Publications by authors named "Amal Alseraihy"

12 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The efficacy of two different oral hygiene regimens on the incidence and severity of oral mucositis in pediatric patients receiving hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: A prospective interventional study.

Spec Care Dentist 2020 Nov 21;40(6):566-573. Epub 2020 Sep 21.

Department of Dentistry, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Aims: This prospective interventional study aimed to assess the efficacy of supersaturated calcium phosphate rinse and the use of an extra-soft toothbrush twice a day when added to the existing oral hygiene protocol regimen (0.12% chlorhexidine gluconate + 3% sodium bicarbonate + nystatin 5000 U/mL) in reducing the severity of oral mucositis among pediatric patients receiving chemotherapy for the hematopoietic stem cell transplant.

Methods: Forty-five patients that received chemotherapy for the hematopoietic stem cell transplant were randomly allocated to three groups of 15 patients each. Group A was advised to follow the existing oral hygiene protocol regimen (Control), group B was advised to brush their teeth twice daily using an extra-soft toothbrush and to follow the control regimen, and lastly group C was advised to use supersaturated calcium phosphate rinse and to follow the control regimen. Oral mucositis was recorded according to World Health Organization criteria from the day of admission (day 1) to the day of discharge (day 28). The incidence of oral mucositis between the three groups was compared using the Kruskall-Wallis test while the severity of oral mucositis between the three groups was compared using a one-way ANOVA test.

Results: The results of the study showed no significant difference in the incidence of oral mucositis between the three groups; however, there was a lower severity of oral mucositis in the supersaturated calcium phosphate rinse group when compared to the control group or the group who used an extra-soft toothbrush with the control regimen.

Conclusion: Although marginally fewer cases and lower severity of oral mucositis was observed in the group using supersaturated calcium phosphate rinse, the lack of statistical significance suggests that the evidence for their use is not conclusive. The results of this study also showed that the introduction of an extra-soft toothbrush into the oral hygiene regimen did not significantly reduce the incidence of oral mucositis and may actually be responsible for an increase in the severity of oral mucositis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/scd.12525DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7821098PMC
November 2020

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in Saudi Arabia between 1984 and 2016: Experience from four leading tertiary care hematopoietic stem cell transplantation centers.

Hematol Oncol Stem Cell Ther 2020 Aug 27. Epub 2020 Aug 27.

King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Arabia is the largest of the Arabian Gulf countries with a total population of 33.41 million as of 2017. This report summarizes the experience from four leading tertiary care hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) centers in Saudi Arabia representing more than 90% of all HSCTs performed in the country. Between 1984 and 2016, a total of 6,184 HSCTs were performed. Of these, 3,586 HSCTs were performed in adults and 2,598 HSCTs were performed in pediatric patients. Malignancy was the main indication for transplantation (47%). While most transplants were performed from an identical sibling donor, HSCTs from cord blood, unrelated and, more recently, haploidentical donors have also been performed. Relative shortage of HSCT bed capacity is perceived to be a limiting factor in Saudi Arabia. Lately, more HSCT centers are emerging with rapid growth, which may significantly improve the access to HSCT in the country in the near future.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hemonc.2020.07.008DOI Listing
August 2020

Outcome of patients with Fanconi anemia developing myelodysplasia and acute leukemia who received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: A retrospective analysis on behalf of EBMT group.

Am J Hematol 2020 07 21;95(7):809-816. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

UOC Ematologia, Istituto Giannina Gaslini, Genoa, Italy.

