Publications by authors named "Amir A Khaki"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The effects of 30 mT electromagnetic fields on hippocampus cells of rats.

Surg Neurol Int 2016 29;7:70. Epub 2016 Jun 29.

Department of Anatomical Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Background: Despite the use of electromagnetic waves in the treatment of some acute and chronic diseases, application of these waves in everyday life has created several problems for humans, especially the nerve system. In this study, the effects of 30mT electromagnetic fields (EMFs) on the hippocampus is investigated.

Methods: Twenty-four 5-month Wistar rats weighing 150-200 g were divided into two groups. The experimental group rats were under the influence of an EMF at an intensity of 3 mT for approximately 4 hours a day (from 8 AM to 12 PM) during 10 weeks. After the hippocampus was removed, thin slides were prepared for transmission electron microscope (TEM) to study the ultrastructural tissue. Cell death detection POD kits were used to determine the apoptosis rate.

Results: The results of the TEM showed that, in the hippocampus of the experimental group, in comparison to the control group, there was a substantial shift; even intracellular organelles such as the mitochondria were morphologically abnormal and uncertain. The number of apoptotic cells in the exposed group compared to the control group showed significant changes.

Conclusions: Similar to numerous studies that have reported the effects of EMFs on nerves system, it was also confirmed in this lecture. Hence, the hippocampus which is important in regulating emotions, behavior, motivation, and memory functions, may be impaired by the negative impacts of EMFs.
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July 2016

Bipolar supernumerary renal artery.

Surg Radiol Anat 2007 Feb 24;29(1):89-92. Epub 2006 Oct 24.

Department of Radiology and Angiography, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

The variations of renal arteries are considered critical issues that surgeons should have thorough envision and appreciation of the condition. Variations of these vessels may influences urological, renal transplantation and laparoscopic surgeries. We present a case of bilateral accessory renal artery with a striking pre-hilar branching pattern encountered upon digital subtraction angiography (DSA) for imaging of the renal arteries of a healthy 30-year-old man, renal transplant donor. The right kidney received two renal arteries from the aorta including a main hilar and one lower polar. However, the left accessory artery while originated from the aorta, simultaneously, supplied both upper and lower renal poles following its pre-hilar division that replaced upper/apical and lower segmental arteries of the single main renal artery, respectively. The left main renal artery divided into two anterior and posterior segmental arteries. Whether this should be categorized either as an accessory hilar artery or a unique variant of renal arterial supply, the so-called bipolar supernumerary renal artery, is a matter of debate. We discuss possible embryologic origin and clinical aspects of accessory renal artery.
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February 2007

Does the ganglion of Ribes exist?

Folia Neuropathol 2006 ;44(3):197-201

Pediatric Neurosurgery, Children's Hospital, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA.

Some have included the ganglion of Ribes (Francois Ribes, 1765-1845), lying on the anterior communicating artery, as the most superior ganglion of the sympathetic nervous system. To verify the presence of this structure, the anterior communicating artery was harvested from 40 fresh adult cadavers and histological analysis and immunochemistry performed. Grossly and with magnification, no ganglion-like structures were found in or around the anterior communicating artery in any specimen. However, scattered neuronal cell bodies were found in the adventitia of the anterior communicating artery with histological immunochemical analysis. Based on the lack of vasoactive intestinal peptide staining and the positive reaction to tyrosine hydroxylase, these neurons are most likely sympathetic in nature. Based on our findings, a grossly visible ganglion of Ribes does not exist. However, neuronal cell bodies were found in the adventitia of the anterior communicating artery although the function of such cells remains speculative.
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January 2007

An unusual course of the left recurrent laryngeal nerve.

Clin Anat 2007 Apr;20(3):344-6

Department of Neurosurgery and Anatomy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Variation in the course of the left recurrent laryngeal nerve is seemingly very rare. During the routine dissection of an adult male cadaver, the entire left recurrent laryngeal nerve after branching from the left vagus nerve was noted to travel medial to the ligamentum arteriosum. We hypothesize that this rare variation may occur, if the left recurrent laryngeal nerve passes inferior to the fifth rather than the sixth aortic arch during embryological development. As our case report demonstrates, the relationship between the ligamentum arteriosum and the left recurrent laryngeal nerve is not absolute. Although seemingly rare, cardiothoracic surgeons must consider variations of the left recurrent laryngeal nerve during surgical procedures in the region of the ligamentum arteriosum in order to minimize potential postoperative complications.
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April 2007