Publications by authors named "Amaury C Mengin"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Mindfulness Improves Otolaryngology Residents' Performance in a Simulated Bad-News Consultation: A Pilot Study.

J Surg Educ 2020 Nov 18. Epub 2020 Nov 18.

Hôpitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg, Pôle de Psychiatrie, Strasbourg, France; Université de Strasbourg, Faculté de Médecine, UNISIMES (UNIté de SIMulation Européenne en Santé), Strasbourg, France; Inserm U1114 - Neuropsychologie cognitive et Physiopathologie de la Schizophrénie, Strasbourg, France; FMTS, Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France; Université de Strasbourg, Faculté de Médecine, Strasbourg, France.

Introduction: Delivering bad news is a stressful moment for both patient and clinician. As poor bad-news consultation quality may lead to misunderstandings, lack of treatment adherence, acute or even post-traumatic stress in patients, training interventions to improve communication skills and stress-management are necessary. Mindfulness is a recognised stress-management strategy that has shown its efficacy in reducing stress in both health professionals and students. We then supposed that a short mindfulness meditation session performed just before a simulated breaking bad-news consultation to patients with laryngeal cancer may help ear, nose and throat (ENT) residents to master their stress and improve their management of this consultation. This study aims at showing how a short mindfulness meditation performed before a simulated bad-news consultation may improve performance in its realisation by ENT residents.

Materials And Methods: We enrolled 53 ENT residents, randomised in 2 groups. The first group completed a 5-minute mindfulness session while the other group listened to a control track. Thereafter, every resident completed an 8-minute simulated bad-news consultation with a standardised patient. Two blinded expert assessors evaluated their performance on a 25-point grid (BNC-OSAS). Residents self-assessed their stress before and after the intervention and simulated patients rated their perception of physician's empathy.

Results: The performance was significantly better in the mindfulness group than in the control group (m = 19.8, sd = 3.2 and m = 17.4, sd = 3.7 respectively, F(1,45)=5.27, p = 0.026, d = 0.67), especially in the communication and knowledge subdomains. There was no significant difference in perceived stress between the 2 groups. Empathy perceived by simulated patients was positively correlated to residents' performance.

Conclusion: A short mindfulness meditation is effective for improving ENT residents' performance in a simulated bad-news consultation. These results encourage further assessments of this method with objective measures of physiological stress. More research is required concerning the feasibility and efficacy of mindfulness before daily clinical activities such as stressing bad-news consultation.
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November 2020

Efficacy of an online cognitive behavioral therapy program developed for healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic: the REduction of STress (REST) study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Trials 2020 Oct 21;21(1):870. Epub 2020 Oct 21.

Pôle de Psychiatrie, Santé Mentale et Addictologie, Hôpitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg, 1 place de l'hôpital, 67000, Strasbourg, France.

Background: The acknowledgment of the mental health toll of the COVID-19 epidemic in healthcare workers has increased considerably as the disease evolved into a pandemic status. Indeed, high prevalence rates of depression, sleep disorders, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been reported in Chinese healthcare workers during the epidemic peak. Symptoms of psychological distress are expected to be long-lasting and have a systemic impact on healthcare systems, warranting the need for evidence-based psychological treatments aiming at relieving immediate stress and preventing the onset of psychological disorders in this population. In the current COVID-19 context, internet-based interventions have the potential to circumvent the pitfalls of face-to-face formats and provide the flexibility required to facilitate accessibility to healthcare workers. Online cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in particular has proved to be effective in treating and preventing a number of stress-related disorders in populations other than healthcare workers. The aim of our randomized controlled trial study protocol is to evaluate the efficacy of the 'My Health too' CBT program-a program we have developed for healthcare workers facing the pandemic-on immediate perceived stress and on the emergence of psychiatric disorders at 3- and 6-month follow-up compared to an active control group (i.e., bibliotherapy).

Methods: Powered for superiority testing, this six-site open trial involves the random assignment of 120 healthcare workers with stress levels > 16 on the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) to either the 7-session online CBT program or bibliotherapy. The primary outcome is the decrease of PSS-10 scores at 8 weeks. Secondary outcomes include depression, insomnia, and PTSD symptoms; self-reported resilience and rumination; and credibility and satisfaction. Assessments are scheduled at pretreatment, mid-treatment (at 4 weeks), end of active treatment (at 8 weeks), and at 3-month and 6-month follow-up.