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is curative for bone marrow failure in patients with Fanconi anemia (FA), but the presence of a malignant transformation is associated with a poor prognosis and the management of these patients is still challenging. We analyzed outcome of 74 FA patients with a diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndrome (n = 35), acute leukemia (n = 35) or with cytogenetic abnormalities (n = 4), who underwent allo-HSCT from 1999 to 2016 in EBMT network. Type of diagnosis, pre-HSCT cytoreductive therapies and related toxicities, disease status pre-HSCT, donor type, and conditioning regimen were considered as main variables potentially influencing outcome. The 5-year OS and EFS were 42% (30-53%) and 39% (27-51%), respectively. Patients transplanted in CR showed better OS compared with those transplanted in presence of an active malignant disease (OS:71%[48-95] vs 37% [24-50],P = .04), while none of the other variables considered had an impact. Twenty-two patients received pre-HSCT cytoreduction and 9/22 showed a grade 3-4 toxicity, without any lethal event or negative influence on survival after HSCT(OS:toxicity pre-HSCT 48% [20-75%] vs no-toxicity 51% [25-78%],P = .98). The cumulative incidence of day-100 grade II-IV a-GvHD and of 5-year c-GvHD were 38% (26-50%) and 40% (28-52%). Non-relapse-related mortality and incidence of relapse at 5-years were 40% (29-52%) and 21% (11-30%) respectively, without any significant impact of the tested variables. Causes of death were transplant-related events in most patients (34 out of the 42 deaths, 81%). This analysis confirms the poor outcome of transformed FA patients and identifies the importance of achieving CR pre-HSCT, suggesting that, in a newly diagnosed transformed FA patient, a cytoreductive approach pre-HSCT should be considered if a donor have been secured.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajh.25810DOI Listing
July 2020

Myeloablative conditioning for allo-HSCT in pediatric ALL: FTBI or chemotherapy?-A multicenter EBMT-PDWP study.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2020 08 17;55(8):1540-1551. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Division for Stem Cell Transplantation and Immunology, Department for Children and Adolescents, University Hospital, Goethe University Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany.

Although most children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) receive fractionated total body irradiation (FTBI) as myeloablative conditioning (MAC) for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), it is an important matter of debate if chemotherapy can effectively replace FTBI. To compare outcomes after FTBI versus chemotherapy-based conditioning (CC), we performed a retrospective EBMT registry study. Children aged 2-18 years after MAC for first allo-HSCT of bone marrow (BM) or peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) from matched-related (MRD) or unrelated donors (UD) in first (CR1) or second remission (CR2) between 2000 and 2012 were included. Propensity score weighting was used to control pretreatment imbalances of the observed variables. 3.054 patients were analyzed. CR1 (1.498): median follow-up (FU) after FTBI (1.285) and CC (213) was 6.8 and 6.1 years. Survivals were not significantly different. CR2 (1.556): median FU after FTBI (1.345) and CC (211) was 6.2 years. Outcomes after FTBI were superior as compared with CC with regard to overall survival (OS), leukemia-free survival (LFS), relapse incidence (RI), and nonrelapse mortality (NRM). However, we must emphasize the preliminary character of the results of this retrospective "real-world-practice" study. These findings will be prospectively assessed in the ALL SCTped 2012 FORUM trial.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-020-0854-0DOI Listing
August 2020

Narrowing the gap for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in the East-Mediterranean/African region: comparison with global HSCT indications and trends.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2019 03 6;54(3):402-417. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

African Blood and Marrow Transplantation Society, Bern, South Africa.

Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) activity was evaluated in the African (AFR)/EMRO region and compared to the global activity for the years 2006-2013. Data were obtained from 1570 teams in the 6 WHO continental regions. Of these, 29 (1.85%) of all teams were active in 12 of the 68 AFR/EMRO countries. They reported 2.331 (3.3%) of the worldwide 71.036 HSCT, and a transplant rate of 32.8 (TR; HSCT/10 million inhabitants; worldwide 128.5). This reflects still the lowest regional TR despite an increase of 90% since 2006. HSCT activity in AFR/EMRO countries was characterized by a higher use of allogeneic compared to autologous HSCT, an almost exclusive use of family donors, including haploidentical family donors. These findings contrast with the prevalence of autologous over allogeneic HSCT, and a higher frequency of unrelated HSCT in other parts of the world. Of note, the increase by 200% in HSCT for hemoglobinopathies from 2006 to 2013 (72 per year) in the AFR/EMRO region. This reflects the specific role of HSCT for these disease categories with high prevalence and incidence in the AFR/EMRO region. This report provides information for the competent authorities to foster adequate infrastructure. It urges transplant organization to optimize their cooperation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-018-0275-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6363888PMC
March 2019

A risk factor analysis of outcomes after unrelated cord blood transplantation for children with Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome.

Haematologica 2017 06 2;102(6):1112-1119. Epub 2017 Mar 2.

Hôpital Saint Louis, Eurocord, Paris, France.

Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome is a severe X-linked recessive immune deficiency disorder. A scoring system of Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome severity (0.5-5) distinguishes two phenotypes: X-linked thrombocytopenia and classic Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome. Hematopoietic cell transplantation is curative for Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome; however, the use of unrelated umbilical cord blood transplantation has seldom been described. We analyzed umbilical cord blood transplantation outcomes for 90 patients. The median age at umbilical cord blood transplantation was 1.5 years. Patients were classified according to clinical scores [2 (23%), 3 (30%), 4 (23%) and 5 (19%)]. Most patients underwent HLA-mismatched umbilical cord blood transplantation and myeloablative conditioning with anti-thymocyte globulin. The cumulative incidence of neutrophil recovery at day 60 was 89% and that of grade II-IV acute graft--host disease at day 100 was 38%. The use of methotrexate for graft--host disease prophylaxis delayed engraftment (=0.02), but decreased acute graft--host disease (=0.03). At 5 years, overall survival and event-free survival rates were 75% and 70%, respectively. The estimated 5-year event-free survival rates were 83%, 73% and 55% for patients with a clinical score of 2, 4-5 and 3, respectively. In multivariate analysis, age <2 years at the time of the umbilical cord blood transplant and a clinical phenotype of X-linked thrombocytopenia were associated with improved event-free survival. Overall survival tended to be better in patients transplanted after 2007 (=0.09). In conclusion, umbilical cord blood transplantation is a good alternative option for young children with Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome lacking an HLA identical stem cell donor.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3324/haematol.2016.158808DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5451344PMC
June 2017

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation corrects WIP deficiency.

J Allergy Clin Immunol 2017 03 11;139(3):1039-1040.e4. Epub 2016 Oct 11.

Pediatric Allergy and Clinical Immunology, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; College of Medicine, Alfaisal University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2016.08.036DOI Listing
March 2017

Chimerism Analysis of Cell-Free DNA in Patients Treated with Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation May Predict Early Relapse in Patients with Hematologic Malignancies.

Biotechnol Res Int 2016 23;2016:8589270. Epub 2016 Feb 23.

Hematology/Oncology, NeoGenomics Laboratories, Irvine, CA 92618, USA.

Background. We studied DNA chimerism in cell-free DNA (cfDNA) in patients treated with HSCT. Methods. Chimerism analysis was performed on CD3+ cells, polymorphonuclear (PMN) cells, and cfDNA using 16 small tandem repeat loci. The resulting labeled PCR-products were size-fractionated and quantified. Results. Analyzing samples from 191 patients treated with HSCT for nonneoplastic hematologic disorders demonstrated that the cfDNA chimerism is comparable to that seen in PMN cells. Analyzing leukemia patients (N = 126) showed that, of 84 patients with 100% donor DNA in PMN, 16 (19%) had evidence of clinical relapse and >10% recipient DNA in the plasma. Additional 16 patients of the 84 (19%) showed >10% recipient DNA in plasma, but without evidence of relapse. Eight patients had mixed chimerism in granulocytes, lymphocytes, and plasma, but three of these patients had >10% recipient DNA in plasma compared to PMN cells and these three patients had clinical evidence of relapse. The remaining 34 patients showed 100% donor DNA in both PMN and lymphocytes, but cfDNA showed various levels of chimerism. Of these patients 14 (41%) showed laboratory or clinical evidence of relapse and all had >10% recipient DNA in cfDNA. Conclusion. Monitoring patients after HSCT using cfDNA might be more reliable than cellular DNA in predicting early relapse.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8589270DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4781938PMC
March 2016

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMRO) 2011-2012: A comprehensive report on behalf of the Eastern Mediterranean Blood and Marrow Transplantation group (EMBMT).

Hematol Oncol Stem Cell Ther 2015 Dec 1;8(4):167-75. Epub 2015 Oct 1.

Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Hematology, Oncology and SCT Research Center, Tehran, Iran.

Objective/background: The Eastern Mediterranean Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EMBMT) group has accumulated over 31 years of data and experience in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), particularly in hemoglobinopathies, severe aplastic anemia, inherited metabolic and immune disorders, in addition to a wide array of hematologic malignancies unique to this region. A regional update in current HSCT trends is highly warranted. We studied the trends of HSCT activities in World Health Organization-Eastern Mediterranean (EMRO) region, surveyed by the EMBMT, between 2011 and 2012.

