Publications by authors named "Aline Santos Demaman"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Effect of swimming training on nerve morphological recovery after compressive injury.

Neurol Res 2018 Nov 9;40(11):955-962. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

e Department of Biology, Center of Biological and Health Sciences , Paraíba State University , Campina Grande , Brazil.

Objective: This study aims to investigate morphological alterations caused by partial sciatic nerve ligation (PNL) and the efficacy of a moderate-intensity swimming training as therapeutic strategy for nerve regeneration.

Methods: A number of 30 male adult mice were equally divided in control, 14 days after PNL (PNL 14 days), 42 days after PNL (PNL 42 days), 70 days after PNL (PNL 70 days) and 5-week exercise training after 7 days post-lesion (PNL trained 35 days) groups. PNL trained 35 days group began with a 10-min session for 3 days and this time was gradually increased by 10 min every three sessions until the animals had swum for 50 min per session. Morphoquantitative analysis was carried out to assess nerve regeneration in each group.

Results: PNL 14 days group exhibited less degenerating signs than PNL 42 days group, where most post-lesion alterations were visualized. Nerve area and minimum diameter were significantly lower (p < 0.05) than control group. PNL 70 days group showed a greater degree of regenerating fibers and similar morphometric parameters to control group. PNL trained 35 days demonstrated signs of regeneration, reaching control group values in the morphometric analysis.

Discussion: PNL promotes great histopathological changes, which became more visible at 42 post-injury days. A natural nerve-regeneration tendency was observed throughout time, as observed in PNL 70 days group; nevertheless, moderate swimming training was found to be a therapeutic resource for nerve regeneration, accelerating such process from a morphoquantitative perspective.

Abbreviations: ANOVA: One-way analysis of variance; BDNF: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor; FGF-2: Fibroblast growth factor 2; GDNF: Glial cell line derived neurotrophic factor; IGF: Insulin-link growth factor; IL-1β: Interleukin-1β; NGF: Neural growth factor; PBS: Phosphate-buffered saline; PNL: Partial sciatic nerve ligation.
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November 2018

A simple and efficient device for demonstrating cross-sectional anatomy of the head.

Anat Sci Educ 2010 May-Jun;3(3):141-3

Department of Surgery and Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Avenida Bandeirantes 3900, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.

Described in this article is a novel device that facilitates study of the cross-sectional anatomy of the human head. In designing our device, we aimed to protect sections of the head from the destructive action of handling during anatomy laboratory while also ensuring excellent visualization of the anatomic structures. We used an electric saw to create 15-mm sections of three cadaver heads in the three traditional anatomic planes and inserted each section into a thin, perforated display box made of transparent acrylic material. The thin display boxes with head sections are kept in anatomical order in a larger transparent acrylic storage box containing formaldehyde solution, which preserves the specimens but also permits direct observation of the structures and their anatomic relationships to each other. This box-within-box design allows students to easily view sections of a head in its anatomical position as well as to examine internal structures by manipulating individual display boxes without altering the integrity of the preparations. This methodology for demonstrating cross-section anatomy allows efficient use of cadaveric material and technician time while also giving learners the best possible handling and visualization of complex anatomic structures. Our approach to teaching cross-sectional anatomy of the head can be applied to any part of human body, and the value of our device design will only increase as more complicated understandings of cross-sectional anatomy are required by advances and proliferation of imaging technology.
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August 2010