Publications by authors named "Alphan Kupesiz"

43 Publications

Haplo-identical or mismatched unrelated donor hematopoietic cell transplantation for Fanconi anemia: Results from the Severe Aplastic Anemia Working Party of the EBMT.

Am J Hematol 2021 May 4;96(5):571-579. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

French Reference Center for Aplastic Anemia and Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria, Saint Louis Hospital and University Paris Diderot, Paris, France.

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is the only curative option for bone marrow failure or hematopoietic malignant diseases for Fanconi anemia (FA) patients. Although results have improved over the last decades, reaching more than 90% survival when a human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-identical donor is available, alternative HCT donors are still less reported. We compared HCT outcomes using HLA-mismatched unrelated donors (MMUD; n = 123) or haplo-identical donors (HDs), either using only in vivo T cell depletion (n = 33) or T cells depleted in vivo with some type of graft manipulation ex vivo (n = 59) performed for FA between 2000 and 2018. Overall survival (OS) by 24 months was 62% (53-71%) for MMUD, versus 80% (66-95%) for HDs with only in vivo T cell depletion and 60% (47-73%) for HDs with in vivo and ex vivo T cell depletion (p = .22). Event-free survival (EFS) was better for HD-transplanted FA patients with only in vivo T cell depletion 86% (73-99%) than for those transplanted from a MMUD 58% (48-68%) or those with graft manipulation 56% (42-69%) (p = .046). Grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was 41% (MMUD) versus 40% (HDs with no graft manipulation) versus 17% (HDs with T cell depleted graft), (p = .005). No differences were found for the other transplant related outcomes. These data suggest that HDs might be considered as an alternative option for FA patients with better EFS using unmanipulated grafts.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajh.26135DOI Listing
May 2021

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in leukocyte adhesion deficiency type I and III.

Blood Adv 2021 Jan;5(1):262-273

Willem-Alexander Children's Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Type I and III leukocyte adhesion deficiencies (LADs) are primary immunodeficiency disorders resulting in early death due to infections and additional bleeding tendency in LAD-III. The curative treatment of LAD-I and LAD-III is allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). In this retrospective multicenter study, data were collected using the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation registry; we analyzed data from 84 LAD patients from 33 centers, all receiving an allo-HSCT from 2007 to 2017. The 3-year overall survival estimate (95% confidence interval [CI]) was 83% (74-92) for the entire cohort: 84% (75-94) and 75% (50-100) for LAD-I and LAD-III, respectively. We observed cumulative incidences (95% CI) of graft failure (GF) at 3 years of 17% (9%-26%) and grade II to IV acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) at 100 days of 24% (15%-34%). The estimate (95% CI) at 3 years for GF- and GVHD-II to IV-free survival as event-free survival (EFS) was 56% (46-69) for the entire cohort; 58% (46-72) and 56% (23-88) for LAD-I and LAD-III, respectively. Grade II to IV acute GVHD was a relevant risk factor for death (hazard ratio 3.6; 95% CI 1.4-9.1; P = .006). Patients' age at transplant ≥13 months, transplantation from a nonsibling donor, and any serological cytomegalovirus mismatch in donor-recipient pairs were significantly associated with severe acute GVHD and inferior EFS. The choice of busulfan- or treosulfan-based conditioning, type of GVHD prophylaxis, and serotherapy did not impact overall survival, EFS, or aGVHD. An intrinsic inflammatory component of LAD may contribute to inflammatory complications during allo-HSCT, thus providing the rationale for considering anti-inflammatory therapy pretreatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/bloodadvances.2020002185DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7805328PMC
January 2021

The Impact of HEAD-US Scoring System for Observing the Protective Effect of Prophylaxis in Hemophilia Patients: A Prospective, Multicenter, Observational Study.

Turk J Haematol 2021 Jan 29. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

Pfizer Pharmaceuticals, Rare Disease Department, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: To observe preventive effect of prophylactic treatment on joint health in people with hemophilia (PwH) and to investigate the importance of integration of ultrasonographic examination into clinical and radiological evaluation of the joints.

Material And Methods: This national, multicenter, prospective, observational study included male patients aged ≥6 years with the diagnosis of moderate or severe hemophilia A or B from 8 centers across Turkey between January 2017-March 2019. Patients were followed-up for 1 year by 5 visits (baseline, 3, 6, 9, and 12 month visits). The Hemophilia Joint Health Score (HJHS) was used for physical examination of joints; the Pettersson Scoring was used for radiological assessment; Point-of-care (POC) ultrasonography was used for bilateral examinations of joints; and the Hemophilia Early Arthropathy Detection with Ultrasound (HEAD-US) was used for evaluation of ultrasonography results.

Results: Seventy-three hemophilic patients, of whom 62 had hemophilia A and 11 had hemophilia B, were included and 24.7% had target joints at baseline. The HJHS and HEAD-US scores were significantly increased at the 12 month in all patients. These scores were also higher in the hemophilia A subgroup than the hemophilia B subgroup. However, in childhood group increment of scores were not significant. The HEAD-US total score was significantly correlated with both the HJHS total score and Pettersson total score at the baseline and 12 month.

Conclusion: The HEAD-US and HJHS scoring systems are valuable tools during follow-up examinations of PwH and they complement each other. We suggested that POC Ultrasonographic evaluation and the HEAD-US scoring system may be integrated into differential diagnosis of bleeding and long-term monitoring for joint health as a routine procedure.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4274/tjh.galenos.2021.2020.0717DOI Listing
January 2021

Prognostic factors for survival in children who relapsed after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for acute leukemia.

Pediatr Transplant 2020 Dec 15:e13942. Epub 2020 Dec 15.

Pediatric BMT Unit, GOP Hospital, Yüzüncü Yıl University Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Post-transplant relapse has a dismal prognosis in children with acute leukemia undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Data on risk factors, treatment options, and outcomes are limited.

