Publications by authors named "Alireza Rezaeimanesh"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Association between IL-33 Gene Polymorphism (Rs7044343) and Risk of Allergic Rhinitis.

Immunol Invest 2020 Aug 12:1-11. Epub 2020 Aug 12.

Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

Background: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a T helper type 2 (Th2)-mediated upper airways disease in which genetics factors including cytokine genes play a prominent role. Interleukin-33 (IL-33) is a major cytokine for naive T cells polarization into Th2 phenotype as well as enhances the secretion of Th2 cytokines. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between IL-33 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and IL-33 serum level with Allergic rhinitis.

Methods: Blood samples were collected from 130 AR patients and 130 healthy individuals. SNPs (rs7044343 C > T, rs1929992 A > G, rs12551256 A > G) of IL-33 gene were determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Serum level of IL-33 was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

Results: Statistical analysis showed that the TT genotype (OR = 1.996, CI: 1.168-3.412, = .01), as well as the T allele (OR = 0.675, CI: 0.476-0.957, = .02) of rs7044343 C > T were significantly associated with reduced risk of AR. In addition, individuals carrying the TT genotype were associated with lower levels of IL-33 compared to subjects with CC and CT genotypes; however, these differences were not statistically significant. No association was found between rs1929992 and rs12551256 variants and risk of AR, but the GG genotype from rs1929992 A > G was associated with increased serum levels of IL-33 in control group ( = .01). Furthermore, serum IL-33 levels were not significantly different between AR patients and healthy controls ( > .05).

Conclusion: Our results suggest that the TT genotype of rs7044343 C > T may act as a protective agent against allergic rhinitis.
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August 2020

Ankylosing spondylitis monocyte-derived macrophages express increased level of A adenosine receptor and decreased level of ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase-1 (CD39), A and A adenosine receptors.

Clin Rheumatol 2018 Jun 9;37(6):1589-1595. Epub 2018 Mar 9.

Rheumatology Research Center, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Kargar Ave., P.O. Box: 1411713137, Tehran, Iran.

Macrophages play an important role in the ankylosing spondylitis (AS) auto-inflammatory responses and fibrocartilage destruction. Adenosine is a key modulator of inflammatory conditions. The various effects of adenosine are mediated by its interaction with adenosine receptors (AR). In this study, we investigated the mRNA expression of A, A, A, and A adenosine receptors, ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase-1 (CD39), and ecto-5'-nucleotidase (CD73) in the monocyte-derived macrophages from AS patients in comparison to healthy controls. We also explored the correlation between analyzed gene expression and patients' clinical manifestations. Whole blood-separated monocytes from 23 healthy controls and 23 active AS patients were stimulated by macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) for 7 days and differentiated to macrophages. Monocyte and macrophage markers were analyzed by flow cytometry. Analysis of adenosine receptors (ADORA1، ADORA2A، ADORA2B، ADORA3), CD39 and CD73 gene expression was performed by SYBR green real-time PCR. Our results demonstrated monocyte-derived macrophages from AS patients expressed increased level of AAR and reduced level of A, AAR, and CD39 mRNA compared to healthy controls. We found an inverse correlation between AAR mRNA expression and Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI) score in AS patients. According to our results, altered expression level of adenosine-relying system would be involved in AS macrophage dysfunction and inflammation and correlated with functional status in AS patients.
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June 2018

Macrophages from Behcet's Disease Patients Express Decreased Level of Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor (AHR) mRNA.

Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol 2017 Oct;16(5):418-424

Rheumatology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor, connecting environmental stimulators with the immune system. M1 macrophages are a part of immune system that contribute to the inflammatory events in the pathogenesis of Behcet's disease (BD). The effect of AHR on the macrophages in BD patients is still unclear. In this study, we investigated the mRNA expression of AHR in the monocyte-derived and M1 macrophages in active BD patients in comparison to healthy controls. Isolated monocytes from 10 healthy controls and 10 active BD patients were differentiated to macrophages by macrophage-colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) for 7 days. Cells were then polarized to M1 macrophages by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and interferon-γ (IFNγ) for 24h. Monocyte purity and macrophage markers expression were analyzed by flow cytometry. Analysis of AHR mRNA expression was performed by SYBR Green real-time PCR. Our results showed that AHR expression is significantly down-regulated in M1 macrophages compare to monocyte-derived macrophages. It was shown that both monocyte-derived macrophages and M1 macrophages from BD patients significantly express lower level of AHR mRNA compared to healthy individuals. Our results demonstrate an anti-inflammatory role for AHR in macrophages, which suggest that decreased AHR expression is associated with pro-inflammatory M1 macrophage and BD susceptibility.
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October 2017