Publications by authors named "Amir Nekouei"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The effect of demographic characteristics on the relationship between smoking and dry mouth in Iran: a cross-sectional, case-control study.

Epidemiol Health 2021 28;43:e2021017. Epub 2021 Feb 28.

Physiology Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Objectives: The effect of age, sex, and other demographic factors on the relationship between smoking and dry mouth remains unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of demographic characteristics on the relationship between dry mouth, also known as xerostomia, and smoking.

Methods: This case-control study included 5,640 randomly-selected subjects from the second phase of the Kerman Coronary Artery Disease Risk Factors Study, which observed 10,000 participants from 2014 to 2018. A checklist was used to record the participants' demographic characteristics and smoking frequency. Each participant completed a six-item Fox questionnaire to measure dry mouth as a dependent variable. The interaction terms of daily cigarette smoking with sex, age, educational level, and marital status were entered into the model. Non-significant terms were removed using hierarchical model selection.

Results: Of the sample, 3,429 (60.8%) did not have dry mouth and were analyzed as controls, whereas 2,211 (39.2%) had xerostomia and were deemed to be cases. Smokers were more likely to have dry mouth in all ages and both sexes (p < 0.001). As male became older, the chance of having dry mouth increased more rapidly than among female smokers (p < 0.001). In addition, female smokers were more likely to have dry mouth than male smokers (p < 0.001).

Conclusions: The likelihood of dry mouth among daily smokers depended on age and sex. Female smokers were more likely to have dry mouth, and its likelihood increased with age in daily smokers of both sexes, though more rapidly in males.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2021017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8062766PMC
May 2021

The Knowledge and Attitude of Diabetic Patients Regarding Oral and Dental Disorders in Kerman Diabetes Clinics.

J Dent (Shiraz) 2020 Sep;21(3):195-201

Endodontology Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Statement Of The Problem: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common endocrine disorders. This disease has devastating effects on many organs and tissues of the body including oral and dental tissues.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge and attitude of diabetic patients about dental and oral diseases.

Materials And Method: In this cross-sectional study, 433 diabetic patients who referred to Kerman Diabetes Clinics were included. Data were collected using a questionnaire consisted of three parts of demographic characteristics, knowledge of oral and systemic complications of diabetes mellitus, and patients' attitude regarding their oral health. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 21 and employing t-test and multiple linear regression analysis. Statistically significant values were considered at ≤ 0.05.

Results: The mean scores for the knowledge of systemic and oral complications were 0.80±0.21 and 0.39±0.23, respectively. The mean total knowledge of diabetic patients was 0.53±0.18, and the mean score for the patients' attitude was 0.63±0.11. It was revealed that people with a family history of diabetes did not have significantly greater overall knowledge (= 0.082). Also, people with longer disease duration (= 0.004) and female patients (= 0.05) had significantly a better knowledge and attitude in terms of oral health.

Conclusion: The knowledge and attitude of patients regarding their oral and dental health and diseases were at moderate level, which should be promoted by constant planning and education according to the current needs of society.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.30476/DENTJODS.2020.77878.0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7519939PMC
September 2020
-->