Procedure: In this retrospective multicenter study in which a questionnaire was sent to all pediatric transplant centers reporting relapse after allo-HSCT for a cohort of 938 children with acute leukemia, we analyzed 255 children with relapse of acute leukemia after their first allo-HSCT.

Results: The median interval from transplantation to relapse was 180 days, and the median follow-up from relapse to the last follow-up was 1844 days. The 3-year overall survival (OS) rate was 12.0%. The main cause of death was disease progression or subsequent relapse (82.6%). The majority of children received salvage treatment with curative intent without a second HSCT (67.8%), 22.0% of children underwent a second allo-HSCT, and 10.2% received palliative therapy. Isolated extramedullary relapse (hazard ratio (HR): 0.607, P = .011) and relapse earlier than 365 days post-transplantation (HR: 2.101, P < .001 for 0-180 days; HR: 1.522, P = .041 for 181-365 days) were found in multivariate analysis to be significant prognostic factors for outcome. The type of salvage therapy in chemosensitive relapse was identified as a significant prognostic factor for OS.

Conclusion: A salvage approach with curative intent may be considered for patients with post-transplant relapse, even if they relapse in the first year post-transplantation. For sustainable remission, a second allo-HSCT may be recommended for patients who achieve complete remission after reinduction treatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/petr.13942DOI Listing
December 2020

Retrospective Evaluation of Relationship Between Iron Overload and Transplantation Complications in Pediatric Patient Who Underwent Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation Due to Acute Leukemia and Myelodysplastic Syndrome.

J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2020 07;42(5):e315-e320

Pediatric Hematology and Oncology Department, School of Medicine, Akdeniz University.

Background: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a curative therapy option for hematologic malignancies. Iron overload is common in this patient group and can impact short-term and long-term nonrelapse mortality.

Study Design: Retrospective observational cohort study.

Aims: To evaluate the effect of iron load on early and late HSCT outcomes in patients with acute leukemia and myelodysplasia to assess the necessity of reducing iron load.

Patients And Methods: Sixty patients who underwent HSCT in pediatric stem cell transplantation unit between 2000 and 2012 were evaluated retrospectively. The patients were divided into those with pretransplantation serum ferritin levels above and below the median value of 1299 ng/mL.

Results: Forty-two (70%) of the patients were male, mean ages of the low and high ferritin groups were 85.43±9.42 and 118.56±10.04 months, respectively. Acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) within the first 100 days and acute liver GVHD were significantly more common in the high ferritin group (P<0.011 for both). Ferritin level was not associated with rates of engraftment syndrome, veno-occlusive disease, early/late infection, relapse, or overall and disease-free survival.

Conclusions: In our study, significant result especially in terms of acute liver GVHD, was important to emphasize the need to be more careful in terms of acute liver GVHD risk in early liver pathologies in patients with high levels of ferritin after transplantation. In future large studies may be helpful to explain the relationship between acute liver GVHD and high ferritin levels.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MPH.0000000000001829DOI Listing
July 2020

Myeloablative conditioning for allo-HSCT in pediatric ALL: FTBI or chemotherapy?-A multicenter EBMT-PDWP study.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2020 08 17;55(8):1540-1551. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Division for Stem Cell Transplantation and Immunology, Department for Children and Adolescents, University Hospital, Goethe University Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany.

Although most children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) receive fractionated total body irradiation (FTBI) as myeloablative conditioning (MAC) for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), it is an important matter of debate if chemotherapy can effectively replace FTBI. To compare outcomes after FTBI versus chemotherapy-based conditioning (CC), we performed a retrospective EBMT registry study. Children aged 2-18 years after MAC for first allo-HSCT of bone marrow (BM) or peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) from matched-related (MRD) or unrelated donors (UD) in first (CR1) or second remission (CR2) between 2000 and 2012 were included. Propensity score weighting was used to control pretreatment imbalances of the observed variables. 3.054 patients were analyzed. CR1 (1.498): median follow-up (FU) after FTBI (1.285) and CC (213) was 6.8 and 6.1 years. Survivals were not significantly different. CR2 (1.556): median FU after FTBI (1.345) and CC (211) was 6.2 years. Outcomes after FTBI were superior as compared with CC with regard to overall survival (OS), leukemia-free survival (LFS), relapse incidence (RI), and nonrelapse mortality (NRM). However, we must emphasize the preliminary character of the results of this retrospective "real-world-practice" study. These findings will be prospectively assessed in the ALL SCTped 2012 FORUM trial.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-020-0854-0DOI Listing
August 2020

An infant with intradural extramedullary synovial sarcoma: the youngest case in the literature.

Turk J Pediatr 2019 ;61(5):765-770

Departments Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Akdeniz University Faculty of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey.

Yalçın K, Tüysüz G, Kazan S, Gürer Eİ, Karaali K, Küpesiz A, Güler E. An infant with intradural extramedullary synovial sarcoma: the youngest case in the literature. Turk J Pediatr 2019; 61: 765-770. Spinal cord involvement of synovial sarcoma is extremely rare. So far only two cases have been reported. Herein we describe the youngest case in the literature. She is 14-month-old and first presented with difficulty in walking ongoing for a week. Imagining showed a spinal cord mass at C5-T3 levels. The patient had gone under Decompressive surgery and histopathologic examination of the specimen revealed the presence of synovial sarcoma. Although the tumor regressed after chemotherapy, she was lost due to viral pneumonia. Synovial sarcoma should be kept in mind while evaluating spinal tumors even in infantile group.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.24953/turkjped.2019.05.017DOI Listing
August 2020

Role of a second transplantation for children with acute leukemia following posttransplantation relapse: a study by the Turkish Bone Marrow Transplantation Study Group.

Leuk Lymphoma 2020 06 8;61(6):1465-1474. Epub 2020 Feb 8.

Pediatric BMT Unit, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey.

