Publications by authors named "AmirHussein Abdolalizadeh"

10 Publications

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White matter microstructural associates of apathy-avolition in schizophrenia.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 Oct 22;142:110-116. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Students' Scientific Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Interdisciplinary Neuroscience Research Program, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Apathy is present at the onset in nearly half the patients with schizophrenia. Current therapies lack the efficiency to improve apathy in patients. The presence of apathy is also associated with poorer outcomes. Despite its clinical importance, the underlying mechanism of apathy in schizophrenia is unclear, but it seems frontostriatal connections play a role. In this study, we investigated whole-brain white matter microstructural properties associated with the severity of apathy-avolition in schizophrenia. We included 80 schizophrenia patients (60 Male, 20 Female) from the Mind Clinical Imaging Consortium database and associated Apathy-Avolition score of "Scale for Assessment of Negative Symptoms" with fiber integrity measures derived from diffusion-weighted imaging using Tract-Based Spatial Statistics (TBSS). We also did tractography on eight tracts, including bilateral superior longitudinal fasciculus, uncinate fasciculus, cingulum, genu and splenium of the corpus callosum. Age, gender, years of education, chlorpromazine equivalent cumulative dose, and acquisition site were inserted as covariates. We showed a widespread association between lower fiber integrity (by measures of increased mean diffusivity and decreased fractional anisotropy) and increased apathy-avolition in TBSS, which we also validated in tractography. Moreover, mean diffusivity, and not fractional anisotropy, was associated with apathy independent of disease severity. In conclusion, we propose diffuse white-matter pathology, within the corpus callosum, limbic system, and the frontostriatal circuit is involved in apathy-avolition in schizophrenia. Also, we suggest that diffuse neuroinflammatory processes may play a part in apathy-avolition, independent of disease severity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2021.07.042DOI Listing
October 2021

Biological Features of Reversion from Mild Cognitive Impairment to Normal Cognition: A Study of Cerebrospinal Fluid Markers and Brain Volume.

J Alzheimers Dis Rep 2021 Mar 11;5(1):179-186. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Students Scientific Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a transitional condition between normal cognition and dementia. Although a significant proportion of the population with MCI experience reversion to normal cognition, it is still poorly understood.

Objective: This study was designed to extend the present evidence regarding the difference between stable and reverting MCI by including whole brain atrophy measures as possible parameters involved.

Methods: 405 patients diagnosed with MCI at baseline were selected. After one-year follow-up period, 337 patients (83.2%) were categorized as stable MCI and 68 patients (16.8%) reverted to cognitively normal status (reversion group). Several baseline biomarkers including cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers of AD, including Aβ, t-tau, and p-tau and MRI-based atrophy measurements were compared.

Results: Participants with stable MCI demonstrated greater brain atrophy as well as lower Aβ and higher tau proteins in the CSF. The atrophy rate was found to be associated with CSF biomarkers merely in the stable group, after adjustment for confounding variables.

Conclusion: These findings provide novel evidence regarding the biological perspective of the reversion phenomenon in individuals with MCI.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/ADR-200229DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8075565PMC
March 2021

Thalamic shape abnormalities in patients with multiple sclerosis-related fatigue.

Neuroreport 2021 04;32(6):438-442

Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, AJA University of Medical Sciences.

Thalamus plays an important role in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis-related fatigue (MSrF). However, the thalamus is a heterogeneous structure and the specific thalamic subregions that are involved in this condition are unclear. Here, we used thalamic shape analysis for the detailed localization of thalamic abnormalities in MSrF. Using the Modified Fatigue Impact Scale, we measured fatigue in 42 patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS). The thalamic shape was extracted from T1w images using an automated pipeline. We investigated the association of thalamic surface deviations with the severity of global fatigue and its cognitive, physical and psychosocial subdomains. Cognitive fatigue was correlated with an inward deformity of the left anteromedial thalamic surface, but no other localized shape deviation was observed in correlation with global, physical or psychosocial fatigue. Our findings indicate that the left anteromedial thalamic subregions are implicated in cognitive fatigue, possibly through their role in reward processing and cognitive and executive functions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/WNR.0000000000001616DOI Listing
April 2021

The Association Between REM Sleep Behavior Disorder and Autonomic Dysfunction in Parkinson's Disease.

