Publications by authors named "Amanda Mendes Fernandes"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Irradiance-driven 20-hydroxyecdysone production and morphophysiological changes in Pfaffia glomerata plants grown in vitro.

Protoplasma 2021 Jan 25;258(1):151-167. Epub 2020 Sep 25.

Departamento de Biologia Vegetal/BIOAGRO, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, MG, 36570-900, Brazil.

Pfaffia glomerata possesses potential pharmacological and medicinal properties, mainly owing to the secondary metabolite 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E). Increasing production of biomass and 20E is important for industrial purposes. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of irradiance on plant morphology and production of 20E in P. glomerata grown in vitro. Nodal segments of accessions 22 and 43 (Ac22 and Ac43) were inoculated in culture medium containing MS salts and vitamins. Cultures were maintained at 25 ± 2 °C under a 16-h photoperiod and subjected to irradiance treatments of 65, 130, and 200 μmol m s by fluorescent lamps. After 30 days, growth parameters, pigment content, stomatal density, in vitro photosynthesis, metabolites content, and morphoanatomy were assessed. Notably, Ac22 plants exhibited 10-fold higher 20E production when cultivated at 200 μmol m s than at 65 μmol m s, evidencing the importance of light quantity for the accumulation of this metabolite. 20E production was twice as high in Ac22 as in Ac43 plants although both accessions responded positively to higher irradiance. Growth under 200 μmol m s stimulated photosynthesis and consequent biomass accumulation, but lowered carotenoids and anthocyanins. Furthermore, increasing irradiance enhanced the number of palisade and spongy parenchyma cells, enhancing the overall growth of P. glomerata. Graphical abstract.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00709-020-01558-1DOI Listing
January 2021

Leaf development stages and ontogenetic changes in passionfruit (Passiflora edulis Sims.) are detected by narrowband spectral signal.

J Photochem Photobiol B 2020 Aug 10;209:111931. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Departamento de Biologia Vegetal, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, MG, Brazil. Electronic address:

During shoot development, leaves undergo various ontogenetic changes, including variation in size, shape, and geometry. Passiflora edulis (passionfruit) is a heteroblastic species, which means that it experiences conspicuous changes throughout development, enabling a morphological distinction between the juvenile and adult vegetative phases. Quantification of heteroblasty requires a practical, inexpensive, reliable, and non-destructive method, such as remote sensing. Moreover, relationships among ontogenetic changes and spectral signal at leaf level can be scaled up to support precision agriculture in passion fruit crops. In the present study, we used laboratory spectroscopic measurements (400-2500 nm) and narrowband vegetation indexes (or hyperspectral vegetation indexes - HVIs) to evaluate ontogenetic changes related to development and aging in P. edulis leaves. We also assessed leaf pigment concentration to further support the application of biochemical-related narrowband indexes. We report that 30-d-old leaves can be discriminated into developmental stages through their spectral signals. MSI (Moisture Stress Index) and NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index ρ750) contribute most to the variation of age (15 to 30-d-old leaves) and developmental stage (phytomer positions along the plant axis) in passionfruit leaves. PRI (Photochemical Reflectance Index) played an important role in detecting age and development alterations, including heteroblasty. A biochemical and spectral comparison of pigments revealed that spectroscopy offered potential for diagnosing phenology in P. edulis, as some narrowband indexes correlated strongly with chlorophylls and carotenoids content. Narrowband vegetation indexes are found to be a suitable tool for monitoring passionfruit crops.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2020.111931DOI Listing
August 2020

Blue and red light affects morphogenesis and 20-hydroxyecdisone content of in vitro Pfaffia glomerata accessions.

J Photochem Photobiol B 2020 Jan 24;203:111761. Epub 2019 Dec 24.

Departamento de Biologia Vegetal/BIOAGRO, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, MG, Brazil. Electronic address:

The combination of different colors from light-emitting diodes (LEDs) may influence growth and production of secondary metabolites in plants. In the present study, the effect of light quality on morphophysiology and content of 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E), a phytoecdysteroid, was evaluated in accessions of an endangered medicinal species, Pfaffia glomerata, grown in vitro. Two accessions (Ac22 and Ac43) were cultured in vitro under three different ratios of red (R) and blue (B) LEDs: (i) 1R:1B, (ii) 1R:3B, and (iii) 3R:1B. An equal ratio of red and blue light (1R:1B) increased biomass accumulation, anthocyanin content, and 20E production (by 30-40%). Moreover, 1R:1B treatment increased the size of vascular bundles and vessel elements, as well as strengthened xylem lignification and thickening of the cell wall of shoots. The 1R:3B treatment induced the highest photosynthetic and electron transport rates and enhanced the activity of oxidative stress-related enzymes. Total Chl content, Chl/Car ratio, and NPQ varied more by accession type than by light source. Spectral quality affected primary metabolism differently in each accession. Specifically, in Ac22 plants, fructose content was higher under 1R:1B and 1R:3B treatments, whereas starch accumulation was higher under 1R:3B, and sucrose under 3R:1B. In Ac43 plants, sugars were not influenced by light spectral quality, but starch content was higher under 3R:1B conditions. In conclusion, red and blue LEDs enhance biomass and 20E production in P. glomerata grown in vitro.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2019.111761DOI Listing
January 2020
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