We examined outcomes of 51 pediatric patients with relapsed acute leukemia (AL) who underwent a second allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT). After a median follow-up of 941 days (range, 69-2842 days), leukemia-free survival (LFS) and overall survival (OS) at 3 years were 26.6% and 25.6%, respectively. The nonrelapse mortality rate (NMR) and cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) were 36.4% and 42.4%, respectively. The Cox regression analysis demonstrated that the risk factors at second transplantation for predicting limited LFS were active disease (hazard ratio (HR) = 5.1), reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) (HR = 5.0), matched unrelated donor (MUD) (HR = 3.4) and performance score <80 (HR = 3.2). Pediatric patients with AL who relapsed after their first alloHSCT may survive with a second alloHSCT. Disease status, conditioning intensity, donor type, and performance score at the second transplantation are the relevant risk factors. A score based on these factors may predict the results of the second transplantation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10428194.2020.1716220DOI Listing
June 2020

8 Gene Mutation Spectrum of 270 Patients with Hemophilia A: Identification of 36 Novel Mutations

Turk J Haematol 2020 08 6;37(3):145-153. Epub 2020 Feb 6.

Ege University, School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Genetics, Izmir, Turkey

Objective: Hemophilia A (HA) is the most severe X-linked inherited bleeding disorder caused by hemizygous mutations in the gene. The aim of this study is to determine the mutation spectrum of the gene in a large HA cohort from Turkey, and then to establish a phenotype-genotype correlation.

Materials And Methods: All HA cases (270 patients) analyzed molecularly in the Ege University Pediatric Genetics Molecular Laboratory between March 2017 and March 2018 were included in this study. To identify intron 22 inversion (Inv22), intron 1 inversion (Inv1), small deletion/insertions, and point mutations, molecular analyses of were performed using a sequential application of molecular techniques.

Results: The mutation detection success rate was 95.2%. Positive Inv22 was found in 106 patients (39.3%), Inv1 was found in 4 patients (1.5%), and 106 different disease-causing sequence variants were identified in 137 patients (50.6%). In 10 patients (3.7%), amplification failures involving one or more exonic regions, considered to be large intragenic deletions, were identified. Of 106 different mutations, 36 were novel. The relationship between genotype and inhibitor development was considered significant.

Conclusion: A high mutation detection rate was achieved via the broad molecular techniques applied in this study, including 36 novel mutations. With regard to mutation types, mutation distribution and their impact on clinical severity and inhibitor development were found to be similar to those previously reported in other hemophilia population studies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4274/tjh.galenos.2020.2019.0262DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7463214PMC
August 2020

Homozygous c.130-131 ins A (pW44X) mutation in the HAX1 gene as the most common cause of congenital neutropenia in Turkey: Report from the Turkish Severe Congenital Neutropenia Registry.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2019 10 19;66(10):e27923. Epub 2019 Jul 19.

Department of Pediatric Hematology, Dokuz Eylül University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey.

Background: Severe congenital neutropenia is a rare disease, and autosomal dominantly inherited ELANE mutation is the most frequently observed genetic defect in the registries from North America and Western Europe. However, in eastern countries where consanguineous marriages are common, autosomal recessive forms might be more frequent.

Method: Two hundred and sixteen patients with severe congenital neutropenia from 28 different pediatric centers in Turkey were registered.

Results: The most frequently observed mutation was HAX1 mutation (n = 78, 36.1%). A heterozygous ELANE mutation was detected in 29 patients (13.4%) in our cohort. Biallelic mutations of G6PC3 (n = 9, 4.3%), CSF3R (n = 6, 2.9%), and JAGN1 (n = 2, 1%) were also observed. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor treatment was given to 174 patients (80.6%). Two patients died with infectious complications, and five patients developed myelodysplastic syndrome/acute myeloblastic leukemia. The mean (± mean standard error) follow-up period was 129.7 ± 76.3 months, and overall survival was 96.8% (CI, 94.4-99.1%) at the age of 15 years. In Turkey, severe congenital neutropenia mostly resulted from the p W44X mutation in the HAX1 gene.

Conclusion: In Turkey, mutation analysis should be started with HAX1, and if this is negative, ELANE and G6PC3 should be checked. Because of the very high percentage of consanguineous marriage, rare mutations should be tested in patients with a negative mutation screen.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pbc.27923DOI Listing
October 2019

Results of Allogenic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation in Fanconi Anemia Caused by Bone Marrow Failure: Single-Regimen, Single-Center Experience of 14 Years.

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2019 10 11;25(10):2017-2023. Epub 2019 Jun 11.

Medical Faculty Pediatric Hematology and Oncology Department, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey. Electronic address:

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the only curative treatment for bone marrow failure (BMF) in patients with Fanconi anemia (FA). We retrospectively analyzed the records of patients with FA who underwent HSCT with a radiation-free, reduced-intensity conditioning regimen (fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and antithymocyte globulin) along with an unmanipulated graft infusion between 2004 and 2018. A total of 44 patients underwent HSCT during the study period. Median age at transplantation was 121 months. Regarding the donor source, 22 transplants (50%) were collected from matched related donors (MRDs), and 22 transplants (50%) were collected from alternative donors (ADs). The median infused CD34 cell dose was 4.7 × 10/kg (range, 0.8 to 23) in bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell recipients and 1.2 × 10/kg (range, 1.1 to 3.6) in umbilical cord blood recipients. All but 2 patients achieved primary neutrophil engraftment (95%). In a median follow-up of 36 months (range, 1 to 159), 3-year overall survival was 70.5% in the entire group and 91% in the MRD recipients. Primary causes of death were infections (n = 5), acute grade 3 to 4 graft-versus-host disease (n = 4), and hemorrhagic cystitis (n = 3). All surviving patients have full (n = 29) and acceptable mixed (n = 2) donor chimerism and good clinical status. Our results showed an excellent outcome with unmanipulated grafts using a fludarabine-based, radiation-free preparative regimen for MRD recipients. Even though primary neutrophil engraftment rates were good in AD recipients, intervening complications increased mortality in these patients. In clinics where T cell depletion is not feasible, more effort is warranted to improve outcomes for AD recipients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2019.05.039DOI Listing
October 2019

Clinical Features and HSCT Outcome for SCID in Turkey.

