Publications by authors named "Amani Ali Davis"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

RASopathy in Patients With Isolated Sagittal Synostosis.

Glob Pediatr Health 2019 12;6:2333794X19846774. Epub 2019 May 12.

Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

RASopathy is caused by dysfunction in the pathway, and include syndromes like Noonan syndrome (NS), NS with multiple lentigines (formerly known as Leopard syndrome), cardiofaciocutaneous (CFC), Legius syndrome, capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation, neurofibromatosis type 1, and Costello syndrome. When counted together, RASopathies affect 1/1000 live births, and are characterized by cardiovascular manifestations, short stature, developmental delay, renal, urogenital, skin/skeletal abnormalities, and dysmorphic appearance. NS-one of the most common RASopathies-occurs in 1/1000 to 1/2500 live births. On the other hand, the frequency of CFC is unknown, but it is one of the rarest RASopathies, with estimates of only a few hundred cases worldwide. However, its phenotype overlaps with that of NS. In this case series, we describe 5 patients with a clinical and genetic diagnosis of RASopathy-either NS or CFC-all of whom were also diagnosed with isolated sagittal synostosis (ISS). Medical records from ophthalmology, cardiology, plastic surgery, medical genetics, cleft craniofacial, and neurosurgery were used to determine patient history. In our cohort, late presentation of ISS was the predominant form of ISS presentation. We hope this report further characterizes the burgeoning relationship between RASopathy and ISS. Furthermore, these findings support including sagittal synostosis among the presenting features in the clinical phenotype of RASopathies. Ethical approval was obtained from the university's institutional review board.
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May 2019

The Incidence of Chiari Malformations in Patients with Isolated Sagittal Synostosis.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2019 Feb 12;7(2):e2090. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Ophthalmology, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Background: We report the incidence of Chiari malformation I (CMI) in a cohort of 377 patients with isolated sagittal synostosis (ISS), which is to the best of our knowledge the largest such series reported to date.

Methods: A retrospective review of patients seen at a single institution from 2007 to 2017 was completed. ISS, Chiari malformations (CMI and CMII) and hydrocephalus were diagnosed by a senior neuroradiologist (G.Z.). Patients who met the inclusion criteria were divided into early (group A) and late (group B) presenting groups, as well as operated (group I) and unoperated (group II) groups. The patients were further subdivided into group AI (early operated), group AII (early unoperated), group BI (late operated), and group BII (late unoperated). Once identified, patient notes were examined for the following data sets: date of birth, age of presentation, age at last follow-up, other systemic conditions as well as molecular testing results. Surgical interventions, ophthalmological, and other relevant data were recorded. Statistical analysis was run in the form of a chi-square test to identify a significant difference between each subgroup. A literature review of the incidence of Chiari malformations in patients with ISS was conducted.

Results: Three hundred seventy-seven patients constitute the study's total cohort (272 were males and 105 females). This cohort was divided into patients who underwent surgical repair of ISS (group 1: n = 200), and patients who did not (group 2: n = 177). The entire cohort was also divided into early (group A: n = 161) and late (group B: n = 216) presenting craniosynostosis. In the total cohort, 22/377 (5.8%) patients with CMI were identified. CMI was found in 14/200 (7.0%) patients in group I, and 8/177 (4.5%) patients in group II. CMI was found in 2/161 (1%) patients in group A, and 20/216 (9.2%) patients in group B. The incidence of CMI in group AI (early operated) was 2/151 (1.3%), in group AII (early unoperated) was 0/10, in group BI (late operated) was 11/49 (21%), and in group BII (late unoperated) was 9/167 (5.4%). Chi-square analysis revealed a significant difference between the incidence of CMI in the early-presenting (group A) and late-presenting (group B) groups ( = 0.001) and between the late-presenting operated (BI) and late-presenting unoperated (BII) groups ( = 0.001). The incidence of hydrocephalus was 1.6% (6/377) in the total cohort. However, all patients diagnosed with hydrocephalus came from group II (no surgical ISS correction). The incidence of hydrocephalus in group II was 3.3% (6/177). The incidence of hydrocephalus in group BII (late unoperated ISS) was 3.0% (5/167). The incidence of hydrocephalus in group AII (early unoperated ISS) was 9.0% (1/11).

Conclusions: We noted the highest incidence of CMI-21%-in group BI (late-presenting operated). We noted hydrocephalus in group II (nonoperated), with the highest incidence of hydrocephalus found in the group BII (late-presenting unoperated) subgroup. We therefore recommend patients with ISS receive funduscopic examination to screen for raised intracranial pressure (ICP) associated with CMI and hydrocephalus, especially patients with late-presenting ISS.
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February 2019