Publications by authors named "Amir S Patel"

8 Publications

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Single-port robotic inguinal lymph node dissection: A safe and feasible option for penile cancer.

Surg Oncol 2021 Sep 16;38:101633. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Urology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, USA.

Introduction: Inguinal lymph node dissection (ILND) is essential to the accurate staging of advanced penile cancer and in determining prognosis. Open ILND is associated with significant morbidity. The robotic-assisted approach has been described with comparable nodal yield with the advantage of decreased postoperative complications when studied with the multiport robotic platform. This video shows our approach for an ILND with the Intuitive single port (SP) robotic platform.

Method: A 54-year-old man underwent a partial penectomy for a penile mass that revealed squamous cell carcinoma invading the corpus spongiosum (pT2). Patient had non-palpable lymph nodes on physical examination. We proceeded with the bilateral inguinal lymph node dissection using the Intuitive da Vinci Single-Port Robot.

Results: A standard template dissection was performed on both sides. Due to nodal enlargement noted on the pre-operative CT scan on the right side, superficial and deep ILND were performed on that side. Intra-operative frozen section pathologies of superficial lymph nodes were negative on the left side. Bilateral saphenous veins were preserved. Total procedure time was 4 hours and 51 minutes in duration with minimal blood loss noted (<30 mL). Pathology revealed one 4.5cm superficial positive node on the right with no extra-nodal extension and no other positive nodes. No complications were noted. He was discharged on post-operative day 1 with minimal pain or leg swelling.

Conclusions: We describe the technique and feasibility of ILND using the SP robotic platform. This approach has the potential to reduce morbidity with comparable nodal dissection as the open approach.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.suronc.2021.101633DOI Listing
September 2021

Clinical predictors of immediate intervention for isolated renal trauma.

Can J Urol 2020 12;27(6):10456-10460

Department of Urology, Einstein Healthcare Network/Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

INTRODUCTION Evidence suggests overutilization of procedural intervention for renal traumas. The objective of this study was to assess clinical factors associated with procedural intervention for patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with isolated renal trauma.

Materials And Methods: A United States statewide trauma registry was queried for trauma patients presenting to level I or II trauma centers with isolated renal injuries (Grades I-V) from 2000-2013. Patient demographics, mechanism, American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) grade, trauma center level designation, presenting ED vital signs, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), intubation status, and blood product transfusion were assessed.

Results: Of 449,422 patients, 1383 patients (78% male, median age 29 years [range 2-92]) with isolated renal injuries had data available for analysis. Controlling for demographics, presenting vitals, GCS, trauma center level, mechanism and intubation status, level I status (OR 2.1 [1.3-3.4], p = 0.0021), white race (OR 2.5 [1.3-4.7], p < 0.005), AAST IV/V injury (OR 4.79 [3.1-6.5], p < 0.0001) and blood product administration (OR 2.7 [1.5-4.9], p = 0.0009) were independently associated with an immediate interventional radiology procedure. Independent predictors of immediate surgical intervention include level I status (OR 2.2 [1.2-4.0], p = 0.0075), penetrating mechanism of injury (OR 15.6 [8.4-28.9], p < 0.0001, AAST IV/V injury (OR 13.6 [8.7-21.1], p < 0.0001), and clinical hypotension (SBP < 95 mmHg, OR 2.1 [1.1 4.2], p = 0.03).

Concvlusion: Level 1 trauma center designation, white race, penetrating mechanism of injury, high-grade injury, transfusion of blood products, and hypotension were all independent predictors of immediate procedural intervention following ED presentation with isolated renal trauma.
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December 2020

Impact of Antimicrobial Dipping Solutions on Postoperative Infection Rates in Patients With Diabetes Undergoing Primary Insertion of a Coloplast Titan Inflatable Penile Prosthesis.

J Sex Med 2020 10 15;17(10):2077-2083. Epub 2020 Aug 15.

Service d'urologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège, Liège, Belgium.

Background: Modern-day penile prostheses use infection retardant coating to decrease rates of postoperative infection, subsequently reducing explantation and revision rates as well. The Coloplast Titan models are dipped into antimicrobial solutions right before implantation, and the components used for dipping can be tailored toward the patient.

Aim: To compare infection, explantation, and revision rates among different dipping solutions used before implantation for patients with diabetes receiving a Coloplast Titan implant.

Methods: We systematically reviewed 932 patients with diabetes receiving a primary penile implant across 18 different centers from the period April 2003 to August 2018. Of those patients, 473 received a Coloplast device, whereas 459 received an AMS device. Data regarding the type of antimicrobial solution used before implantation were recorded for 468 patients receiving a Coloplast Titan, including whether or not they suffered a postoperative infection and if they underwent explantation and/or revision. Outcome rates were compared using Fisher's exact and Pearson's chi-square tests, and logistic regression modeling was performed to account for covariates.