J Clin Immunol 2019 04 28;39(3):316-323. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Pediatric Immunology, Hacettepe University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey.

Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is the most serious PID, characterized by T cell lymphopenia and lack of antigen-specific T cell and B cell immune responses, inevitably leading to death within the first year of life if hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is not performed.

Purpose And Methods: Since SCID is a common type of PID with an estimated incidence of 1/10.000 in Turkey, a retrospective analysis of HSCT characteristics, survival, immune recovery, and the major clinical features of SCID prior to HSCT is the aim of this multi-transplant center-based analysis.

Results: A total of 234 SCID patients transplanted between the years 1994 and 2014 were included in the study. Median age at diagnosis was 5 months, at transplantation, 7 months, B- phenotype and RAGs were the most common defects among others. Immune phenotype did not seem to have an effect on survival rate (p > 0.05), Immunoglobulin (Ig) requirement following HSCT did not differ between B+ and B- phenotypes (p > 0.05). Overall survival rate was 65.7% over a period of 20 years. It increased from 54% (1994-2004) to 69% (p = 0.052) during the last 10 years (2005-2014). Ten-year survival after HSCT has improved over time although the difference was not significant. Infection at the time of transplantation (p = 0.006), mismatched related donor (MMRD) (haploidentical parents), and matched unrelated donor (MUD) donor transplants p < 0.001 were the most important factors, significantly affecting the outcome.

Conclusions: This is the first multicenter study with the largest data obtained from transplanted SCID patients in Turkey. Early diagnosis with newborn screening (NBS) together with emerging referrals, treatment by transplantation centers, and specialized teams are mandatory in countries with high parental consanguinity such as Turkey.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10875-019-00610-xDOI Listing
April 2019

Pediatric Tonsillar Synovial Sarcoma- Very Rare Localization: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Turk Patoloji Derg 2020 ;36(1):82-86

Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Akdeniz University Medicine Faculty, ANTALYA, TURKEY.

Tonsillar synovial sarcoma is an extremely rare entity and only 9 adult patients have been reported up to now. Here, we describe the first pediatric tonsillar synovial sarcoma of the literature in a patient who presented with a 2-month history of dysphagia and snoring. Clinical and radiological examinations showed that the tumor arose from the right palatine tonsil and narrowed the parapharyngeal space. An incisional biopsy from the palatine tonsil revealed the diagnosis of synovial sarcoma. The patient has underwent total tonsillectomy and received radiotherapy and chemotherapy because of the positive surgical margins. The patient is clinically in good condition and free of tumor 30 months after the initial diagnosis. We achieved a long-term complete remission with a combination of surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy in our case. Tonsillar synovial sarcoma should be kept in mind while dealing with tonsillar masses. We can conclude that a multidisciplinary approach is warranted while treating synovial sarcoma with this localization.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5146/tjpath.2018.01449DOI Listing
November 2020

Severe thrombocytopenia related to filgrastim mobilization in a healthy donor.

Transfus Apher Sci 2018 12 6;57(6):777-778. Epub 2018 Oct 6.

Department of Pediatric Hematology & Oncology, Akdeniz University, Faculty of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transci.2018.10.002DOI Listing
December 2018

Risks and outcomes of invasive fungal infections in pediatric allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients receiving fluconazole prophylaxis: a multicenter cohort study by the Turkish Pediatric Bone Marrow Transplantation Study Group.

Med Mycol 2019 Feb;57(2):161-170

Department of Pediatric Hematology&Oncology and BMT Unit, Medical Park Antalya Hospital, Antalya.

Invasive fungal infections (IFIs) are a major cause of infection-related morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Data from pediatric settings are scarce. To determine the incidence, risk factors and outcomes of IFIs in a 180-day period post-transplantation, 408 pediatric patients who underwent allogeneic HSCT were retrospectively analyzed. The study included only proven and probable IFIs. The cumulative incidences of IFI were 2.7%, 5.0%, and 6.5% at 30, 100, and 180 days post-transplantation, respectively. According to the multivariate analysis, the factors associated with increased IFI risk in the 180-day period post-HSCT were previous HSCT history (hazard ratio [HR], 4.57; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.42-14.71; P = .011), use of anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) (HR, 2.94; 95% CI 1.27-6.80; P = .012), grade III-IV acute graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) (HR, 2.91; 95% CI 1.24-6.80; P = .014) and late or no lymphocyte engraftment (HR, 2.71; 95% CI 1.30-5.62; P = .007). CMV reactivation was marginally associated with an increased risk of IFI development (HR, 1.91; 95% CI 0.97-3.74; P = .063). IFI-related mortality was 1.5%, and case fatality rate was 27.0%.The close monitoring of IFIs in pediatric patients with severe acute GVHD who receive ATG during conditioning is critical to reduce morbidity and mortality after allogeneic HSCT, particularly among those with prior HSCT and no or late lymphocyte engraftment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/mmy/myy015DOI Listing
February 2019

Risk factors predicting the survival of pediatric patients with relapsed/refractory non-Hodgkin lymphoma who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: a retrospective study from the Turkish pediatric bone marrow transplantation registry.

Leuk Lymphoma 2018 01 2;59(1):85-96. Epub 2017 Jun 2.

c Faculty of Medicine, Göztepe Medical Park Hospital , Bahçeşehir University , Istanbul, Turkey.

