Publications by authors named "Alyssa Mendel"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Natural history study of adults with Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome 2: Patient-reported outcomes study.

Am J Med Genet A 2021 Jul 5;185(7):2065-2069. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Developmental Neuroscience, IRCCS Stella Maris Foundation, Pisa, Italy.

Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) is a contiguous gene disorder consisting of prenatal and postnatal growth deficiency, distinctive craniofacial features, intellectual disability, and seizures. The condition is caused by a partial loss of material from the distal portion of the short arm of chromosome 4 (4p16.3). While there are many reports of individuals with WHS, useful data on long-term survival and life status of adults with the syndrome are very limited. There are only 11 reports of individuals over the age of 18 years in the literature. Establishing the medical manifestations of adults with WHS would be helpful in establishing appropriate health supervision guidelines. This study was one component of a two-part investigation on adults with WHS. This patient-reported outcomes study (PROS) was accomplished by using the registry of rare diseases at Sanford Research, Coordination of Rare Diseases (CoRDS)at Sanford. Thirty family members or caretakers of 30 adults with WHS/4p- entered into the CoRDS registry and completed some or all of the survey data. Twelve caretakers completed the recently-added survey on activities of daily living. Two of the individuals with WHS were partly independent while 10 required total care. The results provide novel information on daily life and independence in adults with WHS. Importantly, the majority of caretakers reported that the adults were in good health. The data from both parts of the study will contribute to our knowledge of the natural history of the syndrome and guide in establishing appropriate health supervision guidelines for adults with WHS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.a.62220DOI Listing
July 2021

Expanding the phenotype of Wiedemann-Steiner syndrome: Craniovertebral junction anomalies.

Am J Med Genet A 2020 12 11;182(12):2877-2886. Epub 2020 Oct 11.

Medical Genetics Unit, Meyer Children's University Hospital, Florence, Italy.

Wiedemann-Steiner syndrome (WDSTS) is a rare autosomal dominant condition caused by heterozygous loss of function variants in the KMT2A (MLL) gene, encoding a lysine N-methyltransferase that mediates a histone methylation pattern specific for epigenetic transcriptional activation. WDSTS is characterized by a distinctive facial phenotype, hypertrichosis, short stature, developmental delay, intellectual disability, congenital malformations, and skeletal anomalies. Recently, a few patients have been reported having abnormal skeletal development of the cervical spine. Here we describe 11 such individuals, all with KMT2A de novo loss-of-function variants: 10 showed craniovertebral junction anomalies, while an 11th patient had a cervical abnormality in C7. By evaluating clinical and diagnostic imaging data we characterized these anomalies, which consist primarily of fused cervical vertebrae, C1 and C2 abnormalities, small foramen magnum and Chiari malformation type I. Craniovertebral anomalies in WDSTS patients have been largely disregarded so far, but the increasing number of reports suggests that they may be an intrinsic feature of this syndrome. Specific investigation strategies should be considered for early identification and prevention of craniovertebral junction complications in WDSTS patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.a.61859DOI Listing
December 2020