Outcomes: The main outcome measures of this study were postoperative infection, explantation, and revision rates.

Results: Of the total 932 patients reviewed, 33 suffered a postoperative infection. Of 468 patients receiving Coloplast implants, there was a 3.4% infection rate. The most commonly used antibiotic combination before dipping was vancomycin + gentamicin (59.0%). There was a significantly lower rate of postoperative infection, explantation, and revision when vancomycin + gentamicin was used than those associated with the use of all other dipping solutions ([1.4% vs 6.4%; P = .004], [1.1% vs 8.3%; P < .001], and [2.5% vs 12.5; P < .001], respectively). After adjusting for age, body mass index, preoperative blood glucose level, and hemoglobin A1c, the use of other dips was an independent predictor of postoperative infection (odds ratio: 0.191; P = .049). The inclusion of rifampin in the dipping solution trended toward being a significant risk factor for infection (P = .057). Including antifungals in the dipping solution did not affect infection (P = .414), explantation (P = .421), or revision (P = .328) rates.

Clinical Implications: Vancomycin + gentamicin was the most efficacious combination of antibiotics used for dipping in terms of preventing postoperative infection and subsequent explantation and revision.

Strengths And Limitations: Data were sampled across multiple institutions providing a large sample that may be more representative of the population of interest. A key limitation of the study was its retrospective nature, which prevented us from controlling certain variables.

Conclusion: The use of rifampin did not provide the same type of protection, possibly representing a shift in resistance patterns of common bacteria responsible for device infection. Towe M, Huynh LM, Osman MM, et al. Impact of Antimicrobial Dipping Solutions on Postoperative Infection Rates in Patients With Diabetes Undergoing Primary Insertion of a Coloplast Titan Inflatable Penile Prosthesis. J Sex Med 2020;17:2077-2083.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsxm.2020.07.009DOI Listing
October 2020

Immediate preoperative blood glucose and hemoglobin a1c levels are not predictive of postoperative infections in diabetic men undergoing penile prosthesis placement.

Int J Impot Res 2021 Apr 20;33(3):296-302. Epub 2020 Mar 20.

Department of Urology, Hackensack University Medical Center, Hackensack, NJ, USA.

Defining the risks associated with diabetes mellitus in patients undergoing penile prosthesis implantation remains controversial. Our study aims to assess whether preoperative hemoglobin a1c and preoperative blood glucose levels are associated with an increased risk for postoperative infection in diabetic men. We performed a retrospective review of 932 diabetic patients undergoing primary penile prosthesis implantation from 18 high-volume penile prosthesis implantation surgeons throughout the United States, Germany, Belgium, and South Korea. Preoperative hemoglobin a1c and blood glucose levels within 6 h of surgery were collected and assessed in univariate and multivariate models for correlation with postoperative infection, revision, and explantation rates. The primary outcome is postoperative infection and the secondary outcomes are postoperative revision and explantation. In all, 875 patients were included in the final analysis. There were no associations between preoperative blood glucose levels or hemoglobin a1c levels and postoperative infection rates; p = 0.220 and p = 0.598, respectively. On multivariate analysis, a history of diabetes-related complications was a significant predictor of higher revision rates (p = 0.034), but was nonsignificant for infection or explantation rates. We conclude preoperative blood glucose levels and hemoglobin a1c levels are not associated with an increased risk for postoperative infection, revision, or explantation in diabetic men undergoing penile prosthesis implantation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41443-020-0261-5DOI Listing
April 2021

Minimizing Sexual Dysfunction in BPH Surgery.

Curr Sex Health Rep 2019 Sep 20;11(3):190-200. Epub 2019 Jul 20.

Department of Urology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA.

Purpose Of Review: To review the prevalence and risks of sexual dysfunction associated with current treatment options for benign prostatic hyperplasia and to characterize techniques and methods to manage postoperative sexual dysfunction-related side effects.

Recent Findings: Current surgical therapies available for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia are associated with a substantial risk of both ejaculatory and erectile function. However, many of the novel minimally invasive treatment alternatives have demonstrated the ability to preserve postoperative sexual function to a better degree, all while providing significant relief of lower urinary tract symptoms in an equally safe and efficacious manner.

Summary: Benign prostatic hyperplasia remains a highly prevalent disease among the aging population. While surgical treatments are often necessary to relieve bothersome urinary symptoms, these procedures are associated with an increased risk of sexual dysfunction. As such, there has been an increased interest in the development of minimally invasive therapies, such as the UroLift®, Rezum®, and Aquablation®, with the hopes of achieving similar symptomatic relief while maintaining sexual function. Aside from reporting lower rates of sexual dysfunction, these procedures have also demonstrated comparable safety, durability, and efficacy to current gold standard therapies. Some procedures can even be performed in an outpatient setting, avoiding the need for general anesthesia altogether. Overall, an individualized, shared decision-making approach is necessary to determine the ideal treatment option for each patient.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11930-019-00210-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6714584PMC
September 2019

Distribution of Semen Parameters Among Adolescent Males Undergoing Fertility Preservation in a Multicenter International Cohort.