Methods: Retrospective analysis of the survey data mainly of cumulative number of transplants, types of transplants (autologous vs. allogeneic), types of conditioning such as myeloablative versus reduced intensity was conducted. Also, trends in leukemias, hemoglobinopathies, severe aplastic anemia, inherited bone marrow failure syndromes, amongst others were analyzed.

Results: Twenty-one teams from nine EMRO countries reported their data (100% return rate) to the EMBMT for the years 2011-2012, with a total of 3,546 first HSCT (1,670 in 2011; 1,876 in 2012). Allogeneic HSCT (allo-HSCT) represented the majority (62%) in both years. The main indications for allo-HSCT were acute leukemias (988; 46%), bone marrow failure syndromes (421, 20%), hemoglobinopathies (242; 11%), and immune deficiencies (157; 7%). There was a progressive increase in the proportions of chronic myeloid leukemia cases transplanted beyond first chronic phase (37 [7%] of all chronic myeloid leukemia cases in 2011 vs. 39 [29%] in 2012). The main indications for autologous transplants were multiple myeloma/plasma cell disorders (510; 39%), Hodgkin lymphoma (311; 24%), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (259; 20%), and solid tumors (163; 12%). Reduced intensity conditioning continued to show a progressive decrease over years (9.5% in 2011 vs. 7.9% in 2012), yet remained relatively low compared with contemporary practices in Europe published by EBMT. The vast majority (91%) of allo-HSCT source was from sibling donors with continued dominance of peripheral blood (64%) followed by bone marrow (33%).While umbilical cord blood transplants increased to 4% of allo-HSCT, matched unrelated donor remained underutilized and there was no haplo-identical transplant reported. Large centers with >50 HSCT/year, showed a continued increase in the total number of allo-HSCT over the past 2years that may be related to capacity building issues and require further studies.

Conclusion: There is a discernable increase of HSCT rate in the EMRO region with a significant expansion in utilization of cord blood transplants and allogeneic peripheral blood-HSCT as a valuable source. However, further research of outcome data and the development of regional donor banks (cord blood and matched unrelated donors) may help to facilitate future planning to satisfy the escalating regional needs and augment collaboration within the EMBMT and globally.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hemonc.2015.09.002DOI Listing
December 2015

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation practice variation among centers in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMRO): Eastern Mediterranean Bone Marrow Transplantation (EMBMT) group survey.

Hematol Oncol Stem Cell Ther 2013 Mar 6;6(1):14-9. Epub 2013 Apr 6.

King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: This practice survey is conducted to analyze clinical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) practice variability among centers in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMRO), as represented by the Eastern Mediterranean Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EMBMT) group.

Method: This internet based survey was completed by the medical program directors of the EMBMT centers; 17 centers participated. The survey collected data on various clinical aspects of HSCT practice.

Results: Consistency in pre HSCT cardiac (100%), pulmonary (82%) and viral screen (100%) was observed. Obtaining informed consent was universal. Pre-HSCT psychological assessment is practiced in 50% of the centers. All centers used single-bedded rooms with HEPA filters. Visitor policy during neutropenic phase and the use of gowns, masks or gloves when examining patients varied among centers. MRSA/VRE screen and use of low bacterial diet were applied in 65% and 82%, respectively. Anti-bacterial prophylaxis is employed in 58% (Auto-SCT) and 60% (Allo-SCT) of the centers. Drug choice varied (cotrimoxazole, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, piperacillin-tazobactam); 60% of the centers used penicillin prophylaxis in GVHD patients. PCP prophylaxis is applied in 58% (Auto-SCT) and 87% (Allo-SCT) of the centers; cotrimoxazole is usually used. Anti-viral prophylaxis with acyclovir or, less commonly, valacyclovir is used in 70% (Auto-SCT) and 93% (Allo-SCT) of centers. Anti-fungal prophylaxis is applied in 70% (Auto-SCT), 93% (myeloablative Allo-SCT) and 87% (reduced intensity [RIC] Allo-SCT). Fluconazole is used in all Auto-SCT and majority of Allo-SCT recipients; few centers used other agents (itraconazole, voriconazole, amphotericin B) in Allo-SCT. Prophylactic GCSF use varied among centers: Auto-SCT 77%, myeloablative Allo-SCT 33%, RIC Allo-SCT 27%. Use of ursodeoxycholic acid for venoocclusive disease (VOD) prophylaxis is variable: 60% (Allo-SCT) and 12% (Auto-SCT). Cyclosporine/methotrexate is the most commonly used GVHD prophylaxis in myeloablative Allo-SCT (93%); heterogeneity was seen in RIC SCT. Treatment of steroid refractory acute GVHD varied (ATG 53%, higher steroid dose 40%). CMV monitoring varied between antigenemia (53%) and PCR (40%) techniques. Pre-emptive anti CMV therapy is used in 86% of the centers, while 7% used routine CMV prophylaxis; 7% had no specific CMV management policy.