J Parkinsons Dis 2021 ;11(2):747-755

Department of Geriatric Medicine, Ziaeian Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: REM behavior disorder (RBD) can occur in the context of neurodegenerative alpha-synucleinopathies, such as Parkinson's disease (PD). PD patients with RBD (PD-pRBD) represent more severe symptoms and signs compared with those without RBD (PD-nRBD). On another note, autonomic dysfunction in PD patients is categorized as one of the most prominent non-motor symptoms and has been lately the field of interest in research.

Objective: In the current study, we longitudinally studied autonomic dysfunction in PD-pRBD and PD-nRBD groups.

Method: This study was conducted on 420 drug-naïve PD patients selected from the Parkinson's Progression Markers Initiative database. The RBD Screening Questionnaire was used to define the presence of probable RBD. SCOPA-AUT was used to assess autonomic dysfunction. Additionally, dopamine transporter deficits on [123I] FP-CIT SPECT imaging was performed for all of the patients.

Results: Out of 420 PD patients, 158 individuals (37.6%) were considered to have probable RBD (PD-pRBD) and others without RBD (PD-nRBD). Except for pupillomotor function, all the autonomic symptoms were significantly more severe in PD-pRBD group. In PD-nRBD group, caudate striatal binding ratio was negatively correlated with SCOPA-AUT scores, while no significant correlation was observed in PD-pRBD group. Finally, there was a significant difference considering the longitudinal changes of SCOPA-AUT total between PD-pRBD and PD-nRBD groups, suggesting a more severe autonomic decline in PD-pRBD patients.

Conclusion: Our results indicate that PD-pRBD patients have more severe autonomic dysfunction. These results support the theory that PD patients can be categorized based on the clinical presentation, possibly representing differences in the disease pathophysiology.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/JPD-202134DOI Listing
January 2021

White Matter Microstructural Properties Associated with Impaired Attention in Chronic Schizophrenia: A Multi-Center Study.

Psychiatry Res Neuroimaging 2020 08 23;302:111105. Epub 2020 May 23.

McConnell Brain Imaging Centre, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.

Attention as a key cognitive function is impaired in schizophrenia, interfering with the normal daily life of the patients. Previous studies on the microstructural correlates of attention in schizophrenia were limited to single fibers, did not include a control group, or did not adjust for drug dosage. In the current study, we investigated the association between microstructural properties of the white matter fibers and attention tests in 81 patients and 79 healthy controls from the Mind Clinical Imaging Consortium database. Integrity measures of superior longitudinal fasciculus, cingulum, genu, and splenium were extracted after tractography. Using an interaction model between diagnosis and microstructural properties, and adjusting for age, gender, acquisition site, education, and cumulative drug usage dose, and after correcting for family-wise error, we showed decreased integrity in the patients and a significant negative association between fractional anisotropy of the tracts and trail making test part A with a greater expected decrease in the attention per unit of decrease of integrity in the patients compared to the healthy controls. Our findings suggest that decreased integrity of the bilateral cingulum, and splenium, are independent of the cumulative drug dosage, age, gender, and site, and may underlie the impaired attention in the schizophrenia.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pscychresns.2020.111105DOI Listing
August 2020

Plasma Neurofilament Light Chain Levels Are Associated With Cortical Hypometabolism in Alzheimer Disease Signature Regions.

J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 2019 Jul 15. Epub 2019 Jul 15.

Students' Scientific Research Center.

