Publications by authors named "Amir Masoud Farahbod"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Procalcitonin and Proinflammatory Cytokines in Early Diagnosis of Bacterial Infections after Bronchoscopy.

Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2019 Mar 27;7(6):913-919. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Chronic Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FOB) guided bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) remains as the chief diagnostic tool in respiratory disorders. 1.2-16% of patients frequently experience fever after bronchoscopy. To exclude the need for multiple antibiotic prescribing in patients with post-bronchoscopy fever, the presence of the self-limiting inflammatory responses should be excluded.

Aim: The current study was conducted to test the serum of patients undergoing bronchoscopy for some proinflammatory cytokines including Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNF-ɑ), Interleukin-1beta (IL-1β), Interleukin-8 (IL-8) and Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and the value of Procalcitonin (PCT).

Material And Methods: Current case-control study was conducted at the National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease in Iran. Nineteen patients (48.72%) that attended with a reasonable sign for a diagnostic bronchoscopy from January 2016 to December 2017 were included in the case group. The control group consisted of 20 patients who underwent a simple bronchoscopy and without FOB-BAL. The laboratory findings for PCT concentrations and cytokine levels in the three serum samples (before FOB-BAL (t0), after 6 hr. (t1), and at 24 hr. past (t2) FOB-BAL) were compared between two groups.

Results: The frequency of post-bronchoscopy fever was 5.12, and the prevalence of post-bronchoscopy infectious fever was 2.56%. PCT level was considerably higher in the patient with a confirmed bacterial infection when compared to other participants (p-value < 0. 05). Interestingly, IL-8 level in the bacterial infection proven fever patient was higher than in other patients (p < 0.001). IL-8 levels displayed a specificity of 72.7% and a sensitivity of 100%, at the threshold point of 5.820 pg/ml. PCT levels had a specificity of 84% and a sensitivity of 81%, at the threshold point of 0.5 ng/ml.

Conclusion: The present findings show that in patients with fever after bronchoscopy, PCT levels and IL-8 levels are valuable indicators for antibiotic therapy, proving adequate proof for bacterial infection. The current findings also illustrate that to monitor the serum levels of PCT and proinflammatory cytokines in the patients undergoing FOB-BAL, the best time is the 24-hour postoperative bronchoscopy.
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March 2019

Identification and genotyping of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolated from water and soil samples of a metropolitan city.

Chest 2015 Apr;147(4):1094-1102

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL. Electronic address:

Background: The potential role of environmental Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the epidemiology of TB remains unknown. We investigated the transmission of M tuberculosis from humans to the environment and the possible transmission of M tuberculosis from the environment to humans.

Methods: A total of 1,500 samples were collected from three counties of the Tehran, Iran metropolitan area from February 2012 to January 2014. A total of 700 water samples (47%) and 800 soil samples (53%) were collected. Spoligotyping and the mycobacterial interspersed repetitive units-variable number of tandem repeats typing method were performed on DNA extracted from single colonies. Genotypes of M tuberculosis strains isolated from the environment were compared with the genotypes obtained from 55 patients with confirmed pulmonary TB diagnosed during the study period in the same three counties.

Results: M tuberculosis was isolated from 11 of 800 soil samples (1%) and 71 of 700 water samples (10%). T family (56 of 82, 68%) followed by Delhi/CAS (11 of 82, 13.4%) were the most frequent M tuberculosis superfamilies in both water and soil samples. Overall, 27.7% of isolates in clusters were related. No related typing patterns were detected between soil, water, and clinical isolates. The most frequent superfamily of M tuberculosis in clinical isolates was Delhi/CAS (142, 30.3%) followed by NEW-1 (127, 27%). The bacilli in contaminated soil (36%) and damp water (8.4%) remained reculturable in some samples up to 9 months.

Conclusions: Although the dominant M tuberculosis superfamilies in soil and water did not correspond to the dominant M tuberculosis family in patients, the presence of circulating genotypes of M tuberculosis in soil and water highlight the risk of transmission.
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April 2015