Gr.T. Popa Iaşi.

Laparoscopic approach has become the "golden standard" in managing a wide range of adnexial sufferings. Most laparoscopic cases allow patients to recover quickly. Conventional ultrasonography appears to be useful in the preoperative selection for this surgery. Conventional pulsed Doppler and colour Doppler sonography proved their importance in the diagnosis of malignancy. The aim of the study is to evaluate the advantages and the limits of the minimal invasive approach in managing surgical adnexial sufferings. A retrospective study was carried on 75 operative laparoscopy cases performed between 1998-2002. Surgical procedures were performed mainly for ovarian cysts (69 cases, 92%), but there were also treated other types of adnexial pathology such as: hydrosalpinx (2), piosalpinx (1), tubal cysts (2), ectopic pregnancy (7), pelvic adherences (7) and one case of hydatid tubal cyst. Types of surgery performed were cystectomy (36), ooforectomy (11), salpingo-ooforectomy (10), fenestration (10), salpingectomy (6), lysis of adhesions (7). The mean operation time ranged between 50 and 80 minutes and the mean postoperative stay was of 3.65 days.
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June 2004