Publications by authors named "Alireza Sadeghinikoo"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Worldwide ACE (I/D) polymorphism may affect COVID-19 recovery rate: an ecological meta-regression.

Endocrine 2020 06 15;68(3):479-484. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Student Research Committee, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, Iran.

With the emergence of the Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV), researchers worldwide have started detecting the probable pathogenesis of the disease. The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and angiotensin-converting enzymes have received a good deal of attention as possible pathways involved in 2019-nCoV pathogenesis. As the experiments seeking to find potential medications acting on these pathways are being conducted in the early phases, having an ecological worldview on the relationship between the prevalence of COVID-19 disease and the genetic differences in the genes involved in the RAS system could be valuable for the field. In this regard, we conducted a meta-analysis study of the prevalence of ACE (I/D) genotype in countries most affected by the COVID-19. In the meta-analysis, 48,758 healthy subjects from 30 different countries were evaluated in 116 studies, using the Comprehensive Meta-analysis software. The I/D allele frequency ratio was pooled by a random-effect model. The COVID-19 prevalence data of death and recovery rates were evaluated as the latitudes for the meta-regression analysis. Our results demonstrated that with the increase of the I/D allele frequency ratio, the recovery rate significantly increased (point estimate: 0.48, CI 95%: 0.05-0.91, p = 0.027). However, there was no significant difference in the case of death rate (point estimate: 1.74, CI 95%: 4.5-1.04, p = 0.22). This ecological perspective coupled with many limitations does not provide a direct clinical relevance between the COVID-19 and RAS system, but it shows potential pathophysiological associations. Our results raise concerns about ethnic and genetic differences that could affect the effectiveness of the currently investigated RAS-associated medications in different regions.
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June 2020

Caffeine and sodium bicarbonate supplementation alone or together improve karate performance.

J Int Soc Sports Nutr 2019 Oct 17;16(1):44. Epub 2019 Oct 17.

Sports Physiology Department, Islamic Azad University, Boroujerd Branch, Boroujerd, Iran.

Background: The ergogenic properties of acute caffeine (CAF) and sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO) ingestion on athletic performance have been previously investigated. However, each sport has unique physiological and technical characteristics which warrants optimizing supplementations strategies for maximizing performance. This study examined the effects of CAF and NaHCO ingestion on physiological responses and rate of perceived exertion during a Karate-specific aerobic test (KSAT) in competitive karatekas.

Methods: In a double-blind, crossover, randomized placebo-controlled trial, eight Karatekas underwent five experimental conditions including control (CON), placebo (PLA), CAF, NaHCO, and CAF + NaHCO before completing KSAT. Capsules containing 6 mg/kg BW CAF were consumed 50 min prior to a KSAT whilst 0.3 g/kg BW NaHCO was consumed for 3 days leading to and 120, 90, and 60 min prior to a KSAT. Time to exhaustion (TTE), rate of perceived exertion (RPE), and blood lactate (BL) were measured before, immediately after and 3 min following KSAT.

Results: TTE was significantly greater following CAF, NaHCO, and CAF + NaHCO consumption compared to PLA and CON. However, the differences between CAF, NaHCO, and CAF + NaHCO were not statistically significant (p > 0.05). BL increased significantly from baseline to immediately after and 3 min following KSAT in all conditions (p < 0.01), while RPE at the end of KSAT was not significantly different between conditions (p = 0.11).

Conclusions: Karate practitioners may benefit from the ergogenic effects of CAF and NaHCO when consumed separately or together.
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October 2019