Neurofilament light chain (NFL) has been recently introduced as a biomarker of early dementia. 18-Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18F-FDG-PET) is a proxy for regional hypometabolism in Alzheimer disease (AD). Globally normalized 18F-FDG-PET values and levels of NFL and tau were obtained from 149 patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) from the baseline cohort of the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative database. We adopted a stepwise partial correlation model using plasma NFL, plasma tau, CSF NFL, and regional cerebral metabolic rate of glucose (CMRGlc) as main variables, and age, sex, and Alzheimer's Disease Rating Scale (ADAS) as covariates. Significant regions were entered into a stepwise multiple regression analysis to investigate the independent correlation of each biomarker to baseline regional CMRGlc and its progression in patients with MCI. Higher baseline CSF NFL levels correlated with hypometabolism in bilateral precuneal and posterior cingulate cortex. After correction for age, sex, and ADAS score, plasma NFL levels correlated with hypometabolism in bilateral parahippocampal and middle temporal gyri. Cortical hypometabolism in bilateral parahippocampal gyri and right fusiform and middle temporal gyri was independently predicted by higher baseline plasma NFL levels in a multiple regression model. Plasma NFL promises to be an early biomarker of cortical hypometabolism in MCI and for MCI progression to AD.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jnen/nlz054DOI Listing
July 2019

Anti-inflammatory cytokines in autism spectrum disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Cytokine 2019 11 19;123:154740. Epub 2019 Jun 19.

Research Center for Immunodeficiencies, Children's Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Molecular Immunology Research Center, Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Expert Group (SRMEG), Universal Scientific Education and Research Network (USERN), Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:

Background: In the search for the causes of autism spectrum disorders (ASD), inflammatory markers have emerged as potential candidates. The present meta-analysis was performed on studies examining circulating concentrations of anti-inflammatory cytokines in people with ASD compared with control subjects without ASD.

Methods: We identified potentially eligible studies by systematically searching electronic databases from inception to February 2018.

Results: Twenty-five studies with a total of 1754 participants (1022 patients with ASD and 732 control subjects) were included in the mate-analysis; 4 for interferon (IFN)-α, 9 for interleukin (IL)-1 receptor antagonist (Ra), 9 for IL-4, 6 for IL-5, 3 for IL-9, 14 for IL-10, 7 for IL-13, and 6 for transforming growth factor (TGF)-β. We found a moderate decrease in plasma levels of IL-10 (SMD = -0.59) and a small decrease in serum levels of IL-1Ra (SMD = -0.25) in patients with ASD. On the contrary, serum IL-5 levels were slightly increased (SMD = 0.26) in these patients. We conducted meta-regression analyses to investigate the possible effect of moderatos on the effect size (ES) of difference in mean levels of IL-10. Difference in the mean age between patients and controls showed a negative influence on the ES and was able to explain about 0.4 of total between-study variance. In contrast, latitude exerted a positive effect on the ES and explained a lower proportion (0.1) of total between-study variance.

Conclusions: This meta-analysis provides evidence for the lower concentration of anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-10 and IL-1Ra in autistic patients compared with control subjects. Also, meta-regression analyses point to the interaction of latitude, age, and gender with peripheral alterations of associated anti-inflammatory cytokines.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cyto.2019.154740DOI Listing
November 2019

A meta-analysis of pro-inflammatory cytokines in autism spectrum disorders: Effects of age, gender, and latitude.

J Psychiatr Res 2019 08 18;115:90-102. Epub 2019 May 18.

aResearch Center for Immunodeficiencies, Children's Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Molecular Immunology Research Center, Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Expert Group (SRMEG), Universal Scientific Education and Research Network (USERN), Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) occur in 1.5% of the general population worldwide. Studies suggest that ASD might have more costs than diabetes and attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder by 2025. Dysregulation of the cytokine system is well-documented in ASD. We conducted a meta-analysis of studies providing data on circulating concentrations of pro-inflammatory cytokines in people with ASD compared with control subjects without ASD.

Methods: We identified potentially eligible studies by systematically searching electronic databases from inception to February 2018.