Urology 2019 05 13;127:119-123. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Urology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL. Electronic address:

Objective: To determine the distribution of semen parameters among adolescent and adult males presenting for fertility preservation.

Methods: A retrospective, cross-sectional cohort study of adolescent males age 11-19 who underwent semen analysis for fertility preservation at 3 centers in 2 countries with a comparison cohort of adult men presenting for fertility preservation. Prevalence of azoospermia and distribution of semen parameters was compared across groups.

Results: A total of 197 adolescents and 95 adults underwent semen analysis for fertility preservation. Azoospermia was present in 17 (8.6%) adolescents and 3 (3.2%) adults. There was decline in the prevalence of azoospermia with increasing age. After exclusion of patients with azoospermia, the adolescent and adult cohorts were comprised of 180 and 92 patients, respectively. Median age at presentation among adolescents vs adults was 16.5years (interquartile range [IQR] 15.2-17.6) and 30.8years (IQR 22.7-43.8), respectively. Median semen volume was 1.0mL (IQR 0.5-2.0) vs 2.5mL (IQR 1.5-3.5), P <.001. Median sperm concentration was 30million/mL (IQR 10-57) vs 39million/mL (IQR 14-57), P = .2. Median sperm motility was 39% (IQR 20-55) vs 45% (IQR 35-55), P = .01. Median total motile sperm count was 11million (IQR 1.4-33) for adolescents vs 29million (IQR 13-69) for adults, P <.001.

Conclusion: Young adolescent males had higher prevalence of azoospermia and lower semen parameters compared to adults. In conjunction with physical examination, Tanner stage, and specific clinical context, these data can help to inform patients and their families about potential for fertility preservation, even in very young adolescent patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2019.01.027DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6475495PMC
May 2019

Elevated Body Mass Index Is Associated with Secondary Hypogonadism Among Men Presenting to a Tertiary Academic Medical Center.

World J Mens Health 2019 Jan 10;37(1):93-98. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Department of Urology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA.

Purpose: To characterize the population of hypogonadal men who presented to a tertiary academic urology clinic and evaluate risk factors for primary secondary hypogonadism.

Materials And Methods: We evaluated all men with International Classification of Diseases-9 diagnosis codes R68.82 and 799.81 for low libido, 257.2 for testicular hypofunction, and E29.1 for other testicular hypofunction at a tertiary academic medical center from 2013 to 2017. We included men who had testosterone (T) and luteinizing hormone (LH) drawn on the same day. We classified men based on T and LH levels into eugonadal, primary, secondary, and compensated hypogonadism. Risk factors including age, body mass index (BMI) over 30 kg/m², current smoking status, alcohol use greater than 5 days per week, and Charlson comorbidity index greater than or equal to 1 were investigated and measured in each group using the eugonadal group for reference.

Results: Among the 231 men who had both T and LH levels, 7.4%, 42.4%, and 7.4% were classified as primary, secondary, and compensated hypogonadism, respectively. Only elevated BMI was associated with secondary hypogonadism compared to eugonadal men (median BMI, 30.93 kg/m² 27.69 kg/m², p=0.003). BMI, age, comorbidities, smoking, or alcohol use did not appear to predict diagnosis of secondary hypogonadism.

Conclusions: Secondary hypogonadism appears to be the most common cause of hypogonadism among men complaining of low T and decreased libido at a tertiary academic medical center. Secondary hypogonadism is associated with elevated BMI and therefore obesity should be used as a marker to evaluate men for both T and LH levels.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5534/wjmh.180047DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6305864PMC
January 2019

Prediction of male infertility by the World Health Organization laboratory manual for assessment of semen analysis: A systematic review.

Arab J Urol 2018 Mar 20;16(1):96-102. Epub 2017 Nov 20.

Department of Urology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA.

Objective: To discuss the role, reliability and limitations of the semen analysis in the evaluation of fertility with reference to the World Health Organization (WHO) fifth edition guidelines, with semen analysis reference values published in 2010. We also discuss the limitations of using a single threshold value to distinguish 'abnormal' and 'normal' parameters.

Methods: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were used to search the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane electronic database for articles discussing the effectiveness of semen analysis.

Results: Limitations affecting the reliability of semen analysis as a predictor of fertility were found. These include: the lack of consideration of the female factor, the vaguely defined threshold values, and the intra-individual variation in semen parameters.

Conclusions: Impaired semen parameters alone cannot be used to predict fertility as these men still have a chance of being fertile, except when a man has azoospermia, necrospermia or globozoospermia.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aju.2017.10.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5922004PMC
March 2018
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