Discussion: This is the first study assessing the efficacy and the acceptability of a brief online CBT program specifically developed for healthcare workers. Given the potential short- and long-term consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on healthcare workers' mental health, but also on healthcare systems, our findings can significantly impact clinical practice and management of the ongoing, and probably long-lasting, health crisis.

Trial Registration: NCT04362358 , registered on April 24, 2020.
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October 2020

Cognitive Intervention Targeting Autobiographical Memory Impairment in Patients With Schizophrenia Using a Wearable Camera: A Proof-of-Concept Study.

Front Psychiatry 2020 8;11:397. Epub 2020 May 8.

INSERM U1114 Neuropsychologie Cognitive et Physiopathologie de la Schizophrénie, Strasbourg, France.

Autobiographical memory (AM) impairment in schizophrenia affects the richness of detail in personal memories and is one of the major predictors of patients' social functioning. Despite the empirical evidence attributing these difficulties to a defective encoding process, cognitive remediation interventions targeting AM in schizophrenia often focus on the remote past, making it difficult to address the consequences of poor encoding. Our study evaluated the efficacy of an innovative approach using a wearable camera (NarrativeClip) in reinforcing the encoding of recent daily life events in patients with schizophrenia. Seventeen patients with schizophrenia and 15 control participants wore the camera during four consecutive days. Then, memories of events experienced during these days were reinforced using different types of retrospective, i.e. interventions designed to promote a re-encoding of the event. We evaluated two types of retrospective using the camera pictures: a simple visual retrospective and a visual retrospective associated with a specific event-cueing (VisR+EC). These two techniques were compared to a verbal retrospective and to the absence of retrospective. Our results showed that the VisR+EC allowed patients to retrieve as many details as the control group at a two-week interval. However, patients' memories remained impaired when a simple visual or a verbal retrospective was used. Our study provides encouraging results to foster the use of a wearable camera in individualized cognitive remediation programs for AM impairment in schizophrenia.
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May 2020

Retrieval practice improves memory in patients with schizophrenia: new perspectives for cognitive remediation.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 11 11;19(1):355. Epub 2019 Nov 11.

Université de Strasbourg, Faculté de Médecine, Strasbourg, France.

Background: Schizophrenia is associated with severe cognitive deficits, particularly episodic memory deficits, that interfere with patients' socio-professional functioning. Retrieval practice (also known as testing effect) is a well-established episodic memory strategy that involves taking an initial memory test on a previously learned material. Testing later produces robust long-term memory improvements in comparison to the restudy of the same material both in healthy subjects and in some clinical populations with memory deficits. While retrieval practice might represent a relevant cognitive remediation strategy in patients with schizophrenia, studies using optimal procedures to explore the benefits of retrieval practice in this population are still lacking. Therefore, the purpose of our study was to investigate the benefits of retrieval practice in patients with schizophrenia.

Methods: Nineteen stabilised outpatients with schizophrenia (DSM-5 criteria) and 20 healthy controls first studied a list of 60 word-pairs (30 pairs with weak semantic association and 30 non associated pairs). Half the pairs were studied again (restudy condition), while only the first word of the pair was presented and the subject had to recall the second word for the other half (retrieval practice condition). The final memory test consisted in a cued-recall which took place 2 days later. Statistical analyses were performed using Bayesian methods.

Results: Cognitive performances were globally altered in patients. However, in both groups, memory performances for word-pairs were significantly better after retrieval practice than after restudy (56.1% vs 35.7%, respectively, Pr(RP > RS) > 0.999), and when a weak semantic association was present (64.7% vs 27.1%, respectively; Pr(weak > no) > 0.999). Moreover, the positive effect of RP was observed in all patients but one.

Conclusions: Our study is the first to demonstrate that retrieval practice efficiently improves episodic memory in comparison to restudy in patients with schizophrenia. This learning strategy should therefore be considered as a useful tool for cognitive remediation programs. In this perspective, future studies might explore retrieval practice using more ecological material.
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November 2019