Conclusion: Consistency was observed in areas of pre-SCT work up, use of single rooms, HEPA filters and GVHD prophylaxis. Heterogeneity is observed in other practice aspects including other isolation measures, anti-microbial prophylaxis, VOD prophylaxis, growth factor use and treatment of steroid refractory GVHD. Further studies are needed to probe the impact of such practice variations on post-transplant outcome and to ascertain the best clinical practice approach.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hemonc.2013.04.001DOI Listing
March 2013

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMRO) 2008-2009: report on behalf of the Eastern Mediterranean Bone Marrow Transplantation (EMBMT) Group.

Hematol Oncol Stem Cell Ther 2011 ;4(2):81-93

King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: The Eastern Mediterranean Bone Marrow Transplantation (EMBMT) Group has accumulated over 25 years of data and experience in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), most particularly in hemoglobinopathies, severe aplastic anemia (SAA), and inherited metabolic and immune disorders, in addition to hematologic malignancies peculiar to the region and where recent updates in trends in activities are warranted.

Objectives: To study trends in HSCT activities in the World Health Organization-Eastern Mediterranean (EM) region surveyed by EMBMT between 2008 and 2009.

Study Design: Retrospective analysis of the survey data, mainly of the cumulative number of transplants, types of transplants (autologous vs. allogeneic), types of conditioning as myeloablative (MAC) vs. reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) and trends in leukemias, hemoglobinopathies, SAA, inherited bone marrow failure syndromes amongst others.

Results And Discussion: Fourteen teams from ten Eastern Mediterranean Region Organization (EMRO) countries reported their data (100% return rate) to the EMBMT for the years 2008-2009 with a total of 2608 first HSCT (1286 in 2008; 1322 in 2009). Allogeneic HSCT represented the majority (63%) in both years. The main indications for allogeneic HSCT were acute leukemias (732; 44%), bone marrow failure syndromes (331, 20%), hemoglobinopathies (255; 15%) and immune deficiencies (90; 5%). There was a progressive increase in the proportions of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cases transplanted beyond the first chronic phase (3; 7% of all CML cases in 2008 vs 13; 29% in 2009). The main indications for autologous transplants were plasma cell disorders (345; 36%) Hodgkin disease (256; 27%), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (207; 22%) and solid tumors (83; 9%). RIC continued to show a progressive increase over the years (7% in 2007, 11% in 2008 and 13% in 2009), yet remained relatively low compared to contemporary practices in Europe published by EBMT. The vast majority (95%) of allo-HSCT sources were from sibling donors with a continued dominance of peripheral blood (PB) (1076; 63%), while cord blood transplant (CBT) increased to 83 (5% of allo-HSCT), matched unrelated donor (MUD) remained underutilized (1; 0%) and there were no haploidentical transplants reported. Large centers with >50 HSCT/year showed a plateau of the total number of allo-HSCT over the last 5 years that may be related to capacity issues and needs further study.

Conclusions And Recommendations: There is an overall increased rate of HSCT in the EMRO region with a significant increase in utilization of CBT and allogeneic PB-HSCT as a valuable source. However, further research on outcome data and development of regional donor banks (CB and MUD) may help facilitate future planning to satisfy the regional needs and increase collaboration within the group and globally.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5144/1658-3876.2011.81DOI Listing
December 2011