Publications by authors named "Alper Yatağanbaba"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Aponeurotic release of semimembranosus: A technical note to increase correction gained with hamstring lengthening surgery in cerebral palsy.

Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2021 Mar;55(2):177-180

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Hacettepe University, School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the intraoperative corrective effect of the aponeurotic release of semimembranosus (SM) as a single procedure or an adjunct procedure to distal myotendinous release of semitendinosus (ST) and myofascial release of SM lengthening in the correction of knee flexion deformity in cerebral palsy (CP).

Methods: In this prospective study, 46 knees of 23 consecutive ambulatory patients (15 boys and 8 girls; mean age=8.33 years; age range=5-12 years) with spastic diplegic CP with a gross motor function classification system level (GMFCS) II or III were included. The patients were then divided into 2 groups. In group I, there were 10 patients (4 boys, 6 girls; mean age=8.6±2), and combined release of ST in the myotendinous junction and SM in the myofascial junction, followed by aponeurotic release of SM were carried out. In group II, there were 13 patients (2 girls, 11 boys; mean age=8±2.35), and aponeurotic release of SM was done first and followed by the combined release of ST in the distal myotendinous junction and the myofascial release of SM. Intraoperative popliteal angle (PA) measurements were recorded in each group.

Results: PA was reduced from 58.1°±7.6° (range=46°-75°) to 41.2°±8.8° (range=20°-54°) in group 1 and from 59.1°±11.3° (range=40°-87°) to 42.7°±10.8° (range=24°-64°) in group 2. No significant difference was observed between the groups in terms of reduction in PA (p=0.867). In group 1, adding the aponeurotic release of SM further reduced the PA to 31.7°± 8.5° (range=14°-47°) (p=0.002). In group 2, adding the myotendinous release of ST and myofascial release of SM further reduced the PA to 32.9°±7.2° (range=16°-44°) (p=0.004). There was no significant difference between the final PA values in the 2 groups (p=0.662). There was no difference in terms of early complications.

Conclusion: Aponeurotic release of SM is equally effective to reduce the intraoperative PA with combined myotendinous release of ST and myofascial release of SM. Combining all the 3 procedures provides a better correction without forceful manipulation or lengthening of the lateral hamstrings during the correction of knee flexion deformity in CP.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/j.aott.2021.20184DOI Listing
March 2021

Relationship between long head of the biceps tendon histopathology and long-term functional results in smokers. A time to reevaluate the Bonar score?

Ther Adv Chronic Dis 2021 24;12:2040622321990262. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Orthopedics and Traumatology Department, Hacettepe Universitesi, Ankara, Turkey.

Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there is an association between smoking, the extent of the degeneration process in the biceps tendinopathy, including cells and extracellular matrix (ECM) alterations, and long-term surgical results.

Methods: This study comprised 40 consecutive patients admitted for shoulder arthroscopy due to symptomatic biceps tendinopathy and classified into three groups based on smoking status: active smokers, former smokers, and non-smokers. According to the classical Bonar score criteria, the histopathologic evaluation of the harvested intra-articular portion of the tendon was done. The follow-up examination was based on the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Score (ASES).

Results: A cohort of 32 patients was enrolled in the final follow-up examination; mean 37.56 months. Histopathological evaluation according to the classical Bonar score revealed degeneration of the tendinous tissue in each group but there was no correlation between the extent of degeneration, smoking indexes and the ASES. After revision of Bonar scale within the vascularity criterion, we found a correlation between the extent of degeneration of tendinous tissue, smoking data, ASES score, and the severity of rotator cuff injury.

Conclusion: In this paper, we indicate the ambiguous role of the neovascularization in the biceps tendinopathy, and it was used for modification of the classical Bonar score. Consequently, recalculated, modified Bonar score was correlated positively with smoking indexes and functional outcomes. Furthermore, the morphological alterations of rotator cuff tendons also correlated positively with the extent of biceps tendon degeneration, measured according to the modified scoring system.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2040622321990262DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7907713PMC
February 2021

The Impact of Smoking on Clinical Results Following the Rotator Cuff and Biceps Tendon Complex Arthroscopic Surgery.

J Clin Med 2021 Feb 5;10(4). Epub 2021 Feb 5.

Department of Orthopaedics, Orvit Clinic, Citomed Healthcare Center, 87-100 Torun, Poland.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of smoking and functional outcomes after arthroscopic treatment of complex shoulder injuries: rotator cuff tears (RCTs) with biceps tendon (LHBT) tears. This retrospective case-control study has been conducted on a cohort of patients who underwent shoulder arthroscopy between 2015 and 2017 due to complex injury treatment. The outcomes were assessed using the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Score (ASES), the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) Shoulder Score, need for non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) consumption and the visual analog scale (VAS). Complications and changes in smoking status were also noted. A cohort of 59 patients underwent shoulder arthroscopy, due to complex LHBT pathology and RCTs, and were enrolled in the final follow-up examination; with mean duration of 26.03 months. According to smoking status, 27 of patients were classified as smokers, and the remaining 32 were non-smokers. In the examined cohort, 36 patients underwent the LHBT tenotomy and 23 tenodesis. We observed a relationship between smoking status and distribution of various RCTs ( < 0.0001). The mean postoperative ASES and UCLA scores were 80.81 and 30.18 in the smoker's group and 84.06 and 30.93 in the non-smoker's group, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences in pre/postoperative ASES and postoperative UCLA scores between smokers and non-smokers ( > 0.05). The VAS was significantly lower in the non-smokers' group ( = 0.0021). Multi-tendon injuries of the shoulder are a serious challenge for surgeons, and to obtain an excellent functional outcome, we need to limit the negative risk factors, including smoking. Furthermore, there is a significant association between smoking and the occurrence of massive rotator cuff tears, and the pain level measured by the VAS. Simultaneous surgical treatment of RC and LHBT lesions in the smoker population allowed us to obtain the functional outcomes approximated to non-smokers in the long-term follow-up. Of course, we cannot assert that smoking is the real cause of all complications, however, we may assume that this is a very important, negative factor in shoulder arthroscopy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm10040599DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7915659PMC
February 2021

Early Results of a Management Algorithm for Collapsing Spine Deformity in Young Children (Below 10-Year Old) With Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type II.