We examined outcomes of 62 pediatric patients with relapsed or refractory non-Hodgkin lymphoma (rr-NHL) who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) rates were 65% and 48%, respectively. Survival rates for patients with chemosensitive disease at the time of HSCT were significantly higher than those of patients with chemoresistant disease (69% vs. 37%, p = .019 for OS; 54% vs. 12%, p < .001 for EFS; respectively). A chemoresistant disease at transplantation was the only factor that predicted a limited OS (hazard ratio = 10.00) and EFS (hazard ratio = 16.39) rates. Intensive chemotherapy followed by HSCT could be an effective strategy for treating children with rr-NHL and may offer improved survival for a significant group of pediatric patients, particularly those with chemosensitive disease at transplantation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10428194.2017.1330472DOI Listing
January 2018

Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Using Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis and Human Leukocyte Antigen Typing for Human Leukocyte Antigen-Matched Sibling Donor: A Turkish Multicenter Study.

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2017 May 10;23(5):790-794. Epub 2017 Feb 10.

Turkish Pediatric Bone Marrow Transplantation Study Group. Bahçeşehir University Medical Faculty, Medical Park Göztepe Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis involves the diagnosis of a genetic disorder in embryos obtained through in vitro fertilization, selection of healthy embryos, and transfer of the embryos to the mother's uterus. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis has been used not only to avoid the risk of having an affected child, but it also offers, using HLA matching, preselection of potential HLA-genoidentical healthy donor progeny for an affected sibling who requires bone marrow transplantation. Here, we share the hematopoietic stem cell transplantation results of 52 patients with different benign and malign hematological or metabolic diseases or immunodeficiencies whose donors were siblings born with this technique in Turkey since 2008. The median age of the patients' at the time of the transplantation was 8 years (range, 3 to 16 years) and the median age of the donors was 2 years (range, .5 to 6 years). The most common indication for HSCT was thalassemia major (42 of all patients, 80%). The stem cell source in all of the transplantations was bone marrow. In 37 of the transplantations, umbilical cord blood of the same donor was also used. In 50 of the 52 patients, full engraftment was achieved with a mean of 4.6 × 10 CD 34 cells per kg of recipient weight. Ninety-six percent of the patients have been cured through hematopoietic stem cell transplantation without any complication. Primary engraftment failure was seen in only 2 patients with thalassemia major. All of the donors and the patients are alive with good health status. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis with HLA matching offers a life-saving chance for patients who need transplantation but lack an HLA genoidentical donor.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2017.02.002DOI Listing
May 2017

Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia in Turkey: A Retrospective Analysis of Sixty-five Patients.

Turk J Haematol 2018 Mar 9;35(1):27-34. Epub 2017 Feb 9.

Dokuz Eylül University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatric Hematology, İzmir, Turkey.

Objective: This study aimed to define the status of juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) patients in Turkey in terms of time of diagnosis, clinical characteristics, mutational studies, clinical course, and treatment strategies.

Materials And Methods: Data including clinical and laboratory characteristics and treatment strategies of JMML patients were collected retrospectively from pediatric hematology-oncology centers in Turkey.

Results: Sixty-five children with JMML diagnosed between 2002 and 2016 in 18 institutions throughout Turkey were enrolled in the study. The median age at diagnosis was 17 months (min-max: 2-117 months). Splenomegaly was present in 92% of patients at the time of diagnosis. The median white blood cell, monocyte, and platelet counts were 32.9x109/L, 5.4x109/L, and 58.3x109/L, respectively. Monosomy 7 was present in 18% of patients. JMML mutational analysis was performed in 32 of 65 patients (49%) and PTPN11 was the most common mutation. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) could only be performed in 28 patients (44%), the majority being after the year 2012. The most frequent reason for not performing HSCT was the inability to find a suitable donor. The median time from diagnosis to HSCT was 9 months (min-max: 2-63 months). The 5-year cumulative survival rate was 33% and median estimated survival time was 30±17.4 months (95% CI: 0-64.1) for all patients. Survival time was significantly better in the HSCT group (log-rank p=0.019). Older age at diagnosis (>2 years), platelet count of less than 40x109/L, and PTPN11 mutation were the factors significantly associated with shorter survival time.

Conclusion: Although there has recently been improvement in terms of definitive diagnosis and HSCT in JMML patients, the overall results are not satisfactory and it is necessary to put more effort into this issue in Turkey.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4274/tjh.2017.0021DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5843771PMC
March 2018

Prognostic Factors and a New Prognostic Index Model for Children and Adolescents with Hodgkin's Lymphoma Who Underwent Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation: A Multicenter Study of the Turkish Pediatric Bone Marrow Transplantation Study Group.

Turk J Haematol 2016 Dec 18;33(4):265-272. Epub 2016 Apr 18.

Gülhane Training and Research Hospital Clinic of Pediatric Oncology, Ankara, Turkey Phone: +90 312 304 43 94 E-mail:

Objective: The prognostic factors and a new childhood prognostic index after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) in patients with relapsed/refractory Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) were evaluated.

Materials And Methods: The prognostic factors of 61 patients who underwent AHSCT between January 1990 and December 2014 were evaluated. In addition, the Age-Adjusted International Prognostic Index and the Childhood International Prognostic Index (CIPI) were evaluated for their impact on prognosis.

Results: The median age of the 61 patients was 14.8 years (minimum-maximum: 5-20 years) at the time of AHSCT. There were single relapses in 28 patients, ≥2 relapses in eight patients, and refractory disease in 25 patients. The chemosensitivity/chemorefractory ratio was 36/25. No pretransplant radiotherapy, no remission at the time of transplantation, posttransplant white blood cell count over 10x103/µL, posttransplant positron emission tomography positivity at day 100, and serum albumin of <2.5 g/dL at diagnosis were correlated with progression-free survival. No remission at the time of transplantation, bone marrow positivity at diagnosis, and relapse after AHSCT were significant parameters for overall survival.

Conclusion: The major factors affecting the progression-free and overall survival were clearly demonstrated. A CIPI that uses a lactate dehydrogenase level of 500 IU/L worked well for estimating the prognosis. We recommend AHSCT at first complete remission for relapsed cases, and it should also be taken into consideration for patients with high prognostic scores at diagnosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4274/tjh.2015.0280DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5204179PMC
December 2016

Evaluation of ETV6/RUNX1 Fusion and Additional Abnormalities Involving ETV6 and/or RUNX1 Genes Using FISH Technique in Patients with Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia.

Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus 2016 Jun 2;32(2):154-61. Epub 2015 Jun 2.

Department of Medical Biology and Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey.

Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common type of childhood leukemia. Specifically, ALL is a malignant disorder of the lymphoid progenitor cells, with a peak incidence among children aged 2-5 years. The t(12;21)(p13;q22) translocation occurs in 25 % of childhood B cell precursor ALL. In this study, bone marrow samples were obtained from 165 patients with childhood ALL. We analyzed the t(12;21) translocation and other related abnormalities using the fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) technique with the ETV6(TEL)/RUNX1(AML1) ES dual color translocation probe. Conventional cytogenetic analyses were also performed. ETV6 and RUNX1 related chromosomal abnormalities were found in 42 (25.5 %) of the 165 patients with childhood ALL. Among these 42 patients, structural changes were detected in 33 (78.6 %) and numerical abnormalities in 9 (21.4 %). The frequency of FISH abnormalities in pediatric ALL cases were as follows: 8.5 % for t(12;21)(p13;q22) ETV6/RUNX1 fusion, 6.0 % for RUNX1 amplification, 3.0 % for tetrasomy/trisomy 21, 1.8 % for ETV6 deletion, 1.21 % for ETV6 deletion with RUNX1 amplification, 1.21 % for ETV6 amplification with RUNX1 amplification, 0.6 % for polyploidy, 0.6 % for RUNX1 deletion, and 0.6 % for diminished ETV6 signal. The most common structural abnormality was the t(12;21) translocation, followed by RUNX1 amplification and ETV6 deletion, while the most commonly observed numerical abnormality was trisomy 21.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12288-015-0557-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4789003PMC
June 2016

Outcome of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in children and adolescents with relapsed or refractory Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Pediatr Transplant 2015 Nov 8;19(7):745-52. Epub 2015 Sep 8.

Pediatric BMT Units, Bahcesehir University Faculty of Medicine Medical Park Goztepe Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

This study evaluates the outcome of 66 pediatric patients with rrHL who underwent autoHSCT. Twenty-nine patients experienced early relapse, and 19 patients experienced late relapse. Of 18 newly diagnosed with HL, 13 were primary refractory disease and five had late responsive disease. At the time of transplantation, only 68% of the patients were chemosensitive. The majority of patients received BCNU + etoposide + ara-C + melphalan for conditioning (45/66), and peripheral blood (56/66) was used as a source of stem cells. After a median follow-up period of 39 months, 46 patients were alive. At five yr, the probabilities of OS, EFS, the relapse rate, and the non-relapse mortality rate were 63.1%, 54.3%, 36.4%, and 9.1%, respectively. The probability of EFS in chemosensitive and chemoresistant patients at five yr was 72.3% and 19%, respectively (p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that chemoresistant disease at the time of transplantation was the only factor predicting limited both OS (hazard ratio = 4.073) and EFS (hazard ratio = 4.599). AutoHSCT plays an important role for the treatment of rrHL in children and adolescents, and survival rates are better for patients with chemosensitive disease at the time of transplantation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/petr.12573DOI Listing
November 2015

Novel plasminogen gene mutations in Turkish patients with type I plasminogen deficiency.

Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis 2016 Sep;27(6):637-44

aBiotechnology Institute, Ankara University, Ankara bDepartment of Pediatrics, İstanbul University, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul cDepartment of Pediatric Hematology, Kocaeli University Faculty of Medicine, Kocaeli dDepartment of Pediatric Neurology eDepartment of Pediatric Hematology, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara fDepartment of Pediatrics, Necmettin Erbakan University Meram Faculty of Medicine, Konya gDepartment of Pediatrics, İstanbul Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul hDepartment of Pediatric Hematology, Çukurova University Faculty of Medicine, Adana iDepartment of Pediatrics, Akdeniz University Faculty of Medicine jDepartment of Pediatrics, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

The plasminogen (Plg) protein is the inactive proenzyme form of plasmin that dissolves fibrin thrombi by a process called fibrinolysis. It has been shown that homozygous or compound-heterozygous deficiency of this protein is a major cause of a rare inflammatory disease affecting mainly mucous membranes found in different body sites. In this study, five individual Turkish patients and nine Turkish families with type 1 Plg deficiency were investigated for PLG gene mutations. All of the coding regions of the PLG gene mutations were screened for mutations using denaturing high-pressure liquid chromatography (DHPLC). Samples showing a different DHPLC profile were subjected to DNA sequencing analysis. Here, we described five novel mutations namely, Cys49Ter, +1 IVS6 G>A, Gly218Val, Tyr283Cys, and Gly703Asp. Previously identified five nonsynonymous (Lys38Glu, Glu180Lys, Gly420Asp, Asp453Asn, Pro763Ser), five synonymous (330 C>T, 582 C>T, 771 T>C, 1083 A>G, 2286 T>G), and a 3' untranslated region (3' UTR) mutation (c.*45 A>G) were also reported in this present study. In this study, we have identified a total of eight mutations, five of which are novel. The mutations/polymorphisms identified in eight of the patients do not explain the disease phenotype. These cases probably carry other pathological mutations (homozygous or compound heterozygous) that cannot be detected by DHPLC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MBC.0000000000000383DOI Listing
September 2016

Mineral Levels in Thalassaemia Major Patients Using Different Iron Chelators.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2016 Mar 17;170(1):9-16. Epub 2015 Jul 17.

Faculty of Medicine, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey.