Results: Thirty-eight studies with total of 2487 participants (1393 patients with ASD and 1094 control subjects) were included in the meta-analysis; 13 for interferon (IFN)-γ, 17 for interleukin (IL)-1β, 22 for IL-6, 19 for tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, 4 for IL-1α, 6 for IL-2, 4 for IL-7, 8 for IL-8, 14 for IL-12, 3 for IL-15, 12 for IL-17, 3 for IL-18, 3 for IL-2 receptor, 3 for TNF-β, and 3 for IL-23. We found medium increases in levels of plasma IFN-γ (standardized mean difference, SMD = 0.53) and serum IL-1β (SMD = 0.56) and small increases in levels of blood IL-1β (SMD = 0.35), serum IL-6 (SMD = 0.30) and serum TNF-α (SMD = 0.31) for patients with ASD. Meta-regression analyses identified latitude as a negative moderator of the effect size (ES) of difference in mean levels of IFN-γ (R = 0.26) and TNF-α (R = 0.74). Also, difference in the mean age between patients and controls had a negative interaction with the ES of difference in mean levels of IL-1β. In contrast, there was a positive effect of the moderator of difference in the proportion of male subjects between patients and controls on the ES of difference in mean levels of IL-1β. We found no significant alterations in peripheral levels of other pro-inflammatory cytokines including IL-1α, IL-2, IL-2R, IL-3, IL-7, IL-8, IL-12, IL-12p40, IL-12p70, IL-15, IL-17, IL-18, IL-23, TBF-β, and TNFRI/II in patients with ASD.

Conclusions: This meta-analysis provides evidence for higher concentration of pro-inflammatory cytokines IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α in autistic patents compared with control subjects. Also, meta-regression analyses point to the interaction of latitude, age, and gender with peripheral alterations of associated pro-inflammatory cytokines.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2019.05.019DOI Listing
August 2019

HLA-DRB1 polymorphism and susceptibility to multiple sclerosis in the Middle East North Africa region: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Neuroimmunol 2018 08 6;321:117-124. Epub 2018 Jun 6.

MS Research Centre, Neuroscience Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

This meta-analysis explores association of HLA-DRB1 alleles with MS risk in the Middle-east North Africa (MENA) countries. Divided into two groups of alleles (10 studies, 899 cases/1457 controls) and phenotypes (8 studies, 1,040 cases/1,256 controls), Odds ratios (ORs) of DRB1 distribution in MS subjects were assessed using Cochrane RevMan software. DRB1*15 demonstrated significant association with MS in both groups (OR=1.6 and OR=2.51, respectively). In phenotypes, DRB1*03 and DRB1*04 had predisposing role (OR=1.8 and OR=1.9), while DRB1*07 and DRB1*11 were protective (OR=0.56 and OR=0.67). Similar but non-significant trends were seen among alleles, which in sum coincides with a Caucasian-like pattern.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jneuroim.2018.06.005DOI Listing
August 2018

Relationship between cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers and structural brain network properties in Parkinson's disease.

Mov Disord 2018 03 13;33(3):431-439. Epub 2018 Feb 13.

McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.

Background: Pathological accumulation of α-synuclein, amyloid-β , and tau proteins in the brain is considered critical for development of various neurodegenerative diseases.

Objectives: We investigated the association between CSF levels of these biomarkers, brain structural connectivity, and the UPDRS in PD.

Methods: Diffusion tensor images and CSF biomarkers (α-synuclein, amyloid-β , total tau, and phosphorylated tau181) from 132 drug-naïve, nondemented PD patients and 61 healthy controls were obtained from the Parkinson's Progression Markers Initiative database. After network reconstruction of structural connectivity patterns, global interconnectivity measures (including global efficiency, clustering coefficient, and characteristic path length) and local efficiency were calculated. Network properties and CSF biomarkers were compared between PD patients and healthy controls. The association of CSF biomarkers with network properties and UPDRS-III score was investigated.

Results: Global measures (but not local efficiency) and CSF α-synuclein were significantly lower in PD patients. Global efficiency and clustering coefficient correlated positively with α-synuclein, Aβ , and total tau CSF levels. Furthermore, these CSF biomarkers showed no significant association with the UPDRS-III score.

Conclusions: This study examined the association of CSF biomarkers that reflect the brain pathology, with structural brain connectivity and UPDRS-III in PD. Our results revealed an association between the abnormal aggregation of α-synuclein, Aβ , and tau proteins and structural connectivity disruption in PD patients. In summary, a combination of structural imaging and measurement of CSF biomarkers provide a better understanding of the pathogenesis of PD. © 2018 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mds.27284DOI Listing
March 2018
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