Publications by authors named "Ameni Kdissa"

3 Publications

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Defining the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum of X-linked MSL3-related disorder.

Genet Med 2021 Feb 11;23(2):384-395. Epub 2020 Nov 11.

Institute of Human Genetics, Technical University Munich, Munich, Germany.

Purpose: We sought to delineate the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum of female and male individuals with X-linked, MSL3-related disorder (Basilicata-Akhtar syndrome).

Methods: Twenty-five individuals (15 males, 10 females) with causative variants in MSL3 were ascertained through exome or genome sequencing at ten different sequencing centers.

Results: We identified multiple variant types in MSL3 (ten nonsense, six frameshift, four splice site, three missense, one in-frame-deletion, one multi-exon deletion), most proven to be de novo, and clustering in the terminal eight exons suggesting that truncating variants in the first five exons might be compensated by an alternative MSL3 transcript. Three-dimensional modeling of missense and splice variants indicated that these have a deleterious effect. The main clinical findings comprised developmental delay and intellectual disability ranging from mild to severe. Autism spectrum disorder, muscle tone abnormalities, and macrocephaly were common as well as hearing impairment and gastrointestinal problems. Hypoplasia of the cerebellar vermis emerged as a consistent magnetic resonance image (MRI) finding. Females and males were equally affected. Using facial analysis technology, a recognizable facial gestalt was determined.

Conclusion: Our aggregated data illustrate the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum of X-linked, MSL3-related disorder (Basilicata-Akhtar syndrome). Our cohort improves the understanding of disease related morbidity and allows us to propose detailed surveillance guidelines for affected individuals.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41436-020-00993-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7862064PMC
February 2021

VPS26C homozygous nonsense variant in two cousins with neurodevelopmental deficits, growth failure, skeletal abnormalities, and distinctive facial features.

Clin Genet 2020 04 26;97(4):644-648. Epub 2019 Dec 26.

Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.

In this report, we describe two cousins with cognitive impairment, growth failure, skeletal abnormalities, and distinctive facial features. Genome sequencing failed to identify variants in known disease-associated genes explaining the phenotype. Extended comprehensive analysis of the two affected cousins' genomes, however, revealed that both share the homozygous nonsense variant c.178G>T (p.Glu60*) in the VPS26C gene. This gene encodes VPS26C, a member of the retriever integral membrane protein recycling pathway. The potential vital biological role of VPS26C, the nature of the variant which is predicted to result in loss-of-function, expression studies revealing significant reduction in the mutant transcript, and the co-segregation of the homozygous variant with the phenotype in two affected individuals all support that VPS26C is a novel gene associated with a previously unrecognized syndrome characterized by neurodevelopmental deficits, growth failure, skeletal abnormalities, and distinctive facial features.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cge.13690DOI Listing
April 2020

c.1227_1228dupGG (p.Glu410Glyfs), a frequent variant in Tunisian patients with MUTYH associated polyposis.

Cancer Genet 2020 01 4;240:45-53. Epub 2019 Nov 4.

Cytogenetic, Molecular Genetics and Human Reproduction Biology - FARHAT HACHED University Hospital, Sousse, Tunisia.

Introduction: Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is an autosomal dominant-inherited disease caused by germline variants in the APC gene. It is characterized by the development of hundreds to thousands of adenomatous polyps in colon and rectum. Recently, biallelic germline variants in the base excision repair (BER) gene: MUTYH have been identified in patients with attenuated FAP and/or negative APC result. It can be responsible for an autosomal recessive inherited colorectal cancer syndrome (MAP syndrome: MUTYH-associated polyposis).

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate germline variants of MUTYH gene in Tunisian patients with attenuated FAP.

Methods: thirteen unrelated patients from Tunisia with attenuated FAP were screened for MUTYH germline variants. Direct sequencing was performed to identify point variants in this gene.

Results: A Biallelic MUTYH germline variant were found in all patients and showed an attenuated polyposis phenotype almost of them without extra-colic manifestations: The known pathogenic frameshift variant c.1227_1228dupGG (p. Glu410Glyfs) was found, in homozygous state, in 13 index patients.

Conclusion: Patients with attenuated familial adenomatous polyposis (<=100) and no obvious vertical transmission of the disease should be considered for MUTYH gene testing.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cancergen.2019.10.007DOI Listing
January 2020