J Pediatr Orthop 2020 Jul;40(6):e413-e419

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: Progressive C-shaped scoliosis with marked pelvic obliquity is common to spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). Reducing the number of procedures with effective deformity control is critical to minimize the risk of pulmonary complications. This study reports the preliminary results of magnetically controlled growing rods (MCGR) in SMA-related collapsing spine deformity.

Methods: Inclusion criteria for this retrospective review were: (1) SMA type 2 patients, (2) early onset scoliosis (below 10 y), (3) collapsing spine deformity with pelvic obliquity, (4) growth-friendly scoliosis treatment with MCGR, (5) in between 2014 and 2017. Extracted data included demographic and clinical information, radiologic parameters, surgical details, and final status of the patients.

Results: A total of 11 patients (7 boys, 4 girls) were included. The average age at index surgery was 8.2 (6 to 10) years. Dual MCGR was implanted in 8 patients. In 3 patients, because of curve rigidity and inability of apex to be brought into the stable zone, apical fusion with gliding connectors (convexity) and a single MCGR (concavity) was preferred. Instrumentation included the pelvis in 9 and stopped at the lumbar spine (L3) in 2 patients at the index procedure. Average preoperative deformity of 81.8 degrees (66 to 115) decreased to 29 degrees (11 to 57) postoperatively and was 26 degrees at average 35 months (16 to 59). Pelvic obliquity of 20.9 degrees (11 to 30) decreased to 4.9 degrees (2 to 8) after index surgery and was 6.5 degrees (2 to 16) at the last follow-up. T1-S1 height of 329 mm (280 to 376) after index surgery increased to 356 mm (312 to 390) after 9.2 (4 to 20) outpatient lengthening. No neurologic, infectious, or implant-related complication was recorded. Distal adding-on deformity occurred in 2 patients without initial pelvic fixation.One patient deceased secondary to pneumonia at 16 months after surgery.

Conclusions: Short-term results indicate that MCGR may be a good option in SMA-associated collapsing spine deformity to reduce the burden of repetitive lengthening procedures. The authors recommend apical deformity control in the convex side in case of curve rigidity. In addition, including the pelvis in the instrumentation at index surgery is critical to prevent distal adding-on.

Level Of Evidence: Level IV-retrospective case series.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPO.0000000000001489DOI Listing
July 2020

Growing-rod Graduates With Idiopathic Early-onset Scoliosis Have Comparable Exercise Tolerance to Patients With Surgically Treated Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.

J Pediatr Orthop 2020 Sep;40(8):e734-e739

Orthopaedics and Traumatology.

Background: Growing-rod (GR) treatment is the current standard for progressive idiopathic early-onset scoliosis (I-EOS) in young children. Despite good radiographic outcomes, the impact of scoliosis treatment on pulmonary functions is not well-defined in this patient population. The aim of this study was to evaluate pulmonary functions and exercise tolerance in I-EOS patients graduated from GR treatment and to compare them with age-matched, surgically treated adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients and healthy controls.

Methods: Eight GR graduates with I-EOS with pulmonary function tests and complete radiographic results were compared with a group of 9 thoracic AIS patients at least 2 years out from posterior fusion. Both groups were also compared with a set of 10 healthy individuals. All subjects underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing and spirometry to evaluate pulmonary function.

Results: Age, sex, height, arm span, weight, residual deformity, and level of instrumentation in GR and AIS patients were similar. In the GR group, forced vital capacity % and forced expiratory volume in 1 second % values were reduced compared with the healthy controls and AIS group (P<0.001, <0.001 and 0.036, 0.046, respectively). Breathing reserve index at lactate threshold (BRILT) was higher in GR and AIS patients (P=0.001 and 0.002, respectively), and was similar between GR and AIS patients (P=0.916). Heart rate at lactate threshold was higher in GR and AIS groups compared with controls (P<0.001 and 0.001, respectively).

Conclusions: AIS and GR patients demonstrated reduced pulmonary reserve and exercise tolerance compared with their peers with no spinal deformity. However, exercise tolerance of I-EOS patients treated with the GR method was similar to that of operated AIS patients. These results suggest a positive impact of GR treatment in children with I-EOS.

Level Of Evidence: Level III-cross-sectional comparative study.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPO.0000000000001567DOI Listing
September 2020

Paper #3: Can TGR change the natural history of pulmonary functions in EOS? Is Radiological Straightness Correlated with Normal Lung Development?

Spine Deform 2017 Nov;5(6):441

Even though traditional growing rod (TGR) patients score lower in exercise tolerance and spirometry compared to age-matched controls, their pulmonary functions are similar to those of instrumented adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jspd.2017.09.006DOI Listing
November 2017