The goal of the present study was to determine the levels of minerals in chronically transfused thalassaemic patients living in Antalya, Turkey and to determine mineral levels in groups using different iron chelators. Three iron chelators deferoxamine, deferiprone and deferasirox have been used to remove iron from patients' tissues. There were contradictory results in the literature about minerals including selenium, zinc, copper, and magnesium in thalassaemia major patients. Blood samples from the 60 thalassaemia major patients (the deferoxamine group, n = 19; the deferiprone group, n = 20 and the deferasirox group, n = 21) and the controls (n = 20) were collected. Levels of selenium, zinc, copper, magnesium, and iron were measured, and all of them except iron showed no significant difference between the controls and the patients regardless of chelator type. Serum copper levels in the deferasirox group were lower than those in the control and deferoxamine groups, and serum magnesium levels in the deferasirox group were higher than those in the control, deferoxamine and deferiprone groups. Iron levels in the patient groups were higher than those in the control group, and iron levels showed a significant correlation with selenium and magnesium levels. Different values of minerals in thalassaemia major patients may be the result of different dietary intake, chelator type, or regional differences in where patients live. That is why minerals may be measured in thalassaemia major patients at intervals, and deficient minerals should be replaced. Being careful about levels of copper and magnesium in thalassaemia major patients using deferasirox seems to be beneficial.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12011-015-0441-1DOI Listing
March 2016

Biallelic loss-of-function mutation in NIK causes a primary immunodeficiency with multifaceted aberrant lymphoid immunity.

Nat Commun 2014 Nov 19;5:5360. Epub 2014 Nov 19.

1] CeMM Research Center for Molecular Medicine of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna 1090, Austria [2] Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna 1090, Austria.

Primary immunodeficiency disorders enable identification of genes with crucial roles in the human immune system. Here we study patients suffering from recurrent bacterial, viral and Cryptosporidium infections, and identify a biallelic mutation in the MAP3K14 gene encoding NIK (NF-κB-inducing kinase). Loss of kinase activity of mutant NIK, predicted by in silico analysis and confirmed by functional assays, leads to defective activation of both canonical and non-canonical NF-κB signalling. Patients with mutated NIK exhibit B-cell lymphopenia, decreased frequencies of class-switched memory B cells and hypogammaglobulinemia due to impaired B-cell survival, and impaired ICOSL expression. Although overall T-cell numbers are normal, both follicular helper and memory T cells are perturbed. Natural killer (NK) cells are decreased and exhibit defective activation, leading to impaired formation of NK-cell immunological synapses. Collectively, our data illustrate the non-redundant role for NIK in human immune responses, demonstrating that loss-of-function mutations in NIK can cause multiple aberrations of lymphoid immunity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms6360DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4263125PMC
November 2014

LC-MS/MS analysis of plasma polyunsaturated fatty acids in patients with homozygous sickle cell disease.

Clin Exp Med 2015 Aug 13;15(3):397-403. Epub 2014 Jun 13.

Department of Medical Biochemistry, Akdeniz University Medical School, 07070, Antalya, Turkey,

The aim of this study was to determine circulating omega-6, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) levels in steady state sickle cell disease (SCD) patients. Blood was collected from healthy hemoglobin volunteers and steady state homozygous HbSS patients who had not received blood transfusions in the last 3 months. Plasma levels of arachidonic acid (AA, C20:4n-6), dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA, C20:3n-6), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, C20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6n-3) were determined by an optimized multiple reaction monitoring method using ultrafast liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry. PGE2 was measured in serum samples by enzyme immunoassay. Plasma AA and DGLA were significantly increased while EPA and DHA were significantly decreased in SCD plasma compared to control. Serum PGE2 levels, AA/DHA and AA/EPA ratio was significantly higher in SCD patients when compared to control group. The significant increase in PGE2 levels, AA/EPA and AA/DHA ratio confirms the presence of a proinflammatory state in SCD patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10238-014-0293-6DOI Listing
August 2015

Successful unrelated bone marrow transplantation in two siblings with alpha-mannosidosis.

Pediatr Transplant 2012 Nov 8;16(7):779-82. Epub 2012 Jul 8.

Department of Pediatric Hematology-Oncology, School of Medicine, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey.

Alpha-mannosidosis is a rare lysosomal storage disorder with an autosomal recessive inheritance. Deficient alpha-mannosidase activity leads to lysosomal accumulation of mannose-rich oligosaccharides. The disease characterized by mental retardation, skeletal changes, hearing impairment, and recurrent infections. Stem cell transplantation has been shown to be an effective treatment. It works by providing increased levels of α-mannosidase in the localized extracellular milieu to provide improvements in skeletal malformations, neurocognitive, and sensorineural function. In this case report, we describe a pair of siblings with α-mannosidosis who successfully underwent HSCT from matched unrelated donors. In both siblings, enzyme levels reached to normal limits and improvements in clinical symptoms were recognized early after HSCT. We conclude that HSCT should be considered as a therapeutic approach in patients with alpha-mannosidosis before disease-related complications have developed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3046.2012.01763.xDOI Listing
November 2012

Quality of life assessment in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation performed on thalassemia major patients.

Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2012 Aug 19;29(5):461-71. Epub 2012 Jun 19.

Akdeniz University School of Medicine, Department of Pediatric Hematology & Oncology, Antalya, Turkey.

Although successful hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) can offer a cure in thalassemia major, there are only a few and noncomprehensive studies of its effect on the quality of life (QoL), as it is expected to increase the QoL by ending transfusion-related issues. Our objective was to compare the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of transplanted and nontransplanted thalassemia major patients in a developing country. We have studied the QoL effect of HSCT in consecutively invited 50 nontransplanted and 49 transplanted patients who had received transplants from HLA matched related donors at least two years ago. PedsQL questionnaire was used for the patients under 18 years of age and World Health Organization's WHOQoL-BREF questionnaire for above 18 years of age. Higher QoL was determined in HSCT performed group surveyed in 5-18 years' age group. Detailed analysis marked the profound difference in 8-12 year subgroup, particularly in physical activity questionnaires. QoL scores in HSCT performed adult group are higher than the transfusion-dependent group, especially in physical activity domain. Transplanted adult patients rated their overall health significantly better than patients on conventional therapy. The patients who still have chronic graft versus host disease rated worse compared to those without it. In conclusion, thalassemia major patients who have undergone HSCT at least two years before assessment are not inferior to the transfusion-dependent group with regard to the QoL and have a better QoL than transfusion-dependent patients in some areas. The QoL score is better for school children and adolescents; therefore, we suggest HSCT before primary school. GVHD reduces the QoL significantly and it is obvious that GVHD prevention should be one of the primary goals of post-HSCT follow-up.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/08880018.2012.693577DOI Listing
August 2012

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation activity and trends at a pediatric transplantation center in Turkey during 1998-2008.

Turk J Haematol 2012 Jun 15;29(2):143-9. Epub 2012 Jun 15.

Akdeniz University, School of Medicine, Department of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and BMT Unit, Antalya, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of this study was to document hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) activity and trends at our treatment center.

Material And Methods: Data collected over a 10-year period were retrospectively analyzed, concentrating primarily on types of HSCT, transplant-related mortality (TRM), stem cell sources, indications for HSCT, and causes of death following HSCT.

Results: In total, 222 allogeneic (allo)-HSCT (87.4%) and 32 autologous (auto)-HSCT (12.6%) procedures were performed between 1998 and 2008. Stem cells obtained from unrelated donors were used in 22.6% (50/222) of the allo- HSCTs. Cord blood was the source of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) in 12.2% of all transplants. The most common indication for allo-HSCT was hemoglobinopathy (43.2%), versus neuroblastoma (53.1%) for auto-HSCT. The TRM rate 1 year post transplantation was 18.3% ± 2.5% for all transplants, but differed according to transplantation type (23.5% ± 7.9% for auto-HSCT and 17.5% ± 2.6% for allo-HSCT). The most common cause of death 1 year post HSCT was infection (35.9%).

Conclusion: The TRM rate in the patients that underwent allo-HSCT was similar to that which has been previously reported; however, the TRM rate in the patients that underwent auto-HSCT was higher than previously reported in developed countries. The selection of these patients to be transplanted must be made attentively.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5505/tjh.2012.78300DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3986952PMC
June 2012

The effect of hemolysis on plasma oxidation and nitration in patients with sickle cell disease.

Free Radic Res 2012 Jul 3;46(7):883-90. Epub 2012 May 3.

Department of Pediatric Hematology, Akdeniz University Medical School, Antalya, Turkey.

This study aimed to determine the effect of haemolysis on plasma oxidation and nitration in sickle cell disease (SCD) patients. Blood was collected from haemoglobin (Hb)A volunteers and homozygous HbSS patients who had not received blood transfusions in the last 3 months. Haemolysis was characterised by low levels of haemoglobin and haptoglobin and high levels of reticulocyte, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH), plasma cell-free haemoglobin, bilirubin, total lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and dominance of LDH-1 isoenzyme. Plasma 8-isoprostane, protein carbonyl and nitrotyrosine levels were measured to evaluate oxidised lipids, oxidised and nitrated proteins, respectively. Plasma nitrite-nitrate levels were also determined to assess nitric oxide (NO) production in both SCD patients and controls. Markers of haemolysis were significantly evident in SCD patients compared to controls. Plasma 8-isoprostane, protein carbonyl and nitrotyrosine levels were markedly elevated in SCD patients compared to controls. Linear regression analysis revealed a significant inverse correlation between haemoglobin and reticulocyte counts and a significant positive correlation of plasma cell-free haemoglobin with protein carbonyl and nitrotyrosine levels. The obtained data shows that increased haemolysis in SCD increases plasma protein oxidation and nitration.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/10715762.2012.686037DOI Listing
July 2012

Aberrations of chromosomes 9 and 22 in acute lymphoblastic leukemia cases detected by ES-fluorescence in situ hybridization.

Genet Test Mol Biomarkers 2012 May 23;16(5):318-23. Epub 2012 Feb 23.

Department of Medical Biology, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey.

A reciprocal translocation between chromosomes 9 and 22 creates oncogenic BCR/ABL fusion in the breakpoint region of the derivative chromosome 22. The aim of this study was to evaluate the importance of atypical fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) signal patterns in pediatric and adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cases. We evaluated t(9;22) translocation in 208 cases with ALL (294 tests), including 139 childhood and 69 adult cases by FISH technique using BCR/ABL extra signal (ES) probe. FISH signal patterns observed in pediatric ALL cases were as follows; Major-BCR/ABL (M-BCR/ABL) (1.4%), minor-BCR/ABL (m-BCR/ABL) (3.6%), trisomy 9 (4.3%), trisomy 22 (4.3%), trisomy or tetrasomy of both chromosomes 9 and 22 (2.9%), monosomy 9 (1.4%), monosomy 22 (0.7%), ABL gene amplification (1.4%), derivative chromosome 9 deletion (1.4%), and extra copies of the Philadelphia chromosome (1.4%). FISH signal patterns observed in adult ALL cases were as follows; M-BCR/ABL (5.8%), m-BCR/ABL (11.6%), two different cell clones with major and minor BCR/ABL signal pattern (2.9%), extra copies of Philadelphia chromosome (4.3%), derivative chromosome 9 deletion (1.4%), trisomy 9 (2.9%), tetraploidy (1.4%), monosomy 9 (1.4%), trisomy 22 (1.4%), and coexistence of both trisomy 22 and monosomy 9 (1.4%). Trisomy 9, trisomy 22, and polyploidy of chromosomes 9 and 22 were specific atypical FISH signal patterns for childhood B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) patients. However, monosomy 9 and ABL gene amplification were highly specific for childhood T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) patients. Our report presents the correlation between atypical FISH signal patterns and clinical findings of a large group of ALL cases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/gtmb.2011.0186DOI Listing
May 2012