Publications by authors named "Amira Edris"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Physicians' Understanding of Nutritional Factors Determining Brain Development and Cognition in the Middle East and Africa.

Pediatr Gastroenterol Hepatol Nutr 2019 Nov 7;22(6):536-544. Epub 2019 Nov 7.

Department of Pediatrics, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Kuwait Oil Company Hospital, Al Ahmadi City, Kuwait.

Purpose: Proper nutrition is essential for brain development during infancy, contributing to the continued development of cognitive, motor, and socio-emotional skills throughout life. Considering the insufficient published data in the Middle East and North Africa, experts drafted a questionnaire to assess the opinions and knowledge of physicians on the impact of nutrition on brain development and cognition in early life.

Methods: The questionnaire consisted of two parts: The first focused on the responders' demographic and professional characteristics and the second questioned the role of nutrition in brain development and cognition. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize respondents' characteristics and their responses to questions.

Results: A total of 1,500 questionnaires were distributed; 994 physicians responded. The majority of the surveyed physicians (64.4%) felt that nutrition impacts brain development in early childhood (0-4 years), with almost 90% of physicians agreeing/strongly agreeing that preventing iron, zinc, and iodine deficiency would improve global intelligence quotient. The majority of physicians (83%) agreed that head circumference was the most important measure of brain development. The majority of physicians (68.9%) responded that the period from the last trimester until 18 months postdelivery was crucial for brain growth and neurodevelopment, with 76.8% believing that infants breast-fed by vegan mothers have an increased risk of impaired brain development.

Conclusion: The results of this study show that practicing physicians significantly agree that nutrition plays an important role in brain and cognitive development and function in early childhood, particularly during the last trimester until 18 months postdelivery.
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November 2019

Evaluation of the S100 protein A12 as a biomarker of neonatal sepsis.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2020 Aug 7;33(16):2768-2774. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

University Children's Hospital, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.

Sepsis has a grave impact on neonatal morbidity and mortality. Proper timely diagnosis and a subsequently tailored management are crucial to improving neonatal outcome and survival. New diagnostic methods are needed and much effort is directed to this objective. In this work, we aimed to evaluate S100A12 protein as a biomarker of neonatal sepsis. In this prospective single-center study, 118 preterm and term neonates were enrolled and assigned to four groups: controls, infants with no infection, infants with probable infection and infants with proven infection. Clinical and routine laboratory data, the serum levels of S100A12 and additional cytokines (interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-2, IL-6, IL-17A, IL-18, IL-22, IL-10, and interferon (IFN)-γ) were assessed. Using stepwise multivariate logistic regression analysis, S100A12 protein was evaluated as a biomarker of neonatal infection. Significant differences of the parameters of complete blood count and level of C-reactive protein were documented between the study/the four groups. The studied marker S100A12, as well as IL-6 and IL-10, were highly significant ( < .001) between infected and control groups. S100A12 had a sensitivity of 96.8% and a specificity of 93.3%. Even after adjusting for the confounding factors sex, body weight, gestational age, mode of delivery, number of pregnancies, premature rupture of membranes, and preeclampsia S100A12 remained significant between the infected and control groups. S100A12 may be considered as a new biomarker of neonatal sepsis.
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August 2020

The role of intensive phototherapy in decreasing the need for exchange transfusion in neonatal jaundice.

J Pak Med Assoc 2014 Jan;64(1):5-8

Department of Paediatrics, Ministry of Health, Cairo, Egypt.

Objectives: To assess the effectiveness of intensive phototherapy in reducing the need for exchange transfusion and the duration of phototherapy.

Methods: The prospective study with historical controls was conducted at Cairo University Paediatric Hospital, from February to July 2012, and comprised 360 newborns with indirect hyperbilirubinaemia. The 183 subjects were treated with Bilisphere 360 (Bilisphere group) compared with 177 who had been treated with conventional phototherapy (control group). Both groups were subjected to complete clinical evaluation and laboratory investigations.

Results: Bilisphere 360 decreased the need for exchange transfusion in 19 (10.4%) neonates of the Bilisphere group versus 130 (73.4%) of the control group (p<0.001); decreased the level of serum bilirubin as exchange transfusion (6.7 mg/dl [24.9%] in the subjects vs. 6.9 mg/dl [22.7%] in the controls); shortened the duration of phototherapy (2.7 days in the subjects, vs. 4.2 days in the controls; p<0.001).

Conclusion: The use of Bilisphere 360 in the treatment of indirect pathological hyperbilirubinaemia is as effective as exchange transfusion in lowering Total Serum Bilirubin when its level is within 2-3 mg/dl (34-51umol/l) of the exchange level. Bilisphere 360 is effective in reducing needs for exchange transfusion and duration of phototherapy.
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January 2014

Middle cerebral/umbilical artery resistance index ratio as sensitive parameter for fetal well-being and neonatal outcome in patients with preeclampsia: case-control study.

Croat Med J 2005 Oct;46(5):821-5

Kasr El Aini School of Medicine, Cairo University, 19 Tunis st, Maadi, PO 11435, Cairo, Egypt.

Aim: To evaluate the accuracy of middle cerebral/umbilical artery resistance index (C/U RI) ratio in predicting acidemia and low Apgar score at 5 minutes after birth in the infants of women with preeclampsia.

Methods: This prospective case-control study performed at Kasr El Aini University Hospital included 50 pregnant women with preeclampsia with or without intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Thirty women with uneventful pregnancies, matched for age, parity, and gestational age, served as controls. Ultrasound and Doppler studies were carried out to estimate fetal weight (EFW) and determine fetal biophysical profile and resistance indices of the middle cerebral and umbilical arteries. C/U RI <1.0 was considered abnormal. Apgar scores were assessed at 5 minutes after birth, and fetal cord blood sampling to determine blood pH was done immediately after delivery. Apgar score <6 at 5 minutes, neonatal acidemia (pH<7.2), and/or neonatal admission to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) indicated neonatal morbidity.

Results: There were no significant differences in fetal biophysical profile, middle cerebral artery RI, or umbilical artery RI between the fetuses of women with preeclampsia and those in the control group. C/U RI <1.0 was found in significantly more fetuses of women with preeclampsia than in their controls (0.7-/+0.3 and 1.3-/+0.7, respectively; P<0.001). In the preeclampsia group, C/U RI was abnormal in 32 out of 38 fetuses with IUGR, and in only 5 out of 12 of fetuses without IUGR. Neonatal acidemia was found in 30 out of 38 newborns with IUGR and in 3 out of 12 of newborns without IUGR. Preeclampsia and C/U RI <1.0 carried a relative risk of 1.4 for neonatal morbidity (neonatal academia pH<7.2, 5-minute Apgar score <6, and/or admission to NICU). C/U RI had 64.1% sensitivity, 72.7% specificity, 89.2% positive predictive value, and 36.3% negative predictive value for neonatal morbidity.

Conclusion: There was a strong correlation between the C/U RI and neonatal outcome in women with preeclampsia. C/U RI <1.0 may be helpful in the identification of newborns at risk of morbidity, irrespective of whether they are small or appropriate for their gestational